HOME
The Info List - Gibson SG


--- Advertisement ---



The Gibson SG
Gibson SG
is a solid-body electric guitar model that was introduced in 1961 (as the Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul
SG)[1] by Gibson, and remains in production today with many variations on the initial design available. The SG Standard is Gibson's best-selling model of all time.[2]

Contents

1 Origins 2 Design 3 Models and variations 4 Unique SGs 5 SG versus the Les Paul 6 Notable SG users 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Origins[edit] In 1960, Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul
sales were significantly lower than in previous years.[citation needed] The following year, the Les Paul
Les Paul
was given a thinner, flat-topped mahogany body, a double cutaway which made the upper frets more accessible, and a contoured body. The neck joint was moved by three frets to further ease access to the upper frets. The simpler body construction significantly reduced production costs, and the new Les Paul, with its slender neck profile and small heel was advertised as having the "fastest neck in the world". However, the redesign was done without knowledge of Les Paul
Les Paul
himself (who had nothing to do with it). Although the new guitar was popular, Les Paul
Les Paul
was unhappy with the new design, and requested the removal of his name from the new model. He remained under contract to Gibson, and was photographed with the new model several times. Gibson honored Les Paul's request, and the new model was renamed "SG", which stood for "Solid Guitar". Les Paul's name was officially deleted in 1963, but the SG continued to feature Les Paul
Les Paul
nameplates and truss rod covers until the end of 1963. In the early-to-mid 1960s Gibson's parent corporation, Chicago Musical Instruments, also revived the "Kalamazoo" brand name for a short time. Later models of the Kalamazoo KG-1 and KG-2 featured a body style similar to the Gibson SG, effectively creating a budget-line model until the brand was dropped in the late 1960s. Gibson currently releases lower-cost, internationally sourced versions of the SG through their subsidiary, Epiphone. Because of its ease of play, holding comfort, popularity and vintage heritage, the body style of the SG is often copied by other manufacturers, although much less frequently than the Les Paul
Les Paul
and the Fender Stratocaster. Design[edit] The SG generally has a solid mahogany body, with a black pickguard. The 24.75" scale mahogany neck joins the body at the 22nd fret.[3] The SG's set neck is shallower than the Gibson Les Pauls. The SG features the traditional Gibson combination of two or three humbucker pickups or P90 pickups and a Tune-o-matic
Tune-o-matic
bridge assembly, wraparound bridge, (or vibrato tailpiece, depending on the model). The SG Standard features pearloid trapezoid fretboard inlays, as well as fretboard binding and inlaid pearl "Gibson" logo and crown; the SG Special
Special
features pearloid dot inlays and an inlaid pearl "Gibson" logo, no crown. The Standard has a volume and a tone control for each individual pickup, and a three-way switch that allows the player to select either the bridge pickup, the neck pickup, or both together. The SG does not include switching to coil split the humbuckers in stock form. Some models use body woods other than mahogany; examples include the swamp ash SG Special
Special
SG Zoot Suit made using multiple birch wood laminate and SG Voodoo, the 2009 Raw Power, and some walnut bodied 1970s models. High-end models, including the Diablo, occasionally sport decorative maple caps, carved tops, and gold hardware. Models and variations[edit]

1962 Les Paul Standard (SG Standard)

2007 SG '61 reissue

1963 SG Custom

Les Paul
Les Paul
Custom '63 reissue

SG Special

SG Pro (1971–72)

SG Junior

SG-100 (1971–72)

At the launch of the SG in 1961, Gibson offered four variants of the SG; the SG Junior (a stripped-down version of the standard, analogous to the Les Paul
Les Paul
Junior), the SG Special, the SG Standard, and the top-of-the-line SG Custom.

SG Faded  Special
Special
(batwing pickguard)

SG Supreme ⇒

However, Gibson's current core variants as of 2010 are the SG Standard and the SG Special. Over the years, Gibson has offered many variations of the SG, and continues to manufacture special editions, including models such as the Special
Special
and Faded Special, Supreme, Artist Signature SGs, Menace, and Gothic, as well as the premium-priced VOS reissues of the sixties SG Standard and Custom. Models produced between 1961 and 1965 have the original small pickguard; in 1966 the guitar was redesigned slightly with a different neck joint, and the modern larger semi-symmetrical "batwing" pickguard first appeared in 1966. This design continued until 1971, when variations of the SG were sold with a raised Les Paul
Les Paul
style pickguard and a front-mounted control plate. The low-end SG-100 and the P-90 equipped SG-200 appeared during this time, as well as the luxurious SG Pro and SG Deluxe guitars. Vibrato
Vibrato
(tremolo arm) tailpieces were also introduced as options. In 1972 the design went back to the original style pickguard and rear-mounted controls but with the neck now set further into the body, joining roughly at the 20th fret. By the end of the seventies, the SG models returned to the original sixties styling, and modern (1991–present) standard and special models have mostly returned to the 1967–1969 styling and construction, with a few exceptions; various reissues and other models of the SG still retain the original 1961–1967 styling. In 1979, a low-cost SG made of walnut wood was introduced called "The SG." It had a clear finish and an ebony fingerboard and was accompanied by low-cost "Les Paul" and "ES 335" type guitars. "The Paul" was also made from walnut, but "The ES" was made out of solid mahogany (rather than the semi-solid body they usually produced). All three guitars were discontinued after about a year, replaced by the "firebrand" series, again made of mahogany. Also in 1979 a limited edition model, the SG Exclusive was produced. Visually similar to the SG Standard of the time, the special features included an ebony fretboard, two Dirty Fingers humbucker pickups, and a master volume, two tone controls, and rotary coil tap that gradually eliminated one coil from each humbucker. The finish was black with cream color plastics and the truss rod cover read "Exclusive"[4].

A Gibson SG
Gibson SG
with a Peavey amplifier.

In 1980, the first SG manufactured with "active" factory pickups was introduced. Gibson experimented with an SG that included the same Moog active electronics that had previously been used in another Gibson model, the RD Artist. The resulting SG had a slightly thicker body to accommodate the extra circuitry, and was dubbed the "Gibson SG-R1". The SG-R1 was renamed the "SG Artist" in 1981, and was discontinued shortly afterwards. Approximately 200 active SGs were produced. In 2008, Gibson introduced the Robot SG, which feature a motorized tuning system developed by Tronical. Limited-edition variants include the SG Robot Special
Special
and the limited-edition Robot SG LTD. The Robot system was designed to be convenient for players who need to frequently change tunings, without requiring them to manually tune or carry several guitars; however, they also carry a significant price premium. In 2009, Gibson introduced the Raw Power line of SGs, which have an all-maple body, unbound maple neck and fretboard, and unique colors not previously seen in SGs. These models are priced between the entry-level Specials and the more expensive Standards. The year 2009 also brought the Guitar
Guitar
Center-exclusive SG Standard with Coil Taps available in both 50s and 60s style necks. In 2013 Gibson released the new Gibson SG
Gibson SG
Baritone. This SG comes in Alpine white and has 24 frets. It comes tuned down two and a half steps to B-E-A-D-F#-B. It is made with a full mahogany body, Richlite fretboard 496R (Ceramic) Bridge Position 500T (Ceramic) pickups and a tune-o-matic bridge. Gibson's EB-3, EB-0, EDS-1275, and later model of Melody Maker and Kalamazoo also shared or once shared SG-shaped bodies, but these are not the members of the SG family. Epiphone
Epiphone
also offers a range of value-priced models, including a model with 1960s styling, sold as the G-400.[5] These models often feature simpler construction than their Gibson counterparts, although they also often implement a number of features missing from production Gibson models; examples include the period-correct 1961 SG Special's wraparound bridge (unavailable on any Gibson SG Special
Gibson SG Special
production model as of 2013), the 22" scale SG Express,[6] the metal-oriented Prophecy line (equipped with high-output humbuckers and unique inlays), and a replica of the Gibson EDS-1275, popularized by Jimmy Page.[7] Unique SGs[edit]

Eric Clapton's The Fool (replica)

Tony Iommi's SG

Angus Young
Angus Young
SG model

Angus Young
Angus Young
of AC/DC
AC/DC
has been popularly known to use the SG. He occasionally uses a custom-made SG with lightning-bolt inlays, however the original was made by Jaydee guitars. Since then, Young has collaborated with Gibson to make the Angus Young
Angus Young
SG which features a custom-designed Humbucker
Humbucker
in the bridge position, a '57 Classic in the neck position and the lightning-bolt inlays.

Robby Krieger
Robby Krieger
of The Doors
The Doors
used a Gibson SG
Gibson SG
Standard starting in 1965. Gibson produced a limited run of 150 Inspired By SG's which incorporate many of Krieger's favorite components of various SG's.

Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
used a 1964 Gibson SG
Gibson SG
Standard[8] starting in 1967 while in Cream. This guitar was known as the "Fool" guitar, as it was painted by the Dutch artists known collectively as The Fool. In spring 1968, the SG was loaned to Jackie Lomax, an associate of George Harrison. The "Fool" was later sold to Todd Rundgren
Todd Rundgren
for $500 before eventually being sold to a private collector for about $500,000. Tony Iommi
Tony Iommi
of Black Sabbath
Black Sabbath
owns several custom-made black left-handed Gibson SGs with white cross-shaped fretboard inlays. Epiphone
Epiphone
produces a similar guitar as the Tony Iommi
Tony Iommi
G-400.[9] Iommi's original SG (used on the early Sabbath albums) was a cherry red, left-handed 1965 SG Special
Special
with P-90
P-90
pickups. John Cipollina
John Cipollina
of Quicksilver Messenger Service
Quicksilver Messenger Service
used a custom Gibson SG with custom pickguards in the shape of bat-like figures, as well as the fret board being customized with unique patterns.

Music Machine made a limited run of 20 Stinger SG's in 2003. Ten were standards and ten were customs. Mike Ness
Mike Ness
of Social Distortion
Social Distortion
played a black SG in the late 70s and early 80s, with the Social Distortion
Social Distortion
logo on it, as well as a white Joan Jett and the Blackhearts
Joan Jett and the Blackhearts
bumper sticker. It can be seen on the cover of the compilation album Mainliner: Wreckage From the Past. Mike Oldfield
Mike Oldfield
used a modified 1963 SG with a guitar synthesizer pickup to control a Roland GR300 Module for some of his guitar sounds on his 1980s albums such as 1983's Crises (including "Shadow on the Wall"), 1984's Discovery (including the title track) and 1987's Islands (including "The Wind Chimes") as well as single-only tracks from this period such as 1984's "In The Pool" and 1986's "Shine". In 1992, the Gibson Custom Shop introduced a "premium plus" reissue of the '67 SG. There was an estimated run of 100 of these instruments. It included three '57 humbuckers, ABR-1 bridge, ebony fingerboard, slim tapered neck and a mother-of-pearl block. There were no certificates issued from Gibson on this particular run. In 1998 Gibson introduced a rarer, higher-specification version of the SG Special—The SG Special
Special
Limited Edition. It came with an ebony fingerboard, factory gold hardware, and two gold array Humbuckers, and included a Gibson gigbag.

SG versus the Les Paul[edit] The SG has a thinner, and more contoured body than the Les Paul, making it much lighter and more comfortable. The lighter, thinner, one-layer body means the SG, unlike the Les Paul, is particularly applicable for harmonic feedback playing techniques. The SG's neck profile is typically shallower than that of the Les Paul, though this varies between production years and individual guitars. The SG also lacks the carved maple top and body binding of the Les Paul. Unlike the Les Paul's neck, which joins the body at the 16th fret, the SG's neck joins the body at the 22nd fret, which allows easier access to higher frets. This also makes the neck joint somewhat flexible, and players have exploited this factor in extended techniques by shaking the guitar to induce a vibrato effect as Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
at the 1970 Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
festival. Despite the differences in body design, the SG and Les Paul
Les Paul
models share similar electronics and controls. The sound of the SG is often described as having more "bite" (midrange emphasis) than a Les Paul. Notable SG users[edit] Main article: List of Gibson players

Angus Young

Frank Zappa

Tony Iommi

Derek Trucks

See also[edit]

Gibson Les Paul

Gibson Les Paul
Gibson Les Paul
Special—the first model named " Gibson SG
Gibson SG
Special" (1959–1961).

Gibson SG
Gibson SG
Special Gibson SG
Gibson SG
Junior Gibson EB-0 Gibson EB-3 Gibson EDS-1275 Epiphone
Epiphone
G-400

References[edit]

^ Hunter, Dave (2017-06-30). "Classic Gear: The 1962 Gibson Les Paul/SG". Retrieved 2017-10-11. Although it still carried the Les Paul Standard model name in Gibson’s 1961 catalog, the guitar that would soon be known simply as the SG was an entirely different beast.  ^ "The Best-Selling Gibson of All Time: The SG Standard". .gibson.com. 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2014-06-13.  ^ Gruhn, George; Carter, Walter. Gruhn's Guide to Vintage Guitars: An Identification Guide for American Fretted Instruments. [page needed] Note: although 22nd fret joint is seen on early models (1961–1966) and current models (1986–), historically 17th, 18th, and 19th fret joint models were manufactured during 1967–1985. ^ Guitar
Guitar
History Volume 2, Gibson SG, P. 28 ^ " Epiphone
Epiphone
SG G-400". Epiphone.com.  ^ " Epiphone
Epiphone
SG Express". Epiphone.com.  ^ " Epiphone
Epiphone
G-1275 Custom". Epiphone.com.  ^ Gibson website article Archived October 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Epiphone
Epiphone
Tony Iommi
Tony Iommi
G-400". Epiphone.com. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gibson SG.

Official website Details on SGs used by Pete Townshend BBC News item regarding George Harrison's Gibson SG

v t e

Gibson Guitar
Guitar
Corporation

Established 1902 - Founder: Orville Gibson

Key figures

Orville Gibson Lloyd Loar Ted McCarty Seth Lover Les Paul Henry Juszkiewicz David Harvey

Guitars

Electric

Current

Gibson EDS-1275 ES Series Explorer Firebird Flying V L-4 L-5 Les Paul Moderne SG Super 400

Discontinued

Byrdland Blueshawk Citation Corvus Futura L6-S Little Lucille Marauder Nighthawk RD Sonex Spirit 335-S

Acoustic

Current

J Series Dove Hummingbird

Discontinued

Advanced Jumbo B Series Chet Atkins SST L Series LG Series L-1 Style U

Basses

Current

Les Paul
Les Paul
bass Thunderbird

Discontinued

EB-0 EB-1 EB-2 EB-3 Grabber G3 Ripper

Mandolins

F5 F5-G F5-L F9 Doyle Lawson Sam Bush

Amplifiers

Atlas Medalist Atlas IV Bass Amp Discoverer Duo Medalist EH-150 Explorer Falcon GA Series KEH Les Paul
Les Paul
Junior Medalist 4/10 Mercury Medalist Power Stealth Skylark Super Goldtone

Subsidiaries

Cakewalk Cerwin-Vega Epiphone Esoteric Integra Kramer Maestro Onkyo
Onkyo
(16.5%) Stanton Steinberger TEAC Corporation
TEAC Corporation
(TASCAM) (54.4%) Tobias

Brands

Chickering and Sons Dobro Original Orville Slingerland

Website

.