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Giancarlo de' Medici
Giancarlo de' Medici
(24 July 1611 – 22 January 1663) was an Italian cardinal of the House of Medici. He was the second son of Grand Duke Cosimo II of Tuscany and his wife, Maria Maddalena of Austria, and the brother of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Ancestors 3 References

3.1 Sources

Biography[edit] He was born at Florence, the second son and third child of Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Maria Maddalena of Austria. He entered the ecclesiastical state at a young age. In 1620 he joined the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Sovereign Military Order of Malta
and was named Grand Prior of Pisa. In 1638 he was named General of the Mediterranean Sea. On 14 November 1644 Pope Innocent X
Pope Innocent X
created Giancarlo a cardinal-deacon as a token of his affection toward the Medici.[1] Thus forced to give up his military career and with it the title of "General of the Spanish Seas", Giancarlo could not reconcile himself to his new "religious" lifestyle.[2] Cardinal de' Medici participated in the papal conclave, 1655 as one of leaders of the Spanish faction. Pope Alexander VII
Pope Alexander VII
made Giancarlo responsible for welcoming Queen Christina of Sweden, a new convert to Roman Catholicism, to Rome in 1655.[3] Upon discovering of the closeness that had formed between the two, the Pope sent Gian Carlo back to Florence, declaring him "too handsome and too young" to be "spiritual advisor" to the Queen. Here, Giancarlo led a life of dissipation, taking many mistresses; nevertheless, Ferdinando II delegated to him the management of the state's financial affairs.[4][5] He was patron of science, letters and music. He founded the Accademia degli Immobili and contributed to the construction of Teatro della Pergola and the enrichment of the Galleria Palatina di Palazzo Pitti.[6] In later years, Giancarlo donated his sizeable art collection to form the Pitti Gallery.[7] He died at Florence, of an apoplexy, at the age of 51, and was interred in the Medicean necropolis, the Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence.[8] Four years after the death of Giancarlo, his younger brother Leopoldo was created a cardinal. Ancestors[edit]

Ancestors of Giancarlo de' Medici

16. Giovanni dalle Bande Nere

8. Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

17. Maria Salviati

4. Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

18. Pedro Álvarez de Toledo

9. Eleonora di Toledo

19. Maria Osorio Pimentel, Marchioness of Villafranca del Bierzo

2. Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

20. Francis I, Duke of Lorraine

10. Charles III, Duke of Lorraine

21. Christina of Denmark

5. Christina of Lorraine

22. Henry II of France

11. Claude of Valois

23. Catherine de' Medici

1. Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

24. Philip I of Castile

12. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

25. Joanna of Castile

6. Charles II of Austria

26. Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary

13. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary

27. Anna of Foix-Candale

3. Maria Magdalena of Austria

28. William IV, Duke of Bavaria

14. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria

29. Marie of Baden-Sponheim

7. Maria Anna of Bavaria

30. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(= 12)

15. Anna of Austria

31. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
(= 13)

References[edit]

^ Young, The Medici: Volume II, pp. 424 – 425. ^ Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, p 46. ^ Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, p 47. ^ Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, p 48. ^ Young, The Medici: Volume II, p 434. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "Medici, Giancarlo de'", The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church ^ Young, The Medici: Volume II, p 444. ^ Young, The Medici: Volume II, p 452.

Sources[edit]

Acton, Harold: The Last Medici, Macmillan, London, 1980, ISBN 0-333-29315-0 Young, G.F.: The Medici: Volume II, John Murray, London, 1920

v t e

Tuscan princes

1st generation

Francesco I, Grand Duke of Tuscany Cardinal Giovanni Prince Pedricco Prince Garzia Ferdinando I, Grand Duke of Tuscany Prince Pietro

2nd generation

Philip de' Medici Cosimo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany Prince Francesco Cardinal Carlo, Bishop of Ostia Prince Filippino Prince Lorenzo

3rd generation

Ferdinando II, Grand Duke of Tuscany Cardinal Giovan Carlo Mattias, Governor of Siena Prince Francesco Leopoldo, Governor of Siena

4th generation

Cosimo III, Grand Duke of Tuscany Francesco Maria, Duke of Rovere

5th generation

Ferdinando, Grand Prince of Tuscany Gian Gastone, Grand Duke of Tuscany ,

6th generation

None

7th generation

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor* Prince Charles Joseph* Leopold I* Prince Ferdinand* Maximilian Francis, Elector of Cologne*

8th generation

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor* Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany* Charles, Duke of Teschen* Alexander Leopold, Palatine of Hungary* Joseph, Palatine of Hungary* Prince Anton Victor* Prince John* Prince Rainier Joseph* Prince Louis* Cardinal Rudolf*

9th generation

Grand Prince Francis Leopold* Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany*

10th generation

Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany* Prince Karl Salvator* Prince Rainier* Prince Ludwig Salvator* Prince Johann Salvator*

11th generation

Prince Leopold Ferdinand* Prince Joseph Ferdinand* Prince Peter Ferdinand* Prince Heinrich Ferdinand* Prince Robert Ferdinand* Prince Leopold Salvator* Prince Franz Salvator* Prince Albrecht Salvator* Prince Rainier Salvator* Prince Ferdinand Salvator*

12th generation

Prince Gottfried* Prince Georg* Prince Rainer* Prince Leopold Maria* Prince Anton* Prince Franz Joseph* Prince Karl Pius* Prince Franz Karl* Prince Hubert Salvator* Prince Theodor Salvator* Prince Clemens Salvator*

13th generation

Prince Leopold Franz* Prince Guntram* Prince Radbot* Prince Johann* Prince Georg* Prince Stephan* Prince Dominic* Prince Friederich Salvator* Prince Andreas Salvator* Prince Markus* Prince Johann* Prince Michael* Prince Franz Salvator* Prince Karl Salvator*

14th generation

Prince Sigismund* Prince Georg* Prince Guntram* Prince Leopold* Prince Alexander Salvator* Prince Thaddäus Salvator* Prince Casimir Salvator* Prince Matthias* Prince Johannes* Prince Bernhard* Prince Benedikt*

15th generation

Prince Leopold Amedeo* Prince Maximilian* Prince Leopold* Prince Constantin Salvator* Prince Paul Salvator*

* also an a

.