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Ghent
Ghent
(/ɡɛnt/; Dutch: Gent pronounced [ɣɛnt] ( listen); French: Gand pronounced [ɡɑ̃] ( listen); German: Gent pronounced [ˈɡɛnt] ( listen)) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region
Flemish Region
of Belgium. It is the capital and largest city of the East Flanders
East Flanders
province and after Antwerp
Antwerp
the largest municipality of Belgium. The city started as a settlement at the confluence of the Rivers Scheldt
Scheldt
and Leie
Leie
and in the Late Middle Ages became one of the largest and richest cities of northern Europe, with some 50,000 people in 1300. It is a port and university city. The municipality comprises the city of Ghent
Ghent
proper and the surrounding towns of Afsnee, Desteldonk, Drongen, Gentbrugge, Ledeberg, Mariakerke, Mendonk, Oostakker, Sint-Amandsberg, Sint-Denijs-Westrem, Sint-Kruis-Winkel, Wondelgem
Wondelgem
and Zwijnaarde. With 260,467 inhabitants in the beginning of 2018,[2] Ghent
Ghent
is Belgium's second largest municipality by number of inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,205 km2 (465 sq mi) and has a total population of 594,582 as of 1 January 2008, which ranks it as the fourth most populous in Belgium.[3][4] The current mayor of Ghent, Daniël Termont, leads a coalition of the Socialistische Partij Anders, Groen and Open VLD. The ten-day-long Ghent
Ghent
Festival ( Gentse Feesten
Gentse Feesten
in Dutch) is held every year and attended by about 1–1.5 million visitors.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Middle Ages 1.2 Early modern period 1.3 19th century 1.4 20th century

2 Geography

2.1 Neighbouring municipalities 2.2 Climate

3 Tourism

3.1 Architecture 3.2 Museums 3.3 Restaurants and culinary traditions 3.4 Festivities 3.5 Nature

4 Economy 5 Transport

5.1 Road 5.2 Rail 5.3 Public transport

5.3.1 Trams 5.3.2 Buses

5.4 Cycling

6 Sports 7 Famous people 8 International relations

8.1 Twin towns – sister cities

9 See also 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Ghent

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Ghent
Ghent
in 1775

Archaeological evidence shows human presence in the region of the confluence of Scheldt
Scheldt
and Leie
Leie
going back as far as the Stone Age
Stone Age
and the Iron Age.[5] Most historians believe that the older name for Ghent, 'Ganda', is derived from the Celtic word ganda which means confluence.[5] Other sources connect its name with an obscure deity named Gontia.[6] There are no written records of the Roman period, but archaeological research confirms that the region of Ghent
Ghent
was further inhabited. When the Franks
Franks
invaded the Roman territories from the end of the 4th century and well into the 5th century, they brought their language with them and Celtic and Latin were replaced by Old Dutch. Middle Ages[edit] Around 650, Saint Amand
Saint Amand
founded two abbeys in Ghent: St. Peter's (Blandinium) and Saint Bavo's Abbey. The city grew from several nuclei, the abbeys and a commercial centre. Around 800, Louis the Pious, son of Charlemagne, appointed Einhard, the biographer of Charlemagne, as abbot of both abbeys. In 851 and 879, the city was however attacked and plundered twice by the Vikings. Within the protection of the County of Flanders, the city recovered and flourished from the 11th century, growing to become a small city-state. By the 13th century, Ghent
Ghent
was the biggest city in Europe north of the Alps after Paris; it was bigger than Cologne
Cologne
or Moscow.[7] Within the city walls lived up to 65,000 people. The belfry and the towers of the Saint Bavo Cathedral
Saint Bavo Cathedral
and Saint Nicholas' Church are just a few examples of the skyline of the period. The rivers flowed in an area where much land was periodically flooded. These rich grass 'meersen' ("water-meadows": a word related to the English 'marsh') were ideally suited for herding sheep, the wool of which was used for making cloth. During the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Ghent
Ghent
was the leading city for cloth. The wool industry, originally established at Bruges, created the first European industrialized zone in Ghent
Ghent
in the High Middle Ages. The mercantile zone was so highly developed that wool had to be imported from Scotland
Scotland
and England. This was one of the reasons for Flanders' good relationship with Scotland
Scotland
and England. Ghent
Ghent
was the birthplace of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. Trade with England
England
(but not Scotland) suffered significantly during the Hundred Years' War. Early modern period[edit] The city recovered in the 15th century, when Flanders
Flanders
was united with neighbouring provinces under the Dukes of Burgundy. High taxes led to a rebellion and eventually the Battle of Gavere
Battle of Gavere
in 1453, in which Ghent
Ghent
suffered a terrible defeat at the hands of Philip the Good. Around this time the centre of political and social importance in the Low Countries started to shift from Flanders
Flanders
(Bruges–Ghent) to Brabant (Antwerp–Brussels), although Ghent
Ghent
continued to play an important role. With Bruges, the city led two revolts against Maximilian of Austria, the first monarch of the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
to rule Flanders.

Buildings along the Leie
Leie
river in the city of Ghent

The Justitiepaleis in Ghent, c. 1895

In 1500, Juana of Castile
Juana of Castile
gave birth to Charles V, who became Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. Although native to Ghent, he punished the city after the 1539 Revolt of Ghent
Ghent
and obliged the city's nobles to walk in front of the Emperor barefoot with a noose (Dutch: "strop") around the neck; since this incident, the people of Ghent
Ghent
have been called "Stroppendragers" (noose bearers). Saint Bavo
Saint Bavo
Abbey
Abbey
(not to be confused with the nearby Saint Bavo
Saint Bavo
Cathedral) was abolished, torn down, and replaced with a fortress for Royal Spanish troops. Only a small portion of the abbey was spared demolition. The late 16th and the 17th centuries brought devastation because of the Eighty Years' War. The war ended the role of Ghent
Ghent
as a centre of international importance. In 1745, the city was captured by French forces during the War of the Austrian Succession
War of the Austrian Succession
before being returned to the Empire of Austria
Austria
under the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
following the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748, when this part of Flanders
Flanders
became known as the Austrian Netherlands
Austrian Netherlands
until 1815, the exile of the French Emperor Napoleon I, the end of the French Revolutionary and later Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
and the peace treaties arrived at by the Congress of Vienna. 19th century[edit] In the 18th and 19th centuries, the textile industry flourished again in Ghent. Lieven Bauwens, having smuggled the industrial and factory machine plans out of England, introduced the first mechanical weaving machine on the European continent
European continent
in 1800. The Treaty of Ghent, negotiated here and adopted on Christmas Eve 1814, formally ended the War of 1812
War of 1812
between Great Britain
Great Britain
and the United States
United States
(the North American phase of the Napoleonic Wars). After the Battle of Waterloo, Ghent
Ghent
and Flanders, previously ruled from the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
in Vienna
Vienna
as the Austrian Netherlands, became a part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands
United Kingdom of the Netherlands
with the northern Dutch for 15 years. In this period, Ghent
Ghent
established its own university (1816)[8] and a new connection to the sea (1824–27). After the Belgian Revolution, with the loss of port access to the sea for more than a decade, the local economy collapsed and the first Belgian trade union originated in Ghent. In 1913 there was a world exhibition in Ghent.[8] As a preparation for these festivities, the Sint-Pieters railway station
Sint-Pieters railway station
was completed in 1912. 20th century[edit] Ghent
Ghent
was occupied by the Germans in both World Wars but escaped severe destruction. The life of the people and the German invaders in Ghent
Ghent
during World War I
World War I
is described by H. Wandt in "etappenleven te Gent"[citation needed]. In World War II
World War II
the city was liberated by the British 7th "Desert Rats" Armoured Division and local Belgian fighters on 6 September 1944. Geography[edit]

Municipalities

After the fusions of municipalities in 1965 and 1977, the city is made up of:

I Ghent II Mariakerke III Drongen IV Wondelgem V Sint-Amandsberg VI Oostakker VII Desteldonk VIII Mendonk IX Sint-Kruis-Winkel X Ledeberg XI Gentbrugge XII Afsnee XIII Sint-Denijs-Westrem XIV Zwijnaarde

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Wachtebeke Lochristi Destelbergen Melle Merelbeke De Pinte Sint-Martens-Latem Deinze Nevele Lovendegem Evergem Zelzate

Climate[edit] The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ghent
Ghent
has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.[9]

Climate data for Ghent, Belgium

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 6 (43) 6 (42) 10 (50) 13 (55) 17 (62) 19 (67) 22 (72) 22 (72) 18 (65) 14 (58) 9 (49) 8 (46) 14 (57)

Average low °C (°F) 2 (36) 1 (34) 4 (40) 6 (43) 10 (50) 13 (55) 15 (59) 14 (58) 12 (54) 9 (48) 6 (42) 4 (39) 8 (46)

Average precipitation days 21 15 20 18 20 19 16 17 18 19 19 19 221

Source: Weatherbase [10]

Tourism[edit]

The Graslei
Graslei
is one of the most scenic places in Ghent's old city centre

Architecture[edit]

The Gravensteen

Historical centre of Ghent
Ghent
– from left to right: Old post office, Saint-Nicholas Church, Belfry, and Saint Bavo
Saint Bavo
Cathedral.

Ghent
Ghent
at Night

Riverside in Ghent

Sunset over the river Leie
Leie
in Ghent

Much of the city's medieval architecture remains intact and is remarkably well preserved and restored. Its centre is the largest carfree area in Belgium. Highlights are the Saint Bavo Cathedral
Saint Bavo Cathedral
with the Ghent
Ghent
Altarpiece, the belfry, the Gravensteen castle, and the splendid architecture along the old Graslei
Graslei
harbour. Ghent
Ghent
has established a blend between comfort of living and history; it is not a city-museum. The city of Ghent
Ghent
also houses three béguinages and numerous churches including Saint-Jacob's church, Saint-Nicolas' church, Saint Michael's church and St. Stefanus. In the 19th century Ghent's most famous architect, Louis Roelandt, built the university hall Aula, the opera house and the main courthouse. Highlights of modern architecture are the university buildings (the Boekentoren
Boekentoren
or Book Tower) by Henry Van de Velde. There are also a few theatres from diverse periods. The beguinages, as well as the belfry and adjacent cloth hall, were recognized by UNESCO
UNESCO
as World Heritage Sites
World Heritage Sites
in 1998 and 1999. The Zebrastraat, a social experiment in which an entirely renovated site unites living, economy and culture, can also be found in Ghent. Campo Santo is a famous Catholic burial site of the nobility and artists. Museums[edit] Important museums in Ghent
Ghent
are the Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Museum of Fine Arts), with paintings by Hieronymus Bosch, Peter Paul Rubens, and many Flemish masters; the SMAK or Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst (City Museum for Contemporary Art), with works of the 20th century, including Joseph Beuys
Joseph Beuys
and Andy Warhol; and the Design Museum Gent with masterpieces of Victor Horta
Victor Horta
and Le Corbusier. The Huis van Alijn (House of the Alijn family) was originally a beguinage and is now a museum for folk art where theatre and puppet shows for children are presented. The Museum voor Industriële Archeologie en Textiel or MIAT displays the industrial strength of Ghent
Ghent
with recreations of workshops and stores from the 1800s and original spinning and weaving machines that remain from the time when the building was a weaving mill. The Ghent City Museum
Ghent City Museum
(Stadsmuseum, abbreviated STAM), is committed to recording and explaining the city's past and its inhabitants, and to preserving the present for future generations. Restaurants and culinary traditions[edit] In Ghent
Ghent
and other regions of East-Flanders, bakeries sell a donut-shaped bun called a "mastel" (plural "mastellen"), which is basically a bagel. "Mastellen" are also called " Saint Hubert
Saint Hubert
bread", because on the Saint's feast day, which is 3 November, the bakers bring their batches to the early Mass to be blessed. Traditionally, it was thought that blessed mastellen immunized against rabies. Other local delicacies are the praline chocolates from local producers such as Leonidas, the cuberdons or 'neuzekes' ('noses'), cone-shaped purple jelly-filled candies, 'babelutten' ('babblers'), hard butterscotch-like candy, and of course, on the more fiery side, the famous 'Tierenteyn', a hot but refined mustard that has some affinity to French 'Dijon' mustard. Stoverij is a classic Flemish meat stew, preferably made with a generous addition of brown 'Trappist' (strong abbey beer) and served with French fries. 'Waterzooi' is a local stew originally made from freshwater fish caught in the rivers and creeks of Ghent, but nowadays often made with chicken instead of fish. It is usually served nouvelle-cuisine-style, and will be supplemented by a large pot on the side. The city promotes a meat-free day on Thursdays called Donderdag Veggiedag[11][12] with vegetarian food being promoted in public canteens for civil servants and elected councillors, in all city funded schools, and promotion of vegetarian eating options in town (through the distribution of "veggie street maps"). This campaign is linked to the recognition of the detrimental environmental effects of meat production, which the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization has established to represent nearly one-fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions. Ghent
Ghent
has the world's largest number of vegetarian restaurants per capita.[13] Festivities[edit] The city is host to some big cultural events such as the Gentse Feesten, I Love Techno
I Love Techno
in Flanders
Flanders
Expo, the "10 Days Off" musical festival, the International Film Festival of Ghent
Ghent
(with the World Soundtrack Awards) and the Gent Festival van Vlaanderen (nl). Also, every five years, an extensive botanical exhibition (Gentse Floraliën) takes place in Flanders
Flanders
Expo in Ghent, attracting numerous visitors to the city. The Festival of Flanders
Flanders
had its 50th celebration in 2008. In Ghent
Ghent
it opens with the OdeGand City festivities that takes place on the second Saturday of September. Some 50 concerts take place in diverse locations throughout the medieval inner city and some 250 international artists perform. Other major Flemish cities hold similar events, all of which form part of the Festival of Flanders
Flanders
(Antwerp with Laus Polyphoniae; Bruges
Bruges
with MAfestival; Brussels
Brussels
with KlaraFestival; Limburg with Basilica, Mechelen and Brabant with Novecento and Transit). Nature[edit] The numerous parks in the city can also be considered tourist attractions. Most notably, Ghent
Ghent
boasts a nature reserve (Bourgoyen-Ossemeersen, 230 hectare[14]) and a recreation park (Blaarmeersen, 87 hectares).[15] Economy[edit] The port of Ghent, in the north of the city, is the third largest port of Belgium. It is accessed by the Ghent- Terneuzen
Terneuzen
Canal, which ends near the Dutch port of Terneuzen
Terneuzen
on the Western Scheldt. The port houses, among others, large companies like ArcelorMittal, Volvo Cars, Volvo Trucks, Volvo Parts, Honda, and Stora Enso. The Ghent University
Ghent University
and a number of research oriented companies, such as Ablynx, Innogenetics, Cropdesign and Bayer Cropscience, are situated in the central and southern part of the city. As the largest city in East Flanders, Ghent
Ghent
has many hospitals, schools and shopping streets. Flanders
Flanders
Expo, the biggest event hall in Flanders
Flanders
and the second biggest in Belgium, is also located in Ghent. Tourism is becoming a major employer in the local area.[citation needed] Recently a local business man donated a substantial amount of money to have all the kerbs lowered by two inches in the city Transport[edit] As one of the largest cities in Belgium, Ghent
Ghent
has a highly developed transport system. Road[edit]

The R4 ringroad

By car the city is accessible via two motorways:

The E40 connects Ghent
Ghent
with Bruges
Bruges
and Ostend
Ostend
to the west, and with Brussels, Leuven
Leuven
and Liège
Liège
to the east. The E17 connects Ghent
Ghent
with Sint-Niklaas
Sint-Niklaas
and Antwerp
Antwerp
to the north, and with Kortrijk
Kortrijk
and Lille
Lille
to the south.

In addition Ghent
Ghent
also has two ringways:

The R4 connects the outskirts of Ghent
Ghent
with each other and the surrounding villages, and also leads to the E40 and E17 roads. The R40 connects the different downtown quarters with each other and provides access to the main avenues.

Rail[edit]

Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station, Ghent

The municipality of Ghent
Ghent
comprises five railway stations:

Gent-Sint-Pieters Station: an international railway station with connections to Bruges, Brussels, Antwerp, Kortrijk, other Belgian towns and Lille. The station also offers a direct connection to Brussels
Brussels
Airport. Gent-Dampoort Station: an intercity railway station with connections to Sint-Niklaas, Antwerp, Kortrijk
Kortrijk
and Eeklo. Gentbrugge
Gentbrugge
Station: a regional railway station in between the two main railway stations, Sint-Pieters and Dampoort. Wondelgem
Wondelgem
Station: a regional railway station with connections to Eeklo
Eeklo
once an hour. Drongen
Drongen
Station: a regional railway station in the village of Drongen with connections to Bruges
Bruges
once an hour.

Public transport[edit] Ghent
Ghent
has an extensive network of public transport lines, operated by De Lijn. Trams[edit]

A HermeLijn low-floor tram in Ghent

Main article: Trams in Ghent

Line 1: Flanders
Flanders
Expo – Sint-Pieters-Station – Korenmarkt (city centre) – Wondelgem
Wondelgem
- Evergem Line 2: Zwijnaarde
Zwijnaarde
Bibliotheek - Sint-Pieters-Station - Zonnestraat (city centre) - Brabantdam - Zuid - Melle Leeuw (fuse of line 21 and 22 as of May 2017[16]) Line 4: UZ - Sint-Pieters-Station – Muide – Korenmarkt (city centre) – Zuid – Moscou Line 21: Zwijnaarde
Zwijnaarde
Bibliotheek - Sint-Pieters-Station – Zonnestraat (city centre) – Zuid – Melle Leeuw (fused into line 2) Line 22: Kouter - Bijlokehof - Sint-Pieters-Station – Zonnestraat (city centre) – Zuid – Gentbrugge
Gentbrugge
(fused into line 2)

Buses[edit]

A Van Hool
Van Hool
articulated bus in Ghent

Line 3: Mariakerke – Korenmarkt (city centre) – Dampoort – Gentbrugge
Gentbrugge
(formerly a trolleybus line; see picture below) Line 5: Van Beverenplein – Sint-Jacobs (city centre) – Zuid – Heuvelpoort - Nieuw-Gent Line 6: Watersportbaan – Zuid – Dampoort – Meulestede - Wondelgem
Wondelgem
– Mariakerke Line 8: AZ Sint-Lucas - Sint-Jacobs (city centre) - Zuid - Heuvelpoort - Arteveldepark Line 9: Mariakerke – Malem – Sint-Pieters-Station – Ledeberg
Ledeberg
- Gentbrugge Line 17/18: Drongen
Drongen
– Malem - Korenmarkt (city centre) - Dampoort – Oostakker Line 38/39: Blaarmeersen – Ekkergem -Korenmarkt (city centre) – Dampoort – Sint-Amandsberg

Apart from the city buses mentioned above, Ghent
Ghent
also has numerous regional bus lines connecting it to towns and villages across the province of East Flnaders. All of these buses stop in at least one of the city's regional bus hubs at either Sint-Pieters Station, Dampoort Station, Zuid or Rabot. International buses connecting Ghent
Ghent
to other European destinations are usually found at the Dampoort Station. A couple of private bus companies such as Eurolines, Megabus and Flixbus operate from the Dampoort bus hub. Buses to and from Belgium's second airport - Brussels
Brussels
South Airport Charleroi - are operated by Flibco, and can be found at the rear exit of the Sint-Pieters Station. Cycling[edit] Ghent
Ghent
has the largest designated cyclist area in Europe, with nearly 400 kilometres (250 mi) of cycle paths and more than 700 one-way streets, where bikes are allowed to go against the traffic. It also boasts Belgium’s first cycle street, where cars are considered ‘guests’ and must stay behind cyclists.[13] Sports[edit] In the Belgian first football division Ghent
Ghent
is represented by K.A.A. Gent, who became Belgian football champions for the first time in its history in 2015. Another Ghent
Ghent
football club is KRC Gent-Zeehaven, playing in the Belgian fourth division. A football match at the 1920 Summer Olympics was held in Ghent.[17] The Six Days of Flanders, a six-day track cycling race, is held annually, taking place in the Kuipke
Kuipke
velodrome in Ghent. In road cycling, the city hosts the start and finish of the Omloop Het Nieuwsblad, the traditional opening race of the cobbled classics season.[18] It also lends its name to another cobbled classic, Gent–Wevelgem, although the race now starts in the nearby city of Deinze.[19] The city hosts an annual athletics IAAF
IAAF
event in the Flanders
Flanders
Sports Arena: the Indoor Flanders
Flanders
meeting. Two-time Olympic champion Hicham El Guerrouj set a still-standing world record of 3:48.45 in the mile run in 1997.[20] The Flanders
Flanders
Sports Arena was host to the 2015 Davis Cup Final between Belgium
Belgium
and Great Britain.[21] Famous people[edit]

Emperor Charles V was born in Ghent
Ghent
in 1500

Statue of Jacob van Artevelde
Jacob van Artevelde
on the Vrijdagmarkt in Ghent

See also: List of people from Ghent

Saint Bavo, patron saint of Ghent
Ghent
(589–654) Saint Livinus
Saint Livinus
of Ghent, (580–657) Henry of Ghent, scholastic philosopher (c. 1217–1293) Jacob van Artevelde, statesman and political leader (c. 1290–1345) John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
(1340–1399) Jan van Eyck, painter (c. 1385–1441) Hugo van der Goes, painter (c. 1440–1482) Alexander Agricola, Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance (1445/1446–15 August 1506) Jacob Obrecht, composer of the Renaissance
Renaissance
(c. 1457–1505) Pedro de Gante, Franciscan missionary in Mexico
Mexico
(c. 1480–1572) Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Karel V, Charles Quint (1500–1558) Cornelius Canis, composer of the Renaissance, music director for the chapel of Charles V in the 1540s–1550s Daniel Heinsius, scholar of the Dutch Renaissance
Renaissance
(1580–1655) Caspar de Crayer, painter (1582–1669) Josse Boutmy, composer, organist and harpsichordist (1697–1779) Frans de Potter, writer, (1834–1904) Jan Frans Willems, writer (1793–1846) Joseph Guislain, physician (1797–1860) Hippolyte Metdepenningen, lawyer and politician (1799–1881) Louis XVIII of France
Louis XVIII of France
was exiled in Ghent
Ghent
during the Hundred Days
Hundred Days
in 1815 Charles John Seghers, Jesuit
Jesuit
clergyman and missionary (1839–1886) Victor Horta, Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
architect (1861–1947) Maurice Maeterlinck, poet, playwright, essayist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
(1862–1949) Frans Rens, writer, (1805–1874) Leo Baekeland, chemist and inventor of Bakelite
Bakelite
(1863–1944) Pierre Louÿs, poet and romantic writer (1870–1925) Marthe Boël, feminist (1877–1956) Karel van de Woestijne, writer (1878–1929) Corneille Jean François Heymans, physiologist and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
(1892–1968) Gustave Van de Woestijne, painter (1881–1947) Suzanne Lilar, essayist, novelist, and playwright (1901–1992) Willy De Clercq, liberal politician and European Commissioner (1927–2011) Jacques Rogge, former president of the IOC (born 1942) Patrick Sercu, Belgian track cyclist (born 1944) Gerard Mortier, Belgian opera director (born 1943) Soulwax
Soulwax
& 2 Many DJs, electronic/rock band headed by David and Stephen Dewaele Gabriel Ríos, musician (born 1978) Cédric Van Branteghem, athlete (born 1979) Bradley Wiggins, British cyclist (born 1980) Kevin De Bruyne, professional footballer (born 1991) Xavier Henry, shooting guard/small forward for the NBA's Los Angeles Lakers (born 1991) Gaelle Mys, Olympic gymnast (born 1991) Tiesj Benoot, cyclist (born 1994)

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Belgium Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Ghent
Ghent
is twinned with:[22]

Nottingham, England, United Kingdom[22][23] Tallinn, Estonia[22] Wiesbaden, Germany[22][24] Kanazawa, Japan[22]

Melle, Germany[22] Saint-Raphaël, France[22] Mohammedia, Morocco[22]

See also[edit]

List of Mayors of Ghent

References[edit]

Notes

^ Population per municipality as of 1 January 2017 (XLS; 397 KB) ^ Statistics Belgium; Werkelijke bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2009 (excel-file) Population of all municipalities in Belgium, as of 1 January 2009. Retrieved on 2010-11-28. ^ Statistics Belgium; Werkelijke bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2008 (excel-file) Population of all municipalities in Belgium, as of 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. ^ Statistics Belgium; De Belgische Stadsgewesten 2001 (pdf-file) Archived 29 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Ghent
Ghent
is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 278,457 inhabitants (1 January 2008). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 455,302. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 594,582. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. ^ a b "History of Gent". www.gent.be. Archived from the original on 18 August 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2006.  ^ Adrian Room, Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features, and Historic Sites, McFarland, 2006, p. 144. ^ Nicholas, David. The Domestic Life of a Medieval
Medieval
City: Women, Children and the Family in Fourteenth Century Ghent. p. 1.  ^ a b https://visit.gent.be/en/history-0?context=tourist ^ "Climate Summary for Ghent, Belgium". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 18 May 2015.  ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on October 26, 2013. ^ "Ghent's veggie day: for English speaking visitors" on Vegetarisme.be ^ "Belgian city plans 'veggie' days" on BBC News
BBC News
(12 May 2009). ^ a b " Belgium
Belgium
breaks: The best way to see glorious Ghent? On two wheels... Daily Mail Online". dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 18 May 2015.  ^ "Nature Domain De Bourgoyen Visit Gent". visitgent.be. Retrieved 18 May 2015.  ^ "Blaarmeersen Sport and Recreation Park - Sightseeing in Ghent". inyourpocket.com. Archived from the original on 20 May 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015.  ^ https://static.delijn.be/Images/LCD%20LW%20einde%20Bravoko_tcm3-16462.jpg ^ FIFA Confederations Cup - Olympic Football Tournament Antwerp
Antwerp
1920 - FIFA.com Archived 1 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Omloop Het Nieuwsblad
Omloop Het Nieuwsblad
race guide". Team Sky.  ^ Beaudin, Matthew (23 March 2013). "Storied Ghent-Wevelgem poised for a brutal edition". VeloNews. Retrieved 22 October 2015.  ^ "World records". iaaf.org. Retrieved 8 June 2015.  ^ " Ghent
Ghent
to host 2015 Davis Cup Final". daviscup.com. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.  ^ a b c d e f g h " Ghent
Ghent
Zustersteden". Stad Gent (in Dutch). City of Ghent. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  ^ "European networks and city partnerships". Nottingham
Nottingham
City Council. Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  ^ "Wiesbaden's international city relations". Retrieved 24 December 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

See also: Bibliography of the history of Ghent

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ghent.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ghent.

Official website (in Dutch) Official Tourist website (in Dutch) (in English) (in French) (in German) (in Spanish) Flanders
Flanders
Tourism Website (in Dutch) (in French) (in German) (in Spanish) (in Swedish) (in Danish) (in Italian) (in Czech) (in Japanese) (in Chinese)

Places adjacent to Ghent

Lovendegem Evergem, Zelzate Wachtebeke

Nevele

Ghent

Lochristi Destelbergen

Deinze Sint-Martens-Latem, De Pinte, Merelbeke Melle

v t e

Municipalities in the Province of East Flanders, Flanders, Belgium

Aalst

Aalst Denderleeuw Erpe-Mere Geraardsbergen Haaltert Herzele Lede Ninove Sint-Lievens-Houtem Zottegem

Dendermonde

Berlare Buggenhout Dendermonde Hamme Laarne Lebbeke Waasmunster Wetteren Wichelen Zele

Eeklo

Assenede Eeklo Kaprijke Maldegem Sint-Laureins Zelzate

Ghent

Aalter Deinze De Pinte Destelbergen Evergem Gavere Ghent Knesselare Lochristi Lovendegem Melle Merelbeke Moerbeke-Waas Nazareth Nevele Oosterzele Sint-Martens-Latem Waarschoot Wachtebeke Zomergem Zulte

Oudenaarde

Brakel Horebeke Kluisbergen Kruishoutem Lierde Maarkedal Oudenaarde Ronse Wortegem-Petegem Zingem Zwalm

Sint-Niklaas

Beveren Kruibeke Lokeren Sint-Gillis-Waas Sint-Niklaas Stekene Temse

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 234569924 GND: 4020176-4 BNF:

.