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Ghazi bin Faisal (Arabic: غازي ابن فيصل‎ Ġāzī bin Fayṣal) (2 May 1912 – 4 April 1939) was the King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq
Kingdom of Iraq
from 1933 to 1939 having been briefly Crown Prince
Crown Prince
of the Kingdom of Syria
Kingdom of Syria
in 1920. He was born in Mecca, the only son of Faisal I,[3] the first King of Iraq.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Flying carpet 3 Simele
Simele
Massacre 4 King of Iraq 5 Death 6 Marriage and children 7 Ancestry 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Ghazi was the only son of Faisal (later to become King Faisal I of Iraq) and Huzaima bint Nasser. In his childhood Ghazi was left with his grandfather, Hussein bin Ali, the Hashemite
Hashemite
Grand Sharif of Mecca and head of the royal house of Hashim, while his father was occupied with travel and in military campaigns against the Ottomans. The Hashemites
Hashemites
had ruled the Hijaz
Hijaz
within the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
before rebelling with British assistance in the later stages of World War I. He attended Harrow School. Unlike his worldly father, Ghazi grew up a shy and inexperienced young man. Following the defeat of his grandfather's army by Saudi forces in 1924, he was forced to leave the Hijaz
Hijaz
with the rest of the Hashemites. They travelled to Transjordan where Ghazi's uncle Abdullah was King. In the same year, Ghazi joined his father in Baghdad
Baghdad
and was appointed as crown prince and heir to the Kingdom of Iraq. His father had been crowned following a national referendum in 1921. Flying carpet[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ghazi of Iraq.

As a 16-year-old schoolboy, he met the traveller-adventurer Richard Halliburton and his pilot Moye Stephens during their round-the-world flight (shortly after Charles Lindbergh's celebrated transatlantic flight). Ghazi was taken for his first flight by Halliburton and Stephens in a biplane named the 'Flying Carpet'. They flew down to see the ruins of Ancient Babylon
Ancient Babylon
and other historical sites and flew low over the prince's own school so that his schoolmates could see him in the biplane. An account of young prince Ghazi's experience flying over his country can be found in Richard Halliburton's The Flying Carpet.[4] Simele
Simele
Massacre[edit] Ghazi came to Simele
Simele
to award 'victorious' colours to the military and tribal leaders who, on 11 August 1933, participated in the Simele massacre of Assyrians and the looting of their homes.[5] King of Iraq[edit] On 8 September 1933, King Faisal I died, and Ghazi was crowned as King Ghazi I. On the same day, Ghazi was appointed Admiral of the Fleet in the Royal Iraqi Navy, Field Marshal of the Royal Iraq Army, and Marshal of the Royal Iraqi Air Force. A staunch pan-Arab nationalist, opposed to British interests in his country,[6] Ghazi's reign was characterized by tensions between civilians and the army, which sought control of the government. He supported General Bakr Sidqi
Bakr Sidqi
in his coup, which replaced the civilian government with a military one. This was the first coup d'état to take place in the modern Arab world. He was rumoured to harbour sympathies for Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and also put forth a claim for Kuwait
Kuwait
to be annexed to Iraq. For this purpose he had his own radio station in al-Zuhoor royal palace in which he promoted that claim and other radical views.[7] Death[edit] Ghazi died in 1939 in an accident involving a sports car that he was driving.[7] According to the scholars Ma'ruf al-Rusafi
Ma'ruf al-Rusafi
and Safa Khulusi, a common view by many Iraqis at the time was that he was killed on the orders of Nuri al-Said, because of his plans for unification of Iraq with Kuwait.[8] Faisal, Ghazi's only son, succeeded him as King Faisal II. Because Faisal was underage, Prince Abdul Ilah served as regent until 1953. Marriage and children[edit]

Queen Aliya of Iraq

On 25 January 1934 Ghazi married his first cousin, Princess Aliya bint Ali, daughter of his uncle King Ali of Hejaz
Ali of Hejaz
in Baghdad, Iraq. They had only one son:[3]

Faisal II, King of Iraq – born 2 May 1935, died 14 July 1958.

Ghazi was suspected of having an extra-marital affair with a young Iraqi servant. British sources wrote in 1938 that King Ghazi’s bad reputation was tarnished “further” when a “Negro youth,” who was employed at the palace, died by “accidentally” discharging his revolver when he didn’t remove it before his afternoon siesta. An official police expert ruled that the Palace's explanation was consistent with the police examination.[9] But the British suspected there was more to the story, in particular that one of Queen Aliya’s “adherents” might have killed the boy, as the boy was suspected to be “the King’s boon companion in debauchery” and the Queen therefore had a “deep aversion” to the boy. The King was in a panic after this incident, fearing imminent assassination.[9] Ancestry[edit]

v t e

Hashemites

Hashim (eponymous ancestor)

Abdul-Muttalib

Abu Talib

Abdullah

Muhammad (Islamic prophet)

Ali (fourth caliph)

Fatimah

Hasan (fifth caliph)

Hasan Al-Mu'thanna

Abdullah

Musa Al-Djawn

Abdullah

Musa

Muhammad

Abdullah

Ali

Suleiman

Hussein

Issa

Abd Al-Karim

Muta'in

Idris

Qatada (Sharif of Mecca)

Ali

Hassan (Sharif of Mecca)

Abu Numayy I (Sharif of Mecca)

Rumaythah (Sharif of Mecca)

'Ajlan (Sharif of Mecca)

Hassan (Sharif of Mecca)

Barakat I (Sharif of Mecca)

Muhammad (Sharif of Mecca)

Barakat II (Sharif of Mecca)

Abu Numayy II (Sharif of Mecca)

Hassan (Sharif of Mecca)

Abdullah (Sharif of Mecca)

Hussein

Abdullah

Muhsin

Auon, Ra'i Al-Hadala

Abdul Mu'een

Muhammad (Sharif of Mecca)

Ali

Hussein (Sharif of Mecca
Mecca
King of Hejaz)

Ali (King of Hejaz)

Abdullah I (King of Jordan)

Faisal I (King of Syria King of Iraq)

Zeid (pretender to Iraq)

'Abd Al-Ilah ( Regent
Regent
of Iraq)

Talal (King of Jordan)

Ghazi (King of Iraq)

Ra'ad (pretender to Iraq)

Hussein (King of Jordan)

Faisal II (King of Iraq)

Zeid

Abdullah II (King of Jordan)

Hussein ( Crown Prince
Crown Prince
of Jordan)

See also[edit]

British Mandate of Mesopotamia Saib Shawkat

References[edit]

^ Royal Ark Retrieved 2017-11-24. ^ "IRAQ – Resurgence in the Shiite World – Part 8 – Jordan & The Hashemite
Hashemite
Factors". APS Diplomat Redrawing the Islamic Map. 2005.  ^ a b "The Hashemite
Hashemite
Royal Family". Jordanian Government.  ^ " Richard Halliburton
Richard Halliburton
and Moye Stephens: Traveling Around the World in the 'Flying Carpet'". Historynet. 2006-06-12. Retrieved 2017-11-24.  ^ Stafford 2006, p. 188 ^ Tripp, Charles. A History of Iraq. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2000, p.81. ^ a b Tripp, p.98. ^ Safa Khulusi, Ma'ruf Al-Rusafi (1875–1945). The Muslim World, Hartford Seminary Foundation, LXVII No.1, 1977. ^ a b "The National Archives of the UK, "1938, FO 406/76, telegram no. 31"". Drewhkinney.com, in "Data". 1938. Archived from the original on 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-24. 

Ali, Tariq. Bush in Babylon: the Recolonisation of Iraq. W.W. Norton, 2003. ISBN 1-85984-583-5. Stafford, R (2006) [1935]. The Tragedy of the Assyrians. Gorgias Press LLC. ISBN 978-1-59333-413-0. 

External links[edit]

"Young King". Time Magazine. 17 April 1939. Retrieved 17 August 2009.  "Coins of Ghazi I". Retrieved 30 August 2009. 

Ghazi of Iraq House of Hāshim Born: 12 March 1910 Died: April 4 1939

Regnal titles

Preceded by King Faisal I King of Iraq 8 September 1933 – 4 April 1939 Succeeded by King Faisal II

Titles in pretence

Preceded by King Faisal I — TITULAR — King of Syria 8 September 1933 – 4 April 1939 Reason for succession failure: Kingdom abolished in 1920 Succeeded by King Faisal II

v t e

Kings of Iraq

House of Hashim

Faisal I Ghazi I 'Abd al-Ilah
'Abd al-Ilah
(as Regent) Faisal II

v t e

Iraqi princes

Generations are numbered by descent from Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca.

1st generation

King Faisal I Prince Zeid

2nd generation

King Ghazi I Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Abdullah1 Prince Ra'ad

3rd generation

King Faisal II Prince Zeid Prince Mired Prince Firas Prince Faisal

4th generation

Prince Ra'ad Prince Rakan Prince Jafar

See also House of Hashemite 1 Appointed Crown Prince
Crown Prince
from 10 November 1943.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 10644870 LCCN: n86012547 ISNI: 0000 0000 5536 7441 GND: 11893175X BNF:

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