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Ghanaian English is a variety of English spoken in Ghana. English is the official language of Ghana, and is used as a lingua franca throughout the country. English is the most used of the 11 official languages spoken in Ghana.


Demographics


Of the more than 28 million people in Ghana, more than half of the population uses English, and most use English exclusively. Primary and secondary school classes at public schools, and schools that prepare for public certificates are taught in English only.


Phonology


Due to Ghana's colonial history, Ghanaian English most closely resembles British English, although it is decidedly varied and deviates from the standard in many ways based on location and context. In contrast to the twelve monophthongal vowels of Received Pronunciation, Ghanaian English has only seven, an attribute shared with other forms of African English. Ghanaian English exhibits several mergers including the fleece–kit, foot–goose, and thought–cloth mergers. In Ghanaian English, the voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant is the usual realization of the phoneme (as in "ship" and "Chicago"), the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate ɕis the usual realization of (as in "cheese" and ""watching") and the voiced alveolo-palatal affricate ʑis the usual realization of (as in "general" and "magic").

References

* Category:English language Category:Languages of Ghana Category:Dialects of English {{ghana-stub