GERTRUDE JEKYLL (/ˈdʒiːkəl/ JEE-kəl ; 29 November 1843 – 8 December 1932) was an influential British horticulturist , garden designer , artist and writer. She created over 400 gardens in the United Kingdom, Europe and the United States, and wrote over 1,000 articles for magazines such as Country Life and William Robinson 's The Garden. Jekyll has been described as "a premier influence in garden design" by English and American gardening enthusiasts.
* 1 Early life * 2 Themes * 3 Gardens * 4 Awards * 5 Death * 6 Bibliography * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links
Jekyll was born at 2 Grafton Street,
Jekyll was one half of one of the most influential and historical partnerships of the Arts and Crafts movement , thanks to her association with the English architect, Edwin Lutyens , for whose projects she created numerous landscapes, and who designed her home Munstead Wood , near Godalming in Surrey. (In 1900, Lutyens and Jekyll's brother Herbert designed the British Pavilion for the Paris Exposition .)
Jekyll is remembered for her outstanding designs and subtle, painterly approach to the arrangement of the gardens she created, particularly her "hardy flower borders". Her work is known for its radiant colour and the brush-like strokes of her plantings; it is suggested by some that the Impressionistic-style schemes may have been due to Jekyll's deteriorating eyesight, which largely put an end to her career as a painter and watercolourist. In works like Colour Schemes for the Flower Garden (reprinted 1988) she put her imprint on modern uses of "warm" and "cool" flower colours in gardens.
Jekyll was one of the first of her profession to take into account
the colour, texture, and experience of gardens as the prominent
authorities in her designs, and she was a lifelong fan of plants of
all genres. Her theory of how to design with colour was influenced by
Jekyll later returned to her childhood home in the village of Bramley, Surrey to design a garden in Snowdenham Lane called Millmead. She was also interested in traditional cottage furnishings and rural crafts, and concerned that they were disappearing. Her book Old West Surrey (1904) records many aspects of 19th-century country life, with over 300 photographs taken by Jekyll.
Hestercombe Gardens *
Jekyll's restored long border at Upton Grey Manor House, Hampshire
Hestercombe Gardens, the Lutyens designed bench *
Jekyll's plan for a flowerbed
Hestercombe Gardens, borrowed scenery
From 1881, when she laid out the gardens for Munstead House , built for her mother by John James Stevenson , Jekyll provided designs or planned planting for some four hundred gardens. More than half were directly commissioned, but many were created in collaboration with architects such as Lutyens and Robert Lorimer . Most of her gardens are lost. A small number have been restored, including her own garden at Munstead Wood, the gardens of Hestercombe House , and the garden at the Manor House in Upton Grey that she designed for the magazine editor Charles Holme .
Jekyll was awarded the Victoria Medal of Honour of the Royal Horticultural Society in 1897 and the Veitch Memorial Medal of the society in 1929. Also in 1929, she was given the George Robert White Medal of Honor of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society .
Jekyll is buried in the churchyard of Busbridge Church , formerly known as St John the Baptist, Busbridge, Godalming , next to her brother and sister-in-law, Herbert Jekyll and his wife, the artist, writer and philanthropist Agnes Jekyll . The monument was designed by Edwin Lutyens .
Gertrude Jekyll's gravestone *
Jekyll family memorial in Busbridge Church churchyard
* Jekyll, G. Wood and Garden (Longmans, Green and Co., 1899). * Jekyll, G. Home and garden (Longmans, Green and Co., 1900). * Jekyll, G. & Mawley, E. Roses for English Gardens (London: Country Life, 1902). * Jekyll, G.. Wall and water gardens (London: Country Life, 1902). * Jekyll, G. Lilies for English gardens (London: Country Life, 1903). * Jekyll, G. & Elgood, G. S (illustrator), Some English gardens (Longmans, Green & Co., 1904) * Jekyll, G. Old West Surrey (Longmans, Green, and Co., 1904). * Jekyll, G. Colour in the flower garden (London: Country Life, 1908). * Jekyll, G. Annuals & biennials (London: Country Life, 1916) * Jekyll, G. Children and gardens ( London: Country Life, 1908). * Jekyll, G. border:0 solid #ddd; border-width:2px 0; padding: 0.5em 0;">The standard author abbreviation JEKYLL is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a botanical name .
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Bois des Moutiers (she designed some gardens of the Bois des
Miss Jekyll's Boots, painted by William Nicholson at Munstead Wood in October 1920
* ^ A B C Van Matre, Lynn (26 February 1989). "In Bloom Again:
Gertrude Jekyll`s Cult Status Is In Full Flower". Chicago Tribune.
Retrieved 3 June 2012.
* ^ Bisgrove, Richard. The Gardens of Gertrude Jekyll.London:
Frances Lincoln, 2006.
* ^ Tankard, Judith B. and Martin A. Wood.
* Bisgrove, Richard (2000). The Gardens of Gertrude Jekyll. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22620-8 . * Desmond, Steven (23 January 2010). "Great British Garden-Makers: Gertrude Jekyll". Country Life Magazine. Retrieved 3 June 2012. * Eberle, Iwona: Eve with a Spade: Women, Gardens, and Literature in the Nineteenth Century. Munich: Grin, 2011. ISBN 9783640843558 * Sinclair, Jill (16 June 2006). "Review: The Unknown Gertrude Jekyll, \'Queen of the mixed border\'". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 June 2012.