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This is a list of former German colonies and protectorates (German : _Schutzgebiete_) outside of the European borders of Prussia and the German Empire
German Empire
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Brandenburg–Prussian colonies

* 1.1 Africa * 1.2 North America

* 2 Habsburg colonies

* 3 German imperial colonies

* 3.1 Africa * 3.2 Pacific * 3.3 China * 3.4 Americas

* 4 See also * 5 Sources and external links

BRANDENBURG–PRUSSIAN COLONIES

Main articles: Brandenburg-Prussia and German colonization of the Americas

These were colonies unsuccessfully settled by Brandenburg-Prussia (part of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
realm ), since 1701 Kingdom of Prussia , before the foundation of the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871.

AFRICA

* Groß Friedrichsburg (in Ghana
Ghana
), 1683–1718 * Arguin (in Mauritania ), 1685–1721 * Whydah (in present Bénin ), circa 1700 (this Brandenburg 'colony' was just a minor point of support, a few dwellings at a site co-inhabited by British and Dutch)

NORTH AMERICA

These territories were held briefly under lease or occupation during the early European colonizations of the New World .

* Saint Thomas . Leased by Brandenburg from the Danish West India Company , 1685–1720. * Island of Crabs (_Krabbeninsel_ in German) (Caribbean, now US), Brandenburg annexation in the Danish West Indies , 1689–1693 * Tertholen (Caribbean), 1696. Occupation.

HABSBURG COLONIES

Main article: List of former Austrian colonies

These were colonies of the Habsburg Monarchy (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation realm ), since 1804 Austrian Empire , since 1867 Austria-Hungary .

* Banquibazar ">_ German colonies in Africa, 1884–1920

* German East Africa (Deutsch-Ostafrika_):

* Tanganyika
Tanganyika
. In 1922 became a League of Nations mandate under the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. In 1961 became independent and in 1964 joined with former British protectorate of the sultanate of Zanzibar
Zanzibar
to form present-day Tanzania
Tanzania
* Ruanda-Urundi (1885–1917) – present-day Rwanda
Rwanda
and Burundi after Belgian mandate period * Wituland (1885–1890) – since 1890 in Kenya
Kenya
* Kionga Triangle – since 1920 (earlier occupied) in Portuguese Mozambique
Mozambique

* German South West Africa (_Deutsch-Südwestafrika_) – present-day Namibia
Namibia
(except then-British Walvis Bay ) and part of Botswana
Botswana
(Südrand des Caprivi-Zipfels )

* German West Africa (Deutsch-Westafrika) – existed as one unit only for two or three years, then split into two colonies due to distances:

* Kamerun (1884–1914) – after World War I, separated into

* a British part, Cameroons , later split in half, with one part joining Nigeria
Nigeria
and the other becoming part of modern Cameroon
Cameroon
. (Kamerun, Nigeria-Ostteil, Tschad-Südwestteil, Zentralafrikanische Republik-Westteil, Republik Kongo-Nordostteil, Gabun-Nordteil) * a French Cameroun , which became present Cameroon
Cameroon
.

* Togoland (1884–1914) – after World War I it separated into two :

* a British part (Ghana-Westteil), which joined Ghana
Ghana
* a French part, which became Togo
Togo
republic, because of the Treaty of Versailles in World War 1

PACIFIC

These were German colonies in the Pacific: _ German colonies in southern Pacific: Kaiserwilhelmsland and the Bismarck Archipelago (Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands)

* German New Guinea
German New Guinea
(Deutsch-Neuguinea_) (1884–1914) and Micronesia (later incorporated into the German New Guinea)

* Kaiser-Wilhelmsland * Bismarck Archipelago (_Bismarck-Archipel_) * German Solomon Islands or Northern Solomon Islands (_Salomonen_ or _Nördliche Salomon-Inseln_) (1885–1899) * Bougainville Island (_Bougainville-Insel_) (1888–1919) * Nauru (1888–1919) * Marshall Islands (_Marschall-Inseln_) (1885–1919) * Mariana Islands
Mariana Islands
(_Marianen_) (1899–1919) – present-day Northern Mariana Islands
Mariana Islands
* Caroline Islands (_Karolinen_) (1899–1919) – present-day Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
and Palau
Palau

* German Samoa (_Deutsch-Samoa_) (1899–1914) – present-day Samoa
Samoa

Colonial Possessions and Protectorates of the German Empire, 1883–1920, confirmed by Treaty, International Agreement, or Purchase

CHINA

These Treaty ports were German concessions in China, leased to it by the Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
.

* Jiaozhou Bay concession (_Deutsch-Kiautschou_) (1898–1914) * Chefoo (190?–1918) * Tsingtao (1891–1914)

AMERICAS

* The German Caribbean was colonised briefly in the nineteenth century.

SEE ALSO

* German colonization of the Americas * German colonial empire * Heligoland- Zanzibar
Zanzibar
Treaty * Postage stamps and postal history of the German colonies * New Swabia * Ernst Thälmann Island

SOURCES AND EXTERNAL LINKS

* German colonies (in German) * WorldStatesmen

*

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