The GERMAN WORKERS\' PARTY (German : Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, DAP)
was a short-lived political party and the precursor of the National
German Workers' Party
* 1 Origins
* 1.1 Adolf Hitler\'s membership * 1.2 From DAP to NSDAP
* 2 Membership * 3 Notes * 4 References
The DAP was founded in
ADOLF HITLER\'S MEMBERSHIP
Hitler's DAP card with the later changed membership number 7
After World War I ended,
In less than a week, Hitler received a postcard stating he had officially been accepted as a member and he should come to a "committee" meeting to discuss it. Hitler attended the "committee" meeting held at the run-down Altes Rosenbad beer-house. Normally, enlisted army personnel were not allowed to join political parties. However in this case, Hitler had Captain Karl Mayr 's permission to join the DAP. Further, Hitler was allowed to stay in the army and receive his weekly pay of 20 gold marks a week. At the time when Hitler joined the party there were no membership numbers or cards. It was in January 1920 when a numeration was issued for the first time: listed in alphabetical order, Hitler received the number 555. In reality he had been the 55th member, but the counting started at the number 501 in order to make the party appear larger. Hitler, in his work Mein Kampf , later claimed to be the seventh party member (he was in fact the seventh executive member of the Party's central committee). After giving his first speech for the DAP on October 16 at the Hofbräukeller , Hitler quickly became the party's most active orator. Hitler's considerable oratory and propaganda skills were appreciated by the party leadership as crowds began to "flock" to hear his speeches during 1919 and 1920. With the support of Anton Drexler, Hitler became chief of propaganda for the party in early 1920. Hitler preferred that role as he saw himself as the drummer for a national cause. He saw propaganda as the way to bring nationalism to the public.
FROM DAP TO NSDAP
The small number of party members were quickly won over to Hitler\'s political beliefs . He organized their biggest meeting yet of 2,000 people, for February 24, 1920 in the Staatliches Hofbräuhaus in München . Further in an attempt to make the party more broadly appealing to larger segments of the population, the DAP was renamed the National Socialist German Workers\' Party (NSDAP) on February 24. Such was the significance of Hitler's particular move in publicity that Karl Harrer resigned from the party in disagreement. The new name was borrowed from a different Austrian party active at the time (Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei , German National Socialist Workers' Party), although Hitler earlier suggested the party to be renamed the "Social Revolutionary Party"; it was Rudolf Jung who persuaded Hitler to follow the NSDAP naming.
Early members of the party included:
* ^ A B C D E Kershaw 2008 , p. 82. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , pp. 82, 83. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , p. 83. * ^ Kershaw 1999 , p. 109. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , p. 75. * ^ Evans 2003 , p. 170. * ^ Kershaw 1999 , p. 126. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , pp. 75, 76. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , p. 76. * ^ Mitcham 1996 , p. 67. * ^ Werner Maser, Der Sturm auf die Republik – Frühgeschichte der NSDAP, ECON Verlag, Düsseldorf, Vienna, New York, Moscow, Special Edition 1994, ISBN 3-430-16373-0 * ^ Kershaw 2008 , pp. 81, 84, 85, 89, 96. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , p. 87. * ^ Zentner Toronto: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-303469-8 . * Kershaw, Ian (1999) . Hitler: 1889–1936: Hubris. New York: W. W. Norton & Company . ISBN 978-0-393-04671-7 . * Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-06757-6 . * Mitcham, Samuel W. (1996). Why Hitler?: The Genesis of the Nazi Reich. Westport, Conn: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-95485-7 . * Shirer, William L. (1960). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich . New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-62420-0 . * Zentner, Christian; Bedurftig, Friedemann (1997) . The Encyclopedia of The Third Reich. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-3068079-3-0 .
* v * t * e
National Socialist German Workers\' Party
* Germany and World War I
* NSDAP Office of Racial Policy * NSDAP Office of Foreign Affairs * NSDAP Office of Colonial Policy * NSDAP Office of Military Policy * Hitler\'s Chancellery (Kanzlei des Führers) * Nazi Party Chancellery * Amt Rosenberg