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The Info List - German Universities Excellence Initiative



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The Excellence Initiative of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the German Research Foundation aims to promote cutting-edge research and to create outstanding conditions for young scholars at universities, to deepen cooperation between disciplines and institutions, to strengthen international cooperation of research, and to enhance the international appeal of excellent German universities. It is the result of lengthy negotiations between the federal government and the German states.

Since almost all German universities are public (most private universities do not have the official German "Universitätsstatus"), and therefore mainly paid by taxes and generally egalitarian, there is no German Ivy League of institutions of higher education. However, the Excellence Initiative aims to strengthen some selected universities more than others in order to raise their international visibility. The initiative is conducted by the German Research Foundation (DFG) together with the German Council of Science and Humanities (WR). More than 30 universities in total received funding. It includes three lines of funding:

1st line of funding: The establishment of more than 40 research schools for young scientists and PhD
PhD
candidates, which will receive one million euros each per year.

2nd line of funding: The creation of thirty so-called Clusters of Excellence, that connect universities with leading German research institutes and businesses. Annually, these clusters will receive around 6.5 million euros each to fund their work.

3rd line of funding: The selection of 11 Universities of Excellence, which will be funded highly for their "future concepts", i.e., institutional strategies to promote top-level university research. Particularly this third line of funding has drawn appreciable international attention, both in academia and media.

Altogether 2.7 billion euros (1.9 billion for 2007-2012) of additional funds will be distributed over the coming five years, most of this coming from the federal government. The German Council of Science and Humanities is responsible for the third line of funding, and the German Research Foundation is responsible for the first and second lines of funding. These funds are to be available in the first instance for the universities and their partner institutions until 2017.

CONTENTS

* 1 Results

* 1.1 Winners: Future Concept 2012

* 1.2 Winners: Future Concept 2006/2007

* 1.2.1 Current international standing

* 1.3 Winners: Graduate Schools * 1.4 Winners: Clusters of Excellence

* 2 Reception * 3 Notes and references

RESULTS

WINNERS: FUTURE CONCEPT 2012

Out of the 140 universities in Germany
Germany
11 universities were chosen, among them five new winners ( HU Berlin , University of Bremen , University of Cologne , TU Dresden , University of Tübingen ) and six title holders: RWTH Aachen , FU Berlin , Heidelberg University , University of Konstanz , LMU Munich , and Technical University of Munich . These universities are commonly referred to by the media as "elite universities". As in 2006 and 2007, also other universities were awarded for special clusters of excellence and renowned graduate schools.

UNIVERSITY TITLE YEAR OF AWARD

RWTH Aachen University RWTH 2020: Meeting Global Challenges 2007

Freie Universität Berlin International Network University 2007

Humboldt University of Berlin Education through science 2012

University of Bremen AMBITIOUS AND AGILE 2012

University of Cologne Meeting the Challenge of Change and Complexity 2012

Dresden University of Technology The synergetic university 2012

Heidelberg University Heidelberg: Realizing the Potential of a Comprehensive University 2007

University of Konstanz Model Konstanz - towards a culture of creativity 2007

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich LMUexcellent: Working brains – Networking minds – Living knowledge 2006

Technical University of Munich TUM. The Entrepreneurial University 2006

University of Tübingen Research − Relevance − Responsibility 2012

WINNERS: FUTURE CONCEPT 2006/2007

UNIVERSITY TITLE YEAR OF AWARD

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich LMUexcellent: Working brains – Networking minds – Living knowledge 2006

Technical University of Munich TUM. The Entrepreneurial University 2006

University of Karlsruhe A Concept for the Future of the University of Karlsruhe. The Foundation of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) 2006

RWTH Aachen University RWTH 2020: Meeting Global Challenges 2007

Freie Universität Berlin International Network University 2007

University of Freiburg Windows for Research, New Universitas 2007

University of Göttingen Göttingen. Tradition – Innovation – Autonomie 2007

Heidelberg University Heidelberg: Realizing the Potential of a Comprehensive University 2007

University of Konstanz Model Konstanz - towards a culture of creativity 2007

The funding for a future concept does often, but not necessarily result in a superior overall budget compared to other German universities. For example, due to its small size, the University of Constance is despite this additional means, not included in the top 20 funded universities in Germany.

Current International Standing

According to the Third European Report on Science Heidelberg (55); LMU Munich (60); Free University of Berlin (87); Humboldt University of Berlin (130); Tübingen (144); RWTH Aachen (150); Cologne (247). The Times Higher Education World University Ranking 2012 ranks 8 of these 11 Universities of Excellence among the world's 250 top universities: LMU Munich (45); Heidelberg (73); Technical University of Munich (88); Humboldt University of Berlin (109); Free University of Berlin (151); RWTH Aachen (168); Tübingen (187); Konstanz (194).

Federal Education Minister Annette Schavan said following the awards ceremony, "The excellence initiative is writing scientific history. Research at German universities finds itself on a successful, international course."

WINNERS: GRADUATE SCHOOLS

Source: Federal Ministry of Education

(COORDINATING) UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL YEAR OF AWARD

RWTH Aachen University Aachen Institute for Advanced Study in Computational Engineering Science 2006

Freie Universität Berlin Graduate School of North American Studies (John F. Kennedy-Institute for North American Studies ) 2006

Humboldt University of Berlin Berlin School of Mind and Brain 2006

Technical University Berlin _( FU Berlin , HU Berlin )_ Berlin Mathematical School 2006

Ruhr University Bochum Ruhr University Research School 2006

University of Bonn Bonn Graduate School of Economics 2006

University of Bremen Global Change in the Marine Realm 2006

Dresden University of Technology Dresden International Graduate School for Biomedicine and Bioengineering 2006

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies 2006

University of Freiburg Spemann Graduate School of Biology and Medicine 2006

University of Gießen International Graduate Centre for the Study of Culture 2006

Hannover Medical School Hannover Biomedical Research School 2006

Heidelberg University Heidelberg Graduate School of Fundamental Physics

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Karlsruhe School of Optics and Photonics 2006

University of Mannheim Empirical and Quantitative Methods in the Economic and Social Sciences 2006

Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich Graduate School of Systemic Neurosciences 2006

Technical University Munich International Graduate School of Science and Engineering 2006

Saarland University Multimodal Computing and Interaction 2006

University of Würzburg Graduate School for Life Sciences 2006

University of Bayreuth Bayreuth International Graduate School of African Studies 2007

Freie Universität Berlin Muslim Cultures and Societies: Unity and Diversity 2007

Freie Universität Berlin Friedrich Schlegel Graduate School of Literary Studies 2007

Humboldt University of Berlin Berlin-Brandenburg School for Regenerative Therapies 2007

Humboldt University of Berlin Berlin Graduate School of Social Sciences 2007

University of Bielefeld Bielefeld Graduate School in History and Sociology 2007

University of Bonn Bonn-Cologne Graduate School of Physics and Astronomy 2007

University of Bremen Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences 2007

Darmstadt University of Technology Graduate School of Computational Engineering "Beyond Traditional Sciences" 2007

University of Göttingen Göttingen Graduate School for Neurosciences and Molecular Biosciences 2007

Heidelberg University Heidelberg Graduate School of Mathematical and Computational Methods for the Sciences 2007

Heidelberg University The Hartmut Hoffmann-Berling International Graduate School of Molecular and Cellular Biology 2007

University of Jena Jena School for Microbial Communication 2007

University of Kiel Graduate School for Integrated Studies of Human Development in Landscapes 2007

University of Konstanz Konstanz Research School "Chemical Biology" 2007

University of Leipzig Building with Molecules and Nano-Objects 2007

University of Lübeck Graduate School for Computing in Medicine and Life Sciences 2007

University of Mainz Materials Science in Mainz 2007

Saarland University Saarbrücken Graduate School of Computer Science 2007

University of Stuttgart Graduate School for advanced Manufacturing Engineering in Stuttgart (GSaME) 2007

University of Ulm International Graduate School in Molecular Medicine Ulm 2007

WINNERS: CLUSTERS OF EXCELLENCE

(COORDINATING) UNIVERSITY CLUSTERS OF EXCELLENCE YEAR OF AWARD

RWTH Aachen University Integrative Production Technology for High-Wage Countries 2006

RWTH Aachen University Ultra High-Speed Mobile Information and Communication (UMIC) 2006

RWTH Aachen University Tailor-Made Fuels from Biomass 2007

Freie Universität Berlin / Humboldt University of Berlin Topoi. The Formation and Transformation of Space and Knowledge in Ancient Civilizations 2006

University of Bonn Mathematics: Foundations, Models, Applications 2006

Dresden University of Technology From Cells to Tissues to Therapies: Engineering the Cellular Basis of Regeneration 2006

Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main Macromolecular Complexes 2006

University of Gießen Cardio-Pulmonary System 2006

University of Göttingen Microscopy at the Nanometer Range 2006

Hannover Medical School From Regenerative Biology to Reconstructive Therapy 2006

Heidelberg University Cellular Networks: From Analysis of Molecular Mechanisms to a Quantitative Understanding of Complex Functions 2006

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Center for Functional Nanostructures 2006

University of Kiel The Future Ocean 2006

University of Konstanz Cultural Foundations of Social Integration 2006

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich 2006

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Munich Center for Advanced Photonics 2006

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Nanosystems Initiative Munich 2006

Technical University of Munich Cognition for Technical Systems 2006

Technical University of Munich Origin and Structure of the Universe – The Cluster of Excellence for Fundamental Physics 2006

Freie Universität Berlin Languages of Emotion 2007

Humboldt-Universität Berlin NeuroCure: Towards a Better Outcome of Neurological Disorders 2007

Technical University of Berlin Unifying Concepts in Catalysis 2007

University of Bielefeld Cognitive Interaction Technology 2007

University of Bremen The Ocean in the Earth System 2007

Darmstadt University of Technology Smart Interfaces: Understanding and Designing Fluid Boundaries 2007

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Engineering of Advanced Materials – Hierarchical Structure Formation for Functional Devices 2007

Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main Formation of Normative Orders 2007

University of Freiburg Centre for Biological Signalling Studies – From Analysis to Synthesis 2007

University of Hamburg Integrated Climate System Analysis and Prediction (CliSAP) 2007

University of Hannover Centre for Quantum Engineering and Space-Time Research (QUEST) 2007

Heidelberg University Asia and Europe in a Global Context: Shifting Asymmetries in Cultural Flows (EXC270) 2007

University of Kiel Inflammation at Interfaces 2007

University of Cologne Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases 2007

University of Münster Religion and Politics in Pre-Modern and Modern Cultures 2007

Saarland University Multimodal Computing and Interaction 2007

University of Stuttgart Simulation Technology 2007

University of Tübingen CIN – Centre for Integrative Neuroscience 2007

University of Hamburg The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI) 2012

RECEPTION

Whether the Excellence Initiative has had a positive effect is currently a matter of debate. A report by the WZB Berlin Social Science Centre indicates that the program failed to create more diverse education options and produced little in the way of lasting change. Additionally, the Goethe Institut claims that an additional criticism is that "competition up to now has focussed exclusively on the research rather than the teaching at universities", that prevailing qualitative imbalances in East and West German education systems may potentially be perpetuated via the program (by favoring more established Western universities over their younger Eastern counterparts), and, furthermore, that the funding may actually be insufficient to achieve the goal of creating "globally competitive universities".

However, an international commission led by physicist Dieter Imboden of the ETH Zurich in Switzerland praised the program, saying it had a "very positive" influence on higher education in Germany, and recommending it be extended and further developed.

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ German Science Council: The Excellence Initiative. * ^ _A_ _B_ "A German Ivy League Takes Shape". _SCIENCE / AAAS_. Retrieved 2008-05-16. * ^ "Elite-Unis: Jubel in den Südstaaten". _Spiegel Online_. Retrieved 2008-05-16. * ^ "CORDIS: Science and Technology Indicators: Snapshots" (pdf). _Third European Report on Science and Technology Indicators_. Retrieved 2008-05-16. * ^ "CORDIS: Science and Technology Indicators: full version". _Third European Report on Science and Technology Indicators_. Retrieved 2008-05-16. * ^ "ARWU 2012". _ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2012 ("Shanghai Ranking")_. Retrieved 2012-10-21. * ^ Comment of Anette Schavan on the results of the Excellence Initiative * ^ Bundesbildungsministerium: "Exzellenzinitiative", Abschnitt Graduiertenschulen * ^ "Multibillion-Dollar Program Has Had Little Effect at German Universities, Report Says". _The Chronicle of Higher Education_. * ^ Himmelrath, Armin. "Two Years Excellence Initiative: A Balance". Goethe Institut. Retrieved 21 January 2014. * ^ Vogel, Gretchen (2016). "Germany\'s excellence program gets good grades". _Science_. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). doi :10.1126/science.aae0287 . Retrieved 2016-04-14.

* v * t * e

German Excellence Universities

* RWTH Aachen University * Freie Universität Berlin (FU Berlin) * Humboldt University of Berlin (HU Berlin) * University of Bremen * University of Cologne * Dresden University of Technology (TU Dresden) * Heidelberg University * University of Konstanz * Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU Munich) *