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The German People's Party
German People's Party
(German: Deutsche Volkspartei, or DVP) was a national liberal party in Weimar Germany
Weimar Germany
and a successor to the National Liberal Party of the German Empire. A right-wing liberal[9][10] or conservative-liberal[6][11][12] party, its most famous member was Chancellor and Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann, a 1926 Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
laureate.

Contents

1 Ideology 2 History 3 Electoral results 4 References 5 See also

Ideology[edit] It was essentially the main body of the old National Liberal Party (mostly its centre and right factions) combined with some of the more moderate elements of the Free Conservative Party and the Economic Union,[13] and was formed in the early days of the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
by Stresemann. During the Weimar Republic, it was one of two large liberal parties in Germany, the other being the left-liberal German Democratic Party. The party was generally thought to represent the interests of the great German industrialists. Its platform stressed Christian family values, secular education, lower tariffs, opposition to welfare spending and agrarian subsidies and hostility to "Marxism" (that is, the Communists, and also the Social Democrats). It only grudgingly accepted the republic, and as such was initially part of the "national opposition" to the Weimar Coalition. However, Stresemann gradually led it into cooperation with the parties of the center and left. The party wielded an influence on German politics beyond its numbers, as Stresemann was the Weimar Republic's only statesman of international standing. He served as foreign minister continuously from 1923 until his death in 1929 in nine governments (one of which he briefly headed in 1923) ranging from the center-right to the center-left. Despite Stresemann's international standing, he was never really trusted by his own party, large elements of which never really accepted the republic. After Stresemann's death, the DVP veered sharply to the right.[14] History[edit] The party's dispute with the Social Democrats in 1930 over unemployment benefits toppled the Grand Coalition government of Hermann Müller. In the election of September 1930, the DVP was one of the biggest losers, losing 15 of its 45 parliamentary seats. The party's rightward turn accelerated soon afterward, and many of its more liberal members resigned. It began angling for a coalition of all "national" parties--including the Nazis. The party saw further losses in the July 1932 election, falling to only seven seats. In a desperate bid to save the party, chairman Eduard Dingeldey entered a pact with Germany's largest conservative party, the German National People's Party, and put forward a joint list in the November 1932 election. It only netted four more seats, and nearly all of its remaining liberals resigned. The DVP broke the pact soon afterward, but this was not nearly enough to stave off collapse in the March 1933 election, in which it was reduced to only two seats. After the passage of the Enabling Act of 1933, the party was subjected to increased harassment. In particular, civil servants resigned in droves out of fear for their jobs. Dingeldey fended off calls to merge with the Nazis only with difficulty. However, the harassment against the party grew to the point that Dingeldey was forced to dissolve the party on July 4 out of fear for its remaining members' safety. Former elements of the DVP were involved in the creation of the Free Democratic Party after the Second World War. Electoral results[edit]

Weimar National Assembly

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/– Leader

1919 1,345,638 (#6) 4.4

19 / 423

new party

Rudolf Heinze

Reichstag

1920 3,919,446 (#4) 13.9

65 / 459

46

Gustav Stresemann

May 1924 2,694,381 (#5) 9.2

45 / 472

20

Gustav Stresemann

December 1924 3,049,064 (#4) 10.1

51 / 493

6

Gustav Stresemann

1928 2,679,703 (#5) 8.7

45 / 491

6

Gustav Stresemann

1930 1,577,365 (#6) 4.5

30 / 577

15

Ernst Scholz (de)

July 1932 436,002 (#7) 1.2

7 / 608

23

Eduard Dingeldey (de)

November 1932 660,889 (#7) 1.9

11 / 584

4

Eduard Dingeldey

March 1933 432,312 (#7) 1.10

2 / 647

9

Eduard Dingeldey

References[edit]

^ Burkhard Asmuss (8 June 2011). "Die Deutsche Volkspartei (DVP)". LeMO Kapitel.  ^ Dittberner, Jürgen (2008), Sozialer Liberalismus: Ein Plädoyer, Logos, pp. 55, 58  ^ Neugebauer, Wolfgang (ed.) (2000), Handbuch der Preussischen Geschichte, 3, de Gruyter, p. 221 CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Van De Grift, Liesbeth (2012), Securing the Communist State: The Reconstruction of Coercive Institutions in the Soviet Zone of Germany and Romania, 1944-48, Lexington Books, p. 41  ^ a b Lee, Stephen J. (1998), The Weimar Republic, Routledge, p. 23  ^ a b Stanley G. Payne (1 January 1996). A History of Fascism, 1914–1945. University of Wisconsin Pres. pp. 163–. ISBN 978-0-299-14873-7.  ^ Mommsen, Hans (1989), The Rise and Fall of Weimar Democracy, Propyläen Verlag, p. 51  ^ Gerstenberg, Frank: 27.6.1933: DVP und DNVP lösen sich auf, Kalenderblatt, Deutsche Welle ^ Dietrich Orlow (15 December 1986). Weimar Prussia, 1918–1925: The Unlikely Rock of Democracy. University of Pittsburgh Pre. p. 329. ISBN 978-0-8229-7640-0.  ^ Raffael Scheck (1998). Alfred Von Tirpitz and German Right-wing Politics: 1914 - 1930. BRILL. p. 87. ISBN 0-391-04043-X.  ^ Helena Waddy (14 April 2010). Oberammergau in the Nazi Era: The Fate of a Catholic Village in Hitler's Germany. Oxford University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-19-970779-9.  ^ Jill Stephenson (26 April 2013). The Nazi Organisation of Women. Routledge. p. 226. ISBN 978-1-136-24748-4.  ^ Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p421 ISBN 0-313-23804-9 ^ Evans, Richard J. (2003). The Coming of the Third Reich. New York City: Penguin Press. ISBN 978-0141009759. 

See also[edit]

Liberalism Contributions to liberal theory Liberalism
Liberalism
worldwide List of liberal parties Liberal democracy Liberalism
Liberalism
in Germany Elections in the Free State of Prussia Wilhelm Adam (member from 1926 to 1929)

Preceded by National Liberal Party (Germany) German liberal parties 1918–1933 Succeeded by Liberal Democratic Party of Germany

Succeeded by Free Democratic Party of Germany

v t e

Political parties in Germany in the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
(1918–1933)

Communist

Communist Party of Germany
Communist Party of Germany
(KPD) Communist Workers Party of Germany (KAPD) Communist Party Opposition (KPO)

Socialist Social Democratic

Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD) Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(USPD) Majority Social Democratic Party of Germany
Social Democratic Party of Germany
(MSPD) Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAPD)

Catholic

Bavarian People's Party
Bavarian People's Party
(BVP) Centre Party (Zentrum) Christian People's Party (CVP)

Agrarian

Bavarian Peasants' League (BB) Agricultural League Schleswig-Holstein Farmers and Farmworkers Democracy (SHBLD) Christian National Peasants' and Farmers' Party (CNBL) German Farmers' Party (DBP)

Liberal

German Democratic Party
German Democratic Party
(DDP) German People's Party
German People's Party
(DVP) German State Party
German State Party
(DStP)

Conservative

German National People's Party
German National People's Party
(DNVP) People's Right Party (VRP) Christian Social People's Service
Christian Social People's Service
(CSVD) Conservative People's Party (KVP)

Völkische and Nazi

German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party
(DAP) German Social Party (DSP) German Socialist Party (DSP) National Socialist German Workers' Party
German Workers' Party
(NSDAP)-Nazi Party German Völkisch Freedom Party (DVFP) National Socialist Freedom Movement (NSFB)

Miscellaneous

German-Hanoverian Party
German-Hanoverian Party
(DHP) Economic Party (WP)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 156538083 GND: 115488-6 SUDOC: 030660203 BNF: cb1220

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