The German National Library of
Economics (ZBW – Leibniz Information
Centre for Economics) is the world’s largest research infrastructure
for economic literature, online as well as offline. The ZBW is a
member of the
Leibniz Association and has been a foundation under
public law since 2007. Several times the ZBW received the
international LIBER award for its innovative work in librarianship.
The ZBW allows for access of millions of documents and research on
economics, partnering with over 40 research institutions to create a
connective Open Access portal and social web of research. Through
its EconStor and EconBiz, researchers and students have accessed
millions of datasets and thousands of articles. The ZBW also edits two
Wirtschaftsdienst and Intereconomics.
1 Collection mandate
2 Library holdings
5 Networks and cooperations
Research at the ZBW
7 Activities in science policy
9 See also
11 External links
The ZBW is Germany’s central subject library and research
infrastructure for economics in Germany. Its mandate is to acquire, to
index, and to archive theoretical and empirical literature and
subject-specific information from economics and business studies, and
to provide access to these materials to the general public on a
national basis. The ZBW also acquires all publications from closely
related and auxiliary disciplines focussing on economics, in order to
accommodate the increasing tendency towards interdisciplinary work in
The ZBW is part of the system of national literature provision within
Research Foundation (DFG).
The ZBW holds almost 4.4 million items. The ZBW subscribes to more
than 27,100 journals and enables access to 2.3 million electronic
documents. The search portal
EconBiz gives free access to 10 million
datasets. More than 134,000 full-texts (working papers, articles from
journals, conference proceedings) from German research institutes and
universities are available online and free of charge on the repository
The ZBW creates content-descriptive metadata not only for books, but
also for articles in journals and working papers, i.e. they are
indexed with keywords (descriptors) from the Standard Thesaurus for
The ZBW maintains the search portal
EconBiz containing more than 10
million datasets of bibliographic references for economics and
business studies. The ZBW also offers an online reference service,
Research Guide EconDesk, which provides guidance for literature and
data searches in economics and business studies.
The ZBW is an active player in the Open Access movement which aims for
free access to scholarly research output. It is the chief negotiator
for national licences in economics in Germany.
The repository EconStor serves as a platform for the free publication
of research output in economics. Authors and publishing institutions
can publish without charges on EconStor.
More than 400 institutions use EconStor for the digital dissemination
of their publications in Open Access. It is an input service for RePEc
and one of its most frequently used archives. All titles in EconStor
are indexed by search engines such as Google, Google Scholar and BASE,
and distributed to databases such as WoldCat, OpenAire and
The ZBW Journal Data Archive is a service for the editors of
scholarly journals in economics. Editors can deposit datasets and
other material relating to empirical articles and provide access to
them in order to enable reproducibility of published research
The ZBW publishes two journals of economic policy, Wirtschaftsdienst
The ZBW also provides support for researchers dealing with the
different aspects of the digitisation of the science system, such as
publishing in Open Access or research data management.
Wirtschaftsdienst, edited by the ZBW
The ZBW participates in national and international projects to develop
new services for its users.
GeRDI – Generic
Research Data Infrastructure. The project aims
to develop a distributed and linked-up research data infrastructure.
It aims to virtually link existing and future research data centres
all over Germany. This allows scientists to search for and re-use
research data across disciplines and without barriers. The ZBW
coordinates the project which is funded by the German Research
Linked Open Citation Database (LOC-DB). The project LOC-DB
develops tools and processes based on linked data technologies that
will enable individual libraries to participate in an open,
distributed infrastructure for the indexation of citations. It aims to
show that extensive automation of metadata creation can produce
relevant added value to scholarly information discovery.
metrics: MEasuring The Reliability and perception of Indicators
for interactions with sCientific productS. The project focuses on
gaining a deeper understanding of alternative indicators for measuring
scientific performance. Under review are the quality and reliability
of the indicators, but also how far they are able to map
MOVING: the project aims to build a working environment for the
qualitative and quantitative analysis of large collections of
documents and data. The ZBW is the research partner for text and data
mining and also the scientific coordinator, and contributes its
expertise in the field of Science 2.0.
Digital Imperial Statistics: Historical statistics are usually not
available online. In this pilot project, the German Imperial
Statistics 1873-1883 have been digitised and processed into a format
that researchers can download easily for re-use in spreadsheets. This
project is also funded by the German
Research Foundation (DFG).
Digital preservation: Because of the rapid technical development of
recent years, information is often only available in digital form. At
the same time, the hard- and software needed for reading this
information becomes obsolete even more rapidly. Digital preservation
ensures that future generations will still be able to use this
information. To this end, the ZBW cooperates with two other German
Libraries, the Leibniz Information Centre for Science and Technology
(TIB) and the Information Centre for Life Sciences (ZB MED), in a
pilot project to develop strategies and methods for the digital
preservation of digital resources.
Linked Open Data: the project describes the provision of Open Data as
Linked Data. The ZBW makes intensive efforts to link its own data with
external data in order to find new applications and potential uses.
The first ZBW data to be published in this form is the Standard
Thesaurus for Economics. Current prototypes can be seen in the ZBW
dara – The registration agency for research data in social
sciences and economics. The ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for
Economics and GESIS – Leibniz Institute for Social Sciences are
working together to develop a registration agency where researchers
from the social sciences and economics can register the primary data
resulting from their research. It also serves to make data accessible,
identifiable, and thus replicable, which means that the entire
research process becomes more transparent and more efficient. Both the
ZBW and GESIS are members of DataCite, an international initiative to
establish universal standards for the registration of research
Networks and cooperations
In order to meet the challenges resulting from the technological
changes in information provision, the ZBW relies on a global network.
It has signed cooperation agreements with national and international
research institutions, for instance in the context of the Leibniz
Research Alliance Science 2.0, the EU project MOVING, and in
numerous DFG-funded projects.
The ZBW is also actively engaged in the community of information
infrastructure providers, for instance in the working groups of the
Leibniz Association, the Common Library Network, LIBER, nestor and the
Priority Initiative “Digital Information”.
Research at the ZBW
The ZBW carries out application-oriented research in computer and
information science. Three professors work with an international and
interdisciplinary team of researchers on the subject of Open Science /
Open Science / Science 2.0 describes the changes that the World Wide
Web and its numerous Web 2.0 applications engender in the research and
publication processes of the science system, which are the subject of
research at the ZBW. In 2013, the ZBW initiated the Leibniz Research
Alliance Science 2.0. This Europe-wide cooperation of
infrastructure providers and research institutes wants to establish
the topic of Open Science in the scholarly community.
The goal is to provide open access to, and use of, scientific findings
and processes. An annual international conference (Open Science
Conference) offers opportunities for researchers, librarians, and
experts in science policy to share applications, experiences and
strategies around the complex of Open Science.
Activities in science policy
The ZBW not only researches the digital shift, it also actively shapes
it through its national and international activities in science
policy. The director of the ZBW is an active proponent of Open Science
as a member of the High Level Expert Group promoting the European
Open Science Cloud. He is a member of the G7 Open Science Working
Group and the German Council for Scientific Information
Infrastructures, which is part of the Digital Agenda of the Federal
Government. All these bodies prioritise the development of an
integrated research data infrastructure across disciplines and
countries. The latest project in this context is German
Research Data Infrastructure GeRDI, which has been initiated in
2016 and is coordinated by the ZBW. It creates cross-disciplinary
links between infrastructures for research data and thus new
opportunities for multidisciplinary research.
The German National Library of
Economics – Leibniz Information
Economics (ZBW) was founded on 1 February 1919 as a
department of the
Kiel Institute for the World Economy. As a research
library it has been able to keep its holdings entirely intact. In
1966, the ZBW received the status of a central subject library for
economics in Germany, and was admitted to the joint funding system of
the Federal and Länder Governments. The ZBW has been a member of the
Leibniz Association since 1990. In 2007, the ZBW was separated from
Kiel Institute and established as an independent foundation under
public law. At the same time it integrated the library of the Hamburg
Institute of International
Economics and became the publisher of the
Wirtschaftsdienst and Intereconomics. Since 2007, the ZBW has
two branches in
Kiel and Hamburg. Since 2012, it maintains off-site
stacks in Flintbek. Application-oriented research in computer and
information science was established in 2010. In 2014, the German
Library Association (DBV) honoured the ZBW as Library of the Year
because “The ZBW is a radically modern library whose customer and
innovation orientation can serve as a model for other
German National Library of Medicine
German National Library of Science and Technology
List of libraries in Germany
^ a b Facts and figures about the ZBW retrieved 16-February-2017
^ Facts and figures about the ZBW retrieved 16-February-2017
^ "Who is the ZBW?". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-05-05.
^ a b "Leibniz Gemeinschaft: Institutes & Museums / ZBW".
www.leibniz-gemeinschaft.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-06-13.
^ "DFG, German
^ a b "Who is the ZBW?". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "Collection guidelines". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "Facts and figures". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
Research Guide EconDesk".
^ "About EconBiz".
EconBiz - Find Economic Literature. 2013-06-19.
^ a b (ZBW), Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für
Wirtschaftswissenschaften. "Simply. Share. Research. ZBW". Simply.
Share. Research. ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "EconStor: About EconStor". www.econstor.eu. Retrieved
^ "Welcome - ZBW Journal Data Archive".
^ "Welcome - ZBW Journal Data Archive". www.journaldata.zbw.eu.
^ "Publishing of economic research". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ a b "GeRDI – Generic
Research Data Infrastructure".
^ GeRDI: MOVING retrieved 22-November-2016
^ "Mannheim UL: DFG-Projekt "Linked Open Citation Database
^ LOC-DB: LOC-DB retrieved 22-November-2016
^ "ZBW raises more than one million Euros in third-party funds to
research the digitisation of the science system".
^ metrics: metrics retrieved 22-November-2016
^ a b "Home - MOVING project".
^ The German National Library of Economics: MOVING retrieved
^ "Digital Reich Statistics". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "Digital preservation". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "Linked Open Data". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "Home :: da-ra".
^ "dara". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ dara. "Home :: dara". .da-ra.de. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ a b "Leibniz-Forschungsverbund Science 2.0".
^ "International Open Science Conference".
^ "ZBW Research". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "Register of Commission expert groups and other similar entities".
ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "Profile Prof. Dr. Tochtermann". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "GeRDI to be model of a linked research data infrastructure". ZBW
Website. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "History of the ZBW". ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
^ "Satzung der Stiftung „Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für
Wirtschaftswissenschaften – Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
(ZBW)"" (PDF). ZBW. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für
EconBiz Virtual Economist portal (in English)
EconDesk (in English)
German National Library of
Economics official website (in English)
Nereus Consortium (in English)
Intereconomics - Review of European Economic Policy (in English)
Wirtschaftsdienst - Journal for Economic Policy (in German)
ISNI: 0000 0001 1019 0408
Coordinates: 54°20′18″N 10°09′22″E / 54.3383°N