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Gerd Binnig
Gerd Binnig
(born 20 July 1947[1]) is a German physicist, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Prize in Physics
in 1986 for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope.[2] He was born in Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main
and played in the ruins of the city during his childhood. His family lived partly in Frankfurt
Frankfurt
and partly in Offenbach am Main, and he attended school in both cities. At the age of 10, he decided to become a physicist, but he soon wondered whether he had made the right choice. He concentrated more on music, playing in a band. He also started playing the violin at 15 and played in his school orchestra.[1] Binnig studied physics at the J.W. Goethe University in Frankfurt, gaining a bachelor's degree in 1973 and remaining there do a PhD with in Werner Martienssen's group, supervised by Eckhardt Hoenig.[3] In 1969, he married Lore Wagler, a psychologist, and they have a daughter born in Switzerland
Switzerland
and a son born in California.[1] His hobbies are reading, swimming and golf. In 1978, he accepted an offer from IBM
IBM
to join their Zürich
Zürich
research group, where he worked with Heinrich Rohrer, Christoph Gerber
Christoph Gerber
and Edmund Weibel. There they developed the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), an instrument for imaging surfaces at the atomic level.[4] The Nobel committee described the effect that the invention of the STM had on science, saying that "entirely new fields are opening up for the study of the structure of matter."[2] The physical principles on which the STM was based were already known before the IBM
IBM
team developed the STM, but Binnig and his colleagues were the first to solve the significant experimental challenges involved in putting it into effect.[2] The IBM
IBM
Zürich
Zürich
team were soon recognized with a number of prizes: the German Physics
Physics
Prize, the Otto Klung Prize, the Hewlett Packard Prize and the King Faisal Prize.[1] In 1986, Binnig and Rohrer shared half of the Nobel Prize in Physics, the other half of the Prize was awarded to Ernst Ruska. From 1985-1988, he worked in California. He was at IBM
IBM
in Almaden Valley, and was visiting professor at Stanford University.[5] In 1985, Binnig invented the atomic force microscope (AFM) [6] and Binnig, Christoph Gerber
Christoph Gerber
and Calvin Quate went on to develop a working version of this new microscope for insulating surfaces.[7] In 1987 Binnig was appointed IBM
IBM
Fellow. In the same year, he started the IBM
IBM
Physics
Physics
group Munich, working on creativity[8] and atomic force microscopy [9] In 1994 Professor Gerd Binnig
Gerd Binnig
founded Definiens which turned in the year 2000 into a commercial enterprise. The company developed Cognition Network Technology to analyze images just like the human eye and brain are capable of doing.[10] in 2016, Binnig won the Kavli Prize
Kavli Prize
in Nanoscience.[11] He became a fellow of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.[12] The Binnig and Rohrer Nanotechnology Center, an IBM-owned research facility in Rüschlikon, Zurich is named after Gerd Binnig
Gerd Binnig
and Heinrich Rohrer. References[edit]

^ a b c d " Gerd Binnig
Gerd Binnig
- Biographical". Nobel Media AB. 1986. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  ^ a b c "The Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Prize in Physics
1986 - Press Release". Nobel Media AB. 1986-10-15. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  ^ " Definiens Management Team - Gerd Binnig, PhD". Retrieved 2014-01-01.  ^ Binnig, G.; Rohrer, H.; Gerbe, Ch; Weibe, E. (1982). "Surface Studies by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy". Physical Review Letters. 49 (1): 57. Bibcode:1982PhRvL..49...57B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.49.57.  ^ "Gerd Binnig". kavliprize.org. Retrieved 30 May 2017.  ^ G. Binnig, " Atomic force microscope
Atomic force microscope
and method for imaging surfaces with atomic resolution", US Patent US4724318 (priority date Nov 25 1985) ^ Binnig, G.; Quate, C. F. (1986). "Atomic Force Microscope". Physical Review Letters. 56 (9): 930–933. Bibcode:1986PhRvL..56..930B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.56.930. ISSN 0031-9007. PMID 10033323.  ^ G. Binnig, "Aus dem Nichts. Über die Kreativität von Natur und Mensch", Piper (1990). ^ Franz Josef Giessibl, Christoph Gerber
Christoph Gerber
and G. Binnig, "A low-temperature atomic force/scanning tunneling microscope for ultrahigh vacuum", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B9, 984-988 (1991). ^ Health, Audacity. "Team Definiens". www.definiens.com. Retrieved 2016-06-06.  ^ "2016 Kavli Prize
Kavli Prize
in Nanoscience www.kavliprize.org". www.kavliprize.org. Retrieved 2016-06-06.  ^ "Group 2: Astronomy, Physics
Physics
and Geophysics". Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 

External links[edit]

Pioneers in Electricity and Magnetism - Gerd Binnig
Gerd Binnig
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Autobiography of Gerd Binnig Astra Zeneca acquires Definiens

v t e

Laureates of the Nobel Prize in Physics

1901–1925

1901 Röntgen 1902 Lorentz / Zeeman 1903 Becquerel / P. Curie / M. Curie 1904 Rayleigh 1905 Lenard 1906 J. J. Thomson 1907 Michelson 1908 Lippmann 1909 Marconi / Braun 1910 Van der Waals 1911 Wien 1912 Dalén 1913 Kamerlingh Onnes 1914 Laue 1915 W. L. Bragg / W. H. Bragg 1916 1917 Barkla 1918 Planck 1919 Stark 1920 Guillaume 1921 Einstein 1922 N. Bohr 1923 Millikan 1924 M. Siegbahn 1925 Franck / Hertz

1926–1950

1926 Perrin 1927 Compton / C. Wilson 1928 O. Richardson 1929 De Broglie 1930 Raman 1931 1932 Heisenberg 1933 Schrödinger / Dirac 1934 1935 Chadwick 1936 Hess / C. D. Anderson 1937 Davisson / G. P. Thomson 1938 Fermi 1939 Lawrence 1940 1941 1942 1943 Stern 1944 Rabi 1945 Pauli 1946 Bridgman 1947 Appleton 1948 Blackett 1949 Yukawa 1950 Powell

1951–1975

1951 Cockcroft / Walton 1952 Bloch / Purcell 1953 Zernike 1954 Born / Bothe 1955 Lamb / Kusch 1956 Shockley / Bardeen / Brattain 1957 C. N. Yang / T. D. Lee 1958 Cherenkov / Frank / Tamm 1959 Segrè / Chamberlain 1960 Glaser 1961 Hofstadter / Mössbauer 1962 Landau 1963 Wigner / Goeppert-Mayer / Jensen 1964 Townes / Basov / Prokhorov 1965 Tomonaga / Schwinger / Feynman 1966 Kastler 1967 Bethe 1968 Alvarez 1969 Gell-Mann 1970 Alfvén / Néel 1971 Gabor 1972 Bardeen / Cooper / Schrieffer 1973 Esaki / Giaever / Josephson 1974 Ryle / Hewish 1975 A. Bohr / Mottelson / Rainwater

1976–2000

1976 Richter / Ting 1977 P. W. Anderson / Mott / Van Vleck 1978 Kapitsa / Penzias / R. Wilson 1979 Glashow / Salam / Weinberg 1980 Cronin / Fitch 1981 Bloembergen / Schawlow / K. Siegbahn 1982 K. Wilson 1983 Chandrasekhar / Fowler 1984 Rubbia / Van der Meer 1985 von Klitzing 1986 Ruska / Binnig / Rohrer 1987 Bednorz / Müller 1988 Lederman / Schwartz / Steinberger 1989 Ramsey / Dehmelt / Paul 1990 Friedman / Kendall / R. Taylor 1991 de Gennes 1992 Charpak 1993 Hulse / J. Taylor 1994 Brockhouse / Shull 1995 Perl / Reines 1996 D. Lee / Osheroff / R. Richardson 1997 Chu / Cohen-Tannoudji / Phillips 1998 Laughlin / Störmer / Tsui 1999 't Hooft / Veltman 2000 Alferov / Kroemer / Kilby

2001– present

2001 Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman 2002 Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi 2003 Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett 2004 Gross / Politzer / Wilczek 2005 Glauber / Hall / Hänsch 2006 Mather / Smoot 2007 Fert / Grünberg 2008 Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa 2009 Kao / Boyle / Smith 2010 Geim / Novoselov 2011 Perlmutter / Riess / Schmidt 2012 Wineland / Haroche 2013 Englert / Higgs 2014 Akasaki / Amano / Nakamura 2015 Kajita / McDonald 2016 Thouless / Haldane / Kosterlitz 2017 Weiss / Barish / Thorne

v t e

Kavli Prize
Kavli Prize
laureates

Astrophysics

Maarten Schmidt, Donald Lynden-Bell
Donald Lynden-Bell
(2008) Jerry E. Nelson, Raymond N. Wilson, Roger Angel (2010) David C. Jewitt, Jane Luu, Michael E. Brown
Michael E. Brown
(2012) Alan Guth, Andrei Linde, Alexei Starobinsky
Alexei Starobinsky
(2014) Ronald Drever, Kip Thorne, Rainer Weiss
Rainer Weiss
(2016)

Nanoscience

Louis E. Brus, Sumio Iijima
Sumio Iijima
(2008) Donald Eigler, Nadrian Seeman
Nadrian Seeman
(2010) Mildred Dresselhaus
Mildred Dresselhaus
(2012) Thomas Ebbesen, Stefan Hell, John Pendry
John Pendry
(2014) Gerd Binnig, Christoph Gerber, Calvin Quate (2016)

Neuroscience

Sten Grillner, Thomas Jessell, Pasko Rakic
Pasko Rakic
(2008) Richard Scheller, Thomas C. Südhof, James Rothman
James Rothman
(2010) Cornelia Bargmann, Winfried Denk, Ann Graybiel
Ann Graybiel
(2012) Brenda Milner, John O'Keefe, Marcus Raichle
Marcus Raichle
(2014) Eve Marder, Michael Merzenich, Carla J. Shatz
Carla J. Shatz
(2016)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 69058814 LCCN: no2008074963 ISNI: 0000 0001 1447 2904 GND: 109583469 SUDOC: 110536509 BNF: cb12873612n (data) NKC: ola2002153197 D

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