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The Info List - Ger (Hasidic Dynasty)


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Ger, or Gur (or Gerrer when used as an adjective) is a Hasidic dynasty originating from Ger, the Yiddish
Yiddish
name of Góra Kalwaria, a small town in Poland. The founder of the dynasty was Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir Alter (1798–1866), known as the Chiddushei HaRim after his primary scholarly work by that title. Prior to the Holocaust, followers of Ger were estimated to number in excess of 100,000,[1] making it the largest and most influential Hasidic groups in Poland.[2][3] Today, the movement is based in Jerusalem, and its membership is estimated at 13,000 families, most of whom live in Israel, making Ger the largest Hasidic dynasty in Israel.[4] However, there are also well-established Ger communities in Brooklyn, New York, and London, UK; and minor Ger communities in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and Los Angeles, California.[citation needed]

Contents

1 History 2 Distribution of Gerrer Hasidim 3 Identifying features of Ger 4 The 5th Gerrer Rebbe 5 Gerrer dynastic leadership 6 See also 7 References 8 External links 9 Media

History[edit] After the death of the Kotzker Rebbe
Rebbe
in 1859, the vast majority of his Hasidim chose Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir Alter, the Kotzker Rebbe's brother-in-law and his closest disciple, as their new rebbe. At the time, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir lived in Warsaw
Warsaw
and led the main Kotzker shtiebel there (on ul. Zelazna). Shortly after accepting the leadership of the Kotzker Rebbe's Hasidim, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir was appointed as Rav and Av Beit Din (head of the rabbinical court) of Ger. Relocating to Ger, he became the founding rebbe of the Gerrer dynasty. During his seven years of leadership, the Chassidus flourished, causing it to be known as the "seven years of plenty".[5]

Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai Alter
Avraham Mordechai Alter
in Europe.

After Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir's death in 1866, his Hasidim wanted his eighteen-year-old grandson, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, to succeed him. When Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehuda Aryeh Leib refused to accept this position, most of the Hasidim became followers of the elderly Hasid, Rabbi Chanokh Heynekh HaKohen Levin, formerly rabbi of Prushnits and Krushnevits and then retired to Alexander. After Rabbi
Rabbi
Chanokh Heynekh died in 1870, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehudah Aryeh Leib (who became known posthumously as the Sfas Emes) acceded to the request of the Hasidim to become their next rebbe. Despite his youth, he was quickly accepted amongst the rebbes of Poland.[citation needed] The Gerrer movement flourished under the leadership of Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehudah Aryeh Leib and his eldest son and successor, Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai Alter (known as the Imrei Emes). In 1926, in a bold departure for Polish Hasidim, Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai established a yeshiva in Jerusalem, naming it for his father, the Sfas Emes. The first rosh yeshiva was Rabbi
Rabbi
Nechemiah Alter, a brother of the Imrei Emes. Today, the yeshiva remains the flagship of the Gerrer yeshivas. A branch was set up in Tel Aviv, later to be called Yeshivas Chiddushei HaRim.[citation needed] Distribution of Gerrer Hasidim[edit] Almost all Gerrer Hasidim living in pre-war Europe
Europe
(approximately 100,000 Hasidim) were murdered by the Nazis in the Holocaust.[citation needed] Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai Alter, who managed to escape, set about the task of rebuilding the movement in the British Mandate of Palestine.[citation needed] It is generally accepted that the Gerer Rebbe
Rebbe
was released by the Nazis, and was then able to move to Palestine, because of a very large ransom paid by his followers to the Nazis.[citation needed] Under its post-war leaders, the movement began to flourish again. Presently, on major occasions such as Rosh Hashana
Rosh Hashana
and Shavuos, more than 12,000 Hasidim may gather in the main Gerrer beth midrash.[citation needed] Large communities of Gerrer Hasidim exist in Israel
Israel
in Ashdod, Bnei Brak, and Jerusalem, where thousands of Hasidim live, and a somewhat smaller community exists in Brooklyn, NY. Smaller communities with tens or hundreds of Hasidim have also been established in small towns in Israel, such as Arad in the Negev desert, Hatzor HaGlilit
Hatzor HaGlilit
in the Galilee, Kiryat HaRim Levin in Tel Aviv, Beit Shemesh, and Kiryat Gat, and in major cities in the world, such as Lakewood, NJ, Los Angeles, CA, London, UK, Antwerp, Belgium, Zurich, Switzerland, and Toronto, Ontario, Canada.[citation needed] Ger maintains a well-developed educational network of Talmud
Talmud
Torahs, yeshivas, and kollels, as well as Beis Yaakov
Beis Yaakov
schools for girls. Its leaders dominate the Agudat Israel
Israel
religious movement and political party in Israel.[citation needed] Identifying features of Ger[edit] The men are distinguished by their dark Hasidic garb, and by their pants tucked into their socks called hoyzn-zokn (not to be confused with the breeches, called halber-hoyzn, worn by men in some other Hasidic groups). They wear a round felt hat, and a high, almost-pointed kapel. They raise their sidelocks from the temples, and tuck them under the yarmulke, nearly hiding them. On Shabbos
Shabbos
and Jewish holidays, married men wear the high circular fur hat of the Polish Hasidim, called a spodik by Galicianers (not to be confused with the much flatter shtreimel worn by married men in Hasidic groups which do not hail from Congress Poland).[citation needed] Ger follows the way of the Kotzker Rebbe
Rebbe
in stressing service of God in a sharp and objective way, as opposed to the mystical and spiritual orientation of other Hasidic groups. Ger also places much emphasis on Talmud
Talmud
study. Ger Hasidut produced one of the most prolific composers of Jewish liturgical music of all time, Yankel Talmud
Talmud
(1885-1965). Known as "the Beethoven of the Gerrer Rebbes",[6] Talmud
Talmud
composed dozens of new melodies every year for the prayer services, including marches, waltzes, and dance tunes. Though he had no musical training, and could not even read music,[7] Talmud
Talmud
composed over 1,500 melodies,[8][9] most of them sung by him and his choir in the main Ger synagogue in Poland
Poland
and in Israel.[6] Several of Talmud's compositions are still widely sung today, including his rousing "Shir Hamaalos" march tune, performed at many weddings, and "Lo Sevoshi", sung in Hasidic shtiebels.[10] The 5th Gerrer Rebbe[edit] Under the leadership of the fifth Gerrer Rebbe, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yisrael Alter, known as the Beis Yisrael, the Ichud Mosdos Gur (Union of Gerrer Institutions) was established as the responsible body for funding all the educational institutions affiliated with Ger in Israel. Currently there are about 100 such institutions.[citation needed] The Beis Yisrael helped rebuild Ger after its virtual destruction in World War II.[citation needed] Gerrer dynastic leadership[edit]

Rebbe
Rebbe
Yitzchak Meir Alter
Yitzchak Meir Alter
(1798 – March 10, 1866), also known as the Chiddushei HaRim. Notable student of the Kotzker Rebbe
Rebbe
and a prominent contemporary posek. Assumed leadership of the Hasidim in 1859. Rebbe
Rebbe
Chanoch Heynekh HaKohen Levin of Aleksander (1798 – March 21, 1870),[11] colleague of Yitzchak Meir. Gerrer Rebbe
Rebbe
from 1866 to 1870. Rebbe
Rebbe
Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter (1847–1905), also known as the Sfas Emes. Born in Warsaw, Poland. Died in Góra Kalwaria. Wrote Talmudic works and Maharal-style Torah
Torah
commentaries that are known within and outside Hasidic streams. Grandson of Rabbi
Rabbi
Leib Alter. Gerrer Rebbe from 1870 to 1905. Rebbe
Rebbe
Avraham Mordechai Alter
Avraham Mordechai Alter
(December 25, 1866 – June 3, 1948), also known as the Imrei Emes. Son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Leib Alter. Gerrer Rebbe from 1905 to 1948. Rebbe
Rebbe
Yisrael Alter (October 12, 1895 – February 20, 1977), also known as the Beis Yisroel. Son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai. Gerrer Rebbe
Rebbe
from 1948 to 1977. Rebbe
Rebbe
Simchah Bunim Alter (April 6, 1898 – August 6, 1992), also known as the Lev Simcha. Son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai. Gerrer Rebbe from 1977 to 1992. Rebbe
Rebbe
Pinchas Menachem Alter
Pinchas Menachem Alter
(June 9, 1926 – March 7, 1996), also known as the Pnei Menachem. Son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai. Gerrer Rebbe
Rebbe
from 1992 to 1996. Rebbe
Rebbe
Yaakov Aryeh Alter
Yaakov Aryeh Alter
(born 1939). The only son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Simcha Bunim. Gerrer Rebbe
Rebbe
from 1996 to the present.

See also[edit]

List of Hasidic dynasties Rebbe

References[edit]

^ Estēr Farbšṭeyn (1 October 2007). Hidden in Thunder. Feldheim Publishers. p. 82. ISBN 978-965-7265-05-5. Retrieved 31 July 2013. During this venerated rebbe's lifetime, the Ger court spread farther than ever before; some estimates of the number of his followers before the Holocaust exceed 100,000.  ^ Skolnik, Fred; Berenbaum, Michael (2007). Encyclopaedia Judaica. 8. Macmillan Reference USA. p. 424. ISBN 978-0-02-865936-7. Retrieved 9 January 2013.  ^ Spector, Shmuel; Wigoder, Geoffrey (2001). The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life: Before and During the Holocaust. NYU Press. p. 1430. ISBN 978-0-8147-9356-5. Retrieved 9 January 2013.  ^ Simeon D. Baumel (2006). Sacred Speakers: Language And Culture Among The Haredim In Israel. Berghahn Books. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-84545-062-5. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ After Genesis 41:47. ^ a b Bleich, Chanania. "Remembering Reb Yankel Talmud". Ami, 1 September 2013, pp. 128–132. ^ Mandelbaum, Dovid Avrohom (2005). היכל הנגינה [The Chamber of Music] (PDF) (in Hebrew). Jerusalem: Machon HM”Y. p. 213. Retrieved 3 November 2013.  ^ Werdyger, Duvid; Finkel, Avraham Yaakov (1993). Songs of Hope. CIS Publishers. p. 34. ISBN 1-56062-226-1.  ^ "Accompanying Notes by Cantor Moshe Haschel for Shabbat Shira" (PDF). pelorous.totallyplc.com. 3–4 February 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013.  ^ Mandelbaum (2005), p. 215. ^ The State Archive in Lodz/Archiwum Państwowe w Łodzi: "Jewish Civil Registry of Aleksandrow Lodzki", 1870, death (akt) #10, age: 76, marital status: widower, date: March 21

Alfasi, Yitzchak (2005), בית גור The House of Ger (2 vols) (4th ed.), Bnei Brak: Moriah  Leff, Nosson Chayim (2010), Personal Correspondence 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ger (Hasidic dynasty).

Alter family tree First Gerrer Rebbe, Biographie, Orthodox Union Abram Juda Goldrat, Gora Kalwaria. Gur Dynasty, Encyclopaedia Judaica. Vol. 7. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007, pages 760-761 (subscription required) Gerszon Góra, The Gerer Shtibl — Memories about a little Ger synagogue in Poland Arthur Green, Ger Hasidic Dynasty, The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews
Jews
in Eastern Europe Tamar Rotem, Gur Hasidim and sexual separation first part Haaretz 3 February 2012 For members of Israel's ultra-Orthodox Gur sect, sex is a sin second part Haaretz 10 February 2012.

Media[edit]

A huge Gerrer wedding in Israel
Israel
attracts thousands of people on YouTube The Gerrer Chuppah on YouTube

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Chabad-Lubavitch Chernobyl Hornsteipl Makarov Monistritch Rachmastrivka Skver Tolne

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The Info List - Ger (Hasidic Dynasty)


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Ger, or Gur (or Gerrer when used as an adjective) is a Hasidic dynasty originating from Ger, the Yiddish
Yiddish
name of Góra Kalwaria, a small town in Poland. The founder of the dynasty was Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir Alter (1798–1866), known as the Chiddushei HaRim after his primary scholarly work by that title. Prior to the Holocaust, followers of Ger were estimated to number in excess of 100,000,[1] making it the largest and most influential Hasidic groups in Poland.[2][3] Today, the movement is based in Jerusalem, and its membership is estimated at 13,000 families, most of whom live in Israel, making Ger the largest Hasidic dynasty in Israel.[4] However, there are also well-established Ger communities in Brooklyn, New York, and London, UK; and minor Ger communities in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and Los Angeles, California.[citation needed]

Contents

1 History 2 Distribution of Gerrer Hasidim 3 Identifying features of Ger 4 The 5th Gerrer Rebbe 5 Gerrer dynastic leadership 6 See also 7 References 8 External links 9 Media

History[edit] After the death of the Kotzker Rebbe
Rebbe
in 1859, the vast majority of his Hasidim chose Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir Alter, the Kotzker Rebbe's brother-in-law and his closest disciple, as their new rebbe. At the time, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir lived in Warsaw
Warsaw
and led the main Kotzker shtiebel there (on ul. Zelazna). Shortly after accepting the leadership of the Kotzker Rebbe's Hasidim, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir was appointed as Rav and Av Beit Din (head of the rabbinical court) of Ger. Relocating to Ger, he became the founding rebbe of the Gerrer dynasty. During his seven years of leadership, the Chassidus flourished, causing it to be known as the "seven years of plenty".[5]

Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai Alter
Avraham Mordechai Alter
in Europe.

After Rabbi
Rabbi
Yitzchak Meir's death in 1866, his Hasidim wanted his eighteen-year-old grandson, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, to succeed him. When Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehuda Aryeh Leib refused to accept this position, most of the Hasidim became followers of the elderly Hasid, Rabbi Chanokh Heynekh HaKohen Levin, formerly rabbi of Prushnits and Krushnevits and then retired to Alexander. After Rabbi
Rabbi
Chanokh Heynekh died in 1870, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehudah Aryeh Leib (who became known posthumously as the Sfas Emes) acceded to the request of the Hasidim to become their next rebbe. Despite his youth, he was quickly accepted amongst the rebbes of Poland.[citation needed] The Gerrer movement flourished under the leadership of Rabbi
Rabbi
Yehudah Aryeh Leib and his eldest son and successor, Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai Alter (known as the Imrei Emes). In 1926, in a bold departure for Polish Hasidim, Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai established a yeshiva in Jerusalem, naming it for his father, the Sfas Emes. The first rosh yeshiva was Rabbi
Rabbi
Nechemiah Alter, a brother of the Imrei Emes. Today, the yeshiva remains the flagship of the Gerrer yeshivas. A branch was set up in Tel Aviv, later to be called Yeshivas Chiddushei HaRim.[citation needed] Distribution of Gerrer Hasidim[edit] Almost all Gerrer Hasidim living in pre-war Europe
Europe
(approximately 100,000 Hasidim) were murdered by the Nazis in the Holocaust.[citation needed] Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai Alter, who managed to escape, set about the task of rebuilding the movement in the British Mandate of Palestine.[citation needed] It is generally accepted that the Gerer Rebbe
Rebbe
was released by the Nazis, and was then able to move to Palestine, because of a very large ransom paid by his followers to the Nazis.[citation needed] Under its post-war leaders, the movement began to flourish again. Presently, on major occasions such as Rosh Hashana
Rosh Hashana
and Shavuos, more than 12,000 Hasidim may gather in the main Gerrer beth midrash.[citation needed] Large communities of Gerrer Hasidim exist in Israel
Israel
in Ashdod, Bnei Brak, and Jerusalem, where thousands of Hasidim live, and a somewhat smaller community exists in Brooklyn, NY. Smaller communities with tens or hundreds of Hasidim have also been established in small towns in Israel, such as Arad in the Negev desert, Hatzor HaGlilit
Hatzor HaGlilit
in the Galilee, Kiryat HaRim Levin in Tel Aviv, Beit Shemesh, and Kiryat Gat, and in major cities in the world, such as Lakewood, NJ, Los Angeles, CA, London, UK, Antwerp, Belgium, Zurich, Switzerland, and Toronto, Ontario, Canada.[citation needed] Ger maintains a well-developed educational network of Talmud
Talmud
Torahs, yeshivas, and kollels, as well as Beis Yaakov
Beis Yaakov
schools for girls. Its leaders dominate the Agudat Israel
Israel
religious movement and political party in Israel.[citation needed] Identifying features of Ger[edit] The men are distinguished by their dark Hasidic garb, and by their pants tucked into their socks called hoyzn-zokn (not to be confused with the breeches, called halber-hoyzn, worn by men in some other Hasidic groups). They wear a round felt hat, and a high, almost-pointed kapel. They raise their sidelocks from the temples, and tuck them under the yarmulke, nearly hiding them. On Shabbos
Shabbos
and Jewish holidays, married men wear the high circular fur hat of the Polish Hasidim, called a spodik by Galicianers (not to be confused with the much flatter shtreimel worn by married men in Hasidic groups which do not hail from Congress Poland).[citation needed] Ger follows the way of the Kotzker Rebbe
Rebbe
in stressing service of God in a sharp and objective way, as opposed to the mystical and spiritual orientation of other Hasidic groups. Ger also places much emphasis on Talmud
Talmud
study. Ger Hasidut produced one of the most prolific composers of Jewish liturgical music of all time, Yankel Talmud
Talmud
(1885-1965). Known as "the Beethoven of the Gerrer Rebbes",[6] Talmud
Talmud
composed dozens of new melodies every year for the prayer services, including marches, waltzes, and dance tunes. Though he had no musical training, and could not even read music,[7] Talmud
Talmud
composed over 1,500 melodies,[8][9] most of them sung by him and his choir in the main Ger synagogue in Poland
Poland
and in Israel.[6] Several of Talmud's compositions are still widely sung today, including his rousing "Shir Hamaalos" march tune, performed at many weddings, and "Lo Sevoshi", sung in Hasidic shtiebels.[10] The 5th Gerrer Rebbe[edit] Under the leadership of the fifth Gerrer Rebbe, Rabbi
Rabbi
Yisrael Alter, known as the Beis Yisrael, the Ichud Mosdos Gur (Union of Gerrer Institutions) was established as the responsible body for funding all the educational institutions affiliated with Ger in Israel. Currently there are about 100 such institutions.[citation needed] The Beis Yisrael helped rebuild Ger after its virtual destruction in World War II.[citation needed] Gerrer dynastic leadership[edit]

Rebbe
Rebbe
Yitzchak Meir Alter
Yitzchak Meir Alter
(1798 – March 10, 1866), also known as the Chiddushei HaRim. Notable student of the Kotzker Rebbe
Rebbe
and a prominent contemporary posek. Assumed leadership of the Hasidim in 1859. Rebbe
Rebbe
Chanoch Heynekh HaKohen Levin of Aleksander (1798 – March 21, 1870),[11] colleague of Yitzchak Meir. Gerrer Rebbe
Rebbe
from 1866 to 1870. Rebbe
Rebbe
Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter (1847–1905), also known as the Sfas Emes. Born in Warsaw, Poland. Died in Góra Kalwaria. Wrote Talmudic works and Maharal-style Torah
Torah
commentaries that are known within and outside Hasidic streams. Grandson of Rabbi
Rabbi
Leib Alter. Gerrer Rebbe from 1870 to 1905. Rebbe
Rebbe
Avraham Mordechai Alter
Avraham Mordechai Alter
(December 25, 1866 – June 3, 1948), also known as the Imrei Emes. Son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Leib Alter. Gerrer Rebbe from 1905 to 1948. Rebbe
Rebbe
Yisrael Alter (October 12, 1895 – February 20, 1977), also known as the Beis Yisroel. Son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai. Gerrer Rebbe
Rebbe
from 1948 to 1977. Rebbe
Rebbe
Simchah Bunim Alter (April 6, 1898 – August 6, 1992), also known as the Lev Simcha. Son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai. Gerrer Rebbe from 1977 to 1992. Rebbe
Rebbe
Pinchas Menachem Alter
Pinchas Menachem Alter
(June 9, 1926 – March 7, 1996), also known as the Pnei Menachem. Son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Avraham Mordechai. Gerrer Rebbe
Rebbe
from 1992 to 1996. Rebbe
Rebbe
Yaakov Aryeh Alter
Yaakov Aryeh Alter
(born 1939). The only son of Rabbi
Rabbi
Simcha Bunim. Gerrer Rebbe
Rebbe
from 1996 to the present.

See also[edit]

List of Hasidic dynasties Rebbe

References[edit]

^ Estēr Farbšṭeyn (1 October 2007). Hidden in Thunder. Feldheim Publishers. p. 82. ISBN 978-965-7265-05-5. Retrieved 31 July 2013. During this venerated rebbe's lifetime, the Ger court spread farther than ever before; some estimates of the number of his followers before the Holocaust exceed 100,000.  ^ Skolnik, Fred; Berenbaum, Michael (2007). Encyclopaedia Judaica. 8. Macmillan Reference USA. p. 424. ISBN 978-0-02-865936-7. Retrieved 9 January 2013.  ^ Spector, Shmuel; Wigoder, Geoffrey (2001). The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life: Before and During the Holocaust. NYU Press. p. 1430. ISBN 978-0-8147-9356-5. Retrieved 9 January 2013.  ^ Simeon D. Baumel (2006). Sacred Speakers: Language And Culture Among The Haredim In Israel. Berghahn Books. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-84545-062-5. Retrieved 31 July 2013.  ^ After Genesis 41:47. ^ a b Bleich, Chanania. "Remembering Reb Yankel Talmud". Ami, 1 September 2013, pp. 128–132. ^ Mandelbaum, Dovid Avrohom (2005). היכל הנגינה [The Chamber of Music] (PDF) (in Hebrew). Jerusalem: Machon HM”Y. p. 213. Retrieved 3 November 2013.  ^ Werdyger, Duvid; Finkel, Avraham Yaakov (1993). Songs of Hope. CIS Publishers. p. 34. ISBN 1-56062-226-1.  ^ "Accompanying Notes by Cantor Moshe Haschel for Shabbat Shira" (PDF). pelorous.totallyplc.com. 3–4 February 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013.  ^ Mandelbaum (2005), p. 215. ^ The State Archive in Lodz/Archiwum Państwowe w Łodzi: "Jewish Civil Registry of Aleksandrow Lodzki", 1870, death (akt) #10, age: 76, marital status: widower, date: March 21

Alfasi, Yitzchak (2005), בית גור The House of Ger (2 vols) (4th ed.), Bnei Brak: Moriah  Leff, Nosson Chayim (2010), Personal Correspondence 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ger (Hasidic dynasty).

Alter family tree First Gerrer Rebbe, Biographie, Orthodox Union Abram Juda Goldrat, Gora Kalwaria. Gur Dynasty, Encyclopaedia Judaica. Vol. 7. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007, pages 760-761 (subscription required) Gerszon Góra, The Gerer Shtibl — Memories about a little Ger synagogue in Poland Arthur Green, Ger Hasidic Dynasty, The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews
Jews
in Eastern Europe Tamar Rotem, Gur Hasidim and sexual separation first part Haaretz 3 February 2012 For members of Israel's ultra-Orthodox Gur sect, sex is a sin second part Haaretz 10 February 2012.

Media[edit]

A huge Gerrer wedding in Israel
Israel
attracts thousands of people on YouTube The Gerrer Chuppah on YouTube

v t e

Hasidic dynasties

Russia

Chabad-Lubavitch Chernobyl Hornsteipl Makarov Monistritch Rachmastrivka Skver Tolne

Poland

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