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Georgie Stoll (7 May 1905 in Minneapolis, MN – 18 January 1985 in Monterey, CA) was a musical director, conductor, composer and jazz violinist, associated with the Golden Age of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer musicals and performers from the 1940s to 1960s. Born George Martin Stoll, he was also later credited as George E. Stoll (sometimes without the middle initial).

Contents

1 Violin prodigy 2 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
musical director 3 Later career 4 References 5 External links

Violin prodigy[edit] Stoll made his musical debut as a boy violin prodigy, gaining nationwide fame.[1] He toured North America
North America
as a jazz violinist on the Fanchon and Marco Vaudeville circuit and was part of the Jazzmania Quintet, appearing with Edythe Flynn in an early 1927 sound short. In San Diego, he became an orchestra and trio leader (his Rhythm Aces)[2] and started to feature with Jack Oakie
Jack Oakie
on radio programs, such as Camel Cigarette and NBC's Shell Oil
Shell Oil
Program. In 1934, Bing Crosby selected Stoll as his musical director for the second series of the CBS
CBS
Woodbury radio programs Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
Entertains.[3] For Decca, Georgie Stoll and His Orchestra accompanied Crosby and Louis Armstrong in the successful 1936 recordings of Pennies from Heaven. Stoll and his orchestra appeared on screen the same year in MGM's Swing Banditry. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
musical director[edit] In 1937, he joined the MGM music department and was the musical director (frequently conductor too) for titles such as Honolulu, Ice Follies of 1939 and the Rooney-Garland hit Babes in Arms.[4] He conducted the stage band which toured with Judy Garland
Judy Garland
and Mickey Rooney upon the release of The Wizard of Oz.[5] He was given a single "Ruby Slipper" by Judy Garland
Judy Garland
upon completion of the Wizard of Oz (where he orchestrated the tornado and Wicked Witch's Castle escape scenes with George Bassman).[6] At the studio Stoll worked frequently with the director Edward Buzzell
Edward Buzzell
and producers Arthur Freed, Roger Edens and Joe Pasternak. He was also a favorite pinochle-playing buddy of studio head Louis B. Mayer.[7] Stoll kept his connection with the jazz world and visited clubs looking for rising talent. He recruited one of the first black arrangers at MGM, Calvin Jackson with whom he worked on the original music for his 1945 Oscar-winning score for the Kelly-Sinatra Anchors Aweigh.[8] Stoll also encouraged the teenaged André Previn
André Previn
and used him to write many arrangements.[9] In 1943, he conducted Garland through the first two of her Decca original cast albums from her popular movies, such as Girl Crazy
Girl Crazy
and Meet Me in St. Louis, which included the hit single The Trolley Song (#3 on Billboard's Best Selling charts).[10] His other recordings were quite eclectic: spanning the popular (often with harmonica virtuosoes Leo Diamond or Larry Adler), easy listening orchestral (e.g. MGM's Hollywood Melodies album) to the postwar American sessions of the tenor Lauritz Melchior.[11] Later career[edit] His career got a final innings boost when Pasternak hired him and his old colleague George Sidney
George Sidney
to work with Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
on some of his later and better pictures (e.g. Viva Las Vegas
Viva Las Vegas
and Spinout). After 9 Oscar nominations (last in 1962 for Billy Rose's Jumbo), Stoll retired upon completing the original music for the Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
vehicle Made in Paris. In September 2001, Stoll's Best Score Oscar was offered in an estate sale at the Butterfields
Butterfields
auction house. The actor Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
later revealed that he anonymously secured it for $156,875 and subsequently returned it to the Academy.[12] In October 2009, Stoll's Amati violin was sold by Tarisio Auctions
Tarisio Auctions
for $620,000, the current world record for a Nicolo Amati sold at auction.[13] References[edit]

^ Times Herald (Olean, NY), 7 April 1938. ^ The Oakland Tribune, 28 November 1927; Ogden Standard Examiner (Ogden, Utah), 12 July 1929. ^ Larry Crosby (2005), Bing, Kessinger Publishing, p. 202 ^ Lawrence B. Thomas (1972), The MGM Years, Columbia House, p. 123. ^ Arthur Rollini, Thirty Years with the Big Bands, pp. 72-73. ^ Nicholas McNeil ^ Christopher Finch (1979), Gone Hollywood, p. 342. ^ Clora Bryant & Steven Isoardi (1999), Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles, University of California Press, p. 68. ^ Gene Lees (2006), Portrait of Johnny: The Life of John Herndon Mercer, Hal Leonard Publishing Corp. p. 300. ^ Ron O'Brien (1996), "Liner Notes", p. 7, to MCA Records/Decca CD, Judy Garland: The Complete Decca Original Cast Recordings, 1996 (MCAD-11491). ^ Billboard, vol. 60 no. 2, 10 January 1948, p. 30. ^ Emanuel Levy (2003), All About Oscar, Continuum Int'l Publishing, p. 29. ^ "violin by Nicolò Amati, 1648c (Georgie Stoll)". Cozio.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2012-03-10. 

External links[edit]

All Movie Guide bio entry Georgie Stoll on IMDb OCLC World Library Catalog Historic Vitaphone Recording on YouTube
YouTube
- Jazzmania Quintet, with Georgie Stoll on Stroh violin, playing I Ain't Got Nobody

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 66655541 LCCN: n85376899 ISNI: 0000 0000 6302 6268 GND: 134608216 SUDOC: 163269599 BNF: cb13938304w (data) MusicBrainz: 6af5c8bb-97d2-4233-b01a-39f3d8237af4 BNE: XX1295

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