The Georgia House of Representatives was created in 1777 during the American Revolution, making it older than the U.S. Congress. During its existence, its meeting place has moved multiple times, from Savannah to Augusta, to Louisville, to Milledgeville and finally to Atlanta in 1868.
In 1867, the military governor of Georgia called for an assembly in Atlanta to discuss a constitutional convention. Atlanta officials moved to make the city Georgia's new state capital, donating the location of Atlanta's first city hall. The constitutional convention agreed and the people voted to ratify the decision on April 20, 1868. The Georgia General Assembly first presided in Atlanta on July 4, 1868.
On October 26, 1884, construction began on a new state capitol and was first occupied on June 15, 1889.
The state constitution gives the state legislature the power to make state laws, restrict land to protect and preserve the environment and natural resources, form a state militia under the command of the Governor of Georgia, expend public money, condemn property, zone property, participate in tourism, and control and regulate outdoor advertising.
The state legislature cannot grant incorporation to private persons but may establish laws governing the incorporation process. It is also prohibited from authorizing contracts or agreements that may have the effect of or the intent of lessening competition or encouraging a monopoly.
Members of the Georgia House of Representatives maintain two privileges during their time in office. First, no member can be arrested during session or during committee meetings except in cases of treason, felony, or "breach of the peace". Second, members are not liable for anything they might say in session or committee meetings.
According to the state constitution of 1983, this body is to comprise no fewer than 180 members elected for two-year terms. Current state law provides for 180 members. Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even-numbered years.
As of 2011, attorneys account for about 16.1% of the membership of the Georgia House of Representatives, a relatively low figure.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of 149th General Assembly||106||0||74||180||0|
|End of 150th General Assembly||112||1||66||179||1|
|Start of 151st General Assembly||114||1||63||178||2|
|End of 151st General Assembly||116||180||0|
|Beginning of 152nd General Assembly||119||1||60||180||0|
|End of 152nd General Assembly||180||0|
|Beginning of 153rd General Assembly||119||1||60||180||0|
|End of 153rd General Assembly||116||61||178||2|
|Beginning of 154th General Assembly||118||0||62||180||0|
|August , 2017 ||117||179||1|
|August 25, 2017 ||61||178||2|
|August 28, 2017 ||115||176||4|
|September 5, 2017 ||60||175||5|
|September 18, 2017 ||59||174||6|
|September 19, 2017 ||114||173||7|
|November 7, 2017 ||116||62||178||2|
|December 5, 2017 ||64||180||0|
|December 14, 2017 ||115||179||1|
|December 31, 2017 ||114||178||2|
|January 9, 2018 ||115||179||1|
|February 13, 2018 ||116||180||0|
|Latest voting share||64%||36%|
|Terms of the Georgia General Assembly|
The House of Representatives elects its own Speaker as well as a Speaker Pro Tempore. The current speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives is David Ralston. The current Speaker Pro Tempore is Jan Jones. The Speaker Pro Tempore becomes Speaker in case of the death, resignation, or permanent disability of the Speaker. The Speaker Pro Tempore serves until a new Speaker is elected. In addition there is a clerk of the House, who is charged with overseeing the flow of legislation through the body. The current clerk is William L. Reilly.