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George Wythe
George Wythe
Randolph (March 10, 1818 – April 3, 1867) was a lawyer, planter, and Confederate general. He served for eight months in 1862 as the Confederate States Secretary of War
Confederate States Secretary of War
during the American Civil War. He reformed procurement, wrote the conscription law, and strengthened western defenses. He was President Thomas Jefferson's youngest grandson by his daughter Martha Jefferson
Martha Jefferson
Randolph.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Marriage and family 3 Career 4 Post-Civil War 5 Legacy and honors 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Biography[edit] Randolph was born in 1818 at Monticello
Monticello
near Charlottesville, Virginia, to Martha Jefferson
Martha Jefferson
Randolph, the daughter of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, and her husband Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr., a descendant of Pocahontas
Pocahontas
through his father. Their youngest son, he was named in honor of George Wythe, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and law professor of his grandfather Thomas Jefferson. He was also related to the seventh governor of Virginia, Edmund Randolph, who served in George Washington's cabinet as the first Attorney General of the United States, as well as 3 times 3rd great-grandfather colonist William Randolph, through Isham Randolph of Dungeness, Richard Randolph and Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe. Randolph briefly attended preparatory schools in Cambridge, Massachusetts and Washington, DC, where his mother sent him to give him distance from family troubles. His father had incurred much debt. Randolph served as a midshipman in the United States Navy
United States Navy
from 1831 to 1839 and began attending the University of Virginia
Virginia
while in the service. Marriage and family[edit] On April 10, 1852, he married the young widow Mary Elizabeth (Adams) Pope (1830–1867). They had no children.[1] Career[edit] After studying at the University of Virginia, Randolph "read the law" with an established firm; he was admitted to the bar in 1840. He practiced law in Charlottesville, Virginia, and he and Mary lived at his plantation of Edgehill. They moved to the capital of Richmond in 1849. He became active in the community as well as having his law practice. He founded the Richmond Mechanics' Institute and was an officer in the Virginia
Virginia
Historical Society.[2] As the Confederacy formed after southern states' secession, the United States divided into two hostile camps and the sections moved toward open conflict. A special delegation, composed of Randolph, William B. Preston and Alexander H.H. Stuart, traveled to Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
where they met President Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
on April 12, 1861. Finding the President firm in his resolve to hold the Federal forts in the South, the three men returned to Richmond on April 15.[2]

George W. Randolph
George W. Randolph
depicted on an 1863 Confederate $100 banknote (with Lucy Pickens).

Randolph was commissioned a major in the Confederate Army, and later served as a colonel of the artillery in the Battle of Big Bethel. He was promoted to brigadier general on February 12, 1862. His wife Mary Randolph was active in the Richmond Ladies Association, which organized welfare and relief for the war effort.[2] Randolph was appointed by Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis
as Secretary of War on March 18, 1862, and he took office on March 24, 1862. He helped reform the department, improving procurement and writing a conscription law similar to one he had created for Virginia. He was most well known for his strengthening the Confederacy's western and southern defenses, but came into conflict with Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis
over this. With weakening health due to tuberculosis (TB), he resigned on November 17, 1862.[2] Post-Civil War[edit] In 1864, Randolph took his family to exile in Europe, staying in England and France. They returned to Virginia
Virginia
in 1866. He died of tuberculosis in March 1867 at his Edgehill plantation.[2] He is buried at Monticello
Monticello
in the Jefferson family graveyard. Legacy and honors[edit]

Randolph was portrayed on the $100 bill printed by the Confederate States of America.

See also[edit]

Biography portal American Civil War
American Civil War
portal

List of American Civil War
American Civil War
generals (Confederate) Notes[edit]

^ Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia
Virginia
by Richard Channing Moore Page ^ a b c d e Goldberg, David E. " George Wythe
George Wythe
Randolph (1818–1867).", Encyclopedia Virginia, Ed. Brendan Wolfe. 6 Apr. 2011. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, accessed 6 April 2011

References[edit]

Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1. Goldberg, David E. " George Wythe
George Wythe
Randolph (1818–1867).", Encyclopedia Virginia, Ed. Brendan Wolfe. 6 Apr. 2011. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, accessed 6 April 2011. Moore, Richard Channing. Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia. Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4. Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.

Further reading[edit]

Daniels, Jonathan. The Randolphs of Virginia: America's Foremost Family, Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1972. Janney, Caroline E. Burying the Dead but Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008. Shackelford, George. George Wythe
George Wythe
Randolph and the Confederate Elite, Athens, Georgia and London: University of Georgia Press, 1988.

External links[edit]

Media related to George W. Randolph
George W. Randolph
at Wikimedia Commons "George W. Randolph". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-02-13. 

Political offices

Preceded by Judah Benjamin Confederate States Secretary of War 1862 Succeeded by James Seddon

v t e

Cabinet of President Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis
(1861–65)

Vice President

Alexander H. Stephens
Alexander H. Stephens
(1861–65)

Secretary of State

Robert Toombs
Robert Toombs
(1861) Robert M. T. Hunter
Robert M. T. Hunter
(1861–62) Judah P. Benjamin
Judah P. Benjamin
(1862–65)

Secretary of the Treasury

C. G. Memminger (1861–64) G. A. Trenholm (1864–65) John H. Reagan (1865)

Secretary of War

Leroy P. Walker (1861) Judah P. Benjamin
Judah P. Benjamin
(1861–62) George W. Randolph
George W. Randolph
(1862) James A. Seddon (1862–65) John C. Breckinridge
John C. Breckinridge
(1865)

Secretary of the Navy

Stephen R. Mallory (1861–65)

Postmaster General

John H. Reagan (1861–65)

Attorney General

Judah P. Benjamin
Judah P. Benjamin
(1861) Thomas Bragg
Thomas Bragg
(1861–62) Thomas H. Watts
Thomas H. Watts
(1862–63) George Davis (1864–65)

v t e

Thomas Jefferson

3rd President of the United States
President of the United States
(1801–1809) 2nd U.S. Vice President (1797–1801) 1st U.S. Secretary of State (1790–1793) U.S. Minister to France (1785–1789) 2nd Governor of Virginia
Virginia
(1779–1781) Delegate, Second Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
(1775–1776)

Founding documents of the United States

A Summary View of the Rights of British America (1774) Initial draft, Olive Branch Petition
Olive Branch Petition
(1775) Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms (1775) 1776 Declaration of Independence

Committee of Five authored physical history "All men are created equal" "Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness" "Consent of the governed"

1786 Virginia
Virginia
Statute for Religious Freedom

freedom of religion

French Revolution

Co-author, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
(1789)

Presidency

Inaugural Address (1801 1805) Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves Louisiana Purchase Lewis and Clark Expedition

Corps of Discovery timeline Empire of Liberty

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Chesapeake–Leopard affair Non-Intercourse Act of 1809

First Barbary War Native American policy Marbury v. Madison West Point Military Academy State of the Union Addresses (texts 1801 1802 1805) Cabinet Federal judicial appointments

Other noted accomplishments

Early life and career Founder, University of Virginia

history

Land Ordinance of 1784

Northwest Ordinance 1787

Anti-Administration party Democratic-Republican Party Jeffersonian democracy

First Party System republicanism

Plan for Establishing Uniformity in the Coinage, Weights, and Measure of the United States (1790) Kentucky and Virginia
Virginia
Resolutions A Manual of Parliamentary Practice (1801)

Jeffersonian architecture

Barboursville Farmington Monticello

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The Rotunda The Lawn

Virginia
Virginia
State Capitol White House
White House
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Other writings

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Virginia
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Jefferson Bible
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Related

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patriots

Member, Virginia
Virginia
Committee of Correspondence Committee of the States Founding Fathers of the United States Franco-American alliance Jefferson and education Religious views Jefferson and slavery Jefferson and the Library of Congress Jefferson disk Jefferson Pier Pet mockingbird National Gazette Residence Act

Compromise of 1790

Sally Hemings

Jefferson–Hemings controversy Betty Hemings

Separation of church and state Swivel chair The American Museum magazine Virginia
Virginia
dynasty

Elections

United States Presidential election 1796 1800 1804

Legacy

Bibliography Jefferson Memorial Mount Rushmore Birthday Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
Building Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
Center for the Protection of Free Expression Jefferson Lecture Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
Star for Foreign Service Jefferson Lab Monticello
Monticello
Association Jefferson City, Missouri Jefferson College Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
School of Law Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
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U.S. postage stamps

Popular culture

Ben and Me (1953 short) 1776 (1969 musical 1972 film) Jefferson in Paris
Jefferson in Paris
(1995 film) Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
(1997 film) Liberty! (1997 documentary series) Liberty's Kids
Liberty's Kids
(2002 animated series) John Adams
John Adams
(2008 miniseries) Jefferson's Garden (2015 play) Hamilton (2015 musical) Jefferson–Eppes Trophy Wine bottles controversy

Family

Peter Jefferson
Peter Jefferson
(father) Jane Randolph Jefferson
Jane Randolph Jefferson
(mother) Lucy Jefferson Lewis (sister) Randolph Jefferson (brother) Isham Randolph (grandfather) William Randolph
William Randolph
(great-grandfather) Martha Jefferson
Martha Jefferson
(wife) Martha Jefferson Randolph
Martha Jefferson Randolph
(daughter) Mary Jefferson Eppes (daughter) Harriet Hemings
Harriet Hemings
(daughter) Madison Hemings
Madison Hemings
(son) Eston Hemings
Eston Hemings
(son) Thomas J. Randolph (grandson) Francis Eppes (grandson) George W. Randolph
George W. Randolph
(grandson) John Wayles Jefferson
John Wayles Jefferson
(grandson) Thomas Mann Randolph Jr.
Thomas Mann Randolph Jr.
(son-in-law) John Wayles Eppes (son-in-law) John Wayles (father-in-law) Dabney Carr
Dabney Carr
(brother-in-law) Dabney Carr
Dabney Carr
(nephew)

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James Madison

Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 69727111 LCCN: n87857705 GND: 118866

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