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George Victor Voinovich (July 15, 1936 – June 12, 2016) was an American politician from the state of Ohio
Ohio
and born in Cleveland. Voinovich, a member of the Republican Party, served as a United States Senator from 1999 to 2011, as the 65th Governor of Ohio
Ohio
from 1991 to 1998 and as the 54th Mayor of Cleveland
Cleveland
from 1980 to 1989, becoming the last Republican to serve in that office. Voinovich spent more than 46 years in public service – first as assistant attorney general of Ohio
Ohio
in 1963, and finally as the senior United States Senator representing Ohio. He is the 15th person to have served both as the governor of Ohio
Ohio
and as a U.S. senator and one of only two people to have been the mayor of Cleveland, governor of Ohio and a United States Senator; the other was Frank Lausche, who like Voinovich was of Slovenian descent. He is the only person to have served as both chairman of the National Governors Association
National Governors Association
and president of the National League of Cities. In his 2004 re-election to the U.S. Senate, Voinovich garnered more than 3.4 million votes, nearly 64 percent.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early career 3 Mayor of Cleveland, 1980–1989

3.1 1979 Cleveland
Cleveland
mayoral election 3.2 "The Comeback City" 3.3 Downtown development and other improvements 3.4 Municipal Light 3.5 1988 Senate race

4 Governorship

4.1 Second term 4.2 Beyond the governor's office

5 Senate career

5.1 Overview 5.2 Fiscal responsibility 5.3 National security 5.4 Israel 5.5 American competitiveness 5.6 Improving government 5.7 Energy independence 5.8 Great Lakes 5.9 2010 campaign 5.10 Legacy 5.11 Committee assignments

6 Later years

6.1 Honors

7 Personal life

7.1 Death

8 Electoral history 9 See also 10 References

10.1 Sources

11 External links

Early life[edit] Voinovich was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Josephine (Bernot) and George S. Voinovich.[2][3] He was the oldest of six children.[4] His father was of Serbian descent[5][6] (from Kordun), and his mother was of Slovenian ancestry.[4][7][8][9] Voinovich grew up in the Collinwood
Collinwood
neighborhood of Cleveland
Cleveland
and graduated from Collinwood
Collinwood
High School in 1954. Voinovich was raised Catholic and was a lifelong member of his neighborhood parish, Our Lady of the Lake in Euclid (formerly Holy Cross).[10][11] He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in government from Ohio
Ohio
University in 1958 where he served as President of the Student Body and the Men's Dormitory System. Voinovich received a law degree in 1961 from the Moritz College of Law
Moritz College of Law
at the Ohio
Ohio
State University. He was also a part of the fraternity Phi Kappa Tau
Phi Kappa Tau
at Ohio
Ohio
University.[8] Early career[edit] Voinovich began his political career in 1963 as an Assistant Attorney General of Ohio. He then served as a member of the Ohio
Ohio
House of Representatives from 1967 until 1971. From 1971 until 1976, he served as County Auditor of Cuyahoga County, Ohio. In 1971, he made an unsuccessful run for the Republican nomination for Mayor of Cleveland against Ralph J. Perk, who went on to win the general election. From 1977 to 1978, Voinovich served as a member of the Cuyahoga County Board of Commissioners. In 1978, Voinovich was elected Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
Ohio
on the ticket with James A. Rhodes[12] (the first Ohio
Ohio
lieutenant governor not to be elected separately from the governor).[13][14][15] Mayor of Cleveland, 1980–1989[edit] 1979 Cleveland
Cleveland
mayoral election[edit] By 1979, elections in Cleveland
Cleveland
had become nonpartisan, and with then-Mayor Dennis J. Kucinich
Dennis J. Kucinich
(D) about to enter a tough re-election campaign, Voinovich began to consider running for mayor again. Finally, on July 26, he made "one of the most difficult decisions in [his] life". He held his office as lieutenant governor until he won the election.[16] Aside from Kucinich, Voinovich's other opponents included State Senator Charles Butts and city council majority leader Basil Russo. As the election drew closer, The Plain Dealer
The Plain Dealer
announced its endorsement of Voinovich. Voter turnout in the primary was greater than that of the 1977 race among Perk, Kucinich and Edward F. Feighan. In the 1979 nonpartisan primary election, Voinovich led with 47,000 votes to 36,000 for Kucinich. Russo (who obtained 21,000) and Butts (with 19,000) did not qualify for the general election. The biggest surprise was Voinovich's showing in predominantly African American
African American
wards, where he was expected to finish last. He trailed only Butts, with Kucinich last.[17] On October 8, 1979, a few days after the primary, Voinovich's nine-year-old daughter Molly was struck by a van and killed. The event brought the Voinovich campaign to a virtual halt and made it difficult for Kucinich to attack his opponent. Still, he challenged Voinovich to a series of debates to be held in various Cleveland
Cleveland
neighborhoods. Voinovich declined the invitations, saying they would be unproductive, although they eventually did meet in a debate on November 3 at the City Club. Voinovich went on to win the election with 94,541 votes to Kucinich's 73,755.[18] Voinovich went on to be re-elected twice by landslides. In 1981 he defeated former State Representative Patrick Sweeney,[19] 107,472 to 32,940, to win Cleveland's first four-year mayoral term. In 1985 he defeated former councilman Gary Kucinich (brother of Dennis Kucinich), 82,840 to 32,185.[20] "The Comeback City"[edit] Voinovich was considered shy[21] and a rather low-key politician, a description he adopted himself. Once elected, he met with then Ohio Governor James Rhodes, to solicit the state government's help in clearing up the city's debts. Voinovich negotiated a debt repayment schedule and in October 1980, with the state serving as guarantor, eight local banks lent Cleveland
Cleveland
$36.2 million, allowing the city to emerge from default. Despite this, the city's economy continued to decline and federal funding was cut. Two weeks earlier, voters turned down another 0.5 percent income tax increase. The opposition was led by Kucinich, who had been keeping a low profile since his defeat in the 1979 election. Voinovich said he would resubmit the tax issue on the February ballot to avoid facing a deficit in 1981. This time the voters approved the tax increase.[citation needed] By the time Voinovich was elected, Cleveland
Cleveland
was the butt of late night comedians' jokes, where the river and mayor's hair burned,[22] and the only major American city to go bankrupt.[23] When Boston
Boston
mayor Kevin White remarked that the city's finances had gone from "Camelot to Cleveland", Voinovich protested. White responded by saying that Boston
Boston
had survived facetious remarks from a wide range of jokesters, from Mark Twain
Mark Twain
to Johnny Carson. "I am sure Cleveland
Cleveland
will also," he said.[citation needed] Voinovich took an aggressive approach. He reversed a defensive attitude projected by the Cleveland
Cleveland
media, going to "war ... to save one of this country's greatest cities".[21] Others soon jumped on board. For instance, The Smythe-Cramer Co., a local realty firm, tried to restore the city's former glory by running a series of ads with photographs of downtown Cleveland
Cleveland
captioned "Take Another Look. It's Cleveland!" In May 1981, The Plain Dealer
The Plain Dealer
sent its Sunday subscribers bumper stickers saying, "New York's the Big Apple, but Cleveland's a Plum." The paper also passed out thousands of "Cleveland's a Plum" buttons and also ran a huge picture of Publisher Thomas Vail, with a smiling Voinovich beside him, throwing out the first plum at a Yankees-Indians game.[21] Sportscaster Howard Cosell
Howard Cosell
hailed the city during a baseball game and Voinovich subsequently presented him with a key to the city. A survey showed 65 percent of the residents of Greater Cleveland
Cleveland
were very satisfied with their life in the city and even 57 percent claimed to be very satisfied, even in 1978, the year of default. Also, a national poll rated Detroit as the city with the worst image, with New York City
New York City
second. Cleveland
Cleveland
was fifth-worst.[citation needed] The New Cleveland
Cleveland
Campaign, a promotion agency formed in 1978, began sending out news releases bragging about Cleveland's virtues and proudly circulating reprints whenever it got a favorable story. Unfortunately, to show how much the "new" Cleveland
Cleveland
had improved, it had to highlight how bad the old Cleveland
Cleveland
was. In particular, it stressed the city's 1978 default of $15.5 million short-term loans from local banks,[24] even though New York City
New York City
owed nearly 150 times as much when it received a $2.3 billion federal bailout to avoid bankruptcy in 1975.[25] The restoration campaign reached its peak in October with the society magazine Town and Country. "Cleveland's Come-Around" explained how "businessmen, lawyers and concerned citizens" rescued the city from "the petulant, pugnacious Dennis Kucinich". It called Voinovich's Operation Improvement Task Force under E. Mandell de Windt "the most significant undertaking in Cleveland
Cleveland
since Moses Cleaveland
Moses Cleaveland
stepped ashore on the bank of the Cuyahoga River
Cuyahoga River
in 1786". It also enticed its readers with Lake Erie
Lake Erie
and its "beautiful and exciting year-round sailing".[citation needed] So confident was Voinovich, that during election season, he even attracted presidential candidates Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
and Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
to debate in Cleveland. " Cleveland
Cleveland
is making a comeback," Time declared at the close of 1980, "During the past year, convention business has flourished, school desegregation has proceeded peacefully, and a modest construction boom has begun.... Most impressive of all, the city dug itself out of default."[citation needed] Downtown development and other improvements[edit] In order to accomplish more, Voinovich felt that the terms for mayor and Cleveland
Cleveland
City Council ought to be extended. He offered a referendum to voters to extend them from two to four years and additionally asked voters to approve cutting down the number of council members from 33 to 21 in order to help ease the city's strained economy. They approved both requests.[citation needed] Throughout the Voinovich years, neighborhoods began to see some improvement starting with the Lexington Village housing project, $149 million in Urban Development Action Grants, and $3 billion of construction underway or completed. In particular, the neighborhoods of Hough and Fairfax, then two of Cleveland's worst east side neighborhoods, began to see new houses built and lesser amount of criminal activity. Voinovich also quietly moved to reconcile the warring groups of the 1970s. He made peace with business leaders and even posed with them in photographs that ran in New Cleveland
Cleveland
Campaign ads in business magazines, captioned with the Voinovich slogan: "Together, we can do it." He refined the neighborhood groups, which, with the breakdown of the Democratic Party, became the most potent political force in the city. He also extended his hand to unions as well, in particular the Teamsters
Teamsters
truck union.[citation needed] As mayor, Voinovich was a member of the National League of Cities
National League of Cities
and was elected President in 1985. Voinovich also oversaw a huge scale urban renaissance downtown. Sohio
Sohio
(purchased by BP America in 1987), Ohio
Ohio
Bell, and Eaton Corporation
Eaton Corporation
all built new offices downtown (most notably the BP Building). Brothers Richard and David Jacobs astonished the city by rescuing its troubled Indians franchise, ultimately turning it around for the better. The two also improved the desolate area located by the Erieview Tower
Erieview Tower
and turned it into the glass-roofed Galleria at Erieview. Voinovich also enticed Society Bank to build the Society Center, the largest skyscraper in Cleveland
Cleveland
and the 15th largest in the nation (since renamed Key Tower). In addition, the National Civic League
National Civic League
awarded Cleveland
Cleveland
the All-America City Award three times in five years (1982, 1984, 1986), in addition to its first, won in 1950.[citation needed] Municipal Light[edit] One of the key issues surrounding the previous Kucinich administration was canceling the sale of Cleveland
Cleveland
Municipal Light (today Cleveland Public Power). Kucinich's insistence on saving it from being absorbed into the Cleveland
Cleveland
Electric Illuminating Company (CEI) led the business community to force Cleveland
Cleveland
into default. Voinovich's successful negotiations reversed this action when he first assumed office as mayor. However, Voinovich's pro-business attitude did not change CEI's position on the issue, as they persisted in making efforts to buy out Muni Light and pressuring Voinovich into giving them the right to do so. Voinovich resisted. Early in his tenure, he arranged for capital improvements to strengthen the operation of Muni Light and by 1982, it was able to compete with CEI. He asserted that the company was making attempts to cripple Muni Light by lobbying council against much-needed legislation. "We still have a battle going on," Voinovich said, "They [CEI] are as dedicated as ever to laying away the Municipal Light system."[citation needed] The rebuilding process began through Voinovich's administration and improvements were made throughout the company including equipment upgrades and increased wages for all employees. To properly reflect all of the positive change in the company Municipal Light officially changed its name to Cleveland
Cleveland
Public Power (CPP) in 1983. In 1984, the company received the Scattergood Award from the American Municipal Power Association for outstanding system operation and achievement.[26] 1988 Senate race[edit] In 1988, Voinovich ran for the Senate seat of Howard Metzenbaum, in what was a hard-fought and negative campaign. Voinovich accused Metzenbaum of being soft on child pornography, charges that were roundly criticized by many,[27] including John Glenn
John Glenn
who recorded a statement for television refuting Voinovich's charges. Metzenbaum won the election by 57% to 43%,[28] even as George H. W. Bush carried the state by 11 percent.[29] Governorship[edit]

Voinovich as Governor

In 1990, Voinovich was nominated by the Republicans to replace Governor Richard F. Celeste, a Democrat who was barred from running for a third consecutive term. Voinovich went to defeat his opponent Anthony J. Celebrezze, Jr. [30] During his first four years he pulled Ohio
Ohio
out of a $1.5 billion deficit and was a led efforts toward welfare reform and eliminating unfunded mandates. In 1991 Voinovich served as the Chairman of the Midwestern Governors Association. In 1994, Voinovich was re-elected to the governorship, defeating Democrat Robert L. Burch Jr. with 72% of the vote, the largest percentage of the vote of any governor up for election that year and the largest margin of victory for any Ohio governor in the 20th century. During his second term, Voinovich appointed Nancy Hollister, the state's first female lieutenant governor, and Cincinnati mayor Kenneth Blackwell, the state treasurer who became the first African-American to hold state office in Ohio.[30] Voinovich's tenure as governor saw Ohio's unemployment rate fall to a 25-year low. In addition, the state created more than 500,000 new jobs, the Medicaid
Medicaid
growth rate had been cut by more than two-thirds, and enrollment in welfare had been cut in half.[30] Under Voinovich, Ohio
Ohio
was ranked #1 in the nation by Site Selection Magazine for new and expanding business facilities.[citation needed] Second term[edit] Voinovich's second term was quite productive and in 1995 he was named Public Official of the Year by the National Journal. He is credited with leading efforts to create a public voucher plan which used public funds to pay tuition at church affiliated schools. After significant litigation over the voucher program, the US Supreme Court ruled in a 5–4 decision that the program did not violate the constitutional prohibition against promoting religion in public schools. By the end of his second term, Ohio
Ohio
led the nation in percentage of eligible children participating in the Head Start Program.[31] When the state legislature wanted to close Central State University, Ohio's only historically black state supported college, Voinovich stepped in by appointing a new board and convincing John Garland to become president.[citation needed] As both mayor and governor, Voinovich helped to advertise Cleveland
Cleveland
as the true birthplace of rock and roll. Beginning in 1985 Voinovich, the City of Cleveland
Cleveland
and the State of Ohio
Ohio
began lobbying for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum to be built in Cleveland. The Rock Hall eventually opened in 1995. As a nod to his efforts, the main atrium of the Rock Hall was renamed the George V. Voinovich Atrium.[32] Beyond the governor's office[edit] In 1996, Voinovich was the first governor to endorse U.S. Senator Robert J. Dole's bid for the Republican Presidential nomination.[33] Later, Voinovich was among nine candidates asked to submit to background checks as potential vice presidential running mates with Dole.[34](subscription required) However, Voinovich withdrew his name from consideration, reiterating his desire to run for the U.S. Senate in 1998.[33] In 1998, barred from running for a third term as governor due to term limits, Voinovich ran for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by long-time incumbent Democrat John Glenn, eventually defeating Democrat Mary O. Boyle. Voinovich was briefly succeeded by Nancy Hollister
Nancy Hollister
upon his resignation as governor and before he entered the Senate. Hollister was succeeded by the newly elected Bob Taft
Bob Taft
in January 1999. It was the first time a Republican governor in Ohio
Ohio
had been succeeded by another Republican governor since 1904.[35] [30] Senate career[edit] Overview[edit]

Voinovich introducing George W. Bush
George W. Bush
at an Ohio
Ohio
campaign rally, 2004

When Voinovich came to the Senate he was as prepared as anyone having previously been; Mayor of Cleveland, President of the National League of Cities, Governor and Chairman of the National Governors Association. Making clear that he was not intended on becoming the orchestra leader in the Senate but rather the 1st chair in a couple of sections, Voinovich picked out several committees where he would make his mark. Particularly in his first years in the Senate, Voinovich was opposed to lowering tax rates. He frequently joined Democrats on tax issues and in 2000 was the only Republican in Congress to vote against a bill providing for relief from the "marriage penalty".[citation needed] In November 2004, in his bid for re-election, Voinovich defeated the Democratic nominee, Ohio
Ohio
state senator and former U.S. Representative Eric D. Fingerhut, in an unprecedented victory. With 64% Voinovich won all 88 Ohio
Ohio
counties and won the largest amount of votes ever in a U.S. Senate race in Ohio
Ohio
– 3.5 million.[36] Voinovich gained national attention when he gave a speech tearfully opposing the nomination of John R. Bolton, who was selected for U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, at Bolton's hearing in front of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Voinovich remarked, "I don't feel comfortable voting today on Mr. John Bolton." As a result, the committee recessed without a vote and thus stalled the nomination.[37] Democrats refused to invoke cloture and end debate on the Bolton nomination – the first time, Voinovich voted to end debate, the second time, he joined Democrats in voting to extend debate and urged Bush to choose another nominee. Voinovich later amended his views and determined that Bolton did a "good job" as U.N. Ambassador, praising him by saying "I spend a lot of time with John on the phone. I think he is really working very constructively to move forward."[38]

An earlier photo of Voinovich

In January 2007, Voinovich expressed concern to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
Condoleezza Rice
that the President's plan to increase troop levels in Iraq
Iraq
would not be effective. Voinovich did not share President George W. Bush's optimism. "At this stage of the game, I don't think it's going to happen." As a moderate Republican, Voinovich was viewed as one of few that could potentially influence the President. Five months later, Voinovich requested to Bush in a five-page letter that the U.S. begin pulling troops from Iraq
Iraq
and asking that the Iraqis start taking care of their own territory, calling for a "comprehensive plan for our country's gradual military disengagement from Iraq".[39][40] On April 7, 2008, Voinovich departed from Republican party platform and stated at a hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee regarding the war in Iraq: "We've kind of bankrupted this country" through war spending. "We're in a recession ... and God knows how long it's going to last."[41] When Michigan
Michigan
became the eighth state to accede to the Great Lakes Compact on July 9, 2008, Voinovich was one of the leading legislators in supporting the interstate compact's passage in Congress.[42] On January 20, 2009, Voinovich was appointed to the powerful Appropriations Committee.[43] His appointment marked the first time an Ohioan served on the coveted Senate committee following Mike DeWine having lost his 2006 re-election bid.[43] In accepting the appointment, Voinovich relinquished his seat on the Foreign Relations Committee.[43] On July 22, 2009, Voinovich opposed a measure that would have allowed people to cross state lines with concealed weapons.[citation needed] During part of his tenure in the Senate (June 25, 2007 through January 3, 2009), Voinovich sat at what is traditionally known as the 'candy desk'.[44] Voinovich voted in favor of the Matthew Shepard Act.[citation needed] On December 18, 2010, Voinovich voted in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.[45][46][47][48][49][50] Fiscal responsibility[edit] As the Senate's leading debt-hawk, Voinovich introduced the Securing America's Future Economy (SAFE) Commission Act in every Congress in which he served in beginning in 2006. The measure proposed the establishment of a national commission to examine the nation's tax and entitlement systems and present long-term solutions to place the United States on a fiscally sustainable course and ensure the solvency of entitlement programs for future generations. In January 2010, Voinovich met with President Obama
President Obama
to relay the urgency of the nation's fiscal crisis. Four days later, Obama publicly endorsed the Conrad-Gregg statutory debt commission, which was modeled after Voinovich's SAFE Commission. Obama announced during his 2010 State of the Union address that he would create the debt commission by executive order because it had failed to pass the Senate.[51] National security[edit] Called "the Senate's leading Balkan
Balkan
expert"[27] and a "leader in the fight against anti-Semitism and hate crime against all groups," Voinovich was a key voice on the Foreign Relations Committee about the OSCE
OSCE
and the relationship between the United States and countries in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
in particular.[51] He played a leadership role in strengthening and enlarging the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and was the only member of Congress in the room at the 2002 NATO summit in Prague where membership was formally extended to Latvia, Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Voinovich was an active participant in the annual Brussels Forum from its inception in 2007, and served as chairman of the U.S. congressional delegation to the conference in 2010.[51] Israel[edit] As senator and a prominent member of its Foreign Relations Committee, Voinovich consistently supported measures to strengthen Israeli security while promoting Middle East
Middle East
peace efforts. In addition, Voinovich devoted himself to combating anti-Semitism, especially through involvement in the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe and its Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights.[52] American competitiveness[edit] Voinovich authored the National Infrastructure Improvement Act, which established a commission that would provide concrete recommendations for current and future infrastructure needs.[51] He was the main sponsor of five-year reauthorizations of the Appalachian Regional Commission
Appalachian Regional Commission
(ARC) in 2002 and 2008, which fostered economic development in the 13 Appalachian states and in Ohio's 29 Appalachian counties.[51] Improving government[edit] The Herald Star noted that "He considers the impact of his votes...choosing carefully without regard for what the political impact might be on him personally" ("Voinovich setting good example" from July 26, 2007). Government
Government
Executive praised him saying, "no matter what anyone thinks of George Voinovich
George Voinovich
or Daniel Akaka's politics in general, no one can deny that they know their federal employee issues cold."[51] Energy independence[edit] Voinovich long championed the need for a 'Second Declaration of Independence' – referring to the nation's energy situation. He was long been a voice for clean air legislation, ("Voinovich has idea on clearing the air", The Dayton Daily News, April 30, 2002) and argued for nuclear-energy development because it "provides a dependable, continuous stream of electricity, supports thousands of jobs, and does not emit any greenhouse gases". ("Depoliticizing decisions", The Columbus Dispatch, June 12, 2010) He served as the Chairman and ranking member of the EPW Clean Air and Nuclear Safety Subcommittee, introducing legislation that helped to pave the way for applications for new nuclear power plants in the U.S.[51] Great Lakes[edit] Voinovich sponsored legislation aimed to protect the Great Lakes from foreign species and preserve "our ultimate jewels, the five Great Lakes". He lobbied his colleagues in the Senate as well as Great Lakes governors and administration officials to take real action. Working with Senator Carl Levin, legislation was introduced to ratify the Great Lakes Compact, a bipartisan agreement among the Great Lakes states to protect the Great Lakes through better water management, conservation, and public involvement.[51] 2010 campaign[edit] In a press conference in January 2009, Voinovich announced he would not be seeking a third term. He stated that, "I must devote my full time, energy and focus to the job I was elected to do, the job in front of me, which seeking a third term – with the money-raising and campaigning that it would require – would not allow me to do." Voinovich also stated after 44 years in public office it was time to relax and spend time with his wife Janet and his family. Pundits indicated that he would have been successful had he decided to run against the Democratic nominee Lee Fisher.[citation needed] Legacy[edit] After Voinovich announced that he would retire from the Senate in 2010, The Columbus Dispatch
The Columbus Dispatch
wrote, "After decades in an arena that has sullied so many, Voinovich's personal integrity remains unquestioned. He has never been afraid to work across the aisle, and has never forgotten that tax money comes from the wallets of hard-working people."[53] Committee assignments[edit]

Senate Select Committee on Ethics (Chairman) Committee on Appropriations

Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development Subcommittee on Homeland Security (Ranking Member) Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies

United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on Foreign Relations Committee on Environment and Public Works

Subcommittee on Clean Air and Nuclear Safety (Chairman & Ranking Member) Subcommittee on Green Jobs and the New Economy Subcommittee on Transportation and Infrastructure (Ranking Member)

Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government
Government
Information and International Security Subcommittee on Oversight of Government
Government
Management, the Federal Workforce and the District of Columbia (Chairman & Ranking Member) Ad Hoc Subcommittee on State, Local, and Private Sector Preparedness and Integration

Later years[edit] After retiring in January 2011, Voinovich was named a Senior Fellow at Cleveland
Cleveland
State University at the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, and Ohio
Ohio
Visiting Professor of Leadership and Public Affairs at the George V. Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs at Ohio
Ohio
University. In 1998, Ohio
Ohio
University renamed the Institute of Local Government
Government
and Rural Development to the Voinovich Center for Leadership and Public Affairs and in 2007 the Ohio
Ohio
Board of Regents voted to rename the center to a school. Since being honored in 1998, Voinovich had remained committed to the success of the school.[54] For the United States presidential election in 2016, Voinovich endorsed fellow Ohio
Ohio
Republican John Kasich, the state's current governor.[55] On June 10, 2016, Voinovich delivered public remarks at the 25th Slovenian Independence Day event at Cleveland
Cleveland
City Hall. He was to be a delegate to the July 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland.[8][9] Honors[edit]

Voinovich Bicentennial Park in Cleveland's North Coast Harbor
North Coast Harbor
district (shown during a 2009 concert)

Voinovich has been honored several times in his hometown of Cleveland by having prominent landmarks named after him, including Voinovich Bicentennial Park in the city's North Coast Harbor
North Coast Harbor
district, and the George V. Voinovich Bridges
George V. Voinovich Bridges
spanning downtown Cleveland.

Plaques at the Voinovich Livestock Center noting the Farm Bureau Memorial Tree and the "Spountain" sculpture.

The Voinovich Livestock Center at the Ohio
Ohio
Expo Center and State Fair in Columbus, Ohio, is named in honor of Voinovich. The lawn in front of the center is the site of a sculpture called "Spountain", by Barry Gunderson [56]. It is also the site of the Farm Bureau Memorial tree, which was planted in soil from all 88 Ohio
Ohio
counties in 1976 during the Ohio
Ohio
Farm Bureau Bicentennial. Personal life[edit] Voinovich married his wife, Janet (née Allan),[57] in 1962. They had four children: George, Betsy, Peter, and Molly, as well as nine grandchildren. Molly, their youngest child, was killed at age 9 after being struck by a van as she walked home from school.[58] Death[edit] In June 2003, doctors implanted a pacemaker into Voinovich's heart due to his heart rate having slowed down over several years due to progressive sinus bradycardia.[59] Voinovich died in his sleep in Cleveland, Ohio, on June 12, 2016, at the age of 79.[4][59] Electoral history[edit]

Mayor of Cleveland: Results 1979–1985 U.S. Senate elections in Ohio: Results 1988, 1998–2004[60] Governor of Ohio: Results 1990–1994[61]

Year Office

Democrat Votes Pct

Republican Votes Pct

3rd Party Party Votes Pct

1979 Mayor

Dennis J. Kucinich 73,505 44%

George Voinovich 94,407 56%

1981 Mayor

Patrick Sweeney 32,940 23%

George Voinovich 107,472 77%

1985 Mayor

Gary J. Kucinich 32,185 28%

George Voinovich 82,840 72%

1988 Senate

Howard Metzenbaum 2,480,038 57%

George Voinovich 1,872,716 43% *

1990 Governor

Anthony J. Celebrezze
Anthony J. Celebrezze
Jr. 1,539,416 44%

George Voinovich 1,938,103 56% *

1994 Governor

Robert L. Burch 835,849 25%

George Voinovich 2,401,572 72%

Billy Inmon Independent 108,745 3% *

1998 Senate

Mary Boyle 1,482,054 44%

George Voinovich 1,922,087 56% *

2004 Senate

Eric D. Fingerhut 1,961,249 36%

George Voinovich 3,464,651 64% *

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1988, write-ins received 151 votes. In 1990, David Marshall received 82 votes and James E. Attia received 49 votes. In 1994, Keith Hatton received 48 votes and Michael Italie received 24 votes. In 1998, write-ins received 210 votes. In 2004, Helen Meyers received 296 votes. See also[edit]

Ohio
Ohio
gubernatorial elections

References[edit]

^ Maggie Thurber (June 12, 2016). "Can Kasich win all 88 Ohio counties?". Ohio
Ohio
Watchdog. Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ "Voinovich (b. 1936)". Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ "Josephine Voinovich". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ a b c Carr Smyth, Julie (June 12, 2016). "Former GOP Senator and Ohio
Ohio
Gov. George Voinovich
George Voinovich
Dies". ABC News. ABC. Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ "George Voinovich, former Cleveland
Cleveland
mayor, Ohio
Ohio
governor and U.S. senator, dies". cleveland.com. June 12, 2016.  ^ "Senator George Voinovich
George Voinovich
speaks to the Cleveland
Cleveland
Serbian community". Retrieved January 15, 2009.  ^ "the Slovenian". Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ a b c Shesgreen, Deirdre (June 12, 2016). "George Voinovich, 79, Ohio
Ohio
political titan". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ a b Carr Smyth, Julie (June 12, 2016). "Former GOP senator and Ohio Gov. George Voinovich
George Voinovich
dies". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ "Molly's Levy - The Collinwood
Collinwood
Observer". Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ "Senator Voinovich Inspires Students". Euclid Observer. Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ Demeglio, Monica. "Former Mayor, Governor, Senator Voinovich '61 Reflects". Ohio
Ohio
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on the Brink Archived July 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. American Heritage magazine, November 26, 2005. Retrieved July 24, 2010. ^ "CPP History". Retrieved April 20, 2012.  ^ a b Koff, Stephen (June 12, 2016). "George Voinovich, former Cleveland
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presidential election results; George H.W. Bush defeats Michael Dukakis". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved June 12, 2016.  ^ a b c d Lamis, Alexandaer (2007). Ohio
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Governor Withdraws From Running-Mate List". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2010.  ^ Gottlieb 2006, p. 10. ^ Torry, JAck (December 12, 2010). "Mr. Ohio
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Sources[edit]

Van Tassel, David D (1996). John J. Grabowski, ed. The Encyclopedia Of Cleveland
Cleveland
History–2nd edition. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0253330567.  Miller, Carol Poh; Wheeler, Robert Anthony (2009). Cleveland: A Concise History, 1796–1996–2nd edition. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0253211477.  Swanstrom, Todd (1988). The Crisis of Growth Politics: Cleveland, Kucinich, and the Challenge of Urban Populism. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ISBN 978-0877225621.  The League of Women Voters of Cleveland
Cleveland
(1990). Seven Making History: A Mayoral Retrospective. Cleveland: Western Reserve Historical Society. ASIN B0048WO02K.  25 Years of Cleveland
Cleveland
Mayors: Who Really Governs? by Roldo Bartimole The Cleveland
Cleveland
Press, September 21, 1979. Mayor Accuses Rival On Funding by Walt Bogdanich. The Cleveland
Cleveland
Press, November 3, 1979. City Club Debate: Candidates Go At It by Brent Larkin. The Cleveland
Cleveland
Press, November 7, 1979. Mayor-Elect Voinovich Moves To End Default by Brent Larkin. The Cleveland
Cleveland
Press, November 7, 1979. The Winner: Voinovich Is Subdued Victor by Fred McGunagle. The Plain Dealer, August 7, 1999. Our Century: Muny Survives, But Kucinich Is Out of Power by Fred McGunagle. The Plain Dealer, August 14, 1999. Our Century: Cleveland
Cleveland
Climbs Out Of Default by Fred McGunagle. The Plain Dealer, August 22, 1999. Our Century: Beleaguered Cleveland Prunes Its Image – 'Plum' Campaign To Rescue City From the Nation's Punch Lines by Fred McGunagle. The Plain Dealer, September 5, 1999. Our Century: A Welcome Breather At City Hall While Voinovich Keeps Peace and Mends Fences, Kucinich Begins His Comeback, And Forbes Consolidates Power On City Council by Fred McGunagle. The Plain Dealer, March 9, 2006. Ethics Panel Chief Voinovich Opposes Key Lobbying Reform by Sabrina Eaton. The Plain Dealer, March 17, 2006. Great Lakes Need Help, Voinovich Says by Sabrina Eaton. Gottlieb, Martin (2006). CAMPAIGNS DON'T COUNT: How the Media Get American Politics All Wrong. Bloomington, Indiana: iUniverse. p. 10. ISBN 978-0595381708. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: George Voinovich
George Voinovich
(category)

Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Profile at Project Vote Smart Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission Appearances on C-SPAN "George V. Voinovich". Ohio
Ohio
History Central. July 1, 2005.  Profile at SourceWatch

Offices and distinctions

Political offices

Preceded by Dick Celeste Lieutenant Governor of Ohio 1979 Succeeded by Myrl Shoemaker

Preceded by Dennis Kucinich Mayor of Cleveland 1980–1989 Succeeded by Michael White

Preceded by Dick Celeste Governor of Ohio 1991–1998 Succeeded by Nancy Hollister

Preceded by Bob Miller Chair of the National Governors Association 1997–1998 Succeeded by Tom Carper

Party political offices

Preceded by Paul Pfeifer Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Ohio (Class 1) 1988 Succeeded by Mike DeWine

Preceded by Jim Rhodes Republican nominee for Governor of Ohio 1990, 1994 Succeeded by Bob Taft

Preceded by Tommy Thompson Chair of the Republican Governors Association 1992–1993 Succeeded by Jock McKernan

Preceded by Mike DeWine Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Ohio (Class 3) 1998, 2004 Succeeded by Rob Portman

U.S. Senate

Preceded by John Glenn U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Ohio 1999–2011 Served alongside: Mike DeWine, Sherrod Brown Succeeded by Rob Portman

Preceded by Harry Reid Chair of the Senate Ethics Committee 2003–2007 Succeeded by Barbara Boxer

Articles and topics

v t e

Governors and Lieutenant Governors of Ohio

Governors

Tiffin Kirker Huntington Meigs Looker Worthington E. Brown Trimble Morrow Trimble McArthur Lucas Vance Shannon Corwin Shannon T. Bartley M. Bartley Bebb Ford Wood Medill Chase Dennison Tod Brough Anderson J. D. Cox Hayes Noyes Allen Hayes Young Bishop Foster Hoadly Foraker Campbell McKinley Bushnell Nash Herrick Pattison Harris Harmon J. M. Cox Willis J. M. Cox Davis Donahey Cooper White Davey Bricker Lausche Herbert Lausche J. Brown O'Neill DiSalle Rhodes Gilligan Rhodes Celeste Voinovich Hollister Taft Strickland Kasich

Lieutenant Governors

Medill Myers Ford Welker Kirk Stanton Anderson McBurney Lee Mueller Hart Young Curtiss Fitch Hickenlooper Richards Warwick Kennedy Conrad Lyon Lampson Marquis Harris Jones Caldwell Nippert Gordon Harding Harris Treadway Pomerene Nichols Greenlund Arnold Bloom C. Brown Bloom Lewis Bloom Pickrel Braden J. T. Brown Pickrel Sawyer Mosier Yoder Herbert Nye Herbert Nye J. W. Brown Herbert Donahey J. W. Brown Celeste Voinovich Shoemaker Leonard DeWine Hollister O'Connor Bradley Johnson Fisher Taylor

v t e

Mayors of Cleveland, Ohio

Mayors of Cleveland
Cleveland
(1836–1854)

Willey Mills Dockstader Allen Mills Hayward Starkweather Hoadley Harris Kelsey Bingham Case Brownell

Mayors of Ohio
Ohio
City (1836–1854)

Barber Burrows Baldwin Standart Lord Lamb Griffith Beverlin Burnham Sheldon Castle

Mayors of Cleveland
Cleveland
since 1854

Castle Starkweather Senter Flint Masters Senter Chapin Buhrer Pelton Otis Payne Rose Herrick Farley Gardner Babcock Gardner Rose Blee McKisson Farley Johnson Baehr Baker Davis Fitzgerald Kohler Hopkins (manager) Morgan (manager) Miller Davis Burton Blythin Lausche Burke Celebrezze Locher Stokes Perk Kucinich Voinovich White Campbell Jackson

v t e

United States Senators from Ohio

Class 1

Smith Meigs Worthington Kerr Ruggles Morris Tappan Corwin Ewing Wade Thurman Sherman Hanna Dick Pomerene Fess Donahey H. Burton Huffman K. Taft Bricker Young R. Taft, Jr. Metzenbaum DeWine S. Brown

Class 3

Worthington Tiffin Griswold Campbell Morrow Trimble E. Brown Harrison Burnet Ewing Allen Chase Pugh Chase Sherman Matthews Pendleton Payne Brice Foraker T. Burton Harding Willis Locher T. Burton McCulloch Bulkley R. Taft, Sr. Burke Bender Lausche Saxbe Metzenbaum Glenn Voinovich Portman

v t e

Chairs of the National Governors Association

Willson McGovern Walsh Spry Capper Harrington Allen Sproul Cox Trinkle Brewster McMullen Dern Case Pollard Rolph McNutt Peery Cochran Stark Vanderbilt Stassen O'Conor Saltonstall Maw Martin Caldwell Hildreth Hunt Lane Carlson Lausche Peterson Shivers Thornton Kennon Langlie Stanley Stratton Collins Boggs McNichols Powell Rosellini Anderson Sawyer Reed Guy Volpe Ellington Love Hearnes Moore Mandel Evans Rampton Ray Andrus Askew Milliken Carroll Bowen Busbee Snelling Matheson J. Thompson Carlin Alexander Clinton Sununu Baliles Branstad Gardner Ashcroft Romer Campbell Dean T. Thompson Miller Voinovich Carper Leavitt Glendening Engler Patton Kempthorne Warner Huckabee Napolitano Pawlenty Rendell Douglas Manchin Gregoire Heineman Markell Fallin Hickenlooper Herbert McAuliffe Sandoval

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 53716265 LCCN: no92005009 US Congress: V000126 SN

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