The Info List - George Martin

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SIR GEORGE HENRY MARTIN CBE (3 January 1926 – 8 March 2016) was an English record producer, arranger, composer, conductor, audio engineer, and musician. He was referred to as the " Fifth Beatle ", including by Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
, in reference to his extensive involvement on each of the Beatles ' original albums. Martin produced 30 number-one hit singles in the United Kingdom and 23 number-one hits in the United States.

Martin produced comedy and novelty records in the early 1950s, working with Peter Sellers , Spike Milligan , and Bernard Cribbins
Bernard Cribbins
, among others. His career spanned more than six decades of work in music, film, television and live performance. He held a number of senior executive roles at media companies and contributed to a wide range of charitable causes, including his work for The Prince\'s Trust and the Caribbean
island of Montserrat
. In recognition of his services to the music industry and popular culture, he was made a Knight Bachelor in 1996.


* 1 Early years

* 1.1 Parlophone

* 2 The Beatles
The Beatles

* 2.1 As an arranger * 2.2 Film and composing work * 2.3 The Beatles
The Beatles
Anthology * 2.4 Cirque du Soleil and Love * 2.5 Public image

* 3 Other artists * 4 Associated Independent Recording (AIR) * 5 Music from the James Bond
James Bond
series * 6 Books and audio retrospective

* 7 Television

* 7.1 The Rhythm of Life * 7.2 Produced by George Martin * 7.3 Soundbreaking: Stories from the Cutting Edge of Recorded Music

* 8 Death * 9 Awards and recognition * 10 Selected non-Beatles hit records produced or co-produced by George Martin
George Martin
* 11 Discography * 12 Selected discography (as producer) * 13 Notes * 14 References * 15 External links


Martin was born in Highbury, London. When he was six, Martin's family acquired a piano that sparked his interest in music. At eight years of age, Martin persuaded his parents, Henry and Betha Beatrice (nėe Simpson) Martin, that he should take piano lessons, but those ended after only eight lessons because of a disagreement between his mother and the teacher.

As a child, he attended several schools, including a "convent school in Holloway", St Joseph's School ( Highgate
), and at St Ignatius\' College ( Stamford Hill ), where he had won a scholarship. When WWII broke out, and St. Ignatius College students were evacuated to Welwyn Garden City , his family left London, and he was enrolled at Bromley Grammar School .

I remember well the very first time I heard a symphony orchestra. I was just in my teens when Sir Adrian Boult brought the BBC
Symphony Orchestra to my school for a public concert. It was absolutely magical. Hearing such glorious sounds I found it difficult to connect them with ninety men and women blowing into brass and wooden instruments or scraping away at strings with horsehair bows.

Despite Martin's continued interest in music, and "fantasies about being the next Rachmaninov ", he did not initially choose music as a career. He worked briefly as a quantity surveyor , and later for the War Office as a Temporary Clerk (Grade Three), which meant filing paperwork and making tea.

In 1943, when he was 17, he joined the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy and became an aerial observer and a commissioned officer. The war ended before Martin was involved in any combat, and he left the service in 1947. Encouraged by Sidney Harrison (a member of the Committee for the Promotion of New Music ) Martin used his veteran's grant to attend the Guildhall School of Music and Drama from 1947 to 1950, where he studied piano and oboe, and was interested in the music of Rachmaninoff and Ravel , as well as Cole Porter
Cole Porter
. Martin's oboe teacher was Margaret Eliot (the mother of Jane Asher , who would later become involved with Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
). After that, Martin explained that he had just picked it up by himself. On 3 January 1948 – while still at the Academy – Martin married Sheena Chisholm, with whom he would have two children, Alexis and Gregory Paul Martin . He later married Judy Lockhart-Smith on 24 June 1966, and they also had two children, Lucie and Giles Martin .


The Beatles' first LP (produced by Martin)

Following his graduation, he worked for the BBC's classical music department, then joined EMI
in 1950 as an assistant to Oscar Preuss, the head of EMI's Parlophone Records from 1950 to 1955. Although having been regarded by EMI
as a vital German imprint in the past, it was then not taken seriously and only used for EMI's insignificant acts. After taking over Parlophone when Preuss retired in 1955, Martin recorded classical and Baroque
music, original cast recordings , and regional music from around Britain and Ireland.

Martin also produced numerous comedy and novelty records. His first hit for Parlophone was the "Mock Mozart" single by Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
with Antony Hopkins – a record reluctantly released in 1952 by EMI, only after Preuss insisted they give his young assistant, Martin, a chance. Later that decade Martin worked with Peter Sellers on two very popular comedy LPs. One was released on 10 format and called The Best Of Sellers, the second was released in 1957, being called Songs for Swinging Sellers (a spoof on Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
's LP Songs for Swingin\' Lovers! ). As he had worked with Sellers, he also came to know Spike Milligan , with whom he became a firm friend, and best man at Milligan's second marriage: "I loved The Goon Show , and issued an album of it on my label Parlophone, which is how I got to know Spike." The album was Bridge on the River Wye . It was a spoof of the film The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Bridge on the River Kwai
, being based on the 1957 Goon Show episode "An African Incident." It was intended to have the same name as the film, but shortly before its release, the film company threatened legal action if the name was used. Martin edited out the 'K' every time the word Kwai was spoken, with Bridge on the River Wye being the result. The River Wye
River Wye
is a river that runs through England and Wales. The album featured Milligan, Sellers, Jonathan Miller , and Peter Cook , playing various characters.

Other comedians Martin worked with included Bernard Cribbins
Bernard Cribbins
, Charlie Drake , Terry Scott , Bruce Forsyth , Michael Bentine , Dudley Moore , Flanders and Swann , Lance Percival , Joan Sims
Joan Sims
, Bill Oddie , and The Alberts . Martin worked with both Jim Dale
Jim Dale
and the Vipers Skiffle Group , with whom he had a number of hits. In early 1962, under the pseudonym "Ray Cathode," Martin released an early electronic dance single, " Time Beat " – recorded at the BBC
Radiophonic Workshop . As Martin wanted to add rock and roll to Parlophone's repertoire, he struggled to find a "fireproof" hit-making pop artist or group.

As a producer, Martin recorded the two-man show featuring Michael Flanders and Donald Swann , At the Drop of a Hat , which sold steadily for twenty-five years, although Martin's breakthrough as a producer came with the Beyond the Fringe show cast album, which starred Peter Cook , Dudley Moore , Alan Bennett
Alan Bennett
, and Jonathan Miller , and he would also produce the accompanying soundtrack album for David Frost 's satirical BBC
TV show That Was the Week That Was in 1963. Martin's work transformed the profile of Parlophone from a "sad little company" to a very profitable business.


Martin working with the Beatles in a studio during Beatles for Sale sessions, 1964

Martin was contacted by Sid Coleman of Ardmore & Beechwood, who told him about Brian Epstein , the manager of a band whom he had met. He thought Martin might be interested in the group, even though they had been turned down by Decca Records
Decca Records
. Until that time, although he had had considerable success with the comedy records, and a number 1 hit with the Temperance Seven , Martin had only minor success with pop music, such as "Who Could Be Bluer" by Jerry Lordan , and singles with Shane Fenton and Matt Monro . After the telephone call by Coleman, Martin arranged a meeting on 13 February 1962 with Brian Epstein. Martin listened to a tape recorded at Decca, and thought that Epstein's group was "rather unpromising", but liked the sound of Lennon's and McCartney's vocals.

After another meeting with Epstein on 9 May at the Abbey Road studios , Martin was impressed by Epstein's enthusiasm and agreed to sign the unknown Beatles to a recording contract, without having met them or seen them play live. The contract was not what it seemed, however, as Martin would not sign it himself until he had heard an audition, and later said that EMI
had "nothing to lose," as it offered one penny for each record sold, which was split among the four members. Martin suggested to EMI
(after the release of " From Me to You ") that the royalty rate should be doubled without asking for anything in return, which led to Martin being thought of as a "traitor in EMI".

The Beatles
The Beatles
auditioned for Martin on 6 June 1962, in studio three at the Abbey Road studios. Ron Richards and his engineer Norman Smith recorded four songs, which Martin (who was not present during the recording) listened to at the end of the session. The verdict was not promising, however, as Richards complained about Pete Best 's drumming, and Martin thought their original songs were simply not good enough. Martin asked the individual Beatles if there was anything they personally did not like, to which George Harrison replied, "Well, there's your tie, for a start." That was the turning point, according to Smith, as John Lennon and Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
joined in with jokes and comic wordplay, that made Martin think that he should sign them to a contract for their wit alone.

The Beatles' second recording session with Martin was on 4 September 1962, when they recorded "How Do You Do It ", heavily modified by The Beatles which Martin thought was a sure-fire hit, even though Lennon and McCartney did not want to release it, not being one of their own compositions or style. Martin was correct: Gerry afterwards, the tape was destroyed, and the 11 September recording with Andy White on drums was used for all subsequent releases. Martin would later praise Starr's drumming, calling him "probably ... the finest rock drummer in the world today". As "Love Me Do" peaked at number 17 in the British charts, on 26 November 1962 Martin recorded "Please Please Me ", which he did only after Lennon and McCartney had almost begged him to record another of their original songs. Martin's crucial contribution to the song was to tell them to speed up what was initially a slow ballad. After the recording Martin looked over the mixing desk and said, "Gentlemen, you have just made your first number one record". Martin directed Epstein to find a good publisher, as Ardmore "> Abbey Road Studios , where Martin recorded Parlophone's artists

Martin's more formal musical expertise helped fill the gaps between the Beatles' unrefined talent and the sound which distinguished them from other groups, which eventually made them successful. Most of the Beatles' orchestral arrangements and instrumentation were written or performed by Martin, as well as frequent keyboard parts on the early records, in collaboration with the less musically experienced band. It was Martin's idea to score a string quartet accompaniment for "Yesterday " against McCartney's initial reluctance. Martin played the song in the style of Bach to show McCartney the voicings that were available. Another example is the song " Penny
Lane ", which featured a piccolo trumpet solo that was requested by McCartney after hearing the instrument on a BBC
broadcast. McCartney hummed the melody that he wanted, and Martin notated it for David Mason , the classically trained trumpeter.

Martin's work as an arranger was used for many Beatles recordings. For " Eleanor Rigby
Eleanor Rigby
," he scored and conducted a strings-only accompaniment inspired by Bernard Herrmann . On a Canadian speaking tour in 2007, Martin said that his "Eleanor Rigby" score was influenced by Herrmann's score for the Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
thriller Psycho . For " Strawberry Fields Forever
Strawberry Fields Forever
", he and recording engineer Geoff Emerick turned two very different takes into a single master through careful use of vari-speed and editing. For "I Am the Walrus ", he provided a quirky and original arrangement for brass, violins, cellos, and the Mike Sammes Singers vocal ensemble. On "In My Life ", he played a speeded-up baroque piano solo. He worked with McCartney to implement the orchestral climax in " A Day in the Life ", and he and McCartney shared conducting duties the day that it was recorded.

Martin contributed integral parts to other songs, including the piano in " Lovely Rita ", the harpsichord in " Fixing a Hole ", the old steam organ and tape loop arrangement that create the Pablo Fanque circus atmosphere that Lennon requested on "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite! " (both Martin and Lennon played steam organ parts for this song), and the orchestration in "Good Night ". The first song that Martin did not arrange was "She\'s Leaving Home ", as he had a prior engagement to produce a Cilla Black session, so McCartney contacted arranger Mike Leander to do it. Martin was reportedly hurt by this, but still produced the recording and conducted the orchestra himself. Martin was in demand as an independent arranger and producer by the time of The White Album , so the Beatles were left to produce various tracks by themselves.

Martin composed and arranged the score for the Beatles' film Yellow Submarine and the James Bond
James Bond
film Live and Let Die , for which Paul McCartney wrote and sang the title song. He helped arrange Paul and Linda McCartney's American Number 1 single "Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey ".

Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
once commended Martin by saying: " George Martin
George Martin
quite experimental for who he was, a grown-up."


Beginning in the late 1950s, Martin began to supplement his producer income by publishing music and having his artists record it. He used the pseudonyms Lezlo Anales and John Chisholm, before settling on Graham Fisher as his primary pseudonym.

Martin composed, arranged, and produced film scores since the early 1960s, including the instrumental scores of the films A Hard Day\'s Night (1964, for which he won an Academy Award
Academy Award
Nomination), Ferry Cross the Mersey (1965), Yellow Submarine (1968), and Live and Let Die (1973). Other notable movie scores include Crooks Anonymous (1962), The Family Way (1966), Pulp (1972, starring Michael Caine
Michael Caine
and Mickey Rooney ), the Peter Sellers film The Optimists of Nine Elms (1973), and the John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
directed Honky Tonk Freeway (1981).


Martin oversaw post-production on The Beatles
The Beatles
Anthology (which was originally entitled The Long and Winding Road) in 1994 and 1995, working again with Geoff Emerick . Martin decided to use an old 8-track analogue deck – which EMI
learned an engineer still had – to mix the songs for the project, instead of a modern digital deck. He explained this by saying that the old deck created a completely different sound, which a new deck could not accurately reproduce. He also said he found the whole project a strange experience (and McCartney agreed), as they had to listen to themselves chatting in the studio, 25–30 years previously.

Martin stepped down when it came to producing the two new singles reuniting McCartney, Harrison, and Starr, who wanted to overdub two old Lennon demos. Martin had suffered a hearing loss, so he left the work to writer/producer Jeff Lynne
Jeff Lynne
of the Electric Light Orchestra .


In 2006, Martin and his son, Giles Martin , remixed 80 minutes of Beatles music for the Las Vegas stage performance Love , a joint venture between Cirque du Soleil and the Beatles' Apple Corps Ltd. A soundtrack album from the show was released that same year.


Martin's contribution to the Beatles' work received regular critical acclaim, and led to him being described as the "Fifth Beatle" (in 2016, Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
wrote that "If anyone earned the title of the fifth Beatle it was George" ). However, he distanced himself from this claim, stating that assistant and roadie Neil Aspinall would be more deserving of that title.

In the immediate aftermath of the Beatles' break-up, a time when he made many angry utterances, John Lennon trivialised Martin's importance to the Beatles' music. In his 1970 interview with Jann Wenner , Lennon said, " another one of those people, who think they made us. They didn't. I'd like to hear Dick James' music and I'd like to hear George Martin's music, please, just play me some."

In a 1971 letter to Paul McCartney, Lennon wrote, "When people ask me questions about 'What did George Martin
George Martin
really do for you?,' I have only one answer, 'What does he do now?' I noticed you had no answer for that! It's not a putdown, it's the truth." Lennon wrote that Martin took too much credit for the Beatles' music. Commenting specifically on " Revolution 9 ", Lennon said with ironic authority, "For Martin to state that he was 'painting a sound picture' is pure hallucination. Ask any of the other people involved. The final editing Yoko and I did alone."

Lennon later retracted many of the comments he made in that era, attributing them to his anger. He subsequently spoke with great affection and fondness for Martin. In 1971 he said: "George Martin made us what we were in the studio. He helped us develop a language to talk to other musicians."

According to Alan Parsons , he had "great ears" and "rightfully earned the title of "Fifth Beatle". Julian Lennon called Martin "The Fifth Beatle, without question".


Martin in 2007

Martin produced recordings for many other artists, including contemporaries of the Beatles, such as Matt Monro , Cilla Black , Gerry & The Pacemakers , Billy J. Kramer
Billy J. Kramer
"> * In September 2008, he was awarded the James Joyce Award by the Literary and Historical Society of University College Dublin . * Martin was honoured with a Gold Medal for Services to the Arts from the CISAC (the International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers). * On 25 May 2010, he was given an honorary membership in the Audio Engineering Society at the 128th AES Convention in London. * On 29 June 2011, he was given an honorary degree, Doctor of Music, from the University of Oxford. * On 19 October 2012, he won a lifetime award in the 39th Golden Badge Awards

Martin was one of a handful of producers to have number one records in three or more consecutive decades (1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s). Others in this group include Phil Spector (1950s, 1960s and 1970s), Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
(1960s, 1970s and 1980s), Michael Omartian (1970s, 1980s and 1990s), and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis (1980s, 1990s, and 2000s).


Records produced by Martin have achieved 30 number one singles and 16 number one albums in the UK – plus 23 number one singles and 19 number one albums in North America (most of which were by The Beatles ). Main article: The Beatles
The Beatles
discography Main article: Paul McCartney discography

* "You\'re Driving Me Crazy ", The Temperance Seven (25 May 1961, #1) * "My Kind of Girl", Matt Monro (31 July 1961, #5) * "My Boomerang Won\'t Come Back ", Charlie Drake (5 October 1961, #14) * " Sun Arise ", Rolf Harris (25 October 1962, #3) * "Little Children ", Billy J. Kramer
Billy J. Kramer
with the Dakotas (19 March 1964, #1) * " Bad to Me ", Billy J. Kramer
Billy J. Kramer
with the Dakotas (22 August 1963, #1) * " Hello Little Girl ", The Fourmost (30 August 1963, #9) * "Don\'t Let the Sun Catch You Crying ", Gerry & the Pacemakers (4 July 1964, #4) * "You\'re My World ", Cilla Black (1 August 1964, #1) * " How Do You Do It? ", Gerry & the Pacemakers (11 April 1963, #1) * "Can\'t Buy Me Love ", Ella Fitzgerald (1 May 1964, #34) * "Walk Away", Matt Monro (4 September 1964, #4) * "I Like It ", Gerry & the Pacemakers (7 November 1964, #1) * "I\'ll Be There ", Gerry & the Pacemakers (30 January 1965, #14) * " Ferry Cross the Mersey ", Gerry & the Pacemakers (20 March 1965, #6) * "Goldfinger ", Shirley Bassey (27 March 1965, #8) * "You\'ll Never Walk Alone ", Gerry & the Pacemakers (3 July 1965, #48) * " Trains and Boats and Planes ", Billy J. Kramer
Billy J. Kramer
with the Dakotas (31 July 1965, #47) * "Alfie ", Cilla Black (10 September 1966,#UK6 #95) * "Girl on a Swing", Gerry & the Pacemakers (22 October 1966, #28) * "Live and Let Die ", Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
& Wings (1 June 1973, UK#9 US#2) * "Tin Man ", America (9 November 1974, #4) * " Lonely People ", America (8 March 1975, #5) * " Sister Golden Hair ", America (14 June 1975, #1) * " Oh! Darling ", Robin Gibb (7 October 1978, #15) * "The Night Owls", Little River Band
Little River Band
(1981, US #6) * " Ebony and Ivory ", Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
& Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(29 March 1982 US #1) * " Say, Say, Say ", Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
& Michael Jackson (10 December 1983, #1) * " No More Lonely Nights ", Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
(8 December 1984, #6) * " Morning Desire ", Kenny Rogers (10 July 1985, #1) * "The Man I Love ", Kate Bush "A Hole in the Ground" (1962); "Gossip Calypso" (1962) * The Alberts – "Morse Code Melody" (1962) * Michael Bentine – "Football Results" (1962) * Terry Scott – "My Brother" (1963) * Joan Sims
Joan Sims
– "Oh Not Again Ken" (1963) * Shirley Bassey – "I (Who Have Nothing)" (1963) * David Frost and Millicent Martin – That Was the Week That Was (1963) * Cambridge Circus (Original Cast Recording) (1963) * Flanders and Swann At the Drop of Another Hat (1964) * Alma Cogan – "It's You" (1964) * The Scaffold – "2 Day's Monday" (1966) * Ron Goodwin – Adventure (1966) * Edwards Hand Edwards Hand (1969) * Stan Getz – Marrakesh Express (1969) * Ringo Starr
Ringo Starr
– Sentimental Journey (1970) * Seatrain – Seatrain (1970) * The King\'s Singers – " The King's Singers Collection" (1972) * Paul Winter Consort – Icarus (1972) * The King\'s Singers – "A French Collection" (1973) * The King\'s Singers – "Deck the Hall" (1973) * John Williams – The Height Below (1973) * Stackridge The Man in the Bowler Hat (1974, released as Pinafore Days in the US and Canada) * Mahavishnu Orchestra – Apocalypse (1974) * America – Holiday (1974) * Tommy Steele – My Life, My Song (1974) * Jeff Beck
Jeff Beck
Blow by Blow (1975) * America – Hearts (1975) * America – Hideaway (1976) * American Flyer – American Flyer (1976) * Jeff Beck
Jeff Beck
– Wired (1976) * Cleo Laine – Born On a Friday (1976) * Jimmy Webb – El Mirage (1977) * America – Harbor (1977) * Neil Sedaka – A Song (1977) * Sgt. Pepper\'s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1978, original soundtrack) * America – Silent Letter (1979) * Gary Brooker – No More Fear of Flying (1979) * Cheap Trick – All Shook Up (1980) * UFO – No Place to Run (1980) * Little River Band
Little River Band
– Time Exposure (1981) * Ultravox
– Quartet (1982) * Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
– Tug of War (1982) * Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
Pipes of Peace (1983) * Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
Give My Regards to Broad Street (1984) * Andy Leek – Say Something (1988) * Yoshiki – Eternal Melody (1993) * Tommy (Original Cast Recording) (1993) * Celine Dion
Celine Dion
– "The Reason " (1997) * George Martin
George Martin
In My Life (1998) * The Beatles
The Beatles
– Love (2006)


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The Beatles
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George Martin
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The Beatles
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The Beatles
Anthology" DVD 2003 ( Special
Features—Compiling The Anthology Albums—0:00:10) George Martin
George Martin
talking about The Anthology project. * ^ " The Beatles
The Beatles
Anthology" DVD 2003 ( Special
Features: Compiling The Anthology Albums—0:03:14) George Martin
George Martin
talking about using an old 8-track desk for The Anthology project. * ^ " The Beatles
The Beatles
Anthology" DVD 2003 ( Special
Features—Compiling The Anthology Albums—0:10:24) George Martin
George Martin
talking about how strange it was to listen to himself and the group chatting 30 years ago. * ^ Martin\'s hearing loss 4hearingloss.com. Retrieved: 23 September 2007 * ^ "handed over further duties to ELO supremo Jeff Lynne" icons.org.uk. Retrieved: 23 September 2007 * ^ Love unveils new angle on Beatles bbc.co.uk; retrieved: 21 September 2007 * ^ Legendary producer returns to Abbey Road bbc.co.uk; retrieved 21 September 2007. * ^ " Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
- I\'m so sad to hear the news of the... - Facebook". facebook.com. Retrieved 10 March 2016. * ^ Rushton, Katherine (24 April 2012). "\'Fifth Beatle\' Sir George Martin
George Martin
believes EMI
break-up \'the worst thing music has ever faced\'". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 September 2013. * ^ Ingham, Chris (2009). The Rough Guide to the Beatles. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 236. ISBN 978-1-84836-525-4 . * ^ "The Rolling Stone Interview: John Lennon (text and podcast)". Imaginepeace.com. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014. * ^ A B Willman, Chris (8 October 2012). "\' John Lennon Letters\' Reveal Bitterness Toward George Martin
George Martin
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George Martin
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George Martin
Project Set to Debut on ExtremeMusic.com; retrieved 20 February 2010. * ^ BBC
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Rock and roll
hall of fame: George Martin
George Martin
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George Martin
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George Martin
– film composer and Music Producer". Mfiles.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2011. * ^ George Martin
George Martin
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1984". Archived from the original on 16 February 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2007. * ^ "Commencement Address". 13 April 1989. Retrieved 7 December 2015. * ^ "Honorary Degrees". Retrieved 13 March 2016. * ^ " Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
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and Museum". Archived from the original on 2 February 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2007. * ^ "College of Arms". Retrieved 16 March 2007. * ^ "Irish Independent". 25 September 2008. * ^ "University of Oxford Gazette". Retrieved 29 June 2011. * ^ "Don Black and Sir George Martin". Gold Badge Awards. Retrieved 10 March 2016. * ^ Bronson, Fred. Billboard's Hottest Hot 100 Hits. Billboard Books, 2003 (3rd ed.), pp. 106-28. * ^ Whitburn, Joel. Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955–2012, Record Research, 2013 (14th ed.); accessed 10 March 2016. * ^ George Martin
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* The Beatles
The Beatles
(2003). The Beatles
The Beatles
Anthology (DVD). Apple records
Apple records
. ASIN: B00008GKEG. * Lewis, Roger (1995). The Life and Death of Peter Sellers. London: Arrow. ISBN 978-0-09-974700-0 . * Lewisohn, Mark (2013). The Beatles: All These Years: Volume I: Tune In. Crown Archetype. ISBN 978-1-4000-8305-3 . * Lewisohn, Mark (1990). The Beatles: Recording Sessions. Three Rivers Press; Reprint edition. ISBN 978-0-517-58182-7 . * MacDonald, Ian (1994). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties. New York: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 978-0-8050-2780-8 . * Martin, George (1983). Making Music. New York: William Morrow and Company. ISBN 0-688-01465-8 . * Martin, George (1995). All You Need Is Ears. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-11482-4 . * Martin, George (1995). Summer of Love: The Making of Sgt. Pepper. London: Pan Books. ISBN 978-0-330-34210-0 . * Miles, Barry (2002). In the Sixties. Jonathan Cape . ISBN 978-0-224-06240-4 . * Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke’s Peerage & Baronetage . Crans, Switzerland: Burke’s Peerage. * Spitz, Bob (2005). The Beatles
The Beatles
– The Biography. Little, Brown and Company . ISBN 978-0-316-80352-6 . * Ventham, Maxine (2002). Spike Milligan: His Part In Our Lives. London: Robson. ISBN 978-1-86105-530-9 .


Wikimedia Commons has media related to GEORGE MARTIN .

* George Martin
George Martin
– Management biography * "George Martin". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
. *