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George Walton Lucas Jr.[2] (born May 14, 1944) is an American filmmaker and entrepreneur. Lucas is best known as the creator of the Star Wars
Star Wars
and Indiana Jones franchises, as well as the founder of Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
and Industrial Light & Magic. He was the chairman and CEO of Lucasfilm, before selling it to The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
in 2012.[3] Upon graduating from the University of Southern California
University of Southern California
in 1967, Lucas co-founded American Zoetrope
American Zoetrope
with fellow filmmaker Francis Ford Coppola. Lucas wrote and directed THX 1138
THX 1138
(1971), based on his earlier student short Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138
THX 1138
4EB, which was a critical success but a financial failure. His next work as a writer-director was the film American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1973), inspired by his teen years in early 1960s Modesto, California, and produced through the newly founded Lucasfilm. The film was critically and commercially successful, and received five Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations including Best Picture. Lucas' next film, an epic space opera titled Star Wars
Star Wars
(1977), went through a troubled production process; however, it was a surprise hit, becoming the highest-grossing film at the time, as well as a winner of six Academy Awards
Academy Awards
and a cultural phenomenon. Following the first Star Wars film, Lucas produced and co-wrote the following installments in the trilogy, The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
(1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983). Along with Steven Spielberg, Lucas co-created and helped collaborate with the stories for the Indiana Jones films Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), Temple of Doom (1984), and The Last Crusade (1989). Lucas also produced and wrote a variety of films through Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
in the 1980s and 1990s. In 1997, Lucas re-released the original Star Wars
Star Wars
trilogy as part of a Special
Special
Edition, where he made several alterations to the films; home media releases with further changes were released in 2004 and 2011. He also returned to directing with the Star Wars
Star Wars
prequel trilogy, consisting of The Phantom Menace (1999), Attack of the Clones (2002), and Revenge of the Sith (2005). He later collaborated on the story for the Indiana Jones sequel Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008), and served as executive producer for the war film Red Tails
Red Tails
(2012). Lucas is one of the American film industry's most financially successful filmmakers and has been personally nominated for four Academy Awards. Some of his movies are among the 100 highest-grossing movies at the North American box office, adjusted for ticket-price inflation.[4] Lucas is considered a significant figure in the New Hollywood era.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Film career

2.1 1965–69: Early career 2.2 1969–77: THX
THX
1138, American Graffiti, and Star Wars 2.3 1977–93: Hiatus from directing, Indiana Jones 2.4 1993–2012: Return to directing, return to Star Wars
Star Wars
and Indiana Jones 2.5 2012–present: Semi-retirement

3 Philanthropy

3.1 George Lucas
George Lucas
Educational Foundation 3.2 Proceeds from the sale of Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
to Disney 3.3 Lucas Museum of Narrative Art 3.4 Other initiatives

4 Personal life 5 Awards and honors 6 Filmography 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life Lucas was born and raised in Modesto, California, the son of Dorothy Ellinore Lucas (née Bomberger) and George Walton Lucas, Sr., who owned a stationery store.[5][6] He is of German, Swiss-German, English, Scottish, and distant Dutch and French descent. Growing up, Lucas had a passion for cars and motor racing, which later inspired his films 1:42.08 and American Graffiti. Long before Lucas became obsessed with filmmaking, he yearned to be a race-car driver, and he spent most of his high school years racing on the underground circuit at fairgrounds and hanging out at garages. On June 12, 1962, at age eighteen, while driving his souped-up Autobianchi Bianchina, another driver broadsided him, flipping over his car, nearly killing him, causing him to lose interest in racing as a career.[7][8] He attended Modesto Junior College, where he studied anthropology, sociology, and literature, amongst other subjects.[7] He also began shooting with an 8 mm camera, including filming car races.[7] At this time, Lucas and his friend John Plummer became interested in Canyon Cinema: screenings of underground, avant-garde 16 mm filmmakers like Jordan Belson, Stan Brakhage, and Bruce Conner.[9] Lucas and Plummer also saw classic European films of the time, including Jean-Luc Godard's Breathless, François Truffaut's Jules et Jim, and Federico Fellini's 8½.[9] "That's when George really started exploring," Plummer said.[9] Through his interest in autocross racing, Lucas met renowned cinematographer Haskell Wexler, another race enthusiast.[7][9] Wexler, later to work with Lucas on several occasions, was impressed by Lucas' talent.[7] "George had a very good eye, and he thought visually," he recalled.[9] Lucas then transferred to the University of Southern California
University of Southern California
(USC) School of Cinematic Arts. USC was one of the earliest universities to have a school devoted to motion picture film. During the years at USC, Lucas shared a dorm room with Randal Kleiser. Along with classmates such as Walter Murch, Hal Barwood, and John Milius, they became a clique of film students known as The Dirty Dozen. He also became good friends with fellow acclaimed student filmmaker and future Indiana Jones collaborator, Steven Spielberg. Lucas was deeply influenced by the Filmic Expression course taught at the school by filmmaker Lester Novros which concentrated on the non-narrative elements of Film Form like color, light, movement, space, and time. Another inspiration was the Serbian montagist (and dean of the USC Film Department) Slavko Vorkapić, a film theoretician who made stunning montage sequences for Hollywood studio features at MGM, RKO, and Paramount. Vorkapich taught the autonomous nature of the cinematic art form, emphasizing the unique dynamic quality of movement and kinetic energy inherent in motion pictures. Film career 1965–69: Early career Lucas saw many inspiring films in class, particularly the visual films coming out of the National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
like Arthur Lipsett's 21-87, the French-Canadian cameraman Jean-Claude Labrecque's cinéma vérité 60 Cycles, the work of Norman McLaren, and the documentaries of Claude Jutra. Lucas fell madly in love with pure cinema and quickly became prolific at making 16 mm nonstory noncharacter visual tone poems and cinéma vérité with such titles as Look at Life, Herbie, 1:42.08, The Emperor, Anyone Lived in a Pretty (how) Town, Filmmaker, and 6-18-67. He was passionate and interested in camerawork and editing, defining himself as a filmmaker as opposed to being a director, and he loved making abstract visual films that created emotions purely through cinema.[9] After graduating with a bachelor of fine arts in film in 1967, he tried joining the United States Air Force
United States Air Force
as an officer, but he was immediately turned down because of his numerous speeding tickets. He was later drafted by the Army for military service in Vietnam, but he was exempted from service after medical tests showed he had diabetes, the disease that killed his paternal grandfather. In 1967, Lucas re-enrolled as a USC graduate student in film production.[10] Working as a teaching instructor for a class of U.S. Navy students who were being taught documentary cinematography, Lucas directed the short film Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138
THX 1138
4EB, which won first prize at the 1967–68 National Student film festival, and was later adapted into his first full-length feature film, THX
THX
1138. Lucas was awarded a student scholarship by Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
to observe and work on the making of a film of his choosing. The film he chose was Finian's Rainbow (1968) which was being directed by Francis Ford Coppola, who was revered among film school students of the time as a cinema graduate who had "made it" in Hollywood. In 1969, Lucas was one of the camera operators on the classic Rolling Stones concert film Gimme Shelter. 1969–77: THX
THX
1138, American Graffiti, and Star Wars In 1969, Lucas co-founded the studio American Zoetrope
American Zoetrope
with Coppola—whom he met during his internship at Warner Bros.—hoping to create a liberating environment for filmmakers to direct outside the perceived oppressive control of the Hollywood studio system.[11] His first full-length feature film produced by the studio, THX
THX
1138, was not a success. Lucas then created his own company, Lucasfilm, Ltd., and directed the successful American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1973). Lucas then set his sights on adapting Flash Gordon, an adventure serial from his childhood that he fondly remembered. When he was unable to obtain the rights, he set out to write an original space adventure that would eventually become Star Wars. Despite his success with his previous film, all but one studio turned Star Wars
Star Wars
down. It was only because Alan Ladd, Jr., at 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
liked American Graffiti that he forced through a production and distribution deal for the film, which ended up restoring Fox to financial stability after a number of flops.[12] Star Wars
Star Wars
was significantly influenced by samurai films of Akira Kurosawa, spaghetti westerns, as well as classic swords & sorcery fantasy stories. Star Wars
Star Wars
quickly became the highest-grossing film of all-time, displaced five years later by Spielberg's E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. After the success of American Graffiti
American Graffiti
and prior to the beginning of filming on Star Wars, Lucas was encouraged to renegotiate for a higher fee for writing and directing Star Wars
Star Wars
than the $150,000 agreed.[7] He declined to do so, instead negotiating for advantage in some of the as-yet-unspecified parts of his contract with Fox, in particular ownership of licensing and merchandising rights (for novelizations, T-shirts, toys, etc.) and contractual arrangements for sequels.[7] The studio was unconcerned to relinquish these rights, as its last major attempt in the field, with the film Doctor Dolittle (1967), had proved a discouraging failure.[13] Lucas exploited merchandising rights wisely, and Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
has earned hundreds of millions of dollars from licensed games, toys, and collectibles created for the franchise.[7] 1977–93: Hiatus from directing, Indiana Jones

Director Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(left) and Lucas working on Labyrinth in 1986.

Following the release of the first Star Wars
Star Wars
film, Lucas worked extensively as a writer and producer, including on the many Star Wars spinoffs made for film, television, and other media. Lucas acted as executive producer for the next two Star Wars
Star Wars
films, commissioning Irvin Kershner
Irvin Kershner
to direct The Empire Strikes Back, and Richard Marquand to direct Return of the Jedi, while receiving a story credit on the former and sharing a screenwriting credit with Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
on the latter.[14] He also acted as executive producer and story writer on all four of the Indiana Jones films, which his colleague and good friend Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
directed. Other successful projects where Lucas acted as a producer or writer in this period include Kurosawa's Kagemusha
Kagemusha
(1980), Lawrence Kasdan's Body Heat
Body Heat
(1981), Jim Henson's Labyrinth (1986), Godfrey Reggio's Powaqqatsi
Powaqqatsi
(1986), Don Bluth's The Land Before Time
The Land Before Time
(1988), and the Indiana Jones television spinoff The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992–96). There were unsuccessful projects, however, including More American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1979), Willard Huyck's Howard the Duck (1986), which was the biggest flop of Lucas's career, Ron Howard's Willow (1988), Coppola's Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988), and Mel Smith's Radioland Murders
Radioland Murders
(1994). The animation studio Pixar
Pixar
was founded in 1979 as the Graphics Group, one third of the Computer Division of Lucasfilm.[15] Pixar's early computer graphics research resulted in groundbreaking effects in films such as Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan[16] and Young Sherlock Holmes,[16] and the group was purchased in 1986 by Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
shortly after he left Apple Computer. Jobs paid Lucas US$5 million and put US$5 million as capital into the company. The sale reflected Lucas' desire to stop the cash flow losses from his 7-year research projects associated with new entertainment technology tools, as well as his company's new focus on creating entertainment products rather than tools. A contributing factor was cash-flow difficulties following Lucas' 1983 divorce concurrent with the sudden dropoff in revenues from Star Wars
Star Wars
licenses following the release of Return of the Jedi. The sound-equipped system THX
THX
Ltd. was founded by Lucas and Tomlinson Holman.[17] The company was formerly owned by Lucasfilm, and contains equipment for stereo, digital, and theatrical sound for films, and music. Skywalker Sound
Skywalker Sound
and Industrial Light & Magic, are the sound and visual effects subdivisions of Lucasfilm, while Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
Games, later renamed LucasArts, produces products for the gaming industry. 1993–2012: Return to directing, return to Star Wars
Star Wars
and Indiana Jones

Lucas receiving the National Medal of Technology and Innovation
National Medal of Technology and Innovation
from President George W. Bush, 2006

After losing much of his fortune in a divorce settlement in 1987, Lucas had no desire to return to Star Wars, and had unofficially canceled his sequel trilogy by the time of Return of the Jedi.[18] Nevertheless, the prequels, which were still only a series of basic ideas partially pulled from his original drafts of "The Star Wars", continued to tantalize him with technical possibilities that would make it worthwhile to revisit his older material. When Star Wars became popular once again, in the wake of Dark Horse's comic book line and Timothy Zahn's trilogy of novels, Lucas realized that there was still a large audience. His children were older, and with the explosion of CGI technology he was now considering returning to directing.[19] By 1993, it was announced, in Variety among other sources, that Lucas would be making the prequels. He began penning more to the story, indicating that the series would be a tragic one, examining Anakin Skywalker's fall to the dark side. Lucas also began to change the prequels status relative to the originals; at first they were supposed to be a "filling-in" of history tangential to the originals, but now he saw that they could form the beginning of one long story that started with Anakin's childhood and ended with his death. This was the final step towards turning the film series into a "Saga".[20] In 1994, Lucas began work on the screenplay of the first prequel, tentatively titled Episode I: The Beginning. In 1997, to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Star Wars, Lucas returned to the original trilogy and made numerous modifications using newly available digital technology, releasing them in theaters as the Star Wars
Star Wars
Special
Special
Edition. For DVD releases in 2004 and Blu-ray releases in 2011, the trilogy received further revisions to make them congruent with the prequel trilogy. Besides the additions to the Star Wars franchise, Lucas released a Director's Cut of THX 1138
THX 1138
in 2004, with the film re-cut and containing a number of CGI revisions. The first Star Wars
Star Wars
prequel was finished and released in 1999 as Episode I – The Phantom Menace, which would be the first film Lucas had directed in over two decades. Following the release of the first prequel, Lucas announced that he would also be directing the next two, and began working on Episode II.[21] The first draft of Episode II was completed just weeks before principal photography, and Lucas hired Jonathan Hales, a writer from The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, to polish it.[22] It was completed and released in 2002 as Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones. The final prequel, Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, began production in 2002[23] and was released in 2005. Numerous fans and critics considered the prequels inferior to the original trilogy,[24][25][26] though they were box office successes nonetheless.[27][28][29] From 2003 to 2005, Lucas also served as an executive producer on Star Wars: Clone Wars, an animated microseries on Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
created by Genndy Tartakovsky, that bridged the events between Attack of the Clones and Revenge of the Sith.

George Lucas
George Lucas
in 2007

Lucas collaborated with Jeff Nathanson as a writer of the 2008 film Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, directed by Steven Spielberg. Like the Star Wars
Star Wars
prequels, reception was mixed, with numerous fans and critics once again considering it inferior to its predecessors. From 2008 to 2014, Lucas also served as the executive producer for a second Star Wars
Star Wars
animated series on Cartoon Network, Star Wars: The Clone Wars which premiered with a feature film of the same name before airing its first episode. The supervising director for this series was Dave Filoni, who was chosen by Lucas and closely collaborated with him on its development.[30][31][32][33][34] Like the previous series it bridged the events between Attack of the Clones and Revenge of the Sith. The animated series also featured the last Star Wars stories on which Lucas was majorly involved. In 2012, Lucas served as executive producer for Red Tails, a war film based on the exploits of the Tuskegee Airmen
Tuskegee Airmen
during World War II. He also took over direction of reshoots while director Anthony Hemingway worked on other projects. 2012–present: Semi-retirement

"I'm moving away from the business... From the company, from all this kind of stuff."

George Lucas
George Lucas
on his future career plans.[35]

In January 2012, Lucas announced his retirement from producing large blockbuster films and instead re-focusing his career on smaller, independently budgeted features.[35][36][37] In June 2012, it was announced that producer Kathleen Kennedy, a long-term collaborator with Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
and a producer of the Indiana Jones films, had been appointed as co-chair of Lucasfilm Ltd.[38][39] It was reported that Kennedy would work alongside Lucas, who would remain chief executive and serve as co-chairman for at least one year, after which she would succeed him as the company's sole leader.[38][39] With the sale of Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
to Disney, Lucas is currently Disney's second largest single shareholder after the estate of Steve Jobs.[40] Since 2014, Lucas is working as a creative consultant on the Star Wars sequel trilogy, including work in the first movie, Star Wars
Star Wars
VII: The Force Awakens. As creative consultant on the film, Lucas' involvement included attending early story meetings; according to Lucas, "I mostly say, 'You can't do this. You can do that.' You know, 'The cars don't have wheels. They fly with antigravity.' There's a million little pieces... I know all that stuff."[41] Lucas' son Jett told The Guardian that his father was "very torn" about having sold the rights to the franchise, despite having hand-picked Abrams to direct, and that his father was "there to guide" but that "he wants to let it go and become its new generation."[42] Among the materials turned over to the production team were rough story treatments Lucas developed when he considered creating episodes VII–IX himself years earlier; in January 2015, Lucas stated that Disney had discarded his story ideas.[43][44] The Force Awakens directed by J. J. Abrams, was released on December 18, 2015. Kathleen Kennedy executive produced, and will do so for all future Star Wars
Star Wars
films.[45][46] The new sequel trilogy is being jointly produced by Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
and The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company, which had acquired Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
in 2012.[47] During an interview with talk show host and journalist Charlie Rose
Charlie Rose
that aired on December 24, 2015, Lucas likened his decision to sell Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
to Disney to a "divorce" and outlined the creative differences between him and the producers of The Force Awakens. Lucas described the previous six Star Wars
Star Wars
films as his "children" and defended his vision for them, while criticizing The Force Awakens for having a "retro feel", saying: “I worked very hard to make them completely different, with different planets, with different spaceships – you know, to make it new”. Lucas also drew some criticism and subsequently apologized for his remark likening Disney to "white slavers".[48][49] It has been reported Lucas liked Rogue One: a Star Wars
Star Wars
Story more than The Force Awakens.[50] Rogue One was directed by Gareth Edwards and told the story of the rebels who stole the plans for the original Death Star. In 2015, Lucas wrote the CGI film Strange Magic, his first musical. The film was produced at Skywalker Ranch. Gary Rydstrom directed the movie.[51] At the same time the sequel trilogy was announced a fifth installment of the Indiana Jones series also entered pre-development phase with Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
and Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
set to return, for a release in 2019 while originally Lucas did not specify whether the selling of Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
would affect his involvement with such film. In October 2016, Lucas announced his decision to not be involved in the story of the film, but would remain an executive producer.[52][53] Philanthropy Lucas has pledged to give half of his fortune to charity as part of an effort called The Giving Pledge
The Giving Pledge
led by Bill Gates
Bill Gates
and Warren Buffett to persuade America's richest individuals to donate their financial wealth to charities.[54][55] George Lucas
George Lucas
Educational Foundation In 1991, The George Lucas
George Lucas
Educational Foundation was founded as a nonprofit operating foundation to celebrate and encourage innovation in schools. The Foundation's content is available under the brand Edutopia, in an award-winning web site, social media and via documentary films. Lucas, through his foundation, was one of the leading proponents of the E-rate program in the universal service fund,[56] which was enacted as part of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. On June 24, 2008, Lucas testified before the United States House of Representatives subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet as the head of his Foundation to advocate for a free wireless broadband educational network.[57] Proceeds from the sale of Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
to Disney In 2012, Lucas sold Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
to The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
for a reported sum of $4.05 billion.[47] It was widely reported at the time that Lucas intends to give the majority of the proceeds from the sale to charity.[58][59] A spokesperson for Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
said, "George Lucas has expressed his intention, in the event the deal closes, to donate the majority of the proceeds to his philanthropic endeavors."[59] Lucas also spoke on the matter: "For 41 years, the majority of my time and money has been put into the company. As I start a new chapter in my life, it is gratifying that I have the opportunity to devote more time and resources to philanthropy."[59] Lucas Museum of Narrative Art Main article: Lucas Museum of Narrative Art By June 2013, Lucas was considering establishing a museum, the Lucas Cultural Arts Museum, to be built on Crissy Field
Crissy Field
near the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, which would display his collection of illustrations and pop art, with an estimated value of more than $1 billion. Lucas offered to pay the estimated $300 million cost of constructing the museum, and would endow it with $400 million when it opened, eventually adding an additional $400 million to its endowment.[60] After being unable to reach an agreement with The Presidio Trust, Lucas turned to Chicago.[61] A potential lakefront site on Museum Campus
Museum Campus
in Chicago
Chicago
was proposed in May 2014.[62] By June 2014, Chicago
Chicago
had been selected, pending approval of the Chicago
Chicago
Plan Commission,[63] which was granted.[64] The museum project was renamed the Lucas Museum of Narrative Art.[65] On June 24, 2016, Lucas announced that he was abandoning his plans to locate the museum in Chicago, due to a lawsuit by a local preservation group, Friends of the Parks, and would instead build the museum in California.[66] On January 17, 2017, Lucas announced that the museum will be constructed in Exposition Park, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
California.[67] Other initiatives In 2005, Lucas gave US$1 million to help build the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on the National Mall
National Mall
in Washington D.C. to commemorate American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.[68] On September 19, 2006, USC announced that Lucas had donated $175–180 million to his alma mater to expand the film school. It is the largest single donation to USC and the largest gift to a film school anywhere.[69] Previous donations led to the already existing George Lucas Instructional Building and Marcia Lucas Post-Production building.[70][71] In 2013, Lucas and his wife Mellody Hobson
Mellody Hobson
donated $25 million to the Chicago-based not-for-profit After School Matters, of which Hobson is the chair.[61] On April 15, 2016, it was reported that Lucas had donated between $501,000 and $1 million through the Lucas Family Foundation to the Obama Foundation, which is charged with overseeing the construction of the Barack Obama Presidential Center
Barack Obama Presidential Center
on Chicago's South Side.[72] Personal life

Lucas at the Time 100 2006 gala

In 1969, Lucas married film editor Marcia Lou Griffin,[73] who went on to win an Academy Award
Academy Award
for her editing work on the original Star Wars film. They adopted a daughter, Amanda Lucas, in 1981,[74] and divorced in 1983.[73] Lucas subsequently adopted two more children as a single parent: daughter Katie Lucas, born in 1988, and son Jett Lucas, born in 1993.[74] His three eldest children all appeared in the three Star Wars prequels, as did Lucas himself. Following his divorce, Lucas was in a relationship with singer Linda Ronstadt
Linda Ronstadt
in the 1980s.[75][76] Lucas began dating Mellody Hobson, president of Ariel Investments and chair of DreamWorks Animation, in 2006.[77][78][79] Lucas and Hobson announced their engagement in January 2013,[80] and married on June 22, 2013, at Lucas's Skywalker Ranch
Skywalker Ranch
in Marin County, California.[81] They have one daughter together, Everest Hobson Lucas, who was born via gestational carrier on August 12, 2013.[82] Lucas was born and raised in a Methodist family.[7] The religious and mythical themes in Star Wars
Star Wars
were inspired by Lucas's interest in the writings of mythologist Joseph Campbell,[83] and he would eventually come to identify strongly with the Eastern religious philosophies he studied and incorporated into his films, which were a major inspiration for "the Force". Lucas has come to state that his religion is "Buddhist Methodist". He resides in Marin County.[84][85] Lucas is a major collector of the American illustrator and painter Norman Rockwell. A collection of 57 Rockwell paintings and drawings owned by Lucas and fellow Rockwell collector and film director Steven Spielberg were displayed at the Smithsonian American Art Museum
Smithsonian American Art Museum
from July 2, 2010 to January 2, 2011 in an exhibition titled Telling Stories.[86] Lucas has said that he is a fan of Seth MacFarlane's hit TV show Family Guy. MacFarlane has said that Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
was extremely helpful when the Family Guy
Family Guy
crew wanted to parody their works.[87] Awards and honors The American Film Institute
American Film Institute
awarded Lucas its Life Achievement Award on June 9, 2005.[88] This was shortly after the release of Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, about which he joked stating that, since he views the entire Star Wars
Star Wars
series as one film, he could actually receive the award now that he had finally "gone back and finished the movie." Lucas was nominated for four Academy Awards: Best Directing and Writing for American Graffiti
American Graffiti
and Star Wars. He received the Academy's Irving G. Thalberg Award in 1991. He appeared at the 79th Academy Awards ceremony in 2007 with Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
and Francis Ford Coppola to present the Best Director award to their friend Martin Scorsese. During the speech, Spielberg and Coppola talked about the joy of winning an Oscar, making fun of Lucas, who has not won a competitive Oscar. The Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted Lucas in 2006, its second "Film, Television, and Media" contributor, after Spielberg.[89][90][a] The Discovery Channel
Discovery Channel
named him one of the 100 "Greatest Americans" in September 2008.[91] Lucas served as Grand Marshal
Grand Marshal
for the Tournament of Roses Parade and made the ceremonial coin toss at the Rose Bowl, New Year's Day 2007. In 2009, he was one of 13 California
California
Hall of Fame inductees in The California
California
Museum's yearlong exhibit. In July 2013, Lucas was awarded the National Medal of Arts
National Medal of Arts
by President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
for his contributions to American cinema.[92] In October 2014, Lucas received Honorary Membership of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.[93][94] In August 2015, Lucas was inducted as a Disney Legend,[95] and on 6 December 2015, he was an honoree at the Kennedy Center Honors.[96]

Year Award Category Film Result[97]

1973 Academy Award Best Director American Graffiti Nominated

Best Writing American Graffiti Nominated

Golden Globe Award Best Director American Graffiti Nominated

1978 Academy Award Best Director Star Wars Nominated

Best Writing Star Wars Nominated

Evening Standard British Film Award Best Film Star Wars Won

Golden Globe Award Best Director Star Wars Nominated

Saturn Award Best Director Star Wars Won

Best Writing Star Wars Won

1980 Hugo Award Best Dramatic Presentation Shared with Philip Kaufman, Lawrence Kasdan, Steven Spielberg Raiders of the Lost Ark Won

1983 Hugo Award Best Dramatic Presentation Shared with Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
and Richard Marquand Return of the Jedi Won

Saturn Award Best Writing Return of the Jedi Nominated

1988 Golden Raspberry Award Worst Screenplay Willow Nominated

1990 Hugo Award Best Dramatic Presentation Shared with Jeffrey Boam, Menno Meyjes, Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
and Steven Spielberg Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Won

1999 Golden Raspberry Award Worst Director Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace Nominated

Worst Picture Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode I: The Phantom Menace Nominated

Worst Screenplay Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode I: The Phantom Menace Nominated

Saturn Award Best Director Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode I: The Phantom Menace Nominated

2002 Golden Raspberry Award Worst Director Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones Nominated

Worst Picture Shared with Rick McCallum Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode II: Attack of the Clones Nominated

Worst Screenplay Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode II: Attack of the Clones Won

Saturn Award Best Director Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode II: Attack of the Clones Nominated

2005 Empire Award Best Film Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith Nominated

Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Won

MTV Movie Award Best International Movie Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Nominated

Saturn Award Best Director Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Nominated

Best Writing Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Nominated

Filmography Main article: George Lucas
George Lucas
filmography See also

Film in the United States portal Biography portal Star Wars
Star Wars
portal Speculative fiction portal

References Explanatory notes

^ After inducting 36 fantasy and science fiction writers and editors from 1996 to 2004, the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame dropped "fantasy" and made non-literary contributors eligible.[98] Film-maker Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
was the inaugural "Film, Television and Media" inductee in 2005; Lucas the second in 2006. Previously Lucas had received a special award at the 1977 World Science Fiction Convention (for Star Wars) and annual professional achievement awards voted by fantasy fans in 1981 and 1982.[99]

Citations

^ "George Lucas". Forbes. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ White, Dana (2000). George Lucas. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 12. ISBN 0822549751.  ^ "Disney Acquires Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
for $4.05 Billion - STAR WARS: Episode 7 in 2015!". broadwayworld.com.  ^ "Domestic Grosses Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation". BoxOfficeMojo.com. Retrieved January 15, 2016.  ^ " George Lucas
George Lucas
Biography (1944-)". FilmReference.com.  ^ Roberts, Gary Boyd (April 18, 2008). "No. 83 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: A Third Set of Ten Hollywood Figures (or Groups Thereof), with a Coda on Two Directors". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h i Pollock, Dale, Skywalking: The Life and Films of George Lucas, Harmony Books, New York, 1983, ISBN 0-517-54677-9. ^ " Filmmaker
Filmmaker
George Lucas' Near-Death Experience", oprah.com, January 22, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2012. ^ a b c d e f Silberman, Steve (May 2005). "Life After Darth". Wired. Retrieved October 11, 2012.  ^ "George Lucas". Forbes. September 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2012.  ^ "American Zoetrope: In a galaxy not from Hollywood ..." The Guardian. November 17, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2013.  ^ Tom Shone: Blockbuster: How Hollywood Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Summer (2004). London, Simon & Schuster UK. ISBN 0-7432-6838-5. Chapter 2. ^ Harris, Mark (2008). Pictures at a Revolution: Five Films and the Birth of the New Hollywood. Penguin Press. pp. 378–9.  ^ "The Making of Empire Strikes Back". Empire Magazine. June 2002. Retrieved May 8, 2014.  ^ " Pixar
Pixar
Story". April 20, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2013.  ^ a b Hormby, Thomas (January 22, 2007). "The Pixar
Pixar
Story: Dick Shoup, Alex Schure, George Lucas, Steve Jobs, and Disney". Low End Mac. Retrieved March 1, 2007.  ^ Truta, Filip Truta (May 5, 2011). "Apple Hires Sound Systems Inventor Tomlinson Holman". Softpedia. ^ Kaminski 2007, p. 227. ^ Kaminski 2007, pp. 294–95. ^ Kaminski 2007, pp. 299–300. ^ " Star Wars
Star Wars
Insider". Star Wars
Star Wars
Insider (45): 19.  ^ Kaminski 2007, p. 371. ^ Rinzler 2007, p. 36. ^ " Star Wars
Star Wars
– Episode II: Attack Of The Clones". Chicago
Chicago
Sun-Times. May 10, 2002.  ^ "Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace". Rotten Tomatoes. May 9, 1999.  ^ "Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones 3D". Rotten Tomatoes. May 16, 2002.  ^ " Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 21, 2012.  ^ " Star Wars
Star Wars
Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 21, 2012.  ^ "Star Wars: Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 21, 2012.  ^ " Dave Filoni
Dave Filoni
interview: Star Wars: The Clone Wars".  ^ minshewnetworks (August 14, 2008). " George Lucas
George Lucas
and Dave Filoni talk Star Wars:The Clone Wars"".  ^ Star Wars
Star Wars
(August 12, 2016). " Dave Filoni
Dave Filoni
Extended Interview - The Star Wars
Star Wars
Show" – via YouTube.  ^ " Dave Filoni
Dave Filoni
Now Overseeing Creative Development of New Lucasfilm Animation Projects". September 26, 2016.  ^ "How Dave Filoni
Dave Filoni
Redefined 'Star Wars'". December 11, 2015.  ^ a b Curtis, Bryan (January 17, 2012). " George Lucas
George Lucas
Is Ready to Roll the Credits". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Fischer, Russ (January 17, 2012). " George Lucas
George Lucas
Ready to Retire From Blockbuster Filmmaking". /Film. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ Yamato, Jen (January 17, 2012). " George Lucas
George Lucas
Promises Retirement (From Blockbusters... Not Counting Indiana Jones 5)". Movie Line. Retrieved January 17, 2012.  ^ a b "Kathleen Kennedy to become Co-Chair of Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
Ltd." Archived October 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., StarWars.com, June 1, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2012. ^ a b Richard Verrier and Ben Fritz, "Kathleen Kennedy to helm Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
as George Lucas
George Lucas
phases out", Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times, June 2, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2012. ^ White, Joseph B. (October 30, 2012). "The Mouse and the Wookie: Lucas Becomes a Big Disney Shareholder". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 31, 2012.  ^ Leonard, Devin (March 7, 2013). "How Disney Bought Lucasfilm—and Its Plans for 'Star Wars'". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved May 26, 2013.  ^ Child, Ben (October 9, 2013). " Star Wars
Star Wars
sequels: George Lucas 'constantly talking' to JJ Abrams". The Guardian. Retrieved January 23, 2015.  ^ Chitwood, Adam (January 21, 2015). " George Lucas
George Lucas
Says His Treatments for the New STAR WARS Films Were Discarded". Collider. Archived from the original on January 27, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2015.  ^ Nick Romano (2015). "How George Lucas' Star Wars
Star Wars
7 Ideas Were Used By Disney" (Written coverage /Video interview). Cinema Blend. Retrieved January 20, 2015.  ^ "Here's What George Lucas' Role As Creative Consultant in the New Star Wars
Star Wars
Films Mean". Business Insider Australia.  ^ "A New Star Wars
Star Wars
Is Coming". Business Insider Australia.  ^ a b "Disney buys Star Wars
Star Wars
maker Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
from George Lucas". BBC News Website. British Broadcasting Corporation. October 31, 2012.  ^ Child, Ben (31 December 2015). "Attack of the moans: George Lucas hits out at 'retro' Star Wars: The Force Awakens". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ Peterson, Jeff (7 January 2016). " George Lucas
George Lucas
elaborates on his reaction to 'The Force Awakens'". Deseret News. Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ Eddy, Cheryl. " George Lucas
George Lucas
Likes Rogue One
Rogue One
More Than Force Awakens, and Other Fun Facts We Learned This Weekend".  ^ " George Lucas
George Lucas
producing a CGI musical! Featuring ... fairies?". The Hollywood Reporter. January 27, 2010. Archived from the original on January 30, 2010.  ^ Placido, Dani Di. " George Lucas
George Lucas
Is No Longer Involved In 'Indiana Jones 5'".  ^ "Exclusive: George Lucas
George Lucas
Not Involved in 'Indiana Jones 5' Story; Writer David Koepp Talks 'Crystal Skull'". October 24, 2016.  ^ "Gates, Buffett get 40 pledges". Boston Globe. AP. August 5, 2010.  ^ Lucas, George (August 11, 2014). " George Lucas
George Lucas
& Mellody Hobson" (PDF). The Giving Pledge. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 31, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2015. My pledge is to the process; as long as I have the resources at my disposal, I will seek to raise the bar for future generations of students of all ages. I am dedicating the majority of my wealth to improving education.  ^ "2008 Rep. Ed Markey's opening statement on universal service". Archived from the original on June 25, 2008.  ^ Nate Anderson. "Universal Service Fund should be "blown up" like Death Star". Ars Technica.  ^ Solomon, Brian. "Donating Star Wars
Star Wars
Billions Will Make George Lucas One Of The Biggest Givers Ever". Forbes. Retrieved May 25, 2014.  ^ a b c Ben Block, Alex. " George Lucas
George Lucas
Will Use Disney $4 Billion to Fund Education". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 25, 2014.  ^ Bailey, Holly (June 14, 2013). " George Lucas
George Lucas
pitches a San Francisco art museum". Yahoo! News.  ^ a b " Chicago
Chicago
to vie for George Lucas' museum". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. April 10, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.  ^ Spielman, Fran (May 20, 2014). "Lakefront campus recommended for George Lucas
George Lucas
interactive museum". Chicago
Chicago
Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 23, 2015. Retrieved May 20, 2014.  ^ Sneed, Michael (June 24, 2014). "Sneed Exclusive: Chicago
Chicago
to Get George Lucas
George Lucas
Museum". Chicago
Chicago
Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved June 24, 2014.  ^ "A New Museum for Chicago". Lucas Museum.org. Retrieved November 6, 2014.  ^ Lucas Museum of Narrative Art
Lucas Museum of Narrative Art
(2015). "Lucas Museum of Narrative Art". Lucas Museum of Narrative Art. Retrieved March 11, 2015.  ^ " George Lucas
George Lucas
Abandons Plan to Build Art Museum in Chicago". New York Times. June 24, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2016.  ^ " Los Angeles
Los Angeles
will be home to George Lucas' $1-billion museum". Los Angeles Times. January 10, 2017. Retrieved January 18, 2017.  ^ " Star Wars
Star Wars
creator George Lucas
George Lucas
donates $1 Million for Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Project", Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial, October 20, 2005. Retrieved September 27, 2012. ^ Stuart Silverstein, George Lucas
George Lucas
Donates USC's Largest Single Gift, The Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times, September 19, 2006. ^ George Lucas
George Lucas
Instructional Building Archived November 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., USC School of Cinematic Arts. ^ Marcia Lucas Post-Production Archived July 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., USC School of Cinematic Arts. ^ Sweet, Lynn (15 April 2016). " George Lucas
George Lucas
new major donor to Obama presidential library". Chicago
Chicago
Sun Times. Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ a b Billups, Andrea (June 24, 2013). " George Lucas
George Lucas
Marries Mellody Hobson". People. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2015.  ^ a b D'Zurilla, Christie (August 12, 2013). "Newlyweds George Lucas and Mellody Hobson
Mellody Hobson
welcome a baby girl". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved August 15, 2013.  ^ "What's New with Linda Ronstadt? She's Singing Her Love Songs to Star Wars
Star Wars
Czar George Lucas". People. March 26, 1984. Retrieved August 15, 2013.  ^ Holden, Stephen (April 19, 1995). "AT LUNCH WITH: Linda Ronstadt; And This Is What 48 Looks Like". The New York Times. Retrieved August 15, 2013.  ^ Kapos, Shia (December 3, 2007). "Taking Names: Stars in Chicago, but finding love elsewhere". Chicago
Chicago
Business. Retrieved May 19, 2008.  ^ Germain, David (May 18, 2008). ""Indy" survives Cannes critics". The Denver Post via AP. Retrieved September 26, 2010.  ^ "Red Carpet at the Golden Globes". The New York Times. January 18, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.  ^ " George Lucas
George Lucas
Engaged to DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
Chairman Mellody Hobson". The Hollywood Reporter. January 3, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2013.  ^ Billups, Andrea (June 24, 2013). " George Lucas
George Lucas
Marries Mellody Hobson". People. Retrieved June 24, 2013.  ^ "Everest Hobson Lucas Born To George Lucas
George Lucas
And Mellody Hobson". Huffington Post. August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.  ^ " George Lucas
George Lucas
- About George Lucas
George Lucas
- American Masters - PBS". pbs.org.  ^ Cagle, Jess (April 29, 2002). "Director: So, What's the Deal with Leia's Hair?". Time. Retrieved September 2, 2011.  ^ "The Religious Affiliation of Director George Lucas". Adherents.com. n.d.  ^ "Exhibitions: Telling Stories". Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian American Art Museum. Archived from the original on April 11, 2013.  ^ Burton, Bonnie (September 21, 2007). ""Family Guy" Creator Reveals Star Wars
Star Wars
Cred". Starwars.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2007.  ^ "AFI.com Error". afi.com.  ^ ""Presenting the 2006 Hall of Fame Inductees"". Archived from the original on April 26, 2006. Retrieved August 19, 2016. . Press release March 15, 2006. Science Fiction Museum (sfhomeworld.org). Archived April 26, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2013. ^ Science Fiction Hall of Fame. Monday, May 15, 2006. The Cohenside. Retrieved December 26, 2011. ^ "Discovery Channel :: Greatest American: Top 100". Dsc.discovery.com. September 10, 2008. Archived from the original on December 18, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010.  ^ " George Lucas
George Lucas
receives National Medal of Arts". BBC
BBC
News. BBC. July 11, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2013.  ^ "SMPTE Announces 2014 Honorees and Award Winners". Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.  ^ "Motion-Imaging Industry Luminaries Recognized at SMPTE® Honors & Awards Ceremony". Society of Motion Picture & Television Engineers. November 10, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2015.  ^ Lincoln, Ross (July 14, 2015). "George Lucas, Danny Elfman, Others To Be Honored At D23 2015". Deadline. Retrieved August 4, 2015.  ^ Viagas, Robert (July 15, 2015). "Carole King, Cicely Tyson, Rita Moreno and More Named 2015 Kennedy Center Honorees". Playbill.  ^ Awards for George Lucas
George Lucas
on IMDb ^ "Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame" Archived May 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Mid American Science Fiction and Fantasy Conventions, Inc. Retrieved April 10, 2013. This was the official website of the hall of fame to 2004. ^ "Lucas, George" Archived November 10, 2002, at the Wayback Machine.. The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index of Dramatic Nominees. Locus Publications. Retrieved April 10, 2013.

Sources

Kaminski, Michael (2008). The Secret History of Star Wars. Legacy Books Press;. ISBN 978-0978465230.  Rinzler, J.W. (2007). The Making of Star Wars: The Definitive Story Behind the Original Film. LucasBooks. ISBN 978-0345494764. 

Further reading

Kline, Sally, ed. (1999). George Lucas: Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1578061259.  Hearn, Marcus (2005). The Cinema of George Lucas. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0810949683.  Rubin, Michael (2005). Droidmaker: George Lucas
George Lucas
and the Digital Revolution. Triad Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0937404676. 

External links

Wikiquote has quotations related to: George Lucas

Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Lucas.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Author:George Lucas

George Lucas
George Lucas
at Encyclopædia Britannica " George Lucas
George Lucas
biography". Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame.  George Lucas
George Lucas
on IMDb George Lucas
George Lucas
at AllMovie George Lucas
George Lucas
at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database George Lucas
George Lucas
biography at Lucasfilm.com George Lucas
George Lucas
at World of Business Ideas

v t e

George Lucas
George Lucas
filmography

Films directed

Feature

THX 1138
THX 1138
(1971) American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1973) Star Wars
Star Wars
(1977) Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (1999) Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones (2002) Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005)

Short

Look at Life (1965) Herbie (1965) Freiheit (1966) 1:42.08 (1966) Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138
THX 1138
4EB (1967) The Emperor (1967) Anyone Lived in a Pretty How Town (1967) 6-18-67 (1967) Filmmaker
Filmmaker
(1968) Bald: The Making of THX 1138
THX 1138
(1971, uncredited)

Films written

The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
(1980) Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
(1981) Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
(1983) Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
(1984) Captain EO
Captain EO
(1986) Willow (1988) Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
(1989) Radioland Murders
Radioland Murders
(1994) Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
(2008) Strange Magic (2015)

Films produced

The Rain People (1969, associate) More American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1979) Kagemusha
Kagemusha
(1980) Body Heat
Body Heat
(1981) Twice Upon a Time (1983) Latino (1985) Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985) Labyrinth (1986) Howard the Duck (1986) Star Tours
Star Tours
(1987) Powaqqatsi
Powaqqatsi
(1988) Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) The Land Before Time
The Land Before Time
(1988) Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008) Star Tours
Star Tours
– The Adventures Continue (2011) Red Tails
Red Tails
(2012)

Television

Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure (1984) Ewoks: The Battle for Endor (1985) Star Wars: Ewoks
Ewoks
(1985-86) Star Wars: Droids (1985-86) The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles
(1992-96) Star Wars: Clone Wars (2003-05) The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones Documentaries (2007-08) Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008-14) Star Wars
Star Wars
Detours (Cancelled)

Related

American Zoetrope Indiana Jones Lucasfilm

ILM LucasArts Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
Animation Skywalker Sound Pixar

Skywalker Ranch Star Wars

The Star Wars
Star Wars
Corporation

THX Edutopia

v t e

Lucasfilm

Productions

Films

American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1973) Star Wars
Star Wars
(1977) More American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1979) The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
(1980) Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
(1981) Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
(1983) Twice Upon a Time (1983) Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
(1984) Latino (1985) Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985) Labyrinth (1986) Howard the Duck (1986) Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) Willow (1988) The Land Before Time
The Land Before Time
(1988) Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
(1989) Radioland Murders
Radioland Murders
(1994) Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace (1999) Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones (2002) Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005) Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
(2008) Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008) Red Tails
Red Tails
(2012) Strange Magic (2015) Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) Rogue One
Rogue One
(2016) Star Wars: The Last Jedi (2017) Solo
Solo
(2018)

TV series

Star Wars: Droids (1985–86) Star Wars: Ewoks
Ewoks
(1985–86) Maniac Mansion (1990–93) The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles
The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles
(1992–93) Star Wars: Clone Wars (2003–05) Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008–14) Star Wars
Star Wars
Rebels (2014–18) Lego Star Wars: The Freemaker Adventures (2016–present) Star Wars
Star Wars
Detours (unaired)

TV films

Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure (1984) Ewoks: The Battle for Endor (1985)

Theme park films

Captain EO
Captain EO
(1986) Star Tours
Star Tours
(1987) ExtraTERRORestrial Alien Encounter
ExtraTERRORestrial Alien Encounter
(1995) Star Tours
Star Tours
– The Adventures Continue (2011)

Franchises

Star Wars Indiana Jones

Related productions

THX 1138
THX 1138
(1971)

Divisions

Industrial Light & Magic Skywalker Sound Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
Animation LucasArts

Former divisions

The Droid Works

EditDroid SoundDroid

Kerner Optical Pixar THX

People

George Lucas
George Lucas
(Founder) Kathleen Kennedy (President) Howard Roffman (EVP, Franchise Management)

Parent: Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios (The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company)

v t e

Star Wars

Feature films

Saga

Star Wars The Empire Strikes Back Return of the Jedi The Phantom Menace Attack of the Clones Revenge of the Sith The Force Awakens The Last Jedi

Anthology

Rogue One Solo

Other

The Clone Wars

Television

Series

Droids Ewoks Clone Wars The Clone Wars

cast episodes

Rebels

characters episodes

Forces of Destiny Detours (unaired)

Films

Holiday Special Caravan of Courage: An Ewok Adventure Ewoks: The Battle for Endor

Production

George Lucas Lucasfilm Cast Characters Changes in film re-releases

Han shot first

Filming locations Opening crawl Sequel trilogy Sources and analogues

Music

Soundtracks

Star Wars The Empire Strikes Back Return of the Jedi Ewoks Episode I: The Phantom Menace Episode II: Attack of the Clones Episode III: Revenge of the Sith The Clone Wars The Force Awakens Rogue One The Last Jedi

Themes

" Star Wars
Star Wars
(Main Title)" "The Imperial March" "Ewok Celebration" "Duel of the Fates" "Battle of the Heroes"

Outside media

Attractions

A Galactic Spectacular Jedi Training: Trials of the Temple Star Tours

The Adventures Continue

Galaxy's Edge Star Wars
Star Wars
Hotel Star Wars
Star Wars
Hyperspace Mountain Star Wars
Star Wars
Launch Bay Star Wars
Star Wars
Weekends Where Science Meets Imagination

Lego

List of sets Droid Tales The Resistance Rises The Freemaker Adventures

Merchandise

Action figures

Kenner

list

Hasbro

Vintage Collection Star Wars
Star Wars
Transformers

Games Star Wars
Star Wars
Pez Manga Force Trainer Shepperton Design Studios Trading cards Vinylmation Star Wars
Star Wars
Rollinz toys

Television specials

The Making of Star Wars SP FX: The Empire Strikes Back From Star Wars
Star Wars
to Jedi: The Making of a Saga

Other

Radio dramatizations Video games

list

Shadows of the Empire Knights of the Old Republic The Force Unleashed The Old Republic Art Books

non-fiction

Comics

list

Expanded universe

characters

Cultural impact

501st Legion Comparison to Star Trek Fan films Parodies Force for Change Jedi census Jediism Rebel Legion Star Wars
Star Wars
Celebration Star Wars
Star Wars
Day Star Wars: In Concert Star Wars
Star Wars
Insider Wookieepedia TheForce.Net Yoda conditions

Book Category Portal

Awards for George Lucas

v t e

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1938) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1939) David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
(1940) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1942) Sidney Franklin (1943) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1944) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1945) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1947) Jerry Wald
Jerry Wald
(1949) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1951) Arthur Freed (1952) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1953) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1954) Buddy Adler (1957) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1959) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1962) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1964) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1966) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1967) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1968) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1971) Lawrence Weingarten (1974) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1976) Pandro S. Berman
Pandro S. Berman
(1977) Walter Mirisch (1978) Ray Stark (1980) Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1988) David Brown and Richard D. Zanuck
Richard D. Zanuck
(1991) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1992) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1995) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(1997) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1999) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2000) Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
(2001) John Calley (2009) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2010)

v t e

AFI Life Achievement Award

John Ford
John Ford
(1973) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1974) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1975) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1976) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1977) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1978) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1979) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1980) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1981) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1982) John Huston
John Huston
(1983) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
(1984) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1985) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1986) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1987) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1988) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1989) David Lean
David Lean
(1990) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1991) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1992) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1993) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1994) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1997) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1998) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1999) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2002) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2005) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2006) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2007) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2008) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2009) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2010) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2011) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(2012) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2013) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2014) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(2015) John Williams
John Williams
(2016) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2017) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2018)

v t e

Britannia Awards

Excellence in Film

Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1989) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(1990) Peter Ustinov
Peter Ustinov
(1992) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1993) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1995) Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1998) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1999) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2000) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2002) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2003) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2004) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(2005) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2006) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2009) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2010) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2013) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2014) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2015) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2016) Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(2017)

Excellence in Directing

Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Jim Sheridan (2004) Mike Newell (2005) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(2006) Martin Campbell
Martin Campbell
(2007) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2008) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) David Yates
David Yates
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2013) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2014) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2015) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2016) Ava DuVernay
Ava DuVernay
(2017)

Worldwide Contribution to Entertainment

Howard Stringer
Howard Stringer
(2003) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(2009) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
& Tony Scott
Tony Scott
(2010) John Lasseter
John Lasseter
(2011) Will Wright (2012) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(2013) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2014) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2015) Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
(2016) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(2017)

British Artist of the Year

Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2006) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2007) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2008) Emily Blunt
Emily Blunt
(2009) Michael Sheen
Michael Sheen
(2010) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2011) Daniel Craig
Daniel Craig
(2012) Benedict Cumberbatch
Benedict Cumberbatch
(2013) Emma Watson
Emma Watson
(2014) James Corden
James Corden
(2015) Felicity Jones
Felicity Jones
(2016) Claire Foy (2017)

Excellence in Comedy

Betty White
Betty White
(2010) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
(2011) Trey Parker
Trey Parker
and Matt Stone
Matt Stone
(2012) Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen
(2013) Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
(2014) Amy Schumer
Amy Schumer
(2015) Ricky Gervais
Ricky Gervais
(2016) Aziz Ansari
Aziz Ansari
(2017)

Excellence in Television

Aaron Spelling
Aaron Spelling
(1999) HBO
HBO
Original Programming (2002) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2017)

Humanitarian Award

Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Don Cheadle
Don Cheadle
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Idris Elba
Idris Elba
(2013) Mark Ruffalo
Mark Ruffalo
(2014) Orlando Bloom
Orlando Bloom
(2015) Ewan McGregor
Ewan McGregor
(2016)

Retired Awards

BBC
BBC
(1999) Tarsem Singh
Tarsem Singh
(1999) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(2003) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2004) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(2005) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(2005) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2006) Bob Shaye and Michael Lynne (2007)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (2010s)

2010

Merle Haggard Jerry Herman Bill T. Jones Paul McCartney Oprah Winfrey

2011

Barbara Cook Neil Diamond Yo-Yo Ma Sonny Rollins Meryl Streep

2012

Buddy Guy Dustin Hoffman David Letterman Led Zeppelin Natalia Makarova

2013

Martina Arroyo Herbie Hancock Billy Joel Shirley MacLaine Carlos Santana

2014

Al Green Tom Hanks Patricia McBride Sting Lily Tomlin

2015

Carole King George Lucas Rita Moreno Seiji Ozawa Cicely Tyson

2016

Martha Argerich Eagles Al Pacino Mavis Staples James Taylor

2017

Carmen de Lavallade Gloria Estefan LL Cool J Norman Lear Lionel Richie

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

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MTV Movie Award
MTV Movie Award
for Best Action Sequence

James Cameron
James Cameron
(1992) Richard Donner
Richard Donner
(1993) Andrew Davis (1994) Jan de Bont
Jan de Bont
(1995) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1996) Jan de Bont
Jan de Bont
(1997) John Woo
John Woo
(1998) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(1999) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2000) John Woo
John Woo
(2001) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2004) Roland Emmerich
Roland Emmerich
(2005)

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Screenplay

1967–2000

David Newman and Robert Benton (1967) John Cassavetes
John Cassavetes
(1968) Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
and Larry Tucker (1969) Éric Rohmer
Éric Rohmer
(1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1972) George Lucas, Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck (1973) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1974) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Alain Tanner
Alain Tanner
and John Berger
John Berger
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
(1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980) John Guare
John Guare
(1981) Murray Schisgal and Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel and Bruce Jay Friedman (1984) Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
and Monica Johnson (1985) Hanif Kureishi
Hanif Kureishi
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
and Daniel Yost (1989) Charles Burnett (1990) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) David Webb Peoples (1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Amy Heckerling (1995) Albert Brooks
Albert Brooks
and Monica Johnson (1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Frank (1998) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Noah Baumbach
Noah Baumbach
(2005) Peter Morgan (2006) Tamara Jenkins
Tamara Jenkins
(2007) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Asghar Farhadi
Asghar Farhadi
(2011) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(2012) Richard Linklater, Ethan Hawke, and Julie Delpy
Julie Delpy
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
(2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
(2017)

v t e

Saturn Award
Saturn Award
for Best Director

Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1974/75) Dan Curtis (1976) George Lucas/ Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1977) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1978) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1979) Irvin Kershner
Irvin Kershner
(1980) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1981) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1982) John Badham (1983) Joe Dante
Joe Dante
(1984) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1987) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1988) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1989/90) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1991) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1994) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(1995) Roland Emmerich
Roland Emmerich
(1996) John Woo
John Woo
(1997) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(1998) Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski (1999) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2004) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2005) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2006) Zack Snyder
Zack Snyder
(2007) Jon Favreau
Jon Favreau
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2011) Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) James Gunn
James Gunn
(2014) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2015) Gareth Edwards (2016)

v t e

Saturn Award
Saturn Award
for Best Writing

William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Ib Melchior/ Harlan Ellison
Harlan Ellison
(1974/75) Jimmy Sangster
Jimmy Sangster
(1976) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1977) Elaine May
Elaine May
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1978) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1979) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1980) Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
(1981) Melissa Mathison
Melissa Mathison
(1982) Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
(1983) James Cameron
James Cameron
and Gale Anne Hurd
Gale Anne Hurd
(1984) Tom Holland (1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Michael Miner and Edward Neumeier
Edward Neumeier
(1987) Gary Ross and Anne Spielberg (1988) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1989/90) Ted Tally (1991) James V. Hart
James V. Hart
(1992) Michael Crichton
Michael Crichton
and David Koepp (1993) Jim Harrison
Jim Harrison
and Wesley Strick
Wesley Strick
(1994) Andrew Kevin Walker (1995) Kevin Williamson (1996) Mike Werb and Michael Colleary (1997) Andrew Niccol
Andrew Niccol
(1998) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(1999) David Hayter
David Hayter
(2000) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2001) Scott Frank and Jon Cohen (2002) Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alvin Sargent (2004) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
and David S. Goyer
David S. Goyer
(2005) Michael Dougherty
Michael Dougherty
and Dan Harris (2006) Brad Bird
Brad Bird
(2007) Christopher and Jonathan Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Jeff Nichols
Jeff Nichols
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Christopher and Jonathan Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
(2014) Lawrence Kasdan, J. J. Abrams, and Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2015) Eric Heisserer (2016)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 16738168 LCCN: nr2002015365 ISNI: 0000 0001 2095 650X GND: 119187876 SELIBR: 280988 SUDOC: 026997126 BNF: cb11913565r (data) BIBSYS: 90054546 ULAN: 500278908 NLA: 40396233 NDL: 00448148 NKC: jn20001227115 BNE: XX985

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