George Gilmore (1898–1985) was a Protestant
Irish Republican Army
leader during the 1920s and 1930s. During his period of influence the
Republican movement moved significantly to the left. After leaving the
movement in 1934 he remained a significant figure on the Irish left.
4 External links
Born in County Dublin, he led the South
County Dublin Battalion of
the IRA from 1915-26. He fought in the IRA in the Irish War of
Independence and in the
Irish Civil War
Irish Civil War on the
Anti-Treaty IRA side.
After the defeat of the anti-Treaty forces he served as the secretary
Taoiseach Seán Lemass.
 In October 1925 he organised the escape of 19 IRA prisoners from
Mountjoy Prison in Dublin. He was arrested for IRA activities in
1926, released 1927, arrested again in 1931, and released again in
Fianna Fáil were elected to government. His treatment
in Arbour Hill prison from 1931-32 was abysmal. Gilmore refused to
wear prison clothing and remained naked other than a couple of towels
from December to March.
Fianna Fáil secured victory [[Frank Aiken]], former Chief of
Staff of the IRA and new minister for defence went to see Gilmore on
March 9, the next day all republican prisoners were released. 30'000
supporters greeted the men at College Green, Dublin.
In the late 1920s as a member of the IRA's Army Council he negotiated
with representatives of the Soviet government in an attempt to arrange
military training for selected officers of the IRA.
After the election of the first
Fianna Fáil government under Éamon
de Valera in March 1932 Gilmore was one of the representatives of the
Army Council that liaised with de Valera.
On 14 August 1932, he was shot and wounded by plain clothes members
Garda Síochána in County Clare, an incident that was blamed on
the police by an official Tribunal of Inquiry that reported one month
later. Along with Roddy Connolly, Nora Connolly O'Brien, Peadar
O'Donnell, among others, he was one of the founders of the Republican
Congress, a left wing socialist
Irish Republican group, in 1934.
The group broke up in 1935 over internal differences. He was later
active in 1936–39 as a supporter of the
International Brigades in
the Spanish Civil War.
During the 1960s when the Republican Movement once again moved to the
left Gilmore and O'Donnell were once again in demand as speakers and
as writers in Republican publications.
He died in Howth, County Dublin, aged 87.
J. Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army: The IRA 1916-1979 (revised &
updated edition), The Academy Press, Dublin 1979.
George Gilmore, The
Irish Republican Congress, The Cork Workers' Club,
Mike Milotte, Communism in Modern Ireland: The Pursuit of the Workers'
Republic since 1916, Gill & Macmillan, Dublin 1984.
^ 1901 Census of Ireland, household return
^ Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army, p. 51
^ Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army, p. 53-54
^ Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army, p. 84
^ Cronin, Sean. Frank Ryan, in search of the republic. p40-42
^ Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army, p. 79
^ Biwyer Bell, The Secret Army, p. 100
^ Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army, p. 101
^ Mike Milotte, Communism in Modern Ireland, p. 150
^ Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army, p. 132
^ Bowyer Bell, The Secret Army, p.345.
"Obituary". Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved
October 13, 2010. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
Biography in Searc's Web Guide to 20th Century Ireland