George Browne Post (December 15, 1837 – November 28, 1913) was an
American architect trained in the Beaux-Arts tradition. Many of his
most characteristic projects were for commercial buildings where new
requirements pushed the traditional boundaries of design. Many of them
have also been demolished, since their central locations in New York
and other cities made them vulnerable to rebuilding in the twentieth
century. Some of his lost buildings were regarded as landmarks of
their era. His eight-story Equitable Life Assurance Society
(1868–70), was the first office building designed to use elevators;
Post himself leased the upper floors when contemporaries predicted
they could not be rented. His Western Union Telegraph Building
Dey Street in Lower Manhattan, was the first office
building to rise as high as ten stories, a forerunner of skyscrapers
to come. When it was erected in "Newspaper Row" facing City Hall Park,
New York World Building
New York World Building (1889–90) was the
tallest building in New York City.
3 Selected works by George B. Post
6 External links
He was born on December 15, 1837 in
Manhattan, New York
Manhattan, New York to Joel Browne
Post and Abby Mauran Church.
He graduated from
New York University
New York University in 1858 with a degree in civil
engineering. He then became a student of
Richard Morris Hunt
Richard Morris Hunt from 1858
to 1860. In 1860 he formed a partnership with a fellow-student in
Hunt's office, Charles D. Gambrill, with a brief hiatus for service in
the Civil War. He married Alice Matilda Stone (1840-1909) on October
14, 1863. They had five children: George Browne, Jr., William Stone,
Allison Wright, James Otis and Alice Winifred.
World's Columbian Exposition
World's Columbian Exposition in
Chicago, Illinois in 1893, Post
was named to the architectural staff by Burnham and Root. He
designed the Manufactures and Liberal Arts Building.
Post served as the sixth president of the American Institute of
Architects from 1896 to 1899, and received the
AIA Gold Medal
AIA Gold Medal in 1911.
He died on November 28, 1913 in Bernardsville, New Jersey. Post
was interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York City.
He also designed more staid public and semi-public structures:
New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange Building
Bronx Borough Hall
Wisconsin State Capitol.
Among the prominent private houses by Post were the French chateau for
Cornelius Vanderbilt II
Cornelius Vanderbilt II (1879–82) that once stood at Fifth Avenue
and 57th Street (that was photographed by Albert Levy while being
built), and the palazzo that faced it across the street, for Collis P.
Huntington (1889–94). In
Newport, Rhode Island
Newport, Rhode Island he built for the
president of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, C.C. Baldwin,
"Chateau-Nooga" or the Baldwin Cottage (1879–80), a polychromatic
exercise in the "Quaint Style" with bargeboards and half-timbering;
John La Farge
John La Farge provided stained glass panels.
He trained architect Arthur Bates Jennings.
A true member of the American Renaissance, Post engaged notable
artists and artisans to add decorative sculpture and murals to his
architectural designs. Among those who worked with Post were the
Karl Bitter and painter Elihu Vedder. Post was a founding
member of the National Arts Club, serving as president from 1898 to
1905. In 1905, his two sons were taken into the partnership, and they
continued to lead the firm after Post's death, notably as the
designers of many
Statler Hotels in cities across the United States.
From that time forward, the firm carried on under the stewardship of
Post's grandson, Edward Everett Post (1904–2006)  until the late
twentieth century.
Post served as sixth president of the American Institute of
Architects, 1896–99, and he received the
AIA Gold Medal
AIA Gold Medal in 1911.
His extensive archive is in the collection at the New-York Historical
Sarah Bradford Landau's publication George B. Post, Architect:
Picturesque Designer and Determined Realist (1998) inspired a
retrospective exhibition in 1998–99 to revisit Post's work at the
Society. In 2014, curator, architect
George Ranalli presented an
exhibition of Post's drawings and photographs of the design of the
City College of New York's main campus buildings, on loan from the New
York Historical Society.
Selected works by George B. Post
The original Williamsburgh Savings Bank, Brooklyn, New York,
1870-1875. Solidly classicizing and capped with a dome, "it might
easily have been prepared in the nineties. Indeed it prefigures
McKim's famous Columbia Library",
Henry-Russell Hitchcock noted in his
biography of H.H. Richardson
Troy Savings Bank, Troy, New York, 1875
Brooklyn Historical Society, Brooklyn, New York, 1878–1880,
Romanesque revival building employing architectural terracotta,
originally named Long Island Historical Society
New York Post Building, in which a deep central recess provided light
and air to the interiors, a feature that quickly became standard for
large commercial structures, 1880-1881
Mills Building, New York City, 1881–1883, called "the first modern
office building", on a two-story base, the upper eight floors reached
by ten elevators, it used architectural terracotta panels, which Post
had helped to introduce to the United States, and eliminated the
conventional mansard roofline
New York Produce Exchange
New York Produce Exchange (1881–84) at
2 Broadway faced Bowling
Green. Its grand skylighted hall, based on French retail structures,
cast daylight into the lower floors. It was demolished in 1957.
Produce Exchange (razed), New York City, in a modified neo-Renaissance
mode that clad an interior iron skeletal framing, 1881-1885, razed
New York Cotton Exchange
New York Cotton Exchange (razed), New York City, 1883–1885
Mortimer Building (razed), New York City, 1885
New York World Building, or Pulitzer Building, New York City, at the
time of its completion the tallest building in the world, 1889-1890
New York Times
New York Times Building, 41 Park Row, New York City, 1888–89
Union Trust Building (razed), 78-82 Broadway, New York City,
The Prudential Buildings, Newark, New Jersey, 1894, Romanesque, one
for many years the largest in the state
Erie County Savings Bank
Erie County Savings Bank building, Buffalo, New York, 1893, in
Romanesque Revival. Destroyed in 1968.
Park Building, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1896, remodeled in the 1960s
Bronx Borough Hall, Bronx, NY, 1897
St. Paul Building, New York City, 1898
New York Stock Exchange, New York City, 1901–1903
City College of New York
City College of New York Campus, New York City, 1903–1907, in Gothic
Old Montreal Stock Exchange Building, Montreal, Quebec, 1904, now
housing the Centaur Theatre
The Wisconsin State Capitol, Madison, Wisconsin, 1906
Cleveland Trust Company Building, Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, 1908
Pontiac Hotel, Oswego, New York, 1912
^ a b "Geo. B. Post Dead; Noted Architect. Designer of New York Stock
Exchange and Many Famous Buildings Was Almost 76. Planned Vanderbilt
Home. Awarded Gold Medal of
American Institute of Architects
American Institute of Architects in 1910.
Also Honored by France". New York Times. 1913-11-29. George B. Post,
founder of the firm of
George B. Post Son, architects of 101 Park
Avenue and designer of many famous buildings in this city and
throughout the ...
^ Winston Weisman, "The Commercial Architecture of George B. Post" The
Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 31.3 (October
1972), pp. 176-203. Many details in this article are drawn from
Weisman's sketch of Post's career.
^ a b "George B. Post". Retrieved 2014-08-22. An architect, died
November 28, 1913, at his summer home in Bernardsville, New Jersey. He
was born December 15, 1837 in New York City. ...
^ Weisman 1972:176
^ "Guide to the Jennings Photograph Collection 1858-1957". The
New-York Historical Society. 2003. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
^ "Paid Notice: Deaths
POST, EDWARD EVERETT". New York Times. 2006-09-05. Retrieved
^ Post's numerous other positions of honor are noted in Weisman
^ Gray, Christopher (12 January 2014). "Streetscapes: City College
-The Very Model of a University". The New York Times. Retrieved 11
George Ranalli (2013). City University of New York, ed. "Building
the modern Gothic : George Post at City College" (exh. cat.). New
York, NY: CUNY: 53 pages : chiefly illustrations (some color),
portraits, plans, facsimiles ; 26 cm. OCLC 871036277.
Landau, Sarah Bradford, George B. Post: Picturesque Designer and
Determined Realist, the Monacelli Press, New York, 1998
George B. Post at the archINFORM database
Media related to
George B. Post at Wikimedia Commons
George B. Post at Find a Grave
ISNI: 0000 0000 6682 5292
BNF: cb13608950k (data)