GEORGE BROWNE POST (December 15, 1837 – November 28, 1913) was an American architect trained in the Beaux-Arts tradition . Many of his most characteristic projects were for commercial buildings where new requirements pushed the traditional boundaries of design. Many of them have also been demolished, since their central locations in New York and other cities made them vulnerable to rebuilding in the twentieth century. Some of his lost buildings were landmarks of their era, nevertheless. His eight-story Equitable Life Assurance Society (1868–70), was the first office building designed to use elevators; Post himself leased the upper floors when contemporaries predicted they could not be rented. His Western Union Telegraph Building (1872–75) at Dey Street in Lower Manhattan, was the first office building to rise as high as ten stories, a forerunner of skyscrapers to come. When it was erected in "Newspaper Row" facing City Hall Park , Post's twenty-story New York World Building (1889–90) was the tallest building in New York City.
* 1 Biography * 2 Legacy * 3 Selected works by George B. Post * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links
He was born on December 15, 1837 in
Manhattan, New York
He graduated from
New York University
At the World\'s Columbian Exposition in
Post served as the sixth president of the American Institute of Architects from 1896 to 1899, and received the AIA Gold Medal in 1911.
He also designed more staid public and semi-public structures:
Among the prominent private houses by Post were the French chateau
Cornelius Vanderbilt II (1879–82) that once stood at Fifth
Avenue and 57th Street (that was photographed by Albert Levy while
being built), and the palazzo that faced it across the street, for
Collis P. Huntington (1889–94). In
Newport, Rhode Island
He trained architect Arthur Bates Jennings .
A true member of the
American Renaissance , Post engaged notable
artists and artisans to add decorative sculpture and murals to his
architectural designs. Among those who worked with Post were the
Karl Bitter and painter
Post served as sixth president of the American Institute of Architects , 1896-99, and he received the AIA Gold Medal in 1911. His extensive archive is in the collection at the New-York Historical Society .
Sarah Bradford Landau 's publication George B. Post, Architect: Picturesque Designer and Determined Realist (1998) inspired a retrospective exhibition in 1998–99 to revisit Post's work at the Society. In 2014, curator, architect George Ranalli presented an exhibition of Post's drawings and photographs of the design of the City College of New York 's main campus buildings, on loan from the New York Historical Society .
SELECTED WORKS BY GEORGE B. POST
* The original
Williamsburgh Savings Bank , Brooklyn, New York,
1870-1875. Solidly classicizing and capped with a dome, "it might
easily have been prepared in the nineties. Indeed it prefigures McKim
's famous Columbia Library",
Henry-Russell Hitchcock noted in his
biography of H.H. Richardson
Troy Savings Bank , Troy, New York, 1875
Brooklyn Historical Society , Brooklyn, New York, 1878–1880,
Romanesque revival building employing architectural terracotta,
originally named Long Island Historical Society
* New York Post Building, in which a deep central recess provided
light and air to the interiors, a feature that quickly became standard
for large commercial structures, 1880-1881
* Mills Building , New York City, 1881–1883, called "the first
modern office building", on a two-story base, the upper eight floors
reached by ten elevators, it used architectural terracotta panels,
which Post had helped to introduce to the United States, and
eliminated the conventional mansard roofline
New York Produce Exchange
* ^ A B "Geo. B. Post Dead; Noted Architect. Designer of New York
Stock Exchange and Many Famous Buildings Was Almost 76. Planned
Vanderbilt Home. Awarded Gold Medal of American Institute of
Architects in 1910. Also Honored by France".
New York Times
* ^ "Paid Notice: Deaths
POST, EDWARD EVERETT".
New York Times
* Landau, Sarah Bradford, George B. Post:Picturesque Designer and Determined Realist, the Monacelli Press, New York, 1998 * George B. Post at the archINFORM database .