Georg Wilhelm Timm, also known as Vasily Fyodorovich Timm (Russian: Василий Фёдорович Тимм; 21 June 1820,
Riga Riga (; lv, Rīga , liv, Rīgõ) is the capital of Latvia and is home to 627,487 inhabitants (2020), which is a third of Latvia's population. Being significantly larger than List of cities and towns in Latvia#Cities, other cities of Latvia, ...
- 19 April 1895,
Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inhabitants, as of 31 December 2019 makes it the List of cities in the European Union by p ...
) was a Baltic-German painter, lithographer and ceramic designer, known for his
genre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed-upon conventions developed over time. In popular usage, it normally describes a Category of being, category of literature, m ...
and battle scenes. He was also the publisher of the '.


His father, Friedrich Wilhelm Timm (1779-1848), was the mayor of Riga.Brief biography
@ Russian Paintings.
His sister, Emilie, married the painter Karl Bryullov in 1839. His first art studies were in Riga, then he went to Saint Petersburg, where he enrolled as a "foreign student" at the
Imperial Academy of Arts Image:Sphinxes.jpg, 320px, Maksim Vorobyov, ''Quay with Sphinxes, Egyptian sphinxes lining Academy Quay'' (1835) The Russian Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg, informally known as the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts, was founded in 1757 by t ...

Imperial Academy of Arts
. His primary instructor there was the battle painter,
Alexander Sauerweid
Alexander Sauerweid
.Brief biography
@ RusArtNet.
He was awarded two silver medals and graduated in 1839 with the title of "Artist". Five years later, thanks to an Imperial scholarship, he went to Paris where he worked under the direction of
Horace Vernet Émile Jean-Horace Vernet (30 June 178917 January 1863), more commonly known as simply Horace Vernet, was a French painter of battles, portraits, and Orientalist subjects. Biography Vernet was born to Carle Vernet, another famous painter, who w ...
, also a battle painter, and made a visit to
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. Upon his return to Paris, he began exhibiting at the
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where he attracted critical praise. The onset of the
French Revolution of 1848 The 1848 Revolution in the History of France The first written records for the history of France appeared in the Iron Age France, Iron Age. What is now France made up the bulk of the region known to the Romans as Gaul. Greek writers noted ...
forced him to return to Saint Petersburg, where he was initially employed as an illustrator; notably for the works of Faddey Bulgarin and Nikolay Gretsch. He worked primarily in the media of lithography and woodcuts and was sometimes referred to as the "Russian Paul Gavarni, Gavarni". He travelled extensively throughout Russia, serving as a battle painter during the second phase of the Caucasian War. In 1852, he accompanied Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, Nicholas I on a visit to Finland . Later, he made sketches at the Siege of Sevastopol (1854–55), Siege of Sevastopol. As a result, in 1855, he was named an "Academician" by the Imperial Academy. From 1851 to 1862, by leave of the Royal Family, he published the ''Russian Art Gazette'', which featured works by many prominent Russian artists, made into lithographs by Timm. He had to stop publishing the gazette when he began to suffer from an eye disease. In 1867, he moved to Berlin to seek treatment and took up a position as the Director of a privately operated ceramics institute. He never returned to Russia. In 1876, he was appointed a Professor at the Prussian Academy of Arts and began working at the Royal Porcelain Factory, Berlin, Royal Porcelain Factory. After his death, his widow donated his estate to the Latvian National Museum of Art, Riga City Art Museum. A major retrospective was held at their new building in 1906.

Selected paintings

File:Announcement of the Coronation.JPG, Announcing the Coronation of Alexander II of Russia, Alexander II File:Vilnia, Rynak. Вільня, Рынак (V. Timm, 1812).jpg, The French Retreat
through Vilnius File:Georg Wilhelm Timm - Making tea in Algiers.jpg, Making Tea
in Algiers File:Admiral Nahimov.jpg, Admiral Pavel Nakhimov at Sevastopol


Further reading

* Julius Genss, ''Briefe Wilhelm Timm's an seinen Vater aus den Jahren 1841-1846'', Selbstverlag des Herausgebers, 1931

External links

Paintings by Vasily Timm
{{DEFAULTSORT:Timm, Georg Wilhelm 1820 births 1895 deaths 19th-century Russian painters Russian male painters Artists of the Russian Empire Russian military personnel of the Crimean War Baltic-German people Military art German ceramists Prussian Academy of Arts faculty Russian emigrants to Germany Russian illustrators Artists from Riga