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The Info List - Geo Prizm





The Geo/ Chevrolet
Chevrolet
Prizm ( Chevrolet
Chevrolet
Prizm starting 1998) was a compact car derived from the Japanese domestic market
Japanese domestic market
Toyota
Toyota
Sprinter, itself a version of the Toyota
Toyota
Corolla, and jointly developed by Toyota
Toyota
and General Motors. Produced from 1988 to 2002, the Prizm was sold exclusively in the United States
United States
and succeeded the 1985–1988 Chevrolet
Chevrolet
Nova, which was also derived from the Sprinter. All Prizms were built at NUMMI
NUMMI
(New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc.), a joint venture company between Toyota
Toyota
and General Motors
General Motors
in Fremont, California. Production concluded in 2002, and the Prizm was replaced by the Pontiac Vibe, also related to the Corolla and produced at NUMMI.

Contents

1 First generation 2 Second generation 3 Third generation 4 Engines 5 References 6 External links

First generation[edit]

First generation

Overview

Also called Toyota
Toyota
Sprinter

Production 1989–1992

Model years 1990–1992

Body and chassis

Body style 4-door sedan 5-door hatchback

Related

Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corolla
(E90) Toyota
Toyota
Sprinter

Powertrain

Engine

1.6 L 4A-FE (L01) DOHC
DOHC
I4 1.6 L 4A-GE (LW0) DOHC
DOHC
I4

Transmission

5-speed manual 3/4-speed automatic

Dimensions

Wheelbase 95.7 in (2,431 mm)

Length 170.7 in (4,336 mm)

Width 65.2 in (1,656 mm)

Height 52.4 in (1,331 mm)

The Prizm was introduced in February 1989 for GM's then-new Geo brand of import cars, for the 1990 model year.[1] The hatchback version sold through 1991 was a rebadged version of the Toyota Sprinter
Toyota Sprinter
Cielo, although unlike the Sprinter (and Corolla liftback) it received the same front clip as the sedan. The sporty GSi model of 1990–1992 was notable for its 130 hp (97 kW) twin-cam engine, sport suspension, disc brakes, and 14-inch wheels, a successor to the 1988 Nova twin-cam but less of a limited edition, available in both body styles and a full array of colors in contrast to the earlier model's black sedan only. They were the only four-door models offered with the 4A-GE engine in America, no Toyota
Toyota
model ever offered that combination. The regular engine offered 102 hp (76 kW).[1] In addition to the base and the GSi, there was also a better equipped standard-engine LSi model. In addition to more equipment, the LSi also received body colored bumpers. In 1991, the lettering of the car's name was changed to "Prizm" in italicized and capital letters (although the steering wheel continued to use Prizm), and the B-pillar and door frames on base models were body-colored instead of black. The Prizm was not sold In Canada, with GM offering a sedan version of the Geo Metro
Geo Metro
instead. The Geo Metro sedan was not available in the United States
United States
until 1995.

Geo Prizm
Geo Prizm
hatchback 

1990 Geo Prizm
Geo Prizm
LSi sedan, rear view 

Toyota Sprinter
Toyota Sprinter
Cielo 

Second generation[edit]

Second generation

Overview

Also called Toyota
Toyota
Sprinter

Production 1992–1997

Model years 1993–1997

Body and chassis

Body style 4-door sedan

Related Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corolla
(E100) Toyota
Toyota
Sprinter

Powertrain

Engine

1.6 L 4A-FE (L01) I4 (gasoline) 1.8 L 7A-FE (LV6) I4 (gasoline)

Transmission 5-speed manual 3-speed automatic 4-speed automatic

Dimensions

Wheelbase 97.0 in (2,464 mm)

Length 173.0 in (4,394 mm)

Width 66.3 in (1,684 mm)

Height 53.3 in (1,354 mm)

The Prizm's 1993 redesign gave it more room (resulting in an upgrade to United States
United States
Environmental Protection Agency "compact" car status), a driver's-side airbag, and a new 1.8-liter four-cylinder engine optional on LSi trim. With the larger engine came a rear stabilizer bar, wider tires, and an optional automatic transmission with four speeds instead of three. A second airbag became standard in 1994; leather seats were an option on the LSi between 1994–1997. In contrast with the Sprinter, this generation Prizm lacked a front stabilizer bar in its suspension.

Third generation[edit]

Third generation

Overview

Also called Chevrolet
Chevrolet
Prizm

Production 1997–2001

Model years 1998–2002

Body and chassis

Body style 4-door sedan

Related Toyota Corolla
Toyota Corolla
(E110) Toyota
Toyota
Sprinter

Powertrain

Engine 1.8 L 1ZZ-FE (LV6) I4 (gasoline)

Transmission 5-speed manual 3-speed MX1 automatic 4-speed MS7 automatic

Dimensions

Wheelbase 97.1 in (2,466 mm)

Length 174.2 in (4,425 mm)

Width 66.7 in (1,694 mm)

Height 53.7 in (1,364 mm)

The Prizm's 1998 redesign coincided with the conversion of all remaining Geo models into Chevrolets. The most notable change was the new 1.8-liter engine, which was now all-aluminum, driven by a timing chain (instead of a belt), and making more power (with the same fuel economy) than the engines from the Geo years. The new all-aluminum 1ZZ-FE engine powered all Corollas, Sprinters, and Prizms, making this generation lighter than its predecessor. This new engine incorporated laser-etched valve guides directly in the block, rather than the old shrink to fit valve guides in the previous Corolla motor (4A-FE & 7A-FE). This prevented oil burning and valve guide failure. The Prizm with the Corolla became the first cars in the compact class to offer optional side airbags. All 1998 Prizms without the LSi's optional handling package (containing a front stabilizer bar) were singled out by Consumer Reports for having sloppy emergency handling; Toyota addressed the problem for 1999 by making the handling package standard. For 2000, the engine gained variable valve timing for five extra horsepower (to 125). The last Prizm was built on December 13, 2001, resulting in a brief 2002 model year. Due to decreased sales, low popularity, and being in competition with the Chevrolet
Chevrolet
Cavalier and GM's more direct competitor to the Corolla the Saturn S-series, the Prizm was replaced by the Pontiac Vibe starting in 2003. The Vibe was also made in tandem with a Toyota model, the Toyota
Toyota
Matrix, at the NUMMI
NUMMI
plant. In any generation, the Prizm's distinctions over its Toyota
Toyota
twin mostly came down to minor cosmetic differences, a GM Delco radio (except on first-generation cars), and the non-availability of a wagon (and the availability of a hatchback early on). The third generation Prizm also featured a Delphi air conditioning system instead of the Corolla's Denso air conditioning system. The Prizm along with its Geo siblings suffered severe sales loss when the brand denomination changed from Geo to Chevrolet
Chevrolet
in 1998. The Geo models outsold the rebadged Chevrolets three to one. Engines[edit] All Prizms are powered by engines from their contemporary Toyota Corolla models:

1990–1992 Geo Prizms are powered by a 4A-FE or optional 4A-GE engine 1993–1997 Geo Prizms are powered by a 4A-FE or optional 7A-FE engine 1998–2002 Chevy Prizms are equipped with Toyota's 1.8 L 1ZZ-FE inline-four engine; 2000–2002 models include VVT-i
VVT-i
(variable valve timing with intelligence).

References[edit]

^ a b Kowalke, Ron, ed. (1999). Standard Catalog of Independents: The Struggle to Survive Among Giants. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, Inc. p. 267. ISBN 0-87341-569-8. 

External links[edit]

Corolland.com

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