Geneva, Ohio
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Geneva is a
city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a permanent and s ...

city
in
Ashtabula County, Ohio Ashtabula County ( ) is the northeasternmost county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 101,497. The county seat is Jefferson. The county was created in 1808 and later organized in 1811. The name Ashtabula ...
, United States. The area which would become Geneva was originally settled in 1805, and was incorporated as a city in 1958. It is named after
Geneva , neighboring_municipalities= Carouge Carouge () is a Municipalities of Switzerland, municipality in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. History Carouge is first mentioned in the Early Middle Ages as ''Quadruvium'' and ''Quatruvio''. In 1248 ...
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New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the Northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
. The population was 6,215 at the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
.


History

The area which would eventually be Geneva was first settled in 1805 by a handful of settlers from
Charlotte Charlotte ( ) is the List of municipalities in North Carolina, most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont (United States), Piedmont region, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, Mecklen ...
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New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the Northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
. In 1806, settlers from Harpersfield,
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the Northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
arrived and established Harpersfield Township, which included the present-day townships of Geneva Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, Geneva, Trumbull Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, Trumbull and Hartsgrove Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, Hartsgrove. However, in 1816, citizens of Harpersfield decided to withdraw from the township and form their own township, which then became Geneva Township, named after
Geneva , neighboring_municipalities= Carouge Carouge () is a Municipalities of Switzerland, municipality in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. History Carouge is first mentioned in the Early Middle Ages as ''Quadruvium'' and ''Quatruvio''. In 1248 ...
,
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the Northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
. In 1866, the town of Geneva then became a Village (United States)#Ohio, village, and, nearly one hundred years later, in 1958, Geneva was incorporated as a city.


Geography

Geneva is located east of Cleveland, Ohio, Cleveland and west of Erie, Pennsylvania, Erie, Pennsylvania. The city is bordered to the north, east and west by Geneva Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, Geneva Township and by Harpersfield Township to the south. The Grand River (Ohio), Grand River flows around Geneva to the south in Harpersfield and to the west in Lake County, Ohio, Lake County. The Geneva State Park is located to the north of the city (within Geneva Township). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , all land.


Demographics


2010 census

At the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
there were 6,215 people in 2,479 households, including 1,527 families, in the city. The population density was . There were 2,769 housing units at an average density of . The Race and ethnicity in the United States Census#2010 census, racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 1.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.5%. Of the 2,479 households 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 32.0% of households were one person and 14.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 40.9 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.


2000 census

At the 2000 United States Census, 2000 census there were 6,595 people in 2,515 households, including 1,607 families, in the city. The population density was 1,650.4 people per square mile (636.6/km). There were 2,660 housing units at an average density of 665.7 per square mile (256.8/km). The Race and ethnicity in the United States Census#2000 census, racial makeup of the city was 94.84% White, 1.15% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.80% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.94%. Of the 2,515 households 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 30.0% of households were one person and 13.0% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04. The age distribution was 23.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males and for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males. The median household income was $35,048 and the median family income was $41,511. Males had a median income of $31,817 versus $23,927 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,940. About 5.1% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.


Economy

Geneva is home to HDT Global, an industrial outfit that manufactures air conditioning, heating, and filtration units for heavy industry. In recent years, they have been awarded over $100 million in U.S. Department of Defense contracts. In the 2000s, a levy for new school buildings was passed. The Geneva Junior High will be remade and include 6th grade as of the school year of 2010–2011. Spencer Elementary and Geneva Elementary are also being remade into one new school, Geneva Platt R. Spencer Elementary, which includes K-5. The Geneva High School was also remade. In January 2020, a major local economic driver, SPIRE Institute and Academy, was sold to a new owner. It was later announced that there are plans to expand their current programs and offerings in Geneva and in Maryland.


Arts and culture


Geneva Grape Jamboree

The Grape Jamboree is an annual celebration of the area's grape-growing and wine-producing industries. The festival occurs during the final full weekend of September, and lasts both days. Festivities include two parades, one held on each day, as well as various amusement park-type rides and typical festival food kiosks set up on the main streets (U.S. Route 20, Route 20 and Ohio State Route 534, Route 534) of Geneva. Other activities include musical performances and an art show.


West Liberty Covered Bridge

An addition to Ashtabula County's List of Ashtabula County covered bridges, existing covered bridges, the West Liberty Covered Bridge, purported to be the shortest covered bridge in the United States, opened in 2011.


Declaration of Lunar Ownership

On April 12, 1966, more than 200 people attended ceremonies at Geneva High School (Ohio), Geneva High School at which it was revealed that the city had claimed Extraterrestrial real estate, ownership of the moon. The "Declaration of Lunar Ownership" contained 35 signatures, and was revealed simultaneously with the city's 100th anniversary. It claimed that the "physical property of the moon shall belong exclusively to the citizens of Geneva, Ohio," and that unfriendly acts upon the city would be responded to with "all human dignity and moral circumspection." The city also held the right to rent or lease its moon holdings via a two-thirds vote of the city's entire population, and provided for the sale of 100 deeds for of land, each acre priced at United States dollar, US$100.


Library

Geneva has a public library, a branch of the Ashtabula County District Library.


Education

The Geneva Area City School District provides K–12 education to students in Geneva as well as Geneva Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, Geneva Township (including Geneva-on-the-Lake, Ohio, Geneva-on-the-Lake), Harpersfield Township, Trumbull Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, Trumbull Township and Austinburg Township, Ashtabula County, Ohio, Austinburg Township (including Austinburg, Ohio, Austinburg). The district has three elementary schools (Geneva Platt R. Spencer Elementary, Cork Elementary and Austinburg Elementary), one middle school (Geneva Middle School) and one high school (Geneva High School (Ohio), Geneva High School). The elementary schools serve students in grades Primary education#United States, K–5, while the middle school and high schools serve students in grades Middle school#Canada and the United States, 6–8 and High school (North America), 9–12 respectively. The district has an school choice, open enrollment policy, allowing students from the entire county, as well as Lake County, Ohio, Lake and Geauga County, Ohio, Geauga Counties to enroll.


Infrastructure


Transportation

Three major routes pass through (or near) Geneva. Interstate 90, the northernmost east–west and coast-to-coast interstate, passes roughly two miles south of the city. There, a full-access interchange (exit 218) intersects Ohio State Route 534, Route 534, which passes through Geneva and terminates north of the city. Route 534 intersects U.S. Route 20, Route 20, the longest road in the United States, in downtown Geneva.


Notable people

* Brian Anderson (pitcher), Brian Anderson, a Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, California Angels, Cleveland Indians, Arizona Diamondbacks (with whom he won a World Series in 2001 World Series, 2001) and Kansas City Royals * Tammy Cochran, a country music singer, sang "Angels in Waiting," graduated from Geneva High School in 1989 * Emy Coligado, an actress best known for her role as Piama on the sitcom ''Malcolm in the Middle'' * Edward S. Ellis, an author best known for writing hundreds of dime novels under his own name and various ''Nom de plume, noms de plume'' * Ellen Spencer Mussey, lawyer, educator, and pioneer in the field of women's rights to legal education * Ransom E. Olds, automotive pioneer, namesake of Oldsmobile and REO Motor Car Company, REO brands, was born in Geneva * Mickey Sanzotta, an NFL running back who played for the Detroit Lions * Platt Rogers Spencer, a Calligraphy, calligrapher who invented Spencerian Script, a form of cursive Penmanship, handwriting, and namesake of Spencer Elementary School * Freeman Thorpe, an artist who has 46 works listed in the Smithsonian Institution's Inventory of American Paintings and Sculptures, eight of which (including a painting of Abraham Lincoln) are housed within the United States Capitol


References


External links


City website
{{Authority control Cities in Ashtabula County, Ohio Populated places established in 1816 1816 establishments in Ohio Cities in Ohio