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The _GENERALPLAN OST_ (German pronunciation: ; English: Master Plan for the East), abbreviated GPO, was the Nazi German government's plan for the genocide and ethnic cleansing on a vast scale, and colonization of Central and Eastern Europe
Central and Eastern Europe
by Germans. It was to be undertaken in territories occupied by Germany during World War II. The plan was partially realized during the war, resulting indirectly and directly in a very large number of deaths, but its full implementation was not considered practicable during the major military operations, and was prevented by Germany's defeat.

The plan entailed the enslavement, expulsion, and mass murder of most Slavic peoples in Europe along with planned destruction of their nations, whom the 'Aryan' Nazis viewed as racially inferior . The programme operational guidelines were based on the policy of _ Lebensraum _ designed by Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
in fulfilment of the _ Drang nach Osten _ (drive to the East) ideology of German expansionism. As such, it was intended to be a part of the New Order in Europe.

The master plan was a work in progress. There are four known versions of it, developed as the time went on. After the invasion of Poland , the original blueprint for _Generalplan Ost_ (GPO) was discussed by the RKFDV in mid-1940 during the Nazi–Soviet population transfers . The second known version of GPO was procured by the RSHA from Wetzel in April 1942. The third version was officially dated June 1942. The final settlement master plan for the East came in from the RKFDV on October 29, 1942. However, after the German defeat at Stalingrad planning of the colonization in the East was suspended, and the programme was gradually abandoned.

CONTENTS

* 1 Development and reconstruction of the plan * 2 Phases of the plan and its implementation * 3 Civilian death toll in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
* 4 See also * 5 Footnotes * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links

DEVELOPMENT AND RECONSTRUCTION OF THE PLAN

The body responsible for the General Plan East was the SS 's Reich Main Security Office (RSHA) under Heinrich Himmler , who commissioned the work. The actual document was revised several times between June 1941 and spring 1942 as the war in the east progressed successfully. It was a strictly confidential proposal whose content was known only to those at the top level of the Nazi hierarchy; it was circulated by RSHA to the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories (_Ostministerium_) in early 1942.

According to testimony of SS-_ Standartenführer _ Dr. Hans Ehlich (one of the witnesses before the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials ), the original version of the plan was drafted in 1940. As a high official in the RSHA, Ehlich was the man responsible for the drafting of _Generalplan Ost_ along with Dr. Konrad Meyer , Chief of the Planning Office of Himmler's Reich Commission for the Strengthening of Germandom . It had been preceded by the _ Ostforschung _, a number of studies and research projects carried out over several years by various academic centres to provide the necessary facts and figures. Hess and Himmler visit a VoMi display of proposed rural German settlements in the East, March 1941.

The preliminary versions were discussed by Heinrich Himmler and his most trusted colleagues even before the outbreak of war. This was mentioned by SS-_ Obergruppenführer _ Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski during his evidence as a prosecution witness in the trial of officials of the Race and Settlement Main Office ( RuSHA ). According to Bach-Zelewski, Himmler stated openly: "It is a question of existence, thus it will be a racial struggle of pitiless severity, in the course of which 20 to 30 million Slavs
Slavs
and Jews will perish through military actions and crises of food supply." A fundamental change in the plan was introduced on June 24, 1941 – two days after the start of Operation Barbarossa – when the \'solution\' to the Jewish question ceased to be part of that particular framework gaining a lethal, autonomous priority.

Nearly all the wartime documentation on _Generalplan Ost_ was deliberately destroyed shortly before Germany's defeat in May 1945. Thus, no complete set of originals have ever been found after the war, among the documents stored in German archives. Apart from Ehlich's testimony, there are several documents which refer to this plan or are supplements to it. Although no copies of the actual full proposal have survived, most of the plan's essential elements have been reconstructed from related memos , abstracts and other documents.

A principal document which enabled historians to recreate the full content of _Generalplan Ost_ with great deal of accuracy was a policy review released on April 27, 1942, by Dr. Erhard Wetzel, director of the NSDAP Office of Racial Policy , which was titled "Opinion and thoughts on the master plan for the East of the Reichsführer SS" (_Stellungnahme und Gedanken zum Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
des Reichsführers SS_). Wetzel's memorandum was a broad elaboration of the _Generalplan Ost_ proposal. But it came to light only in 1957.

Adolf Hitler, in his attempt to reassure sceptics, have quoted the world's indifference towards the earlier Armenian Genocide
Genocide
as an argument that possible negative consequences for Germany would be minimal in this case. In subsequent years, his declaration from Berghof has been referred to as Hitler's Armenian quote .

PHASES OF THE PLAN AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION

Percentages of ethnic groups to be destroyed and/or deported to Siberia
Siberia
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
from future settlement areas. ETHNIC GROUP / NATIONALITY POPULATION PERCENT SUBJECT TO REMOVAL

Russians
Russians
50–60% to be physically eliminated and another 15% to be sent to Western Siberia

Estonians almost 50%

Latvians 50%

Czechs 50%

Ukrainians 65%

Belarusians
Belarusians
75%

Poles
Poles
20 million, or 80–85%

Lithuanians 85%

Latgalians 100%

Further information: Expulsion of Poles
Poles
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, Wehrbauer , and Special Prosecution Book-Poland _ Europe, with pre-WW2 borders, showing the extension of the Generalplan Ost_ master plan. LEGEND: Dark grey – Germany (_Deutsches Reich_). Dotted black line – the extension of a detailed plan of the "second phase of settlement" (_zweiten Siedlungsphase_). Light grey – planned territorial scope of the _ Reichskommissariat _ administrative units; their names in blue are Ostland (1941-1945), Ukraine (1941-1944), Moskowien (never realized), and Kaukasien (never realized).

_GENERALPLAN OST_ (GPO) (English: Master Plan East) was a secret Nazi German plan for the colonization of Central and Eastern Europe
Central and Eastern Europe
. Implementing it would have necessitated genocide and ethnic cleansing on a vast scale to be undertaken in the European territories occupied by Germany during World War II
World War II
. It would have included the extermination of most Slavic people in Europe. The plan, prepared in the years 1939-1942, was part of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
's and the Nazi movement 's _ Lebensraum _ policy and a fulfilment of the _ Drang nach Osten _ (English: Drive towards the East) ideology of German expansion to the east, both of them part of the larger plan to establish the New Order .

The final version of the _Generalplan Ost_ proposal was divided into two parts; the "Small Plan" (_Kleine Planung_), which covered actions carried out in the course of the war; and the "Big Plan" (_Grosse Planung_), which described steps to be taken gradually over a period of 25 to 30 years after the war was won. Both plans entailed the policy of ethnic cleansing. As of June 1941, the policy envisaged the deportation of 31 million Slavs
Slavs
to Siberia.

The _Generalplan Ost_ proposal offered various percentages of the conquered or colonized people who were targeted for removal and physical destruction; the net effect of which would be to ensure that the conquered territories would become German. In ten years' time, the plan effectively called for the extermination, expulsion , Germanization or enslavement of most or all East and West Slavs
Slavs
living behind the front lines of East-Central Europe. The "Small Plan" was to be put into practice as the Germans
Germans
conquered the areas to the east of their pre-war borders. In this way the plan for Poland was drawn up at the end of November 1939 and is probably responsible for much of the World War II
World War II
expulsion of Poles
Poles
by Germany (first to colonial district of the General Government
General Government
and, from 1942 also to Polenlager ). After the war, under the "Big Plan", Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
foresaw the removal of 45 million non-Germanizable people from Central and Eastern Europe
Central and Eastern Europe
, of whom 31 million were "racially undesirable", 100% of Jews, Poles (85%), Belorussians (75%) and Ukrainians (65%), to West Siberia
Siberia
, and about 14 millions were to remain, but were to be treated as slaves. In their place, up to 8-10 million Germans
Germans
would be settled in an extended "living space" (_Lebensraum_). Because the number of Germans appeared to be insufficient to populate the vast territories of Central and Eastern Europe, the peoples judged to lie racially between the Germans
Germans
and the Russians
Russians
(_Mittelschicht_), namely, Latvians and even Czechs, were also supposed to be resettled there. Prisoners of the Krychów forced labour camp dig irrigation ditches for the new German latifundia of the General Plan East in 1940. Most of them, Polish Jews
Polish Jews
and some Roma people , were sent to Sobibór extermination camp afterwards.

According to Nazi intentions, attempts at Germanization were to be undertaken only in the case of those foreign nationals in Central and Eastern Europe who could be considered a desirable element for the future Reich from the point of view of its racial theories. The Plan stipulated that there were to be different methods of treating particular nations and even particular groups within them. Attempts were even made to establish the basic criteria to be used in determining whether a given group lent itself to Germanization. These criteria were to be applied more liberally in the case of nations whose racial material (_rassische Substanz_) and level of cultural development made them more suitable than others for Germanization. The Plan considered that there were a large number of such elements among the Baltic nations. Erhard Wetzel felt that thought should be given to a possible Germanization of the whole of the Estonian nation and a sizable proportion of the Latvians. On the other hand, the Lithuanians seemed less desirable since "they contained too great an admixture of Slav blood." Himmler's view was that "almost the whole of the Lithuanian nation would have to be deported to the East".

Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia were to be deprived of their statehood, while their territories were to be included in the area of German settlement. This meant that Latvia and especially Lithuania would be covered by the deportation plans, though in a somewhat milder form than the expulsion of Slavs
Slavs
to western Siberia. While the Baltic nations like Estonians would be spared from repressions and physical liquidation (that the Jews and the Poles
Poles
were experiencing), in the long term the Nazi planners did not foresee their existence as independent entitites and they would be deported as well, with eventual denationalisation; initial designs were for Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia to be Germanized within 25 years, however Heinrich Himmler revised them to 20 years. Third Reich in 1939 (dark grey) after the conquest of Poland ; with pockets of German colonists resettled into the annexed territories of Poland from the Soviet "sphere of influence" during the " Heim ins Reich " action. – Nazi propaganda poster superimposed with the red outline of Poland missing entirely from the original print.

In 1941 it was decided to destroy the Polish nation completely and the German leadership decided that in 10 to 20 years the Polish state under German occupation was to be fully cleared of any ethnic Poles and settled by German colonists. A majority of them, now deprived of their leaders and most of their intelligentsia (through mass murder, destruction of culture , the ban on education above the absolutely basic level, and kidnapping of children for Germanization ), would have to be deported to regions in the East and scattered over as wide an area of Western Siberia
Siberia
as possible. According to the plan this would result in their assimilation by the local populations, which would cause the Poles
Poles
to vanish as a nation.

According to plan, by 1952 only about 3–4 million 'non-Germanized' Poles
Poles
(all of them peasants) were to be left residing in the former Poland. Those of them who would still not Germanize were to be forbidden to marry, the existing ban on any medical help to Poles
Poles
in Germany would be extended, and eventually Poles
Poles
would cease to exist. Experiments in mass sterilization in concentration camps may also have been intended for use on the populations. The Wehrbauer , or soldier-peasants, would be settled in a fortified line to prevent civilization reanimating beyond the Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
and threatening Germany. "Tough peasant races " would serve as a bulwark against attack — however, it was not very far east of the "frontier" that the westernmost reaches within continental Asia of the Third Reich's major Axis partner, Imperial Japan 's own Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere would have existed, had a complete defeat of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
occurred.

The seizure of food supplies in Ukraine brought about starvation, as it was intended to do to depopulate that region for German settlement. Soldiers were told to steel their hearts against starving women and children, because every bit of food given to them was stolen from the German people, endangering their nourishment. Execution of Polish intelligentsia during the mass murders in Piaśnica

Widely varying policies were envisioned by the creators of _Generalplan Ost_, and some of them were actually implemented by Germany in regards to the different Slavic territories and ethnic groups. For example, by August–September 1939 (Operation Tannenberg followed by the A-B Aktion in 1940), Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
death squads and concentration camps had been employed to deal with the Polish elite, while the small number of Czech intelligentsia were allowed to emigrate overseas. Parts of Poland were annexed by Germany early in the war (leaving aside the rump German-controlled General Government and the areas previously annexed by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
), while the other territories were officially occupied by or allied to Germany (for example, the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
became a theoretically independent puppet state , while the ethnic-Czech parts of the Czech lands (so excluding the Sudetenland
Sudetenland
) became a "protectorate "). It is unknown to what degree the plan was actually directly connected to the various German war crimes and crimes against humanity in the East, especially in the latter phases of the war. In any case, the majority of Germany\'s 12 million forced laborers were abducted from Eastern Europe, mostly in the Soviet territories and Poland (both Slavs
Slavs
and local Jews ).

One of the charges listed in the indictment presented at the trial of Adolf Eichmann , the SS officer responsible for the transportation aspects of the Final Solution
Final Solution
, was that he was responsible for the deportation of 500,000 Poles. Eichmann was convicted on all 15 counts.

CIVILIAN DEATH TOLL IN THE SOVIET UNION

The Soviet Extraordinary State Commission formed in World War II
World War II
in order to investigate the Nazi crimes, which was tasked also with compensating the state for damages suffered by the USSR, reported 8.2 million Soviet losses, (4.0 million in Ukraine; 2.5 million in Belarus; and 1.7 million in Russia) as the result of German occupation. However, many reports prepared by the Commission are now considered outright fabrications, such as the shifting of blame for the Katyn massacre perpetrated by the Soviet authorities themselves. The commission figures of 2.4 million losses in annexed lands included citizens of prewar Poland trapped along with inhabitants of other states occupied by the Soviet Union. The overall statistics included Russian victims of Stalinist terror as well.

The Russian Academy of Sciences in 1995 estimated that the World War II casualties of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
totaled 13.7 million civilian dead, 20% of the 68 million persons in the occupied USSR. This included 7.4 million victims of Nazi policies and reprisals; 2.2 million deaths of persons deported to Germany for forced labor; and 4.1 million famine and disease deaths in occupied territory. There were an additional estimated 3 million famine deaths in areas of the USSR not under German occupation. To support these figures, the Russian Academy of Sciences cited sources published in the Soviet era. The losses were for the entire territory of the USSR in 1946 to 1991 borders, including territories occupied by the Red Army in 1939–1940. Russian historian Viktor Zemskov maintains that the Russian Academy of Science estimate for the civilian war dead is overstated because it includes about 7 million deaths resulting from natural causes, based on the mortality rate that prevailed before the war, and that reported civilian deaths in the occupied regions included persons who were evacuated to the rear areas. He submitted an estimate of 4.5 million civilians who were Nazi victims or were killed in the occupied zone and 4 million deaths due to the deterioration in living conditions.

SEE ALSO

* A-A line , military goal of Operation Barbarossa * Areas annexed by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Chronicles of Terror * Expulsion of Poles
Poles
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Holocaust victims * Hunger Plan to seize food from the Soviet Union * Nazi crimes against ethnic Poles
Poles
* Nazi crimes against Soviet POWs * Nazism and race * New Order proclaimed by Hitler in 1941 * Occupation of Poland (1939–1945) * Pabst Plan to reconstruct Warsaw
Warsaw
as a Nazi city * Racial policy of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Wannsee Conference about the " Final Solution
Final Solution
" * World War II
World War II
evacuation and expulsion * Forced labour under German rule during World War II
World War II
* Ural mountains in Nazi planning
Ural mountains in Nazi planning

FOOTNOTES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Dietrich Eichholtz, »Generalplan Ost« zur Versklavung osteuropäischer Völker. PDF file, direct download. * ^ "Der Generalplan Ost." Eine Ausstellung der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, 2006. * ^ Jill Stephenson (2006). _Hitler\'s Home Front: Wurttemberg Under the Nazis_. A&C Black. p. 113. Other non-'Aryans' included Slavs, Blacks and Roma and Sinti (Romanies). * ^ Various authors (2003). " Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
(General Plan East). The Nazi evolution in German foreign policy. Documentary sources". _Versions of the GPO_. Alexandria, VA: World Future Fund. Resources: Janusz Gumkowski and Kazimierz Leszczynski, _Hitler’s Plans for Eastern Europe. Ibid_. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Browning (2007) , pp. 240–241 * ^ _A_ _B_ Hans-Walter Schmuhl. The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics, 1927–1945: crossing boundaries. Volume 259 of Boston studies in the philosophy of science. Coutts MyiLibrary. SpringerLink Humanities, Social Science Sabine Schleiermacher. ISBN 3-05-002445-3 _. _Central European History_, Vol. 29, No. 2 (1996), pp. 270–274. _Full review available with purchase on JSTOR_. * ^ Anton Weiss Wendt (2010). _Eradicating Differences: The Treatment of Minorities in Nazi-Dominated Europe_. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 69. ISBN 1443824496 . * ^ Madajczyk (1962) , _Wetzel´s appraisal._ * ^ Stephen M. Streeter; John C. Weaver; William Donald Coleman. _Empires and Autonomy: Moments in the History of Globalization_. UBC Press. p. 181. ISBN 9780774858762 . * ^ Churchill, Ward (1997). _A little matter of genocide : holocaust and denial in the Americas, 1492 to the present_. San Francisco: City Lights Books. p. 52. ISBN 9780872863231 . * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ Janusz Gumkowski; Kazimierz Leszczynski (1961). _Poland under Nazi Occupation_. Warsaw: Polonia Pub. House. OCLC
OCLC
456349 . "Hitler's Plans for Eastern Europe." Digitized selections from chapter _The "New Order" in Europe: Generalplan Ost_. Archived from the original on 2011-11-25 – via Internet Archive. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Romuald J. Misiunas; Rein Taagepera (1993). Georg von Rauch, ed. _The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940-80_. University of California Press. pp. 48–49. ISBN 0520082273 – via Google Books. * ^ Pinfield, Nick. _A/AS Level History for AQA Democracy and Nazism: Germany, 1918–1945 Student Book_. p. 173. * ^ David James Smith. _Estonia: Independence and European Integration_. p. 35. ISBN 0415267285 . * ^ Der Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
– Eine Ausstellung der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft * ^ Dietrich Eichholtz. "»Generalplan Ost« zur Versklavung osteuropäischer Völker" * ^ Madajczyk, Czesław . "Die Besatzungssysteme der Achsenmächte. Versuch einer komparatistischen Analyse". __ Hitler\'s War in the East, 1941–1945 : A Critical Assessment _by Gerd R. Uebersch̀ear and Rolf-Dieter Müller_. _Studia Historiae Oeconomicae_ vol. 14 (1980): pp. 105-122 – via Amazon. * ^ Irene Tomaszewski; Tecia Werbowski (2010). "Labor camps – Polenlager". _Code Name Żegota: Rescuing Jews in Occupied Poland, 1942–1945_. ABC-CLIO. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-0-313-38391-5 . Retrieved May 11, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ John Connelly. _Nazis and Slavs: From Racial Theory to Racist Practice_. _Central European History_, Vol. 32, No. 1 (1999), pp. 1–33 * ^ Sławomir Sobolewski. "Obozy pracy na terenie Gminy Hańsk" . Hansk.info, the official webpage of Gmina Hańsk . Retrieved 29 September 2014. * ^ Toivo U. Raun (2002). "The German Occupation". _Estonia and the Estonians. Second Edition, Updated_. Hoover Institution Press. pp. 161–164. ISBN 0817928537 . . * ^ Lynn H. Nicholas (2011). _Cruel World: The Children of Europe in the Nazi Web_. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 194. ISBN 0307793826 – via Google Books. * ^ Berghahn, Volker R. (1999). " Germans
Germans
and Poles
Poles
1871–1945". _Germany and Eastern Europe: Cultural Identities and Cultural Differences_. Rodopi: 15–34. ISBN 9042006889 – via Google Books. * ^ Gerhard L. Weinberg , _Visions of Victory: The Hopes of Eight World War II
World War II
Leaders_ p 24 ISBN 0-521-85254-4 * ^ Robert Cecil, _The Myth of the Master Race: Alfred Rosenberg and Nazi Ideology_ p190 ISBN 0-396-06577-5 * ^ Michael Sontheimer, "When We Finish, Nobody Is Left Alive" 05/27/2011 _Spiegel_ * ^ Karel C. Berkhoff , _Harvest of Despair: Life and Death in Ukraine Under Nazi Rule_ p. 45 ISBN 0-674-01313-1 * ^ Berkhoff, p. 166. * ^ Stefan Korbonski The Polish Underground State: A Guide to the Underground, 1939-1945 * ^ Michael Berenbaum , ed. (1990). _A Mosaic of Victims: Non Jews Persecuted and Murdered by the Nazis_. New York University Press. ISBN 1-85043-251-1 – via Google Books, no preview. * ^ Konstantin Akinsha & Grigorii Kozlov. "Tracking The Trophy Brigade". _Top Ten ARTnews Stories_. ARTnews. Revealing the fate of thousands of artworks that disappeared into the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
after World War II. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link ) * ^ Georgily A. Kumanev (1990). "The German occupation regime on occupied territory in the USSR". In Michael Berenbaum. _A mosaic of victims (ibidem)_. New York University Press. p. 140. ISBN 9781850432517 . * ^ Fischer, Benjamin B. "The Katyn Controversy: Stalin\'s Killing Field" (Winter 1999–2000). Studies in Intelligence. Retrieved 10 December 2005. * ^ Anna M. Cienciala; Wojciech Materski (2007). _Katyn: a crime without punishment_. Yale University Press. pp. 226–229. ISBN 978-0-300-10851-4 . * ^ Жертвы двух диктатур. Остарбайтеры и военнопленные в Третьем Рейхе и их репатриация. – М.: Ваш выбор ЦИРЗ, 1996, pp. 735-738. __ (in Russian). Quote: 2,411,430 in annexed territories including (1,538,544 from Poland: Stanislav 223,920; Volyn 65,440; Lviv/Lwow 475,435; Rovno 175,133; Ternopol 172,357; Lutsk 117,549; Brest 159,526, Horodna 111,203; and Polesskya 37,981) Lithuania: including Vilnius/Wilno 436,535; Latvia: 313,798; Estonia: 61,307; and Moldova: 61,246. * ^ Davies, Norman (2012). _God\'s Playground _ . Otwarte (publishing). p. 956. ISBN 8324015566 . Polish edition, second volume. To, co robili Sowieci, było szczególnie mylące. Same liczby były całkowicie wiarygodne, ale pozbawione komentarza, sprytnie ukrywały fakt, że ofiary w przeważającej liczbie nie były Rosjanami, że owe miliony obejmowały ofiary nie tylko Hitlera, ale i Stalina, oraz że wśród ludności cywilnej największe grupy stanowili Ukraińcy, Polacy, Białorusini i Żydzi. _Translation: The Soviet methods were particularly misleading. The numbers were correct, but the victims were overwhelmingly not Russian, and came from either one of the two regimes._ * ^ Bernd Wegner (1997). _From peace to war: Germany, Soviet Russia, and the world, 1939–1941_. Berghahn Books. p. 74. ISBN 1-57181-882-0 . * ^ The Russian Academy of Science
Russian Academy of Science
Rossiiskaia Akademiia nauk. _Liudskie poteri SSSR v period vtoroi mirovoi voiny: sbornik statei_. Sankt-Peterburg 1995 ISBN 5-86789-023-6 * ^ Zemskov, Viktor. ""The extent of human losses USSR in the Great Patriotic War ("Военно-исторический архив" In Russian)"". _ru:Демоскоп Weekly_.

REFERENCES

* Fritz, Stephen G. (2011). _Ostkrieg: Hitler\'s War of Extermination in the East_. University Press of Kentucky. _Generalplan Ost (General plan for the east)_. ISBN 0813140501 – via Google Books. * Aly, Götz ; Heim, Susanne (2003). _Architects of Annihilation: Auschwitz and the Logic of Destruction_. Phoenix. _The General Plan for the East_. ISBN 1-84212-670-9 – via Google Books. * Browning, Christopher R. (2007). _The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942_. U of Nebraska Press. _Generalplan Ost: The Search for a Final Solution through Expulsion_. ISBN 0803203926 – via Google Books. * Madajczyk, Czesław (1962). "General Plan East. Hitler\'s Master Plan for expansion". World Future Fund. _Polish Western Affairs, Vol. III No 2_. _Resources:_ Prof. Konrad Meyer-Hetling (May 1942), _Generalplan Ost, Rechtliche, wirtschaftliche und räumliche Grundlagen des Ostaufbaues_. _Note:_ After World War II, it was thought, that the memorandum itself had been lost. The first information of its content was given by Robert L. Koehl in his _RKFDV: German Resettlement and Population Policy 1939-1945_, published by the Harvard University Press in 1957. OCLC
OCLC
906064851 * Snyder, Timothy (2012). _Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin_. Basic Books. _Generalplan Ost_. ISBN 0465002390 . * Wildt, Michael (2008). _Generation of the unbound: the leadership corps of the Reich Security Main Office_. Wallstein Verlag. _Weltanschauung_. ISBN 3835302906 – via Google Books.

FURTHER READING

* Jonas Bakoubayi Billy: _Musterkolonie des Rassenstaats: Togo in der kolonialpolitischen Propaganda und Planung Deutschlands 1919-1943_, J.H.Röll-Verlag, Dettelbach 2011, ISBN 978-3-89754-377-5 . (in German) * Helmut Heiber, "Der Generalplan Ost." _Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte_, Volume 3, 1958. (in German) * Dietrich Eichholtz, "Der Generalplan Ost." Über eine Ausgeburt imperialistischer Denkart und Politik, _Jahrbuch für Geschichte_, Volume 26, 1982. (in German) * Roth, Karl-Heinz, "Erster Generalplan Ost." (April/May 1940) von Konrad Meyer, _Dokumentationsstelle zur NS-Sozialpolitik, Mittelungen_, Volume 1, 1985. (in German) * Czesław Madajczyk , _Die Okkupationspolitik Nazideutschlands in Polen 1939-1945_, Cologne, 1988. OCLC
OCLC
473808120 (in German) * M. Rössler ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

The Holocaust

BY TERRITORY

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Lists and timelines

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* Books and other resources * Films about the Holocaust * Nazi concentration camps * Nazi ideologues * Rescuers of Jews * Shtetls depopulated of Jews * Timeline of deportations of French Jews * Timeline of the Holocaust * Timeline of the Holocaust in Norway * Treblinka timeline

CAMPS

CONCENTRATION

* Bergen-Belsen * Bogdanovka
Bogdanovka
* Buchenwald * Dachau * Danica * Dora * Đakovo * Esterwegen * Flossenbürg * Gonars * Gospić * Gross-Rosen * Herzogenbusch * Jadovno * Janowska * Kaiserwald * Kraków-Płaszów * Kruščica * Lobor * Mauthausen-Gusen * Neuengamme * Rab * Ravensbrück * Sachsenhausen * Salaspils * Sisak children\'s camp * Stutthof * Tenja * Theresienstadt * Uckermark * Warsaw
Warsaw

EXTERMINATION

* Auschwitz-Birkenau * Bełżec * Chełmno * Jasenovac * Majdanek * Maly Trostenets * Sajmište * Slana * Sobibór * Treblinka

TRANSIT

* BE * Breendonk * Mechelen * FR * Gurs * Drancy * IT * Bolzano * Risiera di San Sabba * NL * Amersfoort * Westerbork

METHODS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Gas van * Gas chamber * Extermination through labour * Human medical experimentation

NAZI UNITS

* SS-_Totenkopfverbände_ * Concentration Camps Inspectorate * _ Politische Abteilung _ * _ Sanitätswesen _

VICTIMS

JEWS

ROUNDUPS

* FR * Izieu * Marseille * Vel\' d\'Hiv

POGROMS

* _ Kristallnacht
Kristallnacht
_ * Bucharest * Dorohoi * Iaşi * Jedwabne * Kaunas * Lviv * Odessa * Tykocin * Wąsosz

GHETTOS

POLAND

* Białystok * Kraków * Łódź * Lublin * Lwów * Warsaw
Warsaw

ELSEWHERE

* Budapest * Kovno * Minsk * Riga * Vilna

"FINAL SOLUTION "

* Wannsee Conference * Operation Reinhard * Holocaust trains * Extermination camps

_EINSATZGRUPPEN _

* Babi Yar * Bydgoszcz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Ninth Fort * Piaśnica * Ponary * Rumbula * Erntefest

RESISTANCE

* Jewish partisans

* Ghetto uprisings

* Warsaw
Warsaw
* Białystok * Częstochowa

END OF WORLD WAR II

* Death marches * Wola * Bricha * Displaced persons

* Holocaust denial

* trivialization

OTHERS

* Romani people (gypsies) * Poles
Poles
* Soviet POWs * Slavs
Slavs
in Eastern Europe * Homosexuals * People with disabilities * Serbs * Freemasons * Jehovah\'s Witnesses * Black people

RESPONSIBILITY

ORGANIZATIONS

* Nazi Party
Nazi Party
* _Schutzstaffel_ (SS) * Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) * Sicherheitsdienst (SD) * Waffen-SS * Wehrmacht

UNITS

* _ Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
_ * Police Regiments * Orpo Police Battalions

COLLABORATORS

* Ypatingasis būrys * Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * Arajs Kommando * Ukrainian Auxiliary Police * Trawnikis * Nederlandsche SS * Special
Special
Brigades

INDIVIDUALS

* Major perpetrators * Nazi ideologues

* Early elements * Aftermath * Remembrance

EARLY ELEMENTS

* Nazi racial policy * Nazi eugenics * Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
* Haavara Agreement * Madagascar Plan * Forced euthanasia (Action T4)

AFTERMATH

* Nuremberg trials
Nuremberg trials
* Denazification
Denazification

* Holocaust survivors

* Survivor guilt

* Reparations

REMEMBRANCE

* Days of remembrance * Memorials and museums

* v * t * e

_ Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
_ and _Einsatzkommandos _

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich * Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of _Einsatzgruppen_

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger * Wilhelm Fuchs * Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch * Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of _Einsatzkommandos_, _Sonderkommandos_

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner * Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper
Hermann Schaper
* Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz * Franz Six * Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch * Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler
Lothar Fendler
* Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann
Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs * Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * _ Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz _ * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* _ Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
_ (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs _Kommando_ * Lithuanian Security Police * _Rollkommando_ Hamann * TDA * _ Ypatingasis būrys _

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto * Minsk Ghetto
Minsk Ghetto
* Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort * Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * _ Intelligenzaktion _ * _AB-Aktion_ * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino * Zmievskaya Balka * Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book * Commissar Order * _Einsatzgruppen_ trial * _Generalplan Ost_ * Jäger Report
Jäger Report
* Korherr Report * Special Prosecution Book-Poland (_Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen_)

* v * t * e

Heinrich Himmler

* _ Reichsführer-SS _ * Chief of German Police * Minister of the Interior

_REICHSFüHRER-SS _

* Himmler\'s service record * Ideology of the SS * Personal Staff Reichsführer-SS * Freundeskreis Reichsführer-SS ("Circle of Friends of the Reichsführer-SS") * Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
* Reinhard Heydrich (Chief of the RSHA) * Ernst Kaltenbrunner (successor as Chief of the RSHA) * Karl Wolff (Chief of Personal Staff) * Hedwig Potthast (secretary) * Rudolf Brandt (Personal Administrative Officer to RFSS) * Hermann Gauch (adjutant) * Werner Grothmann (aide-de-camp) * Heinz Macher (second personal assistant) * Walter Schellenberg (personal aide) * Karl Maria Wiligut (occultist)

ORGANIZATIONS

* Schutzstaffel * Gestapo
Gestapo
* Ahnenerbe
Ahnenerbe
* Lebensborn * Reich Central Office for the Combating of Homosexuality and Abortion

Responsibility for the Holocaust

* The Holocaust * Porajmos * Crimes against Poles
Poles
* Crimes against Soviet POWs * Persecution of Slavs
Slavs
in Eastern Europe * Persecution of homosexuals * Action T4 * Persecution of Serbs * Suppression of Freemasonry * Persecution of Jehovah\'s Witnesses * Persecution of black people * Kommandostab Reichsführer-SS * Volksliste * Operation Reinhard * Hegewald * Posen speeches
Posen speeches
* Himmler-Kersten Agreement

FAMILY

* Margarete Himmler (wife) * Gudrun Burwitz (daughter) * Hedwig Potthast (mistress) * Gebhard Ludwig (older brother) * Ernst (younger brother) * Katrin Himmler (great-niece) * Heinz Kokott (brother-in-law) * Richard Wendler (brother-in-law)

MILITARY

* Operation Himmler * Army Group Oberrhein * Army Group Vistula * Operation Nordwind

FAILED ASSASSINS

* Václav Morávek * Claus von Stauffenberg * Henning von Tresckow

PEOPLE

* Erhard Heiden (predecessor as Reichsführer-SS) * Karl Hanke (successor as Reichsführer-SS) * Falk Zipperer (closest friend) * Karl Gebhardt (personal physician) * Felix Kersten (personal masseur) * Hugo Blaschke (dentist) * Sidney Excell (man who arrested Himmler)

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Estonia

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia Ukraine

CRIMES

* Kalevi-Liiva

PROMINENT VICTIMS

* Zelig Kalmanovich

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

* Hans Aumeier * Karl Jäger * Ernst Kaltenbrunner * Aleksander Laak * Hinrich Lohse * Ain-Ervin Mere * Alfred Rosenberg * Martin Sandberger * Rudolf Joachim Seck * Franz Walter Stahlecker

NAZI OCCUPATION AND ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Reichskommissariat Ostland

NOTABLE COLLABORATORS

* Karl Linnas * Evald Mikson

CONCENTRATION CAMPS

* Klooga * Jägala * Vaivara

DOCUMENTATION

* Jäger Report
Jäger Report
* Judenfrei

CONCEALMENT

* Sonderaktion 1005
Sonderaktion 1005

WAR CRIMES INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial * Holocaust trials in Soviet Estonia * Estonian International Commission

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Uku Masing * Eha Masing * Polina Lentsman

RELATED ARTICLES

* History of the Jews in Estonia * Estonia in World War II
World War II
* Occupation of Estonia by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Latvia

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia Ukraine

CRIMES

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

VICTIMS

* Jewish people of Latvia * Gypsies * Joseph Carlebach * Simon Dubnow * Else Hirsch

PERPETRATORS

* Alois Brunner * Rudolf Batz * Fritz Dietrich * Otto-Heinrich Drechsler * Erich Ehrlinger * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Heinz Jost * Konrāds Kalējs * Ernst Kaltenbrunner * Wolfgang Kügler * Rudolf Lange * Hinrich Lohse * Friedrich Panzinger * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Eduard Roschmann * Alfred Rosenberg * Martin Sandberger * Albert Sauer * Rudolf Joachim Seck * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Eduard Strauch

NAZI OCCUPATION AND ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Reichskommissariat Ostland * Rollkommando Hamann

COLLABORATORS Individuals Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Kārlis Lobe Organizations Arajs Kommando Latvian Auxiliary Police Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft

GHETTOS AND CAMPS

* Daugavpils Ghetto * Jungfernhof concentration camp * Kaiserwald concentration camp * Riga Ghetto * Salaspils concentration camp

DOCUMENTATION

* Generalplan Ost * Jäger Report
Jäger Report

CONCEALMENT

* Sonderaktion 1005
Sonderaktion 1005

WAR CRIMES INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial * Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Jānis Lipke * Roberts Sedols

MEMORIALS

* Bikernieki Memorial

RELATED ARTICLES

* The Holocaust * Occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Lithuania

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Poland Russia Ukraine

PEOPLE

PERPETRATORS

* Algimantas Dailidė * Erich Ehrlinger * Joachim Hamann * Karl Jäger * Bruno Kittel * Algirdas Klimaitis * Hinrich Lohse * Franz Murer * Helmut Rauca * Adrian von Renteln * Rudolf Joachim Seck * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Martin Weiss

Victims and resistance

* Kazys Binkis * Alexander Bogen * Josef Glazman * Jay M. Ipson * Zelig Kalmanovich * Abba Kovner * Ephraim Oshry * Karl Plagge * Ona Šimaitė * Chiune Sugihara * Abraham Sutzkever * Elchonon Wasserman * Yitzhak Wittenberg * Jacob Wygodzki * See also: List of Lithuanian Righteous Among the Nations * _Songs of the Vilna Ghetto
Vilna Ghetto
_

GROUPS

PERPETRATORS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Police Battalions * Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys

RESISTANCE

* Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje

EVENTS

* Jäger Report
Jäger Report
* Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

PLACES

* HKP 562 forced labor camp * Kailis forced labor camp * Kovno Ghetto * Lukiškės Prison * Marcinkonys Ghetto * Ninth Fort * Šiauliai Ghetto * Švenčionys Ghetto * Vilna Ghetto
Vilna Ghetto

* Occupation of Lithuania by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* History of the Jews in Lithuania

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Poland

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Belgium Croatia Denmark Estonia France Latvia Lithuania Norway Russia Ukraine

* v * t * e

Camps, ghettos and operations

CAMPS

EXTERMINATION

* Auschwitz-Birkenau * Chełmno * Majdanek

* _ Operation Reinhard _ death camps

* Bełżec * Sobibór * Treblinka

CONCENTRATION

* Kraków-Płaszów * Potulice * Soldau * Stutthof * Szebnie * Trawniki * Warsaw
Warsaw

MASS SHOOTINGS

* AB Action * Erntefest * Jedwabne * Kielce cemetery * Aktion Krakau * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Lwów professors * Palmiry
Palmiry
* Sonderaktion Krakau * Tannenberg * Tykocin * Bydgoszcz * Wąsosz * Bloody Sunday

GHETTOS

* List of 277 Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland
Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland
(1939–1942)

* Będzin * Białystok * Brest * Częstochowa * Grodno * Kraków * Lwów * Łódź * Lubartów * Lublin * Międzyrzec Podlaski * Mizocz * Nowy Sącz * Pińsk * Radom * Słonim * Sosnowiec * Stanisławów * Wilno * Warsaw
Warsaw

OTHER ATROCITIES

* Action T4 * Grossaktion Warsaw
Warsaw
* Human medical experimentation

* v * t * e

Perpetrators, participants, organizations, and collaborators

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

ORGANIZERS

* Josef Bühler * Eichmann * Eicke * Ludwig Fischer
Ludwig Fischer
* Hans Frank * Globocnik * Glücks * Greiser * Himmler * Hermann Höfle * Fritz Katzmann * Wilhelm Koppe * Friedrich-Wilhelm Krüger * Kutschera * Erwin Lambert * Ernst Lerch
Ernst Lerch
* Oswald Pohl
Oswald Pohl
* Reinefarth * Scherner * Seyss-Inquart * Sporrenberg * Streckenbach * Thomalla * Otto Wächter
Otto Wächter
* Wisliceny

CAMP COMMAND

* Aumeier * Baer * Boger * Braunsteiner * Eberl * Eupen * Kurt Franz
Kurt Franz
* Karl Frenzel
Karl Frenzel
* Karl Fritzsch * Göth * Grabner * Hartjenstein * Hering * Höss * Hössler * Josef Kramer
Josef Kramer
* Liebehenschel * Mandel * Matthes * Michel * Möckel * Mulka * Johann Niemann
Johann Niemann
* Oberhauser * Reichleitner * Heinrich Schwarz * Stangl * Gustav Wagner * Christian Wirth

GAS CHAMBER EXECUTIONERS

* Erich Bauer * Bolender * Hackenholt * Klehr * Hans Koch * Herbert Lange
Herbert Lange
* Theuer

PHYSICIANS

* von Bodmann * Clauberg * Gebhardt * Fritz Klein * Mengele * Horst Schumann * Trzebinski * Eduard Wirths

GHETTO COMMAND

* Auerswald * Biebow * Blösche * Bürkl * Konrad * Palfinger * von Sammern-Frankenegg * Stroop

_EINSATZGRUPPEN _

* Wolfgang Birkner * Blobel * Felix Landau * Schaper * Schöngarth * von Woyrsch

PERSONNEL

CAMP GUARDS

* Juana Bormann * Danz * Demjanjuk * Margot Dreschel * Kurt Gerstein * Grese * Höcker * Kaduk * Kollmer * Muhsfeldt * Orlowski * Volkenrath

BY CAMP

* Sobibór * Treblinka

ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* General Government
General Government
* Hotel Polski * WVHA * RKFDV * VoMi

COLLABORATORS

JEWISH

* Group 13 * Kapo * Żagiew

Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian

* Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft

OTHER NATIONALITIES

* Arajs Kommando * Ukrainian Auxiliary Police * Ukrainian collaboration * Lithuanian Security Police * Trawniki * Ypatingasis būrys * Pieter Menten

* v * t * e

Resistance: Judenrat, victims, documentation and technical

ORGANIZATIONS

* AK * AOB * Bund * GL * PKB * ŻOB * ŻZA

UPRISINGS

* Ghetto uprisings * Białystok * Częstochowa * Sobibór * Treblinka * Warsaw
Warsaw
Ghetto Uprising

LEADERS

* Mordechai Anielewicz * Dawid Moryc Apfelbaum * Icchak Cukierman * Marek Edelman * Leon Feldhendler * Paweł Frenkiel * Henryk Iwański * Itzhak Katzenelson * Michał Klepfisz * Miles Lerman * Alexander Pechersky * Witold Pilecki * Frumka Płotnicka * Roza Robota * Szmul Zygielbojm
Szmul Zygielbojm

JUDENRAT

* Jewish Ghetto Police
Jewish Ghetto Police
* Adam Czerniaków * Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski

VICTIM LISTS

GHETTOS

* Kraków * Łódź * Lvov (Lwów) * Warsaw
Warsaw

CAMPS

* Auschwitz * Bełżec * Gross-Rosen * Izbica * Majdanek * Sobibór * Soldau * Stutthof * Trawniki * Treblinka

DOCUMENTATION

NAZI SOURCES

* Auschwitz Album * Frank Memorandum
Memorandum
* Höcker Album * Höfle Telegram * Katzmann Report * Korherr Report * Nisko Plan * Posen speeches
Posen speeches
* Special Prosecution Book-Poland * Stroop Report
Stroop Report
* Wannsee Conference

WITNESS ACCOUNTS

* Graebe affidavit * Gerstein Report * Vrba–Wetzler report * Witold\'s Report * _Sonderkommando_ photographs

CONCEALMENT

* Sonderaktion 1005
Sonderaktion 1005

TECHNICAL AND LOGISTICS

* Identification in camps * Gas chamber * Gas van * Holocaust train
Holocaust train
* Human medical experimentation * Zyklon B
Zyklon B

* v * t * e

Aftermath, trials and commemoration

AFTERMATH

* Holocaust survivors * Polish population transfers (1944–1946) * Bricha * Kielce pogrom
Kielce pogrom
* Anti-Jewish violence, 1944–46 * Ministry of Public Security

TRIALS

WEST GERMAN TRIALS

* Frankfurt Auschwitz trials * Treblinka trials

POLISH, EAST GERMAN, AND SOVIET TRIALS

* Auschwitz trial
Auschwitz trial
(Poland) * Stutthof trials
Stutthof trials
* Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

MEMORIALS

* Museum of the History of Polish Jews
Polish Jews
* Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum
Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum
* Majdanek State Museum * Sobibór Museum * International Youth Meeting Center in Oświęcim/Auschwitz * March of the Living

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Polish Righteous Among the Nations * Rescue of Jews by Poles
Poles
during the Holocaust * Garden of the Righteous

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Ukraine

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia

CRIMES

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobych * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa * Pripyat Swamps

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

* Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Werner Braune * Lothar Fendler
Lothar Fendler
* Hans Frank * Günther Herrmann * Friedrich Jeckeln * Ernst Kaltenbrunner * Fritz Katzmann * Erich Koch * Felix Landau * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Otto Ohlendorf * Paul Otto Radomski * Otto Rasch * Walter Schimana
Walter Schimana
* Erwin Schulz * Heinrich Seetzen * Otto Wächter
Otto Wächter
* Dieter Wisliceny

NAZI OCCUPATION AND ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Police Regiment South * Reichskommissariat Ukraine

COLLABORATORS _Individuals_ Vladimir Katriuk Petro Voinovsky Petro Zakhvalynsky _Organizations_ Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police Nachtigall Battalion

GHETTOS, CAMPS AND PRISONS

* Bogdanovka
Bogdanovka
* Drohobych Ghetto * Syrets concentration