The Info List - General Of The Salvation Army

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General is the title of the international leader and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Salvation Army, a Christian denomination with extensive charitable social services that gives quasi-military rank to its ministers (who are therefore known as officers). The General is elected by the High Council of The Salvation Army and serves a term of five years, which may be extended to seven years. André Cox, the General, assumed the position in June 2013 as Acting General upon the resignation of Linda Bond, and was formally elected in August 2013. Its founder, William Booth, was the first and longest serving general. There have been 20 generals as of 2018.


1 History and procedures for election 2 Leadership 3 Generals of The Salvation Army 4 References 5 External links

History and procedures for election[edit] Usage of the term General began with the Founder of The Salvation Army, William Booth. His wife, Catherine Booth, became known as the "Mother" of The Salvation Army. General Booth passed on the command to his eldest son, Bramwell Booth, but all Generals after Bramwell Booth have been elected. The office of General is not restricted by gender. Evangeline Booth, Booths's daughter, was elected the fourth General of the Army, and Australian Eva Burrows was elected the thirteenth General. On January 31, 2011 Commissioner Linda Bond, a Canadian national, was named General-Elect of The Salvation Army and assumed office on April 2, 2011 following the retirement of General Shaw Clifton. The Officer of The Salvation Army who is elected General is the worldwide spiritual leader of The Salvation Army and the chief executive officer of the organization. Since The Salvation Army maintains a heriarchical, quasi-military structure, all appointments and regulations are issued under the General's authority. Since the results of the 1929 High Council, and with the passage of The Salvation Army Act in the British Parliament in 1931, a General must "retire" at age 70. As of April 2018[update] there are 5 retired Generals still living. The General is elected by the High Council when his predecessor is removed by the High Council, retires, or dies (known within the Salvation Army as being promoted to Glory). The High Council is composed of the Chief of the Staff, all active commissioners, except the spouse of the incumbent General, and all territorial commanders. On January 31, 2011, after 10 days of meetings which began on January 21, 2011, the 17th High Council elected Linda Bond as the 19th General of The Salvation Army. Bond was the third woman to hold the post and the fourth Canadian. This election was handled by the largest High Council in history and was especially significant due to the number of women delegates (57) outnumbering the number of men delegates (52).[1] On 3 August 2013 the then Commissioner Andre Cox was elected by the High Council of 2013 as the 20th General of The Salvation Army.[2] In February 2018, Cox revealed that he would retire on 2 August 2018 at midnight. Therefore, the High Council of 2018 will begin its deliberations on 17 May 2018 to elect the 21st General of The Salvation Army. [3] Leadership[edit] The General serves as the Chief executive officer (CEO) of The Salvation Army at the international level, but the organization is divided into many subunits controlled by other individuals. For instance, Commissioner David Hudson, appointed by Cox, serves as the CEO of The Salvation Army of the United States. [4] Generals of The Salvation Army[edit]

No. General Took office Left office Nationality Born Died

1st William Booth 1865 1912

10 April 1829 20 August 1912

2nd Bramwell Booth, CH 1912 1929

8 March 1856 16 June 1929

3rd Edward Higgins 1929 1934

26 November 1864 14 December 1947

4th Evangeline Booth, OF 1934 1939

25 December 1865 17 July 1950

5th George Carpenter 1939 1946

20 June 1872 9 April 1948

6th Albert Orsborn 1946 1954

4 September 1886 4 February 1967

7th Wilfred Kitching, CBE 1954 1963

22 August 1893 15 December 1977

8th Frederick Coutts, CBE 1963 1969

21 September 1899 6 February 1986

9th Erik Wickberg 1969 1974

6 July 1904 26 April 1996

10th Clarence Wiseman, OC 1974 1977

19 June 1907 4 May 1985

11th Arnold Brown, OC 1977 1981

13 December 1913 26 June 2006

12th Jarl Wahlström 1981 1986

9 July 1918 3 December 1999

13th Eva Burrows, AC 1986 1993

15 September 1929 20 March 2015

14th Bramwell Tillsley July 1993 May 1994

18 August 1931

15th Paul Rader August 1994 July 1999

14 March 1934

16th John Gowans July 1999 September 2002

13 November 1934 8 December 2012

17th John Larsson September 2002 April 2006

2 April 1938

18th Shaw Clifton April 2006 April 2011

21 September 1945

19th Linda Bond 2 April 2011 13 June 2013

22 June 1946

20th Andre Cox 3 August 2013 Incumbent Retiring 2 August 2018

12 July 1954

21st TBD Assumes office 3 August 2018


^ "Linda Bond Named General-Elect". New Frontier Online. New Frontier Publications. Retrieved 3 April 2012.  ^ http://www.salvationarmy.org/ihq/news/inr030813 ^ https://www.salvationarmy.org/ihq/highcouncil2018 ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=General_of_The_Salvation_Army&action=edit

External links[edit]