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Brigadier
Brigadier
general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces. It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of colonel and major general. When appointed to a field command, a brigadier general is typically in command of a brigade consisting of around 4,000 troops (four battalions). In some countries a brigadier general is informally designated as a one-star general (OF-6). In some countries, this rank is given the name of brigadier, which is often considered not to be a general-officer rank, but is usually equivalent to brigadier general in the armies of nations that use the rank. The rank can be traced back to the militaries of Europe where a brigadier general, or simply a brigadier, would command a brigade in the field. The rank name général de brigade, (which translates as "brigade general"), was first used in the French revolutionary armies. In the first quarter of the 20th century, British and Commonwealth armies used the rank of brigadier general as a temporary appointment, or as an honorary appointment on retirement; in the 1920s this practice changed to the use of brigadier, which was not classed as a general officer. Some armies, such as Brazil, Taiwan, and Japan, use major general as the equivalent of brigadier general. Some of these armies then use the rank of colonel general to make four general-officer ranks.[citation needed] Mexico uses the ranks of both General
General
brigadier and General
General
de brigada. The naval equivalent is usually commodore.[1]

Contents

1 Insignia

1.1 Army
Army
insignia 1.2 Air force insignia 1.3 Naval infantry insignia 1.4 Other insignia

2 Brigadier
Brigadier
general ranks by country

2.1 Argentina 2.2 Australia 2.3 Bangladesh 2.4 Belgium 2.5 Brazil 2.6 Burma
Burma
(Myanmar) 2.7 Canada 2.8 China 2.9 Colombia 2.10 Denmark 2.11 Estonia 2.12 France 2.13 Germany 2.14 Greece 2.15 Hungary 2.16 Indonesia 2.17 Iran 2.18 Ireland 2.19 Israel 2.20 Italy 2.21 Jordan 2.22 Mexico 2.23 Poland 2.24 Portugal 2.25 Romania 2.26 South Korea 2.27 Spain 2.28 Sweden 2.29 Turkey 2.30 United Kingdom 2.31 United States

3 See also 4 References

Insignia[edit] Army
Army
insignia[edit]

Afghan National Army: Brid Jenral

Australian Army: (until 1922) Brigadier
Brigadier
general

Bangladesh Army: Brigadier
Brigadier
general

Belgium: Brigadegeneraal / Général de brigade

Brasil: General-de-Brigada

Canadian Forces: Brigadier
Brigadier
general / Brigadier-général

Colombia: Brigadier
Brigadier
General

Czech Army: brigádní generál

Royal Danish Army: Brigadegeneral

Egyptian Armed Forces: Brigadier
Brigadier
General (Arabic: عميد)

Estonia: Brigaadikindral

France: général de brigade

Georgian Armed Forces: ბრიგადის გენერალი

Germany
Germany
Bundeswehr: Brigadegeneral

Germany

Greece: Ταξίαρχος (Taxiarchos)

Hungary: Dandártábornok

Iran: Sartip (Persian:سرتیپ)

Indonesia: Brigadir Jendral (Brigjen)

Israel: Tat Aluf (Hebrew:תת אלוף)

Italy: Generale di brigata (Brigadiere generale)

Macedonia: бригаден генерал (brigaden general)

Mexican Army: General
General
Brigadier

Royal Netherlands Army: Brigadegeneraal

Philippine Army: Brigadier
Brigadier
General
General
/ Brigadyer Heneral / General
General
de brigada

Portuguese Army: Brigadeiro-geral

Romania: General
General
de brigadă

Serbian Army: Бригадни Генерал / Brigadni general

Spanish Army: General
General
de Brigada

Swedish Army: Brigadgeneral

British Army
Army
rank insignia (until 1921)

U.S. Army: Brigadier
Brigadier
general

U.S. Army: Brigadier
Brigadier
general (September 1959 to October 2014)

Air force insignia[edit] This gallery displays Air Force brigadier general insignia if they are different from the Army
Army
brigadier general insignia. (They usually are.) Note that in many Commonwealth countries, the equivalent air force rank is Air Commodore
Air Commodore
(and in the Netherlands, it is simply Commodore).

Belgium Général de Brigade Brigadegeneraal

Canada Brigadier-general brigadier-général

Chile (Comodoro)

Czech Republic (Brigádní generál)

Denmark (Brigadegeneral)

France Général de brigade aérienne

Georgia

Greece (Ταξίαρχος)

Hungary Dandártábornok

Ireland (Briogáidire-ghinearál)

Israel Tat Aluf (Hebrew: תת אלוף‎)

Italy (Generale di Brigata Aerea)

Malaysia (Brigedier Jeneral)

Netherlands (Commodore)

Philippines Brigadier
Brigadier
General Brigadyer Heneral General
General
de brigada

Poland

Romania General
General
de flotilă aeriană

Serbia Бригадни Генерал Brigadni general

Spain

Sweden (Brigadgeneral)

United States Brigadier
Brigadier
General

Naval infantry insignia[edit]

Israel: Tat Aluf (Hebrew:תת אלוף)

Spanish Navy Marines: General
General
de Brigada

United States Marine Corps

Indonesia: Brigadir Jendral (Brigjen)

Other insignia[edit]

French Gendarmerie: général de brigade

French Foreign Legion: général de brigade[2]

Brigadier
Brigadier
general ranks by country[edit] Argentina[edit] The rank of brigadier general (with some local variations) is used in the Argentine Air Force. Unlike other armed forces of the World, the rank of brigadier general is actually the highest rank in the Air Force. This is due to the use of the rank of brigadier and its derivatives to designate all general officers in the Air Force: brigadier (lowest general officer); brigadier-major (middle); and brigadier-general (highest). The rank of brigadier general is reserved for the Chief General
General
Staff of the Air Force, as well as the Chief of the Joint General
General
Staff if he should be an Air Force officer. The Argentine Army
Argentine Army
does not use the rank of brigadier-general, instead using brigade general ( Spanish: General
General
de brigada ) which in turn is the lowest general officer before Divisional General
General
( Spanish: General
General
de Division ) and Lieutenant
Lieutenant
General
General
( Spanish: Teniente General
General
). See also Argentine Army
Argentine Army
officer rank insignia. Australia[edit] In the Australian Imperial Force during World War I, the rank of brigadier general was always temporary and held only while the officer was posted to a particular task, typically the command of a brigade. When posted elsewhere, the rank would be relinquished and the former rank resumed. This policy prevented an accumulation of high-ranking general officers brought about by the relatively high turnover of brigade commanders. Brigadier
Brigadier
general was also used as an honorary rank on retirement. The rank insignia was like that of the current major general, but without the star/pip[3] - example. As in the United Kingdom, the rank was later replaced by brigadier. Hence, prior to 1922, a "brigadier general" was a "general officer"; subsequently, brigadiers were not "generals"; this is shown by the rank insignia being like that of a colonel, but with an extra (third) star/pip[3] - example. (See also Australian Army
Australian Army
officer rank insignia and List of Australian generals and brigadiers.) Bangladesh[edit] Prior to 2001, the Bangladesh Army
Bangladesh Army
rank was known as brigadier, in conformity with the rank structure of the Commonwealth Nations. In 2001 the Bangladesh Army
Bangladesh Army
introduced the rank of brigadier general, however "the grade stayed equivalent to brigadier", and although classified as a "one-star rank", a brigadier general is not considered to be a general officer – the lowest ranking general officer is Major
Major
General. Brigadier
Brigadier
general is equivalent to commodore of the Bangladesh Navy
Bangladesh Navy
and air commodore of the Bangladesh Air Force. It is still more popularly called brigadier. Belgium[edit] The Belgian Army
Belgian Army
uses the rank of général de brigade (French) and brigadegeneraal (Dutch) ( Brigade
Brigade
General). However, in this small military there are no permanent promotions to this rank, and it is only awarded as a temporary promotion to a full colonel who assumes a post requiring the rank, notably in an international context (e.g. as Military Attaché in a major embassy). Brazil[edit] See also: Military ranks of Brazil General
General
de brigada ( Brigade
Brigade
general) is the lowest rank amongst general officers of the Brazilian Army
Brazilian Army
– i.e. like in most British Commonwealth counties, the lowest general officer rank is a two-star rank, and a General
General
de Brigada wears a two-star insignia. Hence, it is equivalent to the major general rank of many counties. In the Brazilian Air Force, all of the senior ranks include "Brigadeiro" – the two-star rank is Brigadeiro (Brigadier), the three-star rank is Major-Brigadeiro (Major-Brigadier) and the four-star rank is Tenente-Brigadeiro-do-Ar (Lieutenant-Air-Brigadier). (See Military ranks of Brazil
Brazil
and Brigadier#Latin America for more information.) Burma
Burma
(Myanmar)[edit] The rank of brigadier general is known in Burma
Burma
as bo hmu gyoke and is often the deputy commander of one of Burma's Regional Military Commands, commander of the light infantry division (LID) or Military Operation Commands. In civil service, a brigadier general often holds the office of deputy minister or director general of certain ministries. Canada[edit] See also: Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
ranks and insignia In the Canadian Forces, the rank of brigadier-general (BGen) (brigadier-général or bgén in French) is a rank for members who wear army or air force uniform, equal to a commodore for those in navy uniform. A brigadier-general is the lowest rank of general officer. A brigadier-general is senior to a colonel or naval captain, and junior to a major-general or rear admiral. The rank title brigadier-general is still used notwithstanding that brigades in the army are now commanded by colonels. Until the late 1990s brigades were commanded by brigadier-generals. In the air force context, brigadier-generals used to command air force groups until these bodies were abolished in the late 1990s. The rank insignia for a brigadier-general on air force uniforms is a single wide braid on the cuff, as well as a single silver maple leaf beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St. Edward's Crown, worn on the shoulder straps of the service dress jacket, and on slip-ons on other uniforms. The rank insignia on army uniforms is a crossed sabre and baton on the shoulder straps. On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves; the air force wedge cap features silver braid on the edges of the ear flaps. The cap insignia for a general officer is a modified version of the Canadian Forces insignia. Army
Army
brigadier-generals wear gorget patches on the collar of the service uniform tunic. Brigadier-generals are initially addressed verbally as "General" and name; thereafter by subordinates as "Sir" or "Ma'am" in English or mon général in French. They are normally entitled to staff cars. Note: Until unification in 1968 of the Royal Canadian Air Force, Canadian Army, and the Royal Canadian Navy, rank structure and insignia followed the British pattern. This system of rank insignia was reinstated in 2014. In army usage, the term "brigadier" was used to denote what is now known as a brigadier-general while the air force used the rank of air commodore. China[edit] Chinese rank of (Da-Xiao 大校) or Senior Colonel
Colonel
is a direct equivalent of a brigadier. It ranks above colonel (Shang-Xiao 上校) and below major general (Shao-Jiang 少将). A brigadier is commonly in command of a division (Shi 师) or a brigade (Lu 旅). Divisional commanders are seldom general officers. Colombia[edit] The rank of brigadier general is the first general officer rank in the Fuerzas Militares,[4] and the National Police.[5] Denmark[edit] Denmark, a NATO member, has for many years been following NATO standards and adapting its rank system to closely relate. As in the armies of most other NATO nations, brigadier general is the lowest of the general ranks, usually a brigade commander. Estonia[edit] In the Estonian military, the rank is called Brigaadikindral. France[edit]

Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
during World War II in his uniform of Général de Brigade.

France uses the rank of "brigade general" (général de brigade). It formerly used the historic rank, until 1793, of brigadier des armées ("brigadier of the armies"). The rank contrasts with the French sub-officer rank of brigadier. As with all French general officers, a French brigade general is titled "general" without any implication that he is an army general; for instance General
General
Charles de Gaulle never rose higher than brigade general. Until 1793, a rank of brigadier des armées ("brigadier of the armies") existed in the French Army, which could be described as a senior colonel or junior brigade commander. The normal brigade command rank was field marshal (maréchal de camp) (which elsewhere is a more senior rank). A "brigadier of the armies" wore one-star and a "field marshal" wore two stars. During the French Revolution, the revolutionaries' drive to rationalise the state led to a change in the system of ranks. The rank of "brigadier of the armies" was abolished and the normal brigade command rank, field marshal, was replaced by brigade general. The rank of brigade general inherited the two stars of the rank of field marshal, explaining the absence since 1793 of a French rank with only one star. Nowadays, a French général de brigade generally commands a brigade, which is the biggest permanent formation in the French army. The rank can also be awarded in an honorary fashion to retiring colonels. The insignias are two stars, worn on the shoulder are at the sleeve of the uniform, depending on the dress. Two different kepis are issued : the service kepi sports the two stars, while the formal kepi features a large band of oak leaves (the kepi of a division general has two smaller such bands). Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
held the rank of brigade general. He was given a temporary promotion to this rank in May 1940 as commander of the 4th Armoured Reserve Division (4e division cuirassée de réserve). However his authority as head of the Free French
Free French
really came from being the only cabinet member outside occupied France, not from his military rank. As a reminder of his war position, he refused any further promotion. Germany[edit] The equivalent modern German OF6-rank is Brigadegeneral. The concept of a brigadier general rank is relatively new, as prior to 1945 the lowest German general officer OF6-rank was Generalmajor, which was often considered equivalent to brigadier general in other armies. Greece[edit] Main article: Taxiarchos Hungary[edit] In Hungary the brigadier general is a relatively new military rank used from 1992. The army and the air force insignia are not different. Indonesia[edit] Main article: Indonesian military ranks Brigadir jenderal (abbreviated as brigjen) is the fourth highest rank and the lowest general rank in the Indonesian National Police, the Indonesian National Armed Forces, and the Indonesian Marine Corps. The insignia is a gold star. Iran[edit] The equivalent rank for brigadier general in the Iranian army and air force is called sar-tip. In Persian the word tip means brigade, and sar means head or commander. After 1987 the rank sar-tip dovom (second brigadier general) was introduced between sar-tip and sar-hang (colonel or literally head of regiment). There is no equivalent for sar-tip dovom in other countries. The rank above sar-tip is sar-lashgar. Lashgar means division so, sar-lashgar means divisional general (major general). The Iranian Revolutionary Guards also use this rank; the difference is in salutation. One refers an army or air force brigadier general as "amir sar-tip", while a revolutionary guard general is referred to as "sardar sar-tip". Major general
Major general
is the highest Iranian military rank, and therefore brigadier general is considered to be second highest rank. It is equivalent to the rank of the commander of the air force, and commodore of the Navy. Ireland[edit] The country is divided into two areas for administrative and operational reasons, and in each area there is an infantry brigade. The two brigade group structure envisages distinct operational areas of responsibility for each of the brigades and is supported in its responsibilities by the Naval Service and Air Corps. Each of the brigade formations and the Air Corps is commanded by a brigadier general, while the Naval Service is commanded by a commodore. Israel[edit] In the Israel Defense Forces, the rank of brigadier general is called tat aluf and is the third highest rank, below aluf (major general) and rav aluf (lieutenant general or general), and above aluf mishne (colonel). Italy[edit] In the Italian Armed Forces
Italian Armed Forces
the rank has different denominations. In the Army, the rank for combat arms officers is generale di brigata whilst for the logistics and technical corps is called brigadier generale. The rank is also present in the other armed forces, police corps and other services of Italy, with different denominations, and it is associated with the lowest level within the government top management. Jordan[edit] In the Jordanian military, the rank of brigadier general is known as amid (عميد), and it is higher than colonel (akeed عقيد) and lower than major general (liwa لواء). Mexico[edit] In Mexico, general brigadier wears the arms of Mexico with one star, and is the rank below general de brigada who wears as rank insignia the arms of Mexico with two stars. Poland[edit] Prior to 2002, the Polish rank of generał brygady was equivalent to both the ranks of major general and brigadier general. Portugal[edit] In the Portuguese Army
Portuguese Army
and Air Force, brigadeiro-general is a temporary general rank for the colonels that have to exercise a special command. It is the equivalent of the commodore rank in the Portuguese Navy. The rank was reintroduced in 1999. Before that, simply as brigadeiro, it existed from 1707 to 1864 and again from 1929 to 1947, not being considered a general rank. From 1947 to 1999, brigadeiro become the two-star general rank in the Portuguese Army. As two-star rank, it was substituted by the rank of major-general in 1999. Romania[edit] In the Romanian Army
Army
the general de brigadă is the lowest rank of general officers, The equivalent in the Navy is contra-amiral and in the Air-Force general de flotilă aeriană. South Korea[edit] The rank of brigadier general is known in South Korea
South Korea
as junjang (Korean: 준장; hanja: 准將)[6] and is a direct equivalent to the United States one-star rank, with very similar insignia. The military of North Korea
North Korea
does not technically maintain a brigadier general rank, but the rank of senior colonel (대좌, taejwa) which is above colonel (상좌, sangjwa) and below major general (소장, Sojang) is the effective equivalent. Spain[edit] In the Spanish Army
Spanish Army
and Spanish Air Force, general de brigada is the lowest rank of general officers. Its equivalent in the Navy is contraalmirante. Sweden[edit] In the Swedish Army, Swedish Air Force
Swedish Air Force
and Swedish Amphibious Corps brigadgeneral is the lowest rank of general officers. Its equivalent in the Navy is flottiljamiral. Turkey[edit] In the Turkish Army
Army
and the Turkish Air Force, the equivalent rank is tuğgeneral (the Turkish Navy equivalent would be tuğamiral). The name is derived from tugay, the Turkish word for a brigade. Both tugay and tuğ- as military terms may owe their origins to the older Turkish word tuğ, meaning horsetail, which was used as a symbol of authority and rank in Ottoman and pre-Ottoman times. United Kingdom[edit] Main article: Brigadier-general (United Kingdom) Brigadier-general was formerly a rank or appointment in the British Army
Army
and Royal Marines, and briefly in the Royal Air Force. The appointment was abolished in both the Army
Army
and the Marines in 1921 and the equivalent rank today is simply Brigadier. United States[edit] Main article: Brigadier
Brigadier
general (United States) In the United States Army, United States Air Force
United States Air Force
and United States Marine Corps, a brigadier general is a one-star general officer. It is equivalent to the rank of rear admiral (lower half) in the other uniformed services. See also[edit]

War portal

British Army
Army
officer rank insignia Comparative military ranks History of Russian military ranks Military unit NATO Air Force officers NATO Army
Army
officers U.S. Army
U.S. Army
officer rank insignia United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and United States military ranks compared Wiktionary
Wiktionary
definition of General.

References[edit]

^ In the U.S., the rank of commodore has been redesignated as rear admiral (lower half). ^ The général de brigade of the French Foreign Legion
French Foreign Legion
is the commander of the (entire) Legion. ^ a b Australian Army
Australian Army
rank insignia for 2LT, LT, CAPT, LTCOL, COL, BRIG, MAJGEN and GEN use the Order of the Bath
Order of the Bath
star, which is commonly referred to as a "pip". ^ Decreto 1428 de 2007 Archived 2009-06-19 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Decreti 1791 de 2000 (septiembre 14) Archived May 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ (Korean) Empas hanja dictionary, Junjang entry

v t e

Military ranks and insignia by country

List of comparative military ranks

Africa

Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros DR Congo Republic of the Congo Djibouti Egypt

Army Navy Air Force

Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

Former

Biafra Bophuthatswana Ciskei Kingdom of Egypt Ethiopian Empire Rhodesia South West Africa Transkei Venda Zaire

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Apartheid States in Southern Africa

Americas

Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia Brazil Canada Chile

Army Air Force Navy

Colombia Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico

Army Navy

Nicaragua Paraguay Peru Saint Kitts and Nevis Suriname Trinidad and Tobago United States

Officers:

Army Navy Air Force Coast Guard

Enlisted:

Army Navy Air Force Coast Guard

Other:

Marine Corps Warrant officer

Uruguay Venezuela

Former

United States Army
Army
enlisted

World War I World War II

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh

Army Navy Air Force

Bhutan Brunei Cambodia PR of China

Army Navy Air Force

Republic of China(Taiwan)

Army Navy Air Force

East Timor India

Army Air Force Navy

Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Korea(North & South) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar

Army Navy Air Force

Nepal Oman Pakistan

Army Air Force Navy

Philippines Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka

Army Navy Air Force

Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

Former

Democratic Kampuchea Imperial Iran Imperial Japan

Army Navy

Mengjiang Manchukuo South Vietnam

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Europe

Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark

Army Navy Air Force

Estonia Finland France

Army Navy Gendarmerie Air Force Foresters

Germany

Rank information Rank insignia

Georgia Greece Hungary Iceland

Land Forces Coast Guard

Ireland Italy

Army Navy Air Force Carabinieri Finance Guard

Kosovo Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia

Army Navy Air Force Between 1994 and 2010

San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

Army
Army
officers Army
Army
other ranks Navy officers Navy ratings Air Force officers Air Force other ranks

Vatican

Former

Austria–Hungary

Army Navy

Independent State of Croatia Czechoslovakia German Empire Nazi Germany

Army Navy Air Force People's Militia SA SS Nazi Party

East Germany Kingdom of Greece

Army Navy Air Force

Kingdom of Hungary Hungarian People's Republic Kingdom of Italy

Blackshirts

Ottoman Empire Russian Empire Soviet Union

1918–35 1935–40 1940–43 1943–55 1955–91

Kingdom of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia FR Yugoslavia

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Oceania

Australia Fiji New Zealand Papua New Guinea Tonga Vanuatu

Comparative

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Post-Soviet states

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Commonwealth of Nations

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

NATO

Army

Officers Enlisted

Air Force

Officers Enlisted

Navy

Officers Enlisted

Comparative officer ranks of

World

.