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GEDROSIA (/dʒɪˈdroʊʒə/ ; Greek : Γεδρωσία) is the Hellenized name of the part of coastal Baluchistan
Baluchistan
that roughly corresponds to today's Makran
Makran
. The area which is named Gedrosia, in books about Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
and his successors , runs from the Indus River
Indus River
to the southern edge of the Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz
. It is directly to the south of the countries of Bactria
Bactria
, Arachosia
Arachosia
and Drangiana
Drangiana
, to the east of the country of Carmania and due west of the Indus River
Indus River
which formed a natural boundary between it and Western India. The native name of Gedrosia
Gedrosia
might have been Gwadar
Gwadar
as there are two towns by that name and a bay ( Gwadar
Gwadar
Bay ) in central Makran.

The Gedrosians are known to have successfully prevented the Indian Mauryans from capturing the western-most parts of their state.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 See also

* 3 References

* 3.1 Bibliography

HISTORY

Following his army's refusal to continue marching east at the Hyphasis River
Hyphasis River
in 326 BCE, Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
crossed the area after sailing south to the coast of the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
on his way back to Babylon
Babylon
. Upon reaching the Ocean, Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
divided his forces in half, sending half back by sea to Susa
Susa
under the command of Nearchus
Nearchus
. The other half of his army was to accompany him on a march through the Gedrosian desert, inland from the ocean. Throughout the 60-day march through the desert, Alexander lost at least 12,000 soldiers, in addition to countless livestock, camp followers, and most of his baggage train. Some historians say he lost three-quarters of his army to the harsh desert conditions along the way. However, this figure was likely based on exaggerated numbers in his forces prior to the march, which were likely in the range of no fewer than 30,000 soldiers.

There are two competing theories for the purpose of Alexander's decision to march through the desert rather than along the more hospitable coast. The first argues that this was an attempt to punish his men for their refusal to continue eastward at the Hyphasis River. The other argues that Alexander was attempting to imitate and succeed in the actions of Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
, who had failed to cross the desert.

SEE ALSO

* Gedrosia (satrapy)
Gedrosia (satrapy)
* Zephyrus (soldier)

REFERENCES

* ^ Saul (2009) , p. 362 * ^ Bosworth (1988) , p. 139 * ^ Bosworth (1988) , p. 142 * ^ Bosworth (1988) , p. 145 * ^ Plutarch, The Life of Alexander, 66. * ^ A B Bosworth (1988) , p. 146 * ^ Heckel (2002) , p. 68

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Bosworth, A. B. (1988). Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great. Canto. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521406796 . * Heckel, Waldemar (2002). The Wars of Alexander the Great. Essential Histories. Osprey. ISBN 9781841764733 . * Saul, David (2009). War: From Ancient Egypt to Iraq. Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 9781405341332 .

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Gedrosia
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