The Info List - Gated Community

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In its modern form, a GATED COMMUNITY (or WALLED COMMUNITY) is a form of residential community or housing estate containing strictly controlled entrances for pedestrians , bicycles , and automobiles , and often characterized by a closed perimeter of walls and fences. Gated communities usually consist of small residential streets and include various shared amenities. For smaller communities, this may be only a park or other common area . For larger communities, it may be possible for residents to stay within the community for most daily activities. Gated communities are a type of common interest development , but are distinct from intentional communities .

Given that gated communities are spatially a type of enclave , Setha M. Low, among other anthropologists , has argued that they have a negative effect on the net social capital of the broader community outside the gated community. Some gated communities, usually called guard-gated communities, are staffed by private security guards and are often home to high-value properties, and/or are set up as retirement villages . Some gated communities are secure enough to resemble fortresses and are intended as such.


* 1 Features * 2 Around the world * 3 Criticism * 4 Common economic model types * 5 Difference with closed cities

* 6 Examples

* 6.1 Argentina
* 6.2 Australia * 6.3 Brazil * 6.4 Canada
* 6.5 China * 6.6 Ecuador * 6.7 Egypt * 6.8 India * 6.9 Indonesia * 6.10 Italy * 6.11 Malaysia * 6.12 Mexico
* 6.13 New Zealand * 6.14 Pakistan
* 6.15 Peru * 6.16 Philippines
* 6.17 Russia * 6.18 Saudi Arabia * 6.19 South Africa
South Africa
* 6.20 Thailand * 6.21 Turkey * 6.22 United Arab Emirates * 6.23 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* 6.24 United States

* 7 In popular media

* 7.1 In television * 7.2 In film * 7.3 In games * 7.4 In songs * 7.5 In comics * 7.6 In literature

* 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links


A guarded, gated community located in Saskatoon
, Saskatchewan
, Canada
. A gated community near Ezeiza , a suburb of Buenos Aires , Argentina

Amenities available in a gated community depend on a number of factors including geographical location, demographic composition, community structure, and community fees collected. When there are subassociations that belong to master associations, the master association may provide many of the amenities. In general, the larger the association the more amenities that can be provided. Amenities also depend on the type of housing. For example, single-family-home communities may not have a common-area swimming pool, since individual home-owners have the ability to construct their own private pools. A condominium , on the other hand, may offer a community pool, since the individual units do not have the option of a private pool installation.

Typical amenities offered can include one or more:

* Swimming pools * Tennis courts * Community
centres or clubhouses * Golf courses * Marina
* On-site dining * Playgrounds * Exercise rooms including workout machines * Spa


Protective spikes in "security-zone" communities. The inside of a gated community in Ngaliema, Kinshasa, DRC.

In Brazil, the most widespread form of gated community is called "condomínio fechado" (closed housing estate ) and is the object of desire of the upper classes. Such a place is a small town with its own infrastructure (reserve power supply, sanitation, and security guards ). The purpose of such a community is to protect its residents from exterior violence. The same philosophy is seen on closed buildings and most shopping centres (many of them can only be accessed from inside the parking lot or the garage).

In Pakistan
, gated communities are located in big as well as small cities and are considered standard of high quality living. Defence Housing Authority and Bahria Town
Bahria Town
are major private gated community developers and administrators and one of the largest in the world. The assets of Bahria Town
Bahria Town
itself are worth $30 billion. Most gated communities in Pakistan
have public parks, schools, hospitals, shopping malls, gymnasiums, and country clubs.

In Argentina, they are called "barrios privados" (literal translation "private neighborhoods") or just "countries" and are often seen as a symbol of wealth. However, gated communities enjoy dubious social prestige (many members of the middle and upper middle class regard gated community dwellers as nouveaux riches or snobs ). While most gated communities have only houses, some bigger ones, such as Nordelta , have their own hospital, school, shopping mall, and more.

In post-segregation South Africa
South Africa
, gated communities have mushroomed in response to high levels of violent crime. They are commonly referred to as "complexes" but also broadly classified as "security villages" (large-scale privately developed areas) or "enclosed neighborhoods . Some of the newest neighborhoods being developed are almost entirely composed of security villages, some with malls and few other essential services (such as hospitals). In part, property developers have adopted this response to counter squatting , which local residents fear due to associated crime, and which often results in a protracted eviction process.

They are popular in southern China, namely the Pearl River Delta Region, the most famous of which is Clifford Estates .

In Saudi Arabia, gated communities have existed since the discovery of oil, mainly to accommodate families from Europe or North America. After threat levels have increased since the late 1990s against foreigners in general and U.S. citizens in particular gates have become armed, sometimes heavily, and all vehicles have been inspected. Marksmen and Saudi Arabian National Guard armored vehicles appeared in certain times, markedly after recent terrorist attacks in areas near-by, targeting people from European or North American countries.

Gated communities are rare in continental Europe and Japan.


The Retreat at Twin Lakes is the location of the shooting of Trayvon Martin .

Proponents of gated communities (and to a lesser degree, of cul-de-sac ) maintain that the reduction or exclusion of people who would be only passing through, or more generally, of all non-local people, makes any "stranger" much more recognisable in the closed local environment, and thus reduces crime danger. Since only a very small proportion of all non-local people passing through the area are potential criminals, increased traffic should increase rather than decrease safety by having more people around whose presence could deter criminal behaviour or who could provide assistance during an incident.

Another criticism is that gated communities offer a false sense of security. Some studies indicate that safety in gated communities may be more illusion than reality and that gated communities in suburban areas of the United States have no less crime than similar non-gated neighborhoods.

A commentary in The New York Times
The New York Times
specifically blames the gated communities for the shooting death of Trayvon Martin as the columnist states that "gated communities churn a vicious cycle by attracting like-minded residents who seek shelter from outsiders and whose physical seclusion then worsens paranoid groupthink against outsiders."


* Life-style — country clubs , retirement developments . * Prestige — gates for status appeal * Physical security
Physical security
communities — gates for crime and traffic. * Purpose-designed communities — catering to foreigners (e.g. worker compounds in Mid-West Asia, built largely for the oil industry)


The closed cities of Russia are different from the gated communities.

* The guard duty in closed cities is free to residents (paid by taxes) * The public transport in closed cities may go with transit checkpoints or checking passes/passports at technical stops and aviable to the others outside the security area. In gated community in best cases the bus stop is opposite the checkpoint, a few offer free buses. Via gated communities buses go due to easement or good will. * Fares and communal payment in closed cities are often equal (in all cases not greater) if it would be a common city. In gated communities service companies raise non legally fixed tafiffs because are very difficult to be changed. * Visit to the arendator in closed cities for any reason (most often to hairdresser) does not cause to pass anybody, the pass gives with pass policy. In Krasnoznamensk in additional prerecording to the tax inspector don't let you to pass (unless they called you), you must go to Odintsovo.


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A limited number of gated communities have long been established for foreigners in various regions of the world:

* The worker compounds in the Middle East, built largely for the oil industry. * The Arbor Oaks subdivision located in El Monte, California
El Monte, California
, which appears in the film Back to the Future Part II
Back to the Future Part II
as "Hilldale", is now gated because of the fans coming to see it in person. Residents are sometimes angry at fans who come by the development.


There are many gated communities in Argentina, especially in Greater Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
, in the county of Pilar, 60 km N of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
city, as well as in other suburban areas, such as Nordelta .

Even though Tortugas Country Club was the first gated community developed in Argentina, dating from the 1930s/1940s, most date form the 1990s, when liberal reforms were consolidated.

Since Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
has been traditionally regarded as a socially integrated city, gated communities have been the subject of research by sociologists. Gated communities are an important way through middle and upper-class people cope with the high levels of violent criminal activity in Greater Buenos Aires.


Although gated communities have been rare in Australia, since the 1980s, a few have been built. The most well-known are those at Hope Island , in particular Sanctuary Cove , on the Gold Coast of Queensland
. Other similar projects are being built in the area. In Victoria , the first such development is Sanctuary Lakes , in the local government area of Wyndham , about 16 km south west of Melbourne . In New South Wales
New South Wales
, there is Macquarie Links gated community as well as Southgate Estate gated community. Many Australian gated communities are built within private golf courses.

In the ACT, the only example is Uriarra Village, based around community horse paddocks and dwellings jointly managed through strata title.


Alphaville , a gated community in the suburbs of São Paulo
São Paulo
, Brazil, which is also a business center of its city proper, Barueri .

Brazil also has many gated communities, particularly in the metropolitan regions Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
and São Paulo
São Paulo
. For example, one of São Paulo's suburbs, Tamboré, has at least 6 such compounds known as Tamboré 1, 2, 3, and so on. Each consists of generously spaced detached houses with very little to separate front gardens.

One of the first big-scale gated community projects in São Paulo city region was Barueri 's Alphaville , planned and constructed during the 1970s military dictatorship when the big cities of Brazil faced steep increases of car ownership by the middle and higher-classes, rural exodus , poverty, crime, urban sprawl , and downtown decay .


Neighbourhoods with "physical" or explicit gating with security checkpoints and patrols are extremely rare, being absent in some of Canada's richest neighbourhoods such as Bridle Path, Toronto
Bridle Path, Toronto
. Furthermore, municipal planning laws in many Canadian provinces ban locked gates on public roads as a public health issue since they deny emergency vehicles quick access.

A noted exception in Canada
is Arbutus Ridge , an age-restricted community constructed between 1988 and 1992 on the southeastern coast of Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island

More common in most Canadian neighbourhoods, especially the largest cities, is an implicit or symbolic gating which effectively partitions the private infrastructure and amenities of these communities from their surrounding neighbourhoods. A classic example of this is the affluent Montreal
suburb of Mount Royal , which has a long fence running along its side of L'Acadie Boulevard that for all intents and purposes separates the community from the more working-class neighbourhood of Park Extension . Also, many newer suburban subdivisions employ decorative gates to give the impression of exclusivity and seclusion.


In China, some of these compounds, like most other gated communities around the world, target the rich. Also many foreigners live in gated communities in Beijing. Often foreign companies choose the locations where their foreign employees will live, and in most cases they pay the rent and associated costs (e.g. management fees and garden work).

Similar communities exist in Shanghai, another major Chinese city. Shanghai Links, an exclusive expatriate community enclosing a golf course and the Shanghai American School, is an example. Other notable gated communities in Shanghai include Seasons Villas, a development by Hutchinson Whampoa, Thomson Golf Villas, and Green Villas.

Other gated communities in China such as those in the Daxing District of Beijing enclose the homes of rural migrants. These are intended to reduce crime and increase public order and safety, which the Communist Party of China -run People\'s Daily claims it has, by 73%. The system is controversial as it segregates migrants and the poor, with some claiming its true purpose is to keep track of migrants, but it is scheduled for implementation in Changping District
Changping District


Guayaquil and Quito
, Ecuador have many gated communities. In the coastal city of Guayaquil, they are mostly located in Samborondón and in Quito
in the valleys surrounding the city. They are home mostly for the wealthiest people, but there is a trend, specially in Guayaquil, of houses in gated communities with moderate prices as well.


In Greater Cairo
Greater Cairo
, for example, there is Dreamland, Mountain View Egypt , and in Alexandria
, there is el Maamoura .


In India there are many gated neighborhoods (also called 'Colonies' in New Delhi) in big cities where most of the upper middle-class and upper-class people live. New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore and the like all have gated communities. Sometimes these communities are separated not just by wealth but also by ethnicity. Members of a particular ethnicity tend to feel more comfortable living among their own owing to reasons related to common festivals, language, and cuisine. Examples of this are common in New Delhi where there is a strong Punjabi community. Many gated neighborhoods are predominantly Punjabi and there have been cases of discrimination against members of other ethnic backgrounds living in those communities. Likewise there also exist Bengali, South Indian, Muslim, and Gujarati neighborhoods. Nowadays many modern gated communities are being developed like the Aamby Valley City and Lavasa City in Maharashtra occupying 100 km squares of area. Now gated communities are being built in Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore by a lot of real estate developers. In Bangalore, 3 locations are having community living those are Bannerghatta, Hebbal and villas in Devanahalli. As in neighboring countries, the target for these housing societies seem to be upper-middle or upper class citizens. Caste and religious discrimination is prevalent in the real estate industry. Several people have been denied homes based on their caste or religion regardless of this factor non-residential Indians are very interested in gated housing.


In Indonesia, some gated communities are luxurious (with lots of up to 740 square metres (8000 sq ft)), and some are very affordable (with lots ranging from 40 to 120 square metres). From 2000, most of the new residential area build by private developer are gated community.


Two examples of gated community in Italy are Olgiata in Rome
and the village of Roccamare , in Castiglione della Pescaia
Castiglione della Pescaia
, Tuscany
. Italy has gated communities for foreign expatriates to live safely away from crime.


In Malaysia, these are known as Gated "> This close a proximity of wealth and poverty has created a large security risk for Mexico's middle class. Gated communities can be found in virtually every medium and large sized city in Mexico
with the largest found in major cities, such as Monterrey
, Mexico
City or Guadalajara

Luxury or "status" gated communities are very popular with middle to high income residents in Mexico. Gated luxury communities in Mexico are considerably cheaper than in countries such as the United States while retaining houses of similar size and quality due to the commonness of the communities and the lower cost to build them and are priced lower to attract middle class residents.

Many gated communities in Mexico
have fully independent and self-contained infrastructure, such as schools, water and power facilities, security and fire forces, and medical facilities. Some of the larger gated communities even retain their own school districts and police departments. The Interlomas area of Mexico
City contains hundreds of gated communities and is the largest concentration of gated communities in the world, stretching over 140 square kilometres (54 sq mi). The surrounding areas of Santa Fe, Bosques-Lomas, Interlomas-Bosque Real, are also made up predominantly of gated communities and span over 30% of Greater Mexico
City .

Many smaller gated communities in Mexico
are not officially classified as separate gated communities as many municipal rules prohibit closed off roads. Most of these small neighborhoods cater to lower middle income residents and offer a close perimeter and check points similar to an "authentic" gated community. This situation is tolerated and sometimes even promoted by some city governments due to the lack of capacity to provide reliable and trusted security forces.


In New Zealand, gated communities have been developed in suburban areas of the main cities since the 1980s and 1990s.


Houses in Bahria Town
Bahria Town
Rawalpindi in Islamabad Rawalpindi metropolitan area .

has a very large number of gated communities, most of whom target middle class Pakistan. The largest being Bahria Town
Bahria Town
, which is also the largest in Asia
and has communities in major cities. Defence Housing Authority is also a major developer of gated communities.

Others include WAPDA Town , Eden Housing , Gulberg, Islamabad and Schon Properties , while Emaar Properties also maintains several gated communities in the country targeting primarily upper class people. Gated communities in Pakistan
are mostly immune from problems of law enforcement and lack of energy faced by the majority of the other housing societies. In a short time, the property prices in such communities have greatly increased – in 2007 a 20-square-meter house in Bahria Town
Bahria Town
, Lahore
cost around four million rupees ($ 40,000); a similar property in 2012 costed nine million rupees, while houses are priced around 100-300 million rupees.


, Peru has several gated communities, especially in the wealthy districts of La Molina and Santiago de Surco . They are home to many prominent Peruvians.


The Philippines
has a sizable number of gated communities which are known in Philippine English as "subdivisions". Regardless of their names, such communities may either form part of a larger barangay (village), or constitute a single barangay in and of themselves.


Aerobus live complex: de facto first gated community in Moscow. It had the only west checkpoint to bus stop but does not either to local buses that are very curved nor Grazhdanskaya platform. Business center is in this complex but outside area Aerial view of the Santiago de Surco middle class gated community of Lima, Peru.

Ozero is a cooperative formed around Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
's dacha on Lake Komsomolskoe (Finnish : Kiimajärvi), Priozersky District , Leningrad Oblast .


In Saudi Arabia, many expatriate workers are required to live in company-provided housing. After the 2003 attack on Al Hambra, Jadawel, Siyanco and Vinell by militant Saudi dissidents, the government established tight military security for those compounds with large western populations. Many western individuals also reside in the many other gated compounds or non-gated villas and apartments in the cities that they work. Saudi Aramco provides a compound in Dhahran which is one of the largest of its kind within the kingdom. Gated communities are also popular with many Saudis, which accounts for the limited availability of open villas in these communities and the premium rent paid for that housing. These compounds can be found in many of Saudi Arabia's cities, including but not limited to Abha, Dhahran, Riyadh, and Taif.


See also: Crime in South Africa
South Africa

South Africa
South Africa
has an increasing number of gated communities .


Many housing estates in Thailand take the form of gated communities, targeted to the upper and middle classes. They may be managed by the development company or by resident committees. Land and Houses , the country's largest real estate company, operates forty-three such developments alone. Nichada Thani in Pak Kret is a large gated community mostly serving expatriates.


Turkey has several gated communities, especially in Istanbul and Ankara. Called "site" in Turkish, they are mostly located around the edge of the city.


In the United Arab Emirates, gated communities have exploded in popularity, particularly in Dubai
, where the 2002 decision to allow foreigners to own freehold properties has resulted in the construction of numerous such communities built along various themes. Examples include The Lakes, Springs, Meadows, and Arabian Ranches.


In the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, gated communities are relatively rare. In 2004 there were an estimated 1,000 such communities in England
(i.e. not including Scotland
, Wales
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
). They are usually on a small scale: a gated street of up to 60 or 100 houses, or a single block of up to around 500 or 700 flats. They can be found in London, for example, in the Docklands (such as New Caledonian Wharf , Kings and Queen Wharf and Pan Peninsula
Pan Peninsula
), and East London (such as Bow Quarter in Bow, London
Bow, London


Brick wall separating Naval Square from Grays Ferry Avenue in Philadelphia, PA.

Most gated communities in the US are unincorporated: some, like Indiana's Briar Ridge , may even span more than one incorporated municipality. However, there are numerous incorporated gated cities in Southern California
Southern California
, namely Bradbury , Canyon Lake , Hidden Hills , Laguna Woods , and Rolling Hills . To meet legal requirements, the city halls and municipal facilities are public, and private corporations own parks and other facilities within the gates. By 1997, an estimated 20,000 gated communities had been built across the country. Approximately 40% of new homes in California
are behind walls. In 1997, estimates of the number of people in gated communities ranged from 4 million in 30,000 communities up to around 8 million, with a ½ million in California
alone. One reason that it is difficult to determine how many gated communities are in the United States is that most are privately developed. Brickell Key in Miami, FL, from the northwest is separated by water, requiring access by bridge

There are other incorporated gated communities outside California, including Lake Quivera, Kansas , Sea Ranch Lakes, Florida , Anderson Creek, North Carolina , and North Oaks, Minnesota .

Hot Springs Village, Arkansas
Hot Springs Village, Arkansas
is the largest gated community in the United States with over 26,000 heavily wooded acres. Hot Springs Village is governed by the Hot Springs Village Property Owners' Association (or POA for short), a private, tax-exempt home owners association. Harbor Springs, Michigan is the largest gated community in the Midwestern United States.

The village of Rosemont, Illinois
Rosemont, Illinois
, just outside Chicago, maintains a security checkpoint at the entrance of its main residential section. Naval Square was the first in the city of Philadelphia
, Pennsylvania . The neighborhood gives a suburban feel to an otherwise urban environment.

In Downtown Miami , Florida , the neighborhood of Brickell Key is a gated island community of high-rise residential towers. Although anyone can walk onto the island or come via the public bus, only authorized automobiles may enter. Brickell Key has some of the most expensive apartments in Miami.

In 2012, the gated community The Retreat at Twin Lakes was made famous by the shooting of Trayvon Martin by George Zimmerman and has been in the national spotlight well into the year 2013 with the acquittal of Zimmerman.



(Alphabetical by series title)

* In the cartoon As Told By Ginger
As Told By Ginger
, the Griplings reside in Protective Pines. * On the television show Desperate Housewives
Desperate Housewives
, the suburb of Fairview , where Wisteria Lane and the residents of Desperate Housewives can be found, is a gated community. * In The Neighbors , a 2012 TV series in the United States, a family has relocated to a gated townhouse community called "Hidden Hills" in New Jersey only they discover that the entire community is populated by residents from another planet who identify themselves by the names of sport celebrities, patrol the community in golf carts , receive nourishment through their eyes and mind by reading books rather than eating, and cry green goo from their ears. * In the SpongeBob SquarePants
SpongeBob SquarePants
episode "Squidville", Squidward Tentacles temporarily moves to a gated community of squids to get away from SpongeBob SquarePants
SpongeBob SquarePants
and Patrick Star. * The Bravo network reality television series The Real Housewives of Orange County was initially set primarily in the gated community of Coto de Caza, California
("Coto") and followed the lavish livestyles of "housewives " and their families who resided within Coto. One housewife, Lauri Waring, who lived in a Ladera Ranch townhouse, was the exception-to-the-rule that was used as a foil to the extravagant lifestyle of the other four housewives, who lived "behind the Coto gates". * Most of The Starter Wife miniseries is set within the gated community where the main character's friend lives. She even becomes friends with the security guard at the front gate. * The pilot episode of the 2002 revival of The Twilight Zone titled "Evergreen " deals with a gated community called Evergreen Estates which has a sinister way of dealing with nonconformity that involves rebellious children committing those acts being taken to "Arcadia Fertilizer Company" where they are executed and made into red fertilizer for the small trees in front of the houses there. * In one episode of Veggietales
(Sherlock Holmes and the Golden Ruler), Larry sings a song about gated communities in Silly Songs with Larry. * In seasons 1-3 of Weeds , Nancy Botwin and her family inhabit the gated community of Agrestic. * In The Gates , a 2010 cancelled TV series, Nick Monohan and his family move from Chicago to a quiet, upscale planned community called The Gates, where he will be chief of police. They soon realize that their neighbors are not who they seem to be. The Gates is filled with such beings as vampires, witches, werewolves, and a succubus. * In the Season Six episode of The X-Files entitled "Arcadia", Mulder and Scully investigate disappearances within a gated community that seems to be harboring a terrible secret.


* Mexican film La Zona , directed by Rodrigo Plá
Rodrigo Plá
, talks about a gated community invaded by a group of very young and poor children. * In the ABC Family movie Picture This starring Ashley Tisdale
Ashley Tisdale
, Drew lives in a gated community called Camelot. * In the Spanish movie Secuestrados , kidnappers take the daughter of a family living in an allegedly secure gated community. * In the 2007 animated movie Alvin and the Chipmunks , the chipmunks and their guardian Dave Seville live in a gated community.


* Grand Theft Auto IV
Grand Theft Auto IV
has a gated community called Beachgate, a fictional rendition of Sea Gate, Brooklyn . It includes the home of early antagonist Mikhail Faustin.


* In "Versace ", Drake says: "This is a gated community please get the fuck off the property"–referring to the gated community of Hidden Hills, California .


* Early in The Walking Dead comics series, Rick Grimes attempts to settle in a gated condominium neighborhood. This move proves disastrous as one of the group members is killed after the survivors realize the neighborhood is infested with zombies.


(Alphabetical by author's last name)

* In Margaret Atwood
Margaret Atwood
's novel Oryx and Crake
Oryx and Crake
, the characters Snowman and Crake live and work in corporate-owned gated communities known as compounds. * J.G. Ballard has examined the phenomenon in his novella Running Wild (1988) and in his novel Super-Cannes (2000). * T.C. Boyle 's novel The Tortilla Curtain (1995) is set in and near a gated community in California
. * The novel Parable of the Sower , by Octavia Butler , takes place in a world where much of civilization lives within gated communities. * In the novel I Will Fear No Evil by Robert A. Heinlein
Robert A. Heinlein
, the wealthiest citizens shelter from urban poverty inside fortress-like guarded gated communities. * Ira Levin 's novel The Stepford Wives
The Stepford Wives
(1972) takes place inside an idyllic gated community that secretly enslaves its female members to conform to the standards of the men. * In the Percy Jackson -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ "Low, S (2001) The Edge and the Center: Gated Communities and the Discourse of Urban Fear, American Anthropologist, March, Vol. 103, No. 1, pp. 45-58 Posted online on December 10, 2004." www.anthrosource.net * ^ http://m.zameen.com * ^ http://dhakarachi.org * ^ http://bahriatown.com * ^ http://bahriatowntoday.com * ^ http://www.citihousing.pk * ^ http://ghar47.com/new-projects/ * ^ Clarin * ^ A B Nordelta * ^ http://www.gatedcomsa.co.za/docs/enclosed_neighbour.pdf * ^ Can Streets Be Made Safe? - Hillier, Bill; Bartlett School of Graduate Studies, University College London * ^ Blakely, E.J., and M.G. Snyder (1998), "Separate places: Crime and security in gated communities." in: M. Felson and R.B. Peiser (eds.), Reducing crime through real estate development and management, pp. 53-70. Washington, D.C.: Urban Land Institute. * ^ "Did Gated Community
‘Groupthink’ Play A Role In Trayvon Martin’s Shooting?". * ^ La Nacion Seguridad, un factor decisivo * ^ "Behind the urban curtains". The Sydney Morning Herald. March 4, 2005. * ^ Middle-Class Wheels, TIME Magazine
TIME Magazine
, December 6, 1968 * ^ A Decade of Ditadura, TIME Magazine
TIME Magazine
, March 25, 1974 * ^ Kristian Gravenor. "Segregation fence to live on". Archived from the original on 2012-07-01. * ^ http://www.gated-communities.de/Abstracts%20New%20Orleans.htm * ^ "Migrant ‘Villages’ Within a City Ignite Debate" article by Helen Gao in The New York Times
The New York Times
October 3, 2010. Retrieved October 4, 2010. * ^ http://profit.ndtv.com/news/real-estate/article-nris-showing-renewed-interest-in-indian-real-estate-hdfc-765597 * ^ Barbara Catalani, Marco Del Francia, Giovanni Tombari, Itinerari di architettura contemporanea. Grosseto e provincia, Pisa, ETS, 2011, pp. 24-25. * ^ "Gated & Guarded homes – trend or necessity?" * ^ "Gated & Guarded: Boon or Bane" article by Rakesh Kumar in www.iproperty.com Mar 04, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013. * ^ "Gated communities in Mexico
City" article by Angela Giglia Ciotta in Home Culture March 1, 2008. Retrieved July 17, 2011. * ^ http://www.listener.co.nz/issue/3328/features/1508/my_home_my_fortress.html * ^ http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/suburbs/7 * ^ 37.545196 55.807757 * ^ * ^ http://www.expatriates.com/classifieds/saudi/hs/ * ^ "Gates and ghettoes: A tale of two Britains?". BBC. 18 March 2004. Retrieved 9 August 2017. * ^ Halper, Evan (May 28, 2002). "Communities Say Keep Out--by Bluffing". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. * ^ Prevention of Crime: An Overview of Gated Communities and Neighborhood Watch Archived September 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ El Nasser, Haya (December 15, 2002). "Gated communities more popular, and not just for the rich". USA Today
USA Today
. * ^ Boaz, David, Libertarianism: A Primer, Free Press, p. 267 * ^ John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY (May 15, 1997), Gated Enclaves Are Not Just for the Well-Heeled, Law Enforcement News * ^ "Second Homes in Private Communities Sometimes Hidden Gems". PrivateCommunities.com. October 15, 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-04. * ^ The Walking Dead #9 at the Comic Book DB Retrieved Dec 23, 2011. * ^ "Las viudas de los jueves", un retrato feroz y preciso de la Argentina


* Arizaga, Maria Cecilia: El Mito de comunidad en la Ciudad Mundializada. ISBN 987-9035-28-3 * * Blakely, Edward J. and Mary Gail Snyder; Fortress
America: Gated Communities in the United States; Brookings Institution Press, New Ed edition (June 15, 1999); ISBN 978-0-8157-1003-5 * Gasior-Niemiec, Anna; Glasze, Georg and Pütz, Robert (2009): A Glimpse over the Rising Walls: The Reflection of Post-Communist Transformation in the Polish Discourse of Gated Communities. In: East European Politics ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Real estate developments


* Airport
* Business park
Business park
* Commercial area * Mixed-use development
Mixed-use development
* Office building
Office building

* Port

* inland

* Retail park * Riverfront
* Shopping mall
Shopping mall
/ center * Shopping streets and districts * Warehouse District


* Business cluster * Industrial district
Industrial district
* Industrial park
Industrial park
* Technology centers


* Apartment complex
Apartment complex
* Bungalow court
Bungalow court
* City block
City block
* Company town
Company town
* Golf course
Golf course
community * Gated community * Housing estate
Housing estate
* Intentional community
Intentional community
* Mixed-use development
Mixed-use development
* Model dwellings for the poor * Multi-family residential * Private community * Public housing
Public housing
* Residential area
Residential area
* Retirement community * Revenue house
Revenue house
* Single room occupancy * Subdivision * Tract housing
Tract housing


* Campus

* Research park

* list

* Satellite campus
Satellite campus
* Science park
Science park


* Arcology
* Garden city movement
Garden city movement
* Model village * Planned cities * Planned community
Planned community

* Urban open space
Urban open space

* parks


* Apartment

* House

* types

* Skyscraper
* Tower block
Tower block
* Villa


* Brownfield land
Brownfield land
* Cemetery
* Cluster development * Construction
* Context theory * Eminent domain
Eminent domain
* Greenfield land
Greenfield land
* Greyfield land * Land-use planning
Land-use planning
* Park
* Parking
* Playground
* Redevelopment * Regional planning
Regional planning
* Urban design
Urban design
* Urban planning
Urban planning
* Zoning


* GND :