GASPARD BAUHIN or CASPAR BAUHIN (Latinised Casparus Bauhinus; 17
January 1560 – 5 December 1624), was a Swiss botanist whose
Phytopinax (1596) described thousands of plants and classified them in
a manner that draws comparisons to the later binomial nomenclature of
Linnaeus . He was a disciple of the famous Italian physician Girolamo
Mercuriale and he also worked on human anatomical nomenclature.
Linnaeus honored the Bauhin brothers Gaspard and Jean in the genus
* 1 Biography * 2 Works * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links
Caspar Bauhin (1623), Pinax Theatri Botanici, page 291. On this
page, a number of Tithymalus species (now
Jean and Gaspard were the sons of
Jean Bauhin (1511–1582), a French
physician who had to leave his native country on becoming a convert to
Protestantism. Gaspard was born at
The Pinax theatri botanici (English, Illustrated exposition of plants) is a landmark of botanical history , describing some 6,000 species and classifying them. The classification system was not particularly innovative, using traditional groups such as "trees", "shrubs", and "herbs", and using other characteristics such as utilization, for instance grouping spices into the Aromata. He did correctly group grasses , legumes , and several others. His most important contribution is in the description of genera and species. He introduced many names of genera that were later adopted by Linnaeus, and remain in use. For species he carefully pruned the descriptions down to as few words as possible; in many cases a single word sufficed as description, thus giving the appearance of a two-part name. However, the single-word description was still a description intended to be diagnostic, not an arbitrarily-chosen name (in the Linnaean system, many species names honor individuals, for instance).
In addition to Pinax Theatri Botanici, Gaspard planned another work, a Theatrum Botanicum, meant to be comprised in twelve parts folio, of which he finished three; only one, however, was published (1658), long after his death. He also gave a copious catalogue of the plants growing in the environs of Basel, its flora , and edited the works of Pietro Andrea Mattioli (1500–1577) with considerable additions. His principal work on anatomy was Theatrum Anatomicum infinitis locis auctum (1592).
* Phytopinax, 1596 * Prodromus theatri botanici, 1620, the introduction to his projected magnum opus * Pinax theatri botanici, 1623