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Gaspar Correia
Gaspar Correia
or Gaspar Correa or Gaspar Corrêa (1492[1] or 1496 – c. 1563 in Goa) was a Portuguese historian, author of Lendas da Índia (Legends of India), one of the earliest and most important works about Portuguese rule in Asia, being referred to as a Portuguese Polybius.[2][3]

Contents

1 Biography 2 References 3 Bibliography 4 External links

Biography[edit]

Hormuz Fortress in the Legends of India (1556)

Little is known of the author as well as his family origins and his birthplace. One possible source, that António Banha de Andrade places his birthyear in 1492.[3][4] He lived mostly in Portuguese India, where he reported to have come very young, around 1512-14, to serve as a soldier and was chosen as secretary to Afonso de Albuquerque, of which he was very proud. He came to Portugal in 1529 but later returned to India. His work Lendas da Índia, though written in a rude style,[5] is considered an important contemporary reference, having profited from thirty-five years of Correia's work in India, and privileged sources unknown to Fernão Lopes de Castanheda
Fernão Lopes de Castanheda
or João de Barros. He made the first European account on Asiatic Cholera.[6] One theory states that he was murdered in Portuguese Malacca, by order of governor Estêvão da Gama, the son of Vasco da Gama. Although some authors state that there was an issue of his work in 1556 titled Legends of India (Lendas da Índia), it is most probable that manuscript copies of his 3,500 pages compendium had circulated among chosen recipients only, after having been brought from India to Portugal by Miguel da Gama shortly after Correia's death.[7] His family retained the manuscript of the original "Legends of India", which was first printed in 1858 (first part) and 1864 (second part) by the Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon. Between 1527 and 1534, he was also colonial head of Cape Verde. He died somewhere between 1561 and 1563 in Goa
Goa
in Portuguese India. References[edit]

^ The birth date of Gaspae de Correia is uncertain, António Banha de Andrade dates his birth in 1492 ^ Gaspar Corrêa, [1] "The three voyages of Vasco da Gama: and his viceroyalty", Introduction, Adamant Media Corporation, 2001, ISBN 1-4021-9543-5 ^ a b Ana Paula Avelar, "Gorreia, Gaspar", in CHAM Letra ^ António Alberto Banha de Andrade, Gaspar Correia, o 1.º historiador português do Oriente. Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical, Centro de Estudos de História e Cartografia Antiga, Lisbon, 1985. ^ Ethel M. Pope, [2] "India in Portuguese literature", p. 69, Asian Educational Services, 1989, ISBN 81-206-0496-2 ^ Ethel M. Pope, India in Portuguese literature, p. 284, Asian Educational Services, 1989, ISBN 81-206-0496-2 ^ Donald F. Lach, [3] "Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume I: The Century of Discovery", p. 338, University of Chicago Press, 1994, ISBN 0-226-46731-7

Bibliography[edit]

CORREIA, Gaspar. Lendas da Índia (introduction and review by M. Lopes de Almeida). Porto: 1975. BELL, Aubrey Fitz Gerald, "Gaspar Corrêa", Hispanic notes & monographs; essays, studies, and brief biographies issued by the Hispanic Society of America. Portuguese series v, Volume 5 of Hispanic society of America, Oxford University Press, H. Milford, 1924. BANHA de ANDRADE, António Alberto, Gaspar Correia, o 1.º historiador português do Oriente. (Gaspar Correia, the First Portuguese Historian of the Far East) Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical, Centro de Estudos de História e Cartografia Antiga, Lisbon, 1985.

External links[edit]

CORREA, Gaspar. The Three Voyages of Vasco da Gama, and His Viceroyalty. From the Lendas da India of Gaspar Correa, accompanied by original documents (translated from the Portuguese, with notes and an introduction by the Hon. Henry E. J. Stanley). Printed for the Hakluyt Society, London: 1869. [4] CORREA, Gaspar. Lendas da India. Lisboa: Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa, 1858-1866. 8 volumes. [5]

Preceded by D. Leonis Correia Colonial Governor of Cape Verde 1527-34 Succeeded by Estevão de Lagos

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Governors of Cape Verde

Corregedors (Magistrates) (1481-1588)

Pero Lourenço Pero de Guimarães João Alemão Leonis Correia Gaspar Correia Estêvão de Lagos André Feio Simão Afonso Pero Moniz António Ferreira Pero de Araújo Jorge Pimentel Manuel de Andrade Luís Martins Evangelho Gregorio Martins Caminha Bernardo de Alpoim António Velho Tinoco Cristóvão Soares de Melo Diogo Dias Magro Gaspar de Andrade Amador Gomes Raposo

Governors (1588-1974)

Duarte Lobo da Gama Brás Soares de Melo Francisco Lobo da Gama Fernão de Mesquita de Brito Francisco Correia da Silva Francisco Martins de Sequeira Nicolau de Castilho Francisco de Moura Francisco de Moura Rolim Manuel Afonso de Guerra Francisco de Vasconcelos da Cunha João Pereira Corte-Real Cristóvão Cabral Jorge de Castilho Jerónimo Cavalcanti de Albuquerque João Serrão da Cunha Lourenço Garro Jorge de Araújo Roque de Barros do Rego Gonçalo de Gamboa de Ayala Pedro Semedo Cardoso Jorge de Mesquita Castelo-Branco Pedro Ferreira Barreto Francisco de Figueroa António Galvão Manuel da Costa Pessoa Manuel Pacheco de Melo João Cardoso Pássaro Manuel da Costa Pessoa Inácio da Franca Barbosa Veríssimo de Carvalho da Costa Vitoriano da Costa Diogo Ramires Esquível Manuel António Pinheiro da Câmara António Gomes de Mena António Salgado Jorge Cotrim de Melo Gonçalo de Lemos Mascarenhas Rodrigo de Oliveira da Fonseca José Pinheiro da Câmara Manuel Pereira Calheiros e Araújo Serafim Teixeira Sarmento de Sá Baltasar de Sousa Coutinho António Vieira Francisco Miguel da Nóbrega e Vasconcelos Francisco de Oliveira Grans Bento Gomes Coelho José da Fonseca Barbosa João Zuzarte de Santa Maria António José de Eça e Faria Luís António da Cunha de Eça Manuel António de Sousa e Meneses Marcelino Pereira de Ávila António de Barros Bezerra Bartolomeu de Sousa de Brito Tigre João Jácome de Brito Barena Henriques Joaquim Salema de Saldanha Lobo António do Vale de Sousa e Meneses Duarte de Melo da Silva Castro e Almeida Francisco de São Simão António Machado de Faria e Maia Francisco José Teixeira Carneiro José da Silva Maldonado de Eça Marcelino António Bastos D. António Coutinho de Lencastre António Pusich João da Mata Chapuzet Caetano Procópio Godinho de Vasconcelos D. Duarte da Costa de Sousa de Macedo José Coutinho de Lencastre Manuel António Martins Joaquim Pereira Marinho Domingos Correia Arouca Joaquim Pereira Marinho João de Fontes Pereira de Melo Francisco de Paula Bastos José Miguel de Noronha João de Fontes Pereira de Melo Fortunato José Barreiros António Maria Barreiros Arrobas Sebastião Lopes de Calheiros e Meneses Januário Correia de Almeida Carlos Joaquim Franco José Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses Caetano Alexandre de Almeida e Albuquerque G. C. Lopes de Macedo Vasco Guedes de Carvalho e Meneses António de Nascimento Pereira de Sampaio João Paes de Vasconcellos João Cesário de Lacerda Augusto César Cardoso de Carvalho José Guedes Brandão de Melo Fernando de Magalhães e Menezes José Guedes Brandão de Melo Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto João Cesário de Lacerda Arnaldo de Novais Guedes Rebelo Francisco de Paula Cid António Alfredo Barjona de Freitas Amâncio de Alpoim Cerqueira Borges Cabral D. Bernardo António da Costa de Sousa de Macedo Martinho Pinto de Queiros Montenegro António de Macedo Ramalho Ortigão Artur Marinha de Campos Joaquím Pedro Vieira Júdice Bicker Abel Fontoura da Costa Teófilo Duarte Manuel Firmino de Almeida da Maia Magalhães Filipe Carlos Días de Carvalho Julio Henríques d'Abreu João de Almeida António Álvares Guedes Vaz Amadeu Gomes de Figueiredo José Diogo Ferreira Martins João de Figueiredo Carlos Alberto Garcia Alves Roçadas Manuel Marques de Abrantes Amaral António Augusto Peixoto Correia Silvino Silvério Marques Leão Maria Tavares Rosado do Sacramento Monteiro António Adriano Faria Lopes dos Santos Basílio Pina de Oliveira Seguro Sérgio Fonseca Henrique Afonso da Silva Horta Vicente Manuel de Moura Coutinho de Almeida d'Eça

High commissioner (1974-1975)

Vicente Manuel de Moura Coutinho

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