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The Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
(Hebrew גַּן עֵדֶן, Gan ʿEḏen) or (often) Paradise, is the biblical "garden of God", described most notably in the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
chapters 2 and 3, and also in the Book of Ezekiel.[2][3] Genesis 13:10 refers to the "garden of God" (not called Eden by name),[4] and the "trees of the garden" are mentioned in Ezekiel
Ezekiel
31.[5] The Book of Zechariah
Book of Zechariah
and the Book of Psalms
Book of Psalms
also refer to trees and water in relation to the temple without explicitly mentioning Eden.[6] Traditionally, scholars favored deriving the name "Eden" from the Akkadian
Akkadian
edinnu, derived from a Sumerian word edin meaning "plain" or "steppe". Chaim Cohen, however, writes that Eden is more closely related to an Aramaic
Aramaic
root word meaning "fruitful, well-watered."[3] Another interpretation associates the name "Eden" with a Hebrew word for "pleasure"; thus the Douay-Rheims Bible
Douay-Rheims Bible
in Genesis 2:8 has the wording "And the Lord God
God
had planted a paradise of pleasure" (rather than "a garden in Eden"). The Hebrew term is translated "pleasure" in Sarah's secret saying in Genesis 18:12.[7] Much like records of the great flood, the creation story and the account of the confusion of languages, the story of Eden echoes the Mesopotamian myth of a king, as a primordial man, who is placed in a divine garden to guard the Tree of Life.[8] The Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
depicts Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
as walking around the Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
naked due to their innocence.[9] Eden and its rivers may signify the real Jerusalem, the Temple of Solomon, or the Promised Land. It may also represent the divine garden on Zion, and the mountain of God, which was also Jerusalem. The imagery of the Garden, with its serpent and cherubim, has been compared[by whom?] to the images of the Solomonic Temple with its copper serpent (the nehushtan) and guardian cherubs.[10][need quotation to verify]

Contents

1 Biblical narratives

1.1 Genesis 1.2 Ezekiel

2 Proposed locations 3 Parallel concepts 4 Other views

4.1 Jewish eschatology 4.2 Islamic view 4.3 Latter-day Saints

5 Art 6 See also 7 References 8 Bibliography 9 External links

Biblical narratives[edit]

Expulsion from Paradise, painting by James Jacques Joseph Tissot

The Expulsion illustrated in the English Caedmon manuscript, c. 1000 CE

Genesis[edit] Main articles: Genesis creation narrative
Genesis creation narrative
and Adam
Adam
and Eve The second part of the Genesis creation narrative, Genesis, opens with Adonai
Adonai
Elohim
Elohim
(the LORD God, lit. YHWH
YHWH
Elohim, see Names of God
God
in Judaism) creating the first man (Adam), whom he placed in a garden that he planted "eastward in Eden".[11]

And out of the ground made the Lord God
God
to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. — Genesis 2:9

The man was free to eat from any tree in the garden except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Last of all, the God
God
made a woman (Eve) from a rib of the man to be a companion for the man. In chapter three, the man and the woman were seduced by the serpent into eating the forbidden fruit, and they were expelled from the garden to prevent them from eating of the tree of life, and thus living forever. Cherubim were placed east of the garden, "and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep him away from the tree of life" (Genesis 3:24). Genesis 2:10–14 lists four rivers in association with the garden of Eden: Pishon, Gihon, the Tigris, and the Euphrates. It also refers to the land of Cush—translated/interpreted as Ethiopia, but thought by some to equate to Cossaea, a Greek name for the land of the Kassites.[12] These lands lie north of Elam, immediately to the east of ancient Babylon, which, unlike Ethiopia, does lie within the region being described.[13] In Antiquities of the Jews, the first-century Jewish historian Josephus
Josephus
identifies the Pishon
Pishon
as what "the Greeks called Ganges" and the Geon (Gehon) as the Nile.[14] Ezekiel[edit] Main article: Ezekiel's cherub in Eden In Ezekiel
Ezekiel
28:12–19 the prophet Ezekiel
Ezekiel
the "son of man" sets down God's word against the king of Tyre: the king was the "seal of perfection", adorned with precious stones from the day of his creation, placed by God
God
in the garden of Eden on the holy mountain as a guardian cherub. But the king sinned through wickedness and violence, and so he was driven out of the garden and thrown to the earth, where now he is consumed by God's fire: "All the nations who knew you are appalled at you, you have come to a horrible end and will be no more." (v.19). According to Terje Stordalen, the Eden in Ezekiel
Ezekiel
appears to be located in Lebanon.[15] "[I]t appears that the Lebanon is an alternative placement in Phoenician myth (as in Ez 28,13, III.48) of the Garden of Eden",[16] and there are connections between paradise, the garden of Eden and the forests of Lebanon (possibly used symbolically) within prophetic writings.[17] Edward Lipinski and Peter Kyle McCarter have suggested that the Garden of the gods (Sumerian paradise), the oldest Sumerian version of the Garden of Eden, relates to a mountain sanctuary in the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges.[18] Proposed locations[edit]

Map showing the rivers in the Middle East known in English as the Tigris
Tigris
and Euphrates.

Map by Pierre Mortier, 1700, based on theories of Pierre Daniel Huet, Bishop of Avranches. A caption in French and Dutch reads: Map of the location of the terrestrial paradise, and of the country inhabited by the patriarchs, laid out for the good understanding of sacred history, by M. Pierre Daniel Huet.

Although the Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
is considered to be mythological by most scholars,[19][20][21][22][23][24] there have been other suggestions for its location:[25] for example, at the head of the Persian Gulf, in southern Mesopotamia (now Iraq) where the Tigris
Tigris
and Euphrates
Euphrates
rivers run into the sea;[26] and in the Armenian Highlands or Armenian Plateau.[27][28][29][30] British archaeologist David Rohl claims it may have been located in Iran, and in the vicinity of Tabriz, but this suggestion has not caught on with scholarly sources.[31] According to the Bible, the location of Eden is described in the Book of Genesis, chapter 2, verses 10–14:

A river flowed from Eden to water the garden, and from there it divided to make four streams. The first is named the Pishon, and this winds all through the land of Havilah where there is gold. The gold of this country is pure; bdellium and cornelian stone are found there. The second river is named the Gihon, and this winds all through the land of Cush. The third river is named the Tigris, and this flows to the east of Ashur. The fourth river is the Euphrates.

Parallel concepts[edit]

The city of Dilmun
Dilmun
in the Sumerian mythological story of Enki and Ninhursag is a paradisaical abode[32] of the immortals, where sickness and death were unknown.[33] The garden of the Hesperides
Hesperides
in Greek mythology
Greek mythology
was somewhat similar to the Christian concept of the Garden of Eden, and by the 16th century a larger intellectual association was made in the Cranach painting (see illustration at top). In this painting, only the action that takes place there identifies the setting as distinct from the Garden of the Hesperides, with its golden fruit. The Persian term "paradise" (Hebrew פרדס, pardes), meaning a royal garden or hunting-park, gradually became a synonym for Eden after c. 500 BCE. The word "pardes" occurs three times in the Old Testament, but always in contexts other than a connection with Eden: in the Song of Solomon
Song of Solomon
iv. 13: "Thy plants are an orchard (pardes) of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard"; Ecclesiastes
Ecclesiastes
2. 5: "I made me gardens and orchards (pardes), and I planted trees in them of all kind of fruits"; and in Nehemiah
Nehemiah
ii. 8: "And a letter unto Asaph the keeper of the king's orchard (pardes), that he may give me timber to make beams for the gates of the palace which appertained to the house, and for the wall of the city." In these examples pardes clearly means "orchard" or "park", but in the apocalyptic literature and in the Talmud
Talmud
"paradise" gains its associations with the Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
and its heavenly prototype, and in the New Testament
New Testament
"paradise" becomes the realm of the blessed (as opposed to the realm of the cursed) among those who have already died, with literary Hellenistic
Hellenistic
influences. In ancient Hindu
Hindu
mythology, Nandankanan is a garden of the deities where the virtuous souls of the dead can roam freely.[citation needed]

Other views[edit] Jewish eschatology[edit] In the Talmud
Talmud
and the Jewish Kabbalah,[34] the scholars agree that there are two types of spiritual places called "Garden in Eden". The first is rather terrestrial, of abundant fertility and luxuriant vegetation, known as the "lower Gan Eden". The second is envisioned as being celestial, the habitation of righteous, Jewish and non-Jewish, immortal souls, known as the "higher Gan Eden". The Rabbanim differentiate between Gan and Eden. Adam
Adam
is said to have dwelt only in the Gan, whereas Eden is said never to be witnessed by any mortal eye.[34] According to Jewish eschatology,[35][36] the higher Gan Eden is called the "Garden of Righteousness". It has been created since the beginning of the world, and will appear gloriously at the end of time. The righteous dwelling there will enjoy the sight of the heavenly chayot carrying the throne of God. Each of the righteous will walk with God, who will lead them in a dance. Its Jewish and non-Jewish inhabitants are "clothed with garments of light and eternal life, and eat of the tree of life" (Enoch 58,3) near to God
God
and His anointed ones.[36] This Jewish rabbinical concept of a higher Gan Eden is opposed by the Hebrew terms gehinnom[37] and sheol, figurative names for the place of spiritual purification for the wicked dead in Judaism, a place envisioned as being at the greatest possible distance from heaven.[38] In modern Jewish eschatology
Jewish eschatology
it is believed that history will complete itself and the ultimate destination will be when all mankind returns to the Garden of Eden.[39] Islamic view[edit]

Spanish-Arabic world map from 1109 CE with Eden in east (at top)

The term "Jannāt `Adni" ("Gardens of Eden" or "Gardens of Perpetual Residence") is used in the Qur'an for the destination of the righteous. There are several mentions of "the Garden" in the Qur'an (2:35, 7:19, 20:117), while the Garden of Eden, without the word "`Adn",[40] is commonly the fourth layer of the Islamic heaven and not necessarily thought as the dwelling place of Adam.[41] The Quran refers frequently over various Surah
Surah
about the first abode of Adam
Adam
and his wife, including surat Sad, which features 18 verses on the subject (38:71–88), surat al-Baqarah, surat al-A'raf, and surat al-Hijr although sometimes without mentioning the location. The narrative mainly surrounds the resulting expulsion of Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
after they were tempted by Shaitan. Despite the Biblical account, the Quran mentions only one tree in Eden, the tree of immortality, which God specifically claimed it was forbidden to Adam
Adam
and Eve. Some exegesis added an account, about Satan, disguised as a serpent to enter the Garden, repeatedly told Adam
Adam
to eat from the tree, and eventually both Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
did so, resulting in disobeying Allah.[42] These stories are also featured in the Islamic hadith collections, including al-Tabari.[43] Latter-day Saints[edit] See also: Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(LDS Church) Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
(also known as Mormons
Mormons
or Latter-day Saints) believe that after Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
were expelled from the Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
they resided in a place known as Adam-ondi-Ahman, located in present-day Daviess County, Missouri. It is recorded in the Doctrine and Covenants
Doctrine and Covenants
that Adam
Adam
blessed his posterity there and that he will return to that place at the time of the final judgement[44][45] in fulfillment of biblical prophecy.[46] Numerous early leaders of the Church, including Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, and George Q. Cannon, taught that the Garden of Eden itself was located in nearby Jackson County, Missouri,[47] but there are no surviving first-hand accounts of that doctrine being taught by Joseph Smith himself. LDS doctrine is unclear as to the exact location of the Garden of Eden, but tradition among Latter-Day Saints places it somewhere in the vicinity of Adam-ondi-Ahman, or in Jackson County.[48][49] Art[edit] The Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
motifs most frequently portrayed in illuminated manuscripts and paintings are the "Sleep of Adam" ("Creation of Eve"), the "Temptation of Eve" by the Serpent, the "Fall of Man" where Adam takes the fruit, and the "Expulsion". The idyll of "Naming Day in Eden" was less often depicted. Much of Milton's Paradise
Paradise
Lost occurs in the Garden of Eden. Michelangelo
Michelangelo
depicted a scene at the Garden of Eden in the Sistine Chapel ceiling. In the Divine Comedy, Dante places the Garden at the top of Mt. Purgatory. For many medieval writers, the image of the Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
also creates a location for human love and sexuality, often associated with the classic and medieval trope of the locus amoenus.[50] One of oldest depictions of Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
is made in Byzantine style
Byzantine style
in Ravenna, while the city was still under Byzantine control. A preserved blue mosaic is part of the mausoleum of Galla Placidia. Circular motifs represent flowers of the garden of Eden.

The Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
by Lucas Cranach der Ältere, a 16th-century German depiction of Eden

The Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
with the Fall of Man
Fall of Man
by Jan Brueghel the Elder
Jan Brueghel the Elder
and Pieter Paul Rubens, depicting both domestic and exotic wild animals such as tigers, parrots and ostriches co-existing in the garden

5th century "Garden of Eden" mosaic in mausoleum of Galla Placidia in Ravenna, Italy. UNESCO World heritage site.

"The Garden of Eden" by Thomas Cole
Thomas Cole
(c. 1828)

"The Garden of Eden" by Adi Holzer made in the year 2012.

See also[edit]

Antelapsarianism Christian naturism Epic of Gilgamesh Eridu Fertile Crescent Golden Age Heaven
Heaven
in Judaism Jannah Nondualism Persian gardens Tamoanchan The Summerland Utopia

References[edit]

^ Gibson, Walter S. Hieronymus Bosch. New York:Hudson, 1973. p. 26. ISBN 0-500-20134-X ^ Metzger, Bruce Manning; Coogan, Michael D (2004). The Oxford Guide To People And Places Of The Bible. Oxford University Press. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-19-517610-0. Retrieved 22 December 2012.  ^ a b Cohen 2011, pp. 228–229 ^ http://bible.oremus.org/?passage=Genesis+13 ^ http://bible.oremus.org/?passage=Ezekiel+31 ^ Luttikhuizen 1999, p. 37 ^ H5731 Eden – The same as H5730 (masculine); Eden= "pleasure" ... the first habitat of man after the creation; site unknown ^ Davidson 1973, p. 33. ^ Donald Miller (2007) Miller 3-in-1: Blue Like Jazz, Through Painted Deserts, Searching for God, Thomas Nelson Inc, ISBN 978-1418551179, p. PT207 ^ Stordalen 2000, p. 307–310. ^ Levenson 2004, p. 13 "The root of Eden denotes fertility. Where the wondrously fertile gard was thought to have been located (if a realistic location was ever conceived) is unclear. The Tigris
Tigris
and Euphrates
Euphrates
are the two great rivers of the Mesopotamia (now found in modern Iraq). But the Piston is unidentified, and the only Gihon
Gihon
in the Bible is a spring in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(1 Kings 1.33, 38)." ^ "The Jewish Quarterly Review". The Jewish Quarterly Review. University of Pennsylvania Press. 64-65: 132. 1973. ISSN 1553-0604. Retrieved 2014-02-19. ...as Cossaea, the country of the Kassites
Kassites
in Mesopotamia [...]  ^ Speiser 1994, p. 38 ^ Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews. Book I, Chapter 1, Section 3. ^ Stordalen 2000, p. 164 ^ Brown 2001, p. 138 ^ Swarup 2006, p. 185 ^ Smith 2009, p. 61 ^ Levenson 2004, p. 11 "How much history lies behind the story of Genesis? Because the action of the primeval story is not represented as taking place on the plane of ordinary human history and has so many affinities with ancient mythology, it is very far-fetched to speak of its narratives as historical at all." ^ Schwartz, Howard; Loebel-Fried, Caren; Ginsburg, Elliot K. (2007). Tree of Souls: The Mythology of Judaism. Oxford University Press. p. 704.  ^ George, Arthur; George, Elena (2014). The Mythology of Eden. Hamilton Books. p. 458.  ^ Delumeau, Jean; O'Connell, Matthew (2000). History of Paradise: The Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
in Myth and Tradition. University of Illinois Press. p. 276.  ^ Graves, Robert; Patai, Raphael (1986). Hebrew Myths: The Book of Genesis. Random House. p. 315.  ^ Albright, W. F. (October 1922). "The Location of the Garden of Eden". The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures. The University of Chicago Press. 39 (1): 15–31. doi:10.1086/369964. JSTOR 528684.  ^ Wilensky-Lanford, Brook (2012). Paradise
Paradise
Lust: Searching for the Garden of Eden. Grove Press.  ^ Hamblin, Dora Jane (May 1987). "Has the Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
been located at last? (Dead Link)" (PDF). Smithsonian. 18 (2). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014.  ^ Zevit, Ziony. What Really Happened in the Garden of Eden? 2013. Yale University Press, p. 111. ^ Day, John. Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan. 2002. Sheffield Academic Press, p. 30. ^ Duncan, Joseph E. Milton's Earthly Paradise: A Historical Study of Eden. 1972. University Of Minnesota Press, pp. 96, 212. ^ Scafi, Alessandro. Return to the Sources: Paradise
Paradise
in Armenia, in: Mapping Paradise: A History of Heaven
Heaven
on Earth. 2006. London-Chicago: British Library-University of Chicago Press, pp. 317-322 ^ Cline, Eric H. (2007). From Eden to Exile: Unraveling Mysteries of the Bible. National Geographic. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-4262-0084-7.  ^ Mathews 1996, pp. 96. ^ Cohen 2011, pp. 229. ^ a b Gan Eden – JewishEncyclopedia; 02-22-2010. ^ Olam Ha-Ba – The Afterlife
Afterlife
- JewFAQ.org; 02-22-2010. ^ a b Eshatology – JewishEncyclopedia; 02-22-2010. ^ " Gehinnom
Gehinnom
is the Hebrew name; Gehenna is Yiddish." Gehinnom
Gehinnom
Judaism
Judaism
101 websourced 02-10-2010. ^ "Gan Eden and Gehinnom". Jewfaq.org. Retrieved 2011-06-30.  ^ "End of Days". End of Days. Aish. Retrieved 1 May 2012.  ^ See list of occurrences. ^ Patrick Hughes, Thomas Patrick Hughes Dictionary of Islam
Islam
Asian Educational Services 1995 ISBN 978-8-120-60672-2 page 133 ^ Leaman, Oliver The Quran, an encyclopedia, p. 11, 2006 ^ Wheeler, Brannon Mecca and Eden: ritual, relics, and territory in Islam
Islam
p. 16, 2006 ^ " Doctrine and Covenants
Doctrine and Covenants
107:53".  ^ " Doctrine and Covenants
Doctrine and Covenants
116:1".  ^ "Daniel 7:13-14,22".  ^ "Joseph Smith/ Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
in Missouri", FairMormon Answers ^ Bruce A. Van Orden, "I Have a Question: What do we know about the location of the Garden of Eden?", Ensign, January 1994, pp. 54–55. ^ http://www.mormonnewsroom.org/article/mormonism-101#C18 "Mormonism 101: FAQ" ^ Curtius 1953, p. 200, n.31

Bibliography[edit]

Brown, John Pairman (2001). Israel and Hellas, Volume 3. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 9783110168822.  Cohen, Chaim (2011). "Eden". In Berlin, Adele; Grossman, Maxine. The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199730049.  Curtius, Ernst Robert (1953). European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages. Princeton UP. ISBN 978-0-691-01899-7.  Translated by Willard R. Trask. Davidson, Robert (1973). Genesis 1-11 (commentary by Davidson, R. 1987 [Reprint] ed.). Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521097604.  Levenson, Jon D. (2004). "Genesis: introduction and annotations". In Berlin, Adele; Brettler, Marc Zvi. The Jewish study Bible. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195297515.  Mathews, Kenneth A. (1996). Genesis. Nashville, Tenn.: Broadman & Holman Publishers. ISBN 9780805401011.  Smith, Mark S. (2009). "Introduction". In Pitard, Wayne T. The Ugaritic Baal Cycle, volume II. BRILL. ISBN 9004153489.  Speiser, E.A. (1994). "The Rivers of Paradise". In Tsumura, D.T.; Hess, R.S. I Studied Inscriptions from Before the Flood. Eisenbrauns. ISBN 9780931464881.  Stordalen, Terje (2000). Echoes of Eden. Peeters. ISBN 9789042908543.  Swarup, Paul (2006). The self-understanding of the Dead Sea Scrolls Community. Continuum.  Willcocks, Sir William, Hormuzd Rassam. Mesopotamian Trade. Noah's Flood: The Garden of Eden, in: The Geographical Journal 35, No. 4 (April 1910). DOI: 10.2307/1777041[dead link]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Garden of Eden.

Look up Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Smithsonian article on the geography of the Tigris- Euphrates
Euphrates
region Many translations of II Kings 19:12  "Eden". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 

v t e

Afterlife
Afterlife
locations

Abrahamic religions

Judaism

7 Heavens and 7 Earths Throne of God Garden of Eden Olam Haba Sheol

Christianity

Heaven Hell Kingdom of God Garden of Eden Paradise Purgatory Limbo New Jerusalem Pearly gates

Islam

Barzakh Naar Jannah
Jannah
(and Jabarut) Sidrat al-Muntaha A'raf As-Sirāt

Mormonism

Celestial Kingdom Terrestrial Kingdom Telestial Kingdom Spirit world

European mythologies

Celtic

Otherworld

Annwn Tír na nÓg Mag Mell Tech Duinn

Finnic

Tuonela

Germanic

Asgard Fólkvangr Valhalla Neorxnawang Gimlé Helheimr

Greek

Hades Elysium Erebus Orcus Asphodel Meadows Myth of Er Empyrean Tartarus Fortunate Isles

Slavic

Iriy

Eastern/Asian religions

Buddhism

Naraka Deva (Buddhism)

Hinduism

14 planetary systems Ādi Śeṣa Svarga Naraka Vaikuntha Kailash Goloka Akshardham

Sikhism

Sach Khand

Taoism

Grotto-heavens

Chinese

Tian Diyu Youdu

Japanese

Yomi

Zoroastrianism

Chinvat Bridge Hamistagan

Others

Mesoamerican

Mictlan Tamoanchan Thirteen Heavens Tlalocan Xibalba

Plains Indians

Happy hunting ground

Tupi

Land without evil

Wicca

The Summerland

Theosophy

Summerland Devachan Nirvana

Ancient Egyptian

Aaru Duat

Millennialism Utopianism Great unity Golden Age Arcadia Avalon The Guf Well of Souls Existential planes Underworld List of mythological places

v t e

Adam
Adam
and Eve

Source

Genesis creation narrative
Genesis creation narrative
in the Book of Genesis Adam Eve

Offspring

Cain and Abel Aclima Seth Awan Azura

Television

"Probe 7, Over and Out" (1963)

Film

Mama's Affair
Mama's Affair
(1921) Good Morning, Eve!
Good Morning, Eve!
(1934) The Broken Jug
The Broken Jug
(1937) The Original Sin (1948) The Private Lives of Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1960) El pecado de Adán y Eva
El pecado de Adán y Eva
(1969) La Biblia en pasta
La Biblia en pasta
(1984) The Annunciation (1984) Adipapam
Adipapam
(1988) Adam
Adam
(1992) Man's Best Friend (1998) Babs (2000) The Last Eve
Eve
(2005) Year One (2009) The Tragedy of Man
The Tragedy of Man
(2011) Adam
Adam
and Dog (2011) Tropico (2013)

Plays

Le Jeu d' Adam
Adam
(12th century) The Broken Jug
The Broken Jug
(1808) The Tragedy of Man
The Tragedy of Man
(1861) The Creation of the World and Other Business
The Creation of the World and Other Business
(1972)

Musicals

The Apple Tree
The Apple Tree
(1966) Dude (1972) Up from Paradise
Paradise
(1973) Children of Eden
Children of Eden
(1991)

Compositions

The Creation (1798)

structure

La mort d' Adam
Adam
(1809) Ève
Ève
(1875) Genesis Suite
Genesis Suite
(1945) Lilith (2001)

Literature

Apocalypse of Adam Book of Moses Book of Abraham Books of Adam Book of the Penitence of Adam Cave of Treasures "El y Ella" Genesis A
Genesis A
and Genesis B Harrowing of Hell Life of Adam
Adam
and Eve Testament of Adam Testimony of Truth
Testimony of Truth
(3rd century) Conflict of Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
with Satan
Satan
(6th century) "Old Saxon Genesis" (9th century) " Adam
Adam
lay ybounden" (15th century) Paradise
Paradise
Lost (1667) Le Dernier Homme
Le Dernier Homme
(1805) Extracts from Adam's Diary
Extracts from Adam's Diary
(1904) Eve's Diary
Eve's Diary
(1905) The Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
(2009)

Art

Bernward Doors
Bernward Doors
(1015) Tapestry of Creation
Tapestry of Creation
(11th century) Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
(1425) Vienna Diptych
Vienna Diptych
(15th century) The Last Judgment (1482) The Garden of Earthly Delights
The Garden of Earthly Delights
(1504) Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1507) Paradise
Paradise
and Hell
Hell
(1510) The Creation of Adam
Adam
(1512) The Haywain Triptych
The Haywain Triptych
(1516) Eve, the Serpent and Death
Eve, the Serpent and Death
(1510s or 1520s) Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1528) The Fall of Man
Fall of Man
(1550) Maps of ancient Israel The Garden of Eden
Garden of Eden
with the Fall of Man
Fall of Man
(1617) The Fall of Man
Fall of Man
(1628) The Four Seasons (1660s) The Koren Picture-Bible (1692–1696) The First Mourning
The First Mourning
(1888) Eve
Eve
(1931) Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1932) The Serpent Chooses Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1958) Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(1992)

Songs

"Dese Bones G'wine Rise Again" "Adam-ondi-Ahman" (1835) "Forbidden Fruit" (1915) "The Garden of Eden" (1956) "Let's Give Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
Another Chance" (1970) "Man Gave Names to All the Animals" (1979)

Albums

The Cainian Chronicle
The Cainian Chronicle
(1996) Visions of Eden
Visions of Eden
(2006)

Other cultures

Adam– God
God
doctrine Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
(LDS Church) Adam
Adam
in Islam Adam
Adam
in rabbinic literature Al-A'raf Book of Moses Endowment Manu (Hinduism) Mashya and Mashyana Serpent seed Tree of Jiva and Atman Tree of life (Quran) Our Lady of Endor Coven

Geography

Adam-ondi-Ahman Tomb of Eve

Biology

Mitochondrial Eve Y-chromosomal Adam The Real Eve

Story within a story

Doraemon: Nobita's Diary of the Creation of the World Island of Love The Visitors

Games

Demon: The Fallen (2002)

Related theology

Fall of man Original sin Garden of Eden Tree of the knowledge of good and evil Serpents in the Bible Forbidden fruit

Apple Fig leaf

Figs in the Bible Adam's ale Adamic language Rosh Hashanah Camael Shamsiel Tree of life Allegorical interpretations of Genesis

Other

Pre-Adamite Generations of Adam Cave of the Patriarchs "In-A-Gadda-Da-Leela" "Simpsons Bible Stories" Second Time Lucky Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
cylinder seal Timeline of Genesis patriarchs Genealogies of Genesis Carnal knowledge Legend of the Rood

Ystorya Adaf

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