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Gaoyou
Gaoyou
(simplified Chinese: 高邮; traditional Chinese: 高郵; pinyin: Gāoyóu; literally: "high post (stop)"), is a county-level city under the administration of Yangzhou, Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province, China, located in the Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta
on the north side of the Yangtze River.

Contents

1 History 2 Administration 3 Geography 4 Economy 5 Transport

5.1 Roads

5.1.1 Expressways 5.1.2 National Highway

6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

Pig-shaped Pottery Pots excavated from Longqiuzhuang Site

Recent archaeological finds at the Longqiuzhuang site in Gaoyou
Gaoyou
has found evidence of rice growing dating back 5,500-7,000 years. Gaoyou ting (commune, 亭) located in this area was established in Qin dynasty. Then Gaoyou
Gaoyou
county whose seat was the former commune was established in BC 118.[2] In 1353, Zhang Shicheng
Zhang Shicheng
revolted and captured the walled city of Gaoyou. In the next year, Zhang established Kingdom of Dazhou, while Gaoyou
Gaoyou
functioned as its temporary capital until 1356. Later, the city withstood the siege led by Toqto'a, since the complicated politics severely reduced the cohesion of the Yuan army. At that time, it was one of the 46 important mail posts along the Grand Canal between Beijing
Beijing
and Nanjing. It was in use until the 1911 Revolution. On 2 October 1939, the Japanese army captured the walled city. On 19 January 1949, the CPC controlled the walled city. The profound history and culture of Gaoyou
Gaoyou
fostered Qin Shaoyou, the well-known poet in the Song Dynasty, Wang Nianshun and Wang Yinzhi (father and son), the celebrated classics interpreters in the Qing Dynasty, Sun Yunzhu, the modern paleontologist and Wang Zengqi, the contemporary writer. Gaoyou
Gaoyou
is also the hometown of the infamous Wu Sangui. Some 200,000 people drowned in their sleep in Gaoyou
Gaoyou
in the resulting deluges due to flooding in 1931.[3][4] Administration[edit]

Worship Hall of the ancient mosque at Lingtang

The sole ethnic township of Jiangsu, Lingtang Hui Ethnic township, is under the jurisdiction of Gaoyou, about a third of the township residents are Hui Chinese.

Subdistrict

Gaoyou
Gaoyou
(高邮) Mapeng (马棚)

Town

Cheluo (车逻) Ganduo (甘垛) Jieshou (界首) Linze (临泽) Longqiu (龙虬) Sanduo (三垛) Songqiao (送桥) Tangzhuang (汤庄) Xiejia (卸甲) Zhoushan (周山)

Township

Lingtang Hui Ethnic township (菱塘回族乡)

Gaoyou. Nieuhof, L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665.

Geography[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (August 2017)

Economy[edit]

South Gate Avenue, served as the most bustling commercial district of the city during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Gaoyou
Gaoyou
was dependent on its agriculture section financially. Primary agricultural products include rapeseed, rice, wheat, poultry and eggs. Transport[edit] Roads[edit] Expressways[edit]

G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway

National Highway[edit]

China National Highway 233

References[edit]

^ Google
Google
(2014-07-02). "Gaoyou" (Map). Google
Google
Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.  ^ 讀史方輿紀要, Vol. 23: "高郵廢縣今州治。秦高郵亭也。漢置縣,屬廣陵國,後皆為高郵縣。宋始為高郵軍治。元為府治。明初省。今州城周十里有奇。" ^ Pietz, David (2002). Engineering the State: The Huai River
Huai River
and Reconstruction in Nationalist China 1927–1937. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-93388-9. pp. xvii, 61–70. ^ National Flood Relief Commission Report of the National Flood Relief Commission Shanghai, 1932

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Gaoyou.

Gaoyou
Gaoyou
Information Website Gaoyou
Gaoyou
City English guide (in English) (in Chinese) "Illustrated Album of Yangzhou
Yangzhou
Prefecture", from 1573-1620, has illustrations of Gaoyou

v t e

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
topics

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Grand Canal of China Yellow Sea East China Sea Xishan Island Yangtze River Lake Tai Hongze Lake Yangcheng Lake Huai River Qixia Mountain

Education

Nanjing
Nanjing
University Southeast University Hohai University Nanjing
Nanjing
Normal University Nanjing
Nanjing
University of Science and Technology

Culture

Wuyue culture Shuochang Cuisine Chinese opera Ge Yuan Garden

Visitor attractions

Purple Mountain Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum Jiming Temple Nanjing
Nanjing
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Bridge Hanshan Temple Huqiu Tower Grand Buddha at Ling Shan Chaotian Palace Qixia Temple Tianning Temple Pagoda Zhouzhuang

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Nanjing

Xuanwu District Qinhuai District Jianye District Gulou District Pukou District Luhe District Qixia District Yuhuatai District Jiangning District Lishui District Gaochun District

Prefecture-level cities

Wuxi

Binhu District Huishan District Xishan District Liangxi District Xinwu District Jiangyin
Jiangyin
City Yixing
Yixing
City

Xuzhou

Yunlong District Gulou District Jiawang District Tongshan District Quanshan District Pizhou
Pizhou
City Xinyi City Suining County Pei County Feng County

Changzhou

Zhonglou District Tianning District Xinbei District Wujin District Jintan District Liyang
Liyang
City

Suzhou

Gusu District Huqiu District Wuzhong District Xiangcheng District Wujiang District Kunshan
Kunshan
City Taicang
Taicang
City Changshu
Changshu
City Zhangjiagang
Zhangjiagang
City

Nantong

Chongchuan District Gangzha District Tongzhou District Haimen
Haimen
City Qidong City Rugao
Rugao
City Rudong County Hai'an County

Lianyungang

Haizhou District Lianyun District Ganyu District Guanyun County Donghai County Guannan County

Huai'an

Qingjiangpu District Huai'an
Huai'an
District Huaiyin District Hongze District Jinhu County Xuyi County Lianshui County

Yancheng

Tinghu District Yandu District Dafeng District Dongtai
Dongtai
City Sheyang County Funing County Binhai County Xiangshui County Jianhu County

Yangzhou

Guangling District Hanjiang District Jiangdu District Yizheng
Yizheng
City Gaoyou
Gaoyou
City Baoying County

Zhenjiang

Jingkou District Runzhou District Dantu District Yangzhong
Yangzhong
City Danyang City Jurong City

Taizhou

Hailing District Gaogang District Jiangyan District Jingjiang
Jingjiang
City Taixing
Taixing
City Xinghua City

Suqian

Sucheng District Suyu District Shuyang County Siyang County S

.