Gaoyou (simplified Chinese: 高邮; traditional Chinese: 高郵;
pinyin: Gāoyóu; literally: "high post (stop)"), is a county-level
city under the administration of Yangzhou,
Jiangsu province, China,
located in the
Yangtze River Delta
Yangtze River Delta on the north side of the Yangtze
5.1.2 National Highway
7 External links
Pig-shaped Pottery Pots excavated from Longqiuzhuang Site
Recent archaeological finds at the Longqiuzhuang site in
found evidence of rice growing dating back 5,500-7,000 years. Gaoyou
ting (commune, 亭) located in this area was established in Qin
Gaoyou county whose seat was the former commune was
established in BC 118.
Zhang Shicheng revolted and captured the walled city of
Gaoyou. In the next year, Zhang established Kingdom of Dazhou, while
Gaoyou functioned as its temporary capital until 1356. Later, the city
withstood the siege led by Toqto'a, since the complicated politics
severely reduced the cohesion of the Yuan army. At that time, it was
one of the 46 important mail posts along the Grand Canal between
Beijing and Nanjing. It was in use until the 1911 Revolution. On 2
October 1939, the Japanese army captured the walled city. On 19
January 1949, the CPC controlled the walled city.
The profound history and culture of
Gaoyou fostered Qin Shaoyou, the
well-known poet in the Song Dynasty, Wang Nianshun and Wang Yinzhi
(father and son), the celebrated classics interpreters in the Qing
Dynasty, Sun Yunzhu, the modern paleontologist and Wang Zengqi, the
Gaoyou is also the hometown of the infamous Wu
Some 200,000 people drowned in their sleep in
Gaoyou in the resulting
deluges due to flooding in 1931.
Worship Hall of the ancient mosque at Lingtang
The sole ethnic township of Jiangsu, Lingtang Hui Ethnic township, is
under the jurisdiction of Gaoyou, about a third of the township
residents are Hui Chinese.
Lingtang Hui Ethnic township (菱塘回族乡)
Gaoyou. Nieuhof, L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces
Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (August 2017)
South Gate Avenue, served as the most bustling commercial district of
the city during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Gaoyou was dependent on its agriculture section financially. Primary
agricultural products include rapeseed, rice, wheat, poultry and eggs.
G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway
China National Highway 233
Google (2014-07-02). "Gaoyou" (Map).
Google Maps. Google. Retrieved
^ 讀史方輿紀要, Vol. 23:
^ Pietz, David (2002). Engineering the State: The
Huai River and
Reconstruction in Nationalist China 1927–1937. Routledge.
ISBN 0-415-93388-9. pp. xvii, 61–70.
^ National Flood Relief Commission Report of the National Flood Relief
Commission Shanghai, 1932
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Gaoyou.
Gaoyou Information Website
Gaoyou City English guide
(in English) (in Chinese) "Illustrated Album of
from 1573-1620, has illustrations of Gaoyou
Grand Canal of China
East China Sea
Nanjing Normal University
Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Ge Yuan Garden
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
Yangtze River Bridge
Grand Buddha at Ling Shan
Tianning Temple Pagoda
County-level divisions of