Gangotri Group of mountains is a subdivision of the Garhwal
Himalaya in the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand. It rings the
Gangotri Glacier, and contains peaks that are notable either for their
religious significance to Hindus, for their difficult climbing routes,
or both. Climbs on three of the peaks (Thalay Sagar, Shivling, and
Meru) have resulted in the awarding of the prestigious (but
controversial) climbing award, the Piolet d'Or.
Notable mountains include:
Chaukhamba (I-IV). A four-summitted massif;
Chaukhamba I, 7,138 m
(23,419 ft), is the highest peak in the group.
Kedarnath (Mountain), 6,940 m (22,769 ft), the highest peak
on the southwest side of the glacier
Thalay Sagar, 6,904 m (22,651 ft), a steep rock spire, and
perhaps the most difficult summit to attain in the entire group.
Shivling, 6,543 m (21,467 ft), another steep rock peak, with
two summits, and the most striking as viewed from Gaumukh, the
pilgrimage site at the mouth of the glacier. A symbol of the god
Shiva, it is the most revered peak in the group.
Meru, 6,660 m (21,850 ft), lies between
Thalay Sagar and
Shivling, and has some highly challenging routes, only recently
ascended despite multiple attempts by the world's best climbers.
Bhagirathi I: 6,856 metres (22,493 ft); II: 6,512 metres
(21,365 ft); III: 6,454 m (21,175 ft)], peaks with
moderate routes on the back sides, but huge steep-to-overhanging
cliffs on the side facing the glacier. Bhagirathi III, in particular,
has seen some of the most extreme rock climbing in the Himalaya.
Bhagirathi II,III and I
H. Adams Carter, "Classification of the Himalaya", American Alpine
Journal, 1985, pp. 139–141.
Andy Fanshawe and Stephen Venables, Himalaya Alpine-Style, Hodder and
Stoughton, 1995, ISBN 0-340-64931-3, pp. 108–111.
Ed Douglas, "Shivling", in World Mountaineering (Audrey Salkeld,
editor), Bulfinch Press, 1998, ISBN 0-8212-2502-2,
This article related to a location in the Indian state of Uttarakhand
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