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Gangotri
Gangotri
is a town and a Nagar Panchayat (municipality) in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is a Hindu pilgrim town on the banks of the river Bhagirathi
Bhagirathi
and origin of River Ganges. It is on the Greater Himalayan Range, at a height of 3,100 metres (10,200 ft). According to popular Hindu legend, it was here that Goddess Ganga descended when Lord Shiva released the mighty river from the locks of his hair.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Gangotri
Gangotri
Temple 3 Historical relation

3.1 Submerged Shivlingam

4 Demographics 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Geography[edit] Gangotri
Gangotri
is located at 30°59′N 78°56′E / 30.98°N 78.93°E / 30.98; 78.93.[1] Gangotri
Gangotri
Temple[edit] Gangotri, the origin of the River Ganges
River Ganges
and seat of the goddess Ganga, is one of the four sites in the Chota Char Dham
Chota Char Dham
pilgrimage circuit. The original Gangotri
Gangotri
Temple was built by the Nepalese general Amar Singh Thapa. The river is called Bhagirathi
Bhagirathi
at the source and acquires the name Ganga (the Ganges) from Devprayag
Devprayag
onwards where it meets the Alaknanda. The origin of the holy river is at Gaumukh, set in the Gangotri
Gangotri
Glacier, and is a 19 km trek from Gangotri. Places to visit near the Gangotri
Gangotri
Temple

Bhagirath Shila is believed to be the holy rock where King Bhagirath prayed to Lord Shiva. Pandava Gufa, located 1.5 km from Gangotri, is the place where the Pandavas are believed to have meditated and rested en route Kailash. Pilgrims will have to trek up to the Pandava Gufa.

In the pilgrimage journey of Chota Char Dham, Gangotri
Gangotri
is often visited after Yamunotri
Yamunotri
(located on the western region of Garhwal Hills). Pilgrims generally make Uttarkashi
Uttarkashi
as their base camp. The time taken from Uttarkashi
Uttarkashi
to Gangotri
Gangotri
temple is about 4 hours by road.

Gangotri
Gangotri
temple

Gaumukh, source of the Ganges above Gangotri

Historical relation[edit] According to Hindu mythology, Goddess Ganga took the form of a river to absolve the sins of King Bhagiratha's predecessors, following his severe penance of several centuries. Submerged Shivlingam[edit] According to this legend, King Sagara, after slaying the demons on earth decided to stage an Ashwamedha Yajna
Ashwamedha Yajna
as a proclamation of his supremacy. The horse which was to be taken on an uninterrupted journey around the earth was to be accompanied by the King's 60,000 sons born to Queen Sumati and one son Asamanja born of the second queen Kesani. Indra, supreme ruler of the gods feared that he might be deprived of his celestial throne if the "Yajna" (worship with fire) succeeded and then took away the horse and tied it to the ashram of Sage Kapil, who was then in deep meditation. The sons of the King Sagara
King Sagara
searched for the horse and finally found it tied near the meditating sage. Sixty thousand angry sons of King Sagara
King Sagara
stormed the ashram of sage Kapil. When he opened his eyes, the 60,000 sons had all perished, by the curse of sage Kapil. Bhagiratha, the grandson of King Sagar, is believed to have meditated to please the Goddess Ganga enough to cleanse the ashes of his ancestors, and liberate their souls, granting them salvation or Moksha. Demographics[edit] As of 2001[update] India census,[2] Gangotri
Gangotri
had a population of 606. Males constitute 60% of the population and females 40%. Gangotri
Gangotri
has an average literacy rate of 89%, male literacy is 91%, female literacy is 80%. In Gangotri, average age of the population is under 6 years of age.

See also[edit]

Gangotri
Gangotri
National Park Harsil Yamuna

References[edit]

^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Gangotri, India". fallingrain.com.  ^ " Census
Census
of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gangotri.

v t e

Cities and towns in Uttarkashi
Uttarkashi
district

Uttarkashi

Barkot Gangotri Uttarkashi

Cities and towns in other districts

Almora Bageshwar Chamoli Champawat Dehradun Haridwar Nainital Pauri Garhwal Pithoragarh Rudraprayag Tehri Garhwal Udham Singh Nagar

v t e

Hindu temples in Uttarakhand

Almora

Golu Devta
Golu Devta
Temple Jageshwar

Bageshwar

Bagnath Temple Baijnath Group of Temples

Chamoli

Badrinath Temple Kalpeshwar Rudranath Tungnath

Champawat

Baleshwar Temple

Dehradun

Lakhamandal Mahasu Devta Temple Rishikesh

Haridwar

Chandi Devi Temple Daksheshwar Mahadev Temple Har Ki Pauri Mansa Devi Temple Maya Devi Temple

Nainital

Garjiya Devi Temple

Pauri Garhwal

Devprayag Neelkanth Mahadev Temple

Pithoragarh

Berinag Patal Bhuvaneshwar

Rudraprayag

Guptakashi Kedarnath Temple Madhyamaheshwar Rudraprayag Triyuginarayan Temple

Tehri Garhwal

Rudreshwar Mahadev Temple Surkanda Devi
Surkanda Devi
Temple

Udham Singh Nagar

Moteshwar Mahadev
Moteshwar Mahadev
Temple Balasundari Temple

Uttarkashi

.