Gangotri is a town and a
Nagar Panchayat (municipality) in Uttarkashi
district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is a Hindu pilgrim
town on the banks of the river
Bhagirathi and origin of River Ganges.
It is on the Greater Himalayan Range, at a height of 3,100 metres
(10,200 ft). According to popular Hindu legend, it was here that
Goddess Ganga descended when Lord Shiva released the mighty river from
the locks of his hair.
3 Historical relation
3.1 Submerged Shivlingam
5 See also
7 External links
Gangotri is located at 30°59′N 78°56′E / 30.98°N
78.93°E / 30.98; 78.93.
Gangotri, the origin of the
River Ganges and seat of the goddess
Ganga, is one of the four sites in the
Chota Char Dham
Chota Char Dham pilgrimage
circuit. The original
Gangotri Temple was built by the Nepalese
general Amar Singh Thapa. The river is called
Bhagirathi at the source
and acquires the name Ganga (the Ganges) from
Devprayag onwards where
it meets the Alaknanda. The origin of the holy river is at Gaumukh,
set in the
Gangotri Glacier, and is a 19 km trek from Gangotri.
Places to visit near the
Bhagirath Shila is believed to be the holy rock where King Bhagirath
prayed to Lord Shiva.
Pandava Gufa, located 1.5 km from Gangotri, is the place where
the Pandavas are believed to have meditated and rested en route
Kailash. Pilgrims will have to trek up to the Pandava Gufa.
In the pilgrimage journey of Chota Char Dham,
Gangotri is often
Yamunotri (located on the western region of Garhwal
Hills). Pilgrims generally make
Uttarkashi as their base camp. The
time taken from
Gangotri temple is about 4 hours by
Gaumukh, source of the Ganges above Gangotri
According to Hindu mythology, Goddess Ganga took the form of a river
to absolve the sins of King Bhagiratha's predecessors, following his
severe penance of several centuries.
According to this legend, King Sagara, after slaying the demons on
earth decided to stage an
Ashwamedha Yajna as a proclamation of his
supremacy. The horse which was to be taken on an uninterrupted journey
around the earth was to be accompanied by the King's 60,000 sons born
to Queen Sumati and one son
Asamanja born of the second queen Kesani.
Indra, supreme ruler of the gods feared that he might be deprived of
his celestial throne if the "Yajna" (worship with fire) succeeded and
then took away the horse and tied it to the ashram of Sage Kapil, who
was then in deep meditation. The sons of the
King Sagara searched for
the horse and finally found it tied near the meditating sage. Sixty
thousand angry sons of
King Sagara stormed the ashram of sage Kapil.
When he opened his eyes, the 60,000 sons had all perished, by the
curse of sage Kapil. Bhagiratha, the grandson of King Sagar, is
believed to have meditated to please the Goddess Ganga enough to
cleanse the ashes of his ancestors, and liberate their souls, granting
them salvation or Moksha.
As of 2001[update] India census,
Gangotri had a population of 606.
Males constitute 60% of the population and females 40%.
an average literacy rate of 89%, male literacy is 91%, female literacy
is 80%. In Gangotri, average age of the population is under 6 years of
Gangotri National Park
^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Gangotri, India".
Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities,
villages and towns (Provisional)".
Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gangotri.
Cities and towns in
Cities and towns
in other districts
Udham Singh Nagar
Hindu temples in Uttarakhand
Golu Devta Temple
Baijnath Group of Temples
Mahasu Devta Temple
Chandi Devi Temple
Daksheshwar Mahadev Temple
Har Ki Pauri
Mansa Devi Temple
Maya Devi Temple
Garjiya Devi Temple
Neelkanth Mahadev Temple
Rudreshwar Mahadev Temple
Surkanda Devi Temple
Udham Singh Nagar
Moteshwar Mahadev Temple