River (formerly known as the
River Gambra) is a major river
in West Africa, running 1,120 kilometres (700 mi) from the Fouta
Djallon plateau in north
Guinea westward through
Senegal and the
Gambia to the
Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul. It is navigable
for about half that length.
The river is strongly associated with The Gambia, the smallest country
in mainland Africa, which consists of little more than the downstream
half of the river and its two banks.
From the Fouta Djallon, the river runs northwest into the Tambacounda
Region of Senegal, where it flows through the Parc National du Niokolo
Koba, then is joined by the Nieri Ko and Koulountou before entering
the Gambia at Fatoto. At this point the river runs generally west, but
in a meandering course with a number of oxbows, and about 100km from
its mouth it gradually widens, to over 10km wide where it meets the
Near the mouth of the river, near Juffure, is Kunta Kinteh Island, a
place used in the slave trade which is now a
UNESCO World Heritage
The aquatic fauna in the Gambia
River basin is closely associated with
that of the Sénégal
River basin, and the two are usually combined
under a single ecoregion known as the Senegal-Gambia Catchments.
Although the species richness is moderately high, only three species
of frogs and one fish are endemic to this ecoregion.
Oysters are harvested from the
River Gambia by women and used to make
oyster stew, a traditional dish in the cuisine of Gambia.
Map of the
River Gambra (now the Gambia) 1732
The western portion of the Gambia River, seen from space. The line
shows the border of the country the Gambia.
^ "Gambia River". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 30 October
Senegal – Gambia". Freshwater Ecoregions of the World.
Retrieved 30 October 2016.
Media related to Gambia
River at Wikimedia Commons
River Information & Photos