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Galway
Galway
(/ˈɡɔːlweɪ/; Irish: Gaillimh, pronounced [ˈɡalʲɪvʲ]) is a city in the West of Ireland
Ireland
in the province of Connacht. Galway
Galway
City
City
Council is the local authority for the city. Galway
Galway
lies on the River Corrib
River Corrib
between Lough Corrib
Lough Corrib
and Galway Bay
Galway Bay
and is surrounded by County Galway. It is the fourth most populous urban area in the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
and the sixth most populous city in the island of Ireland. According to the 2016 Irish Census, Galway
Galway
city has a population of 79,504; however, the rural county agglomeration is far more populous.[2] Galway
Galway
will be the European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
in 2020, alongside Rijeka, Croatia.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Climate 3.2 Places of interest

3.2.1 The Claddagh 3.2.2 Museums 3.2.3 Cemeteries

4 Demographics 5 Politics

5.1 Local government 5.2 The courts

6 Culture

6.1 The arts

6.1.1 Literature 6.1.2 Film 6.1.3 Theatre

6.2 Music

6.2.1 Traditional Irish music 6.2.2 Live Music venues 6.2.3 Pop music

6.3 Irish language 6.4 Events and festivals 6.5 Religion 6.6 Sport

6.6.1 Gaelic games 6.6.2 Association football 6.6.3 Rugby

6.6.3.1 Professional 6.6.3.2 Club (Amateur)

6.6.4 Golf 6.6.5 Swimming 6.6.6 Sailing and rowing 6.6.7 Greyhound racing

7 Economy and infrastructure

7.1 Media

7.1.1 Radio 7.1.2 Print 7.1.3 Online

7.2 Transport

7.2.1 Air 7.2.2 Bus 7.2.3 Rail 7.2.4 Road 7.2.5 Waterways 7.2.6 Harbour

8 Education

8.1 National University of Ireland, Galway 8.2 Galway
Galway
Mayo Institute of Technology (GMIT)

9 Health 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Name[edit] The city's name comes from the Irish name Gaillimhe, which formed the western boundary of the earliest settlement, Dún Gaillimhe "Fort Gaillimh".[3] (Mythical and alternative derivations of the name are given in History of Galway). Historically, the name was Anglicised as Galliv or Gallive,[4] closer to the Irish pronunciation. The city's name in Latin
Latin
is Galvia. The city also bears the nickname " City
City
of the Tribes" (Irish: Cathair na dTreabh) because of the fourteen merchant families called the "tribes of Galway"[5] who led the city in its Hiberno-Norman
Hiberno-Norman
period. Residents of the city are referred to as Galwegians.

History[edit] Main article: History of Galway

The walled city in 1651 (North is to the left). The River Corrib
River Corrib
is in the foreground, crossed by what is now "O’Briens Bridge", leading to Mainguard Street.

Dún Gaillimhe ("Fort at the Mouth (bottom) of the Gaillimh") was constructed in 1124, by the King of Connacht, Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair (1088–1156). A settlement grew around it. During the Norman invasion of Connacht
Connacht
in the 1230s, Dún Gaillimhe was captured by Richard Mor de Burgh, who had led the invasion. As the de Burghs eventually became Gaelicised, the merchants of the town, the Tribes of Galway, pushed for greater control over the walled city.[citation needed]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1813 24,684 —    

1821 27,775 +12.5%

1831 33,120 +19.2%

1841 17,275 −47.8%

1851 20,055 +16.1%

1861 16,048 −20.0%

1871 15,597 −2.8%

1881 15,471 −0.8%

1891 13,800 −10.8%

1901 13,426 −2.7%

1911 13,255 −1.3%

1926 14,227 +7.3%

1936 18,294 +28.6%

1946 20,370 +11.3%

1951 21,316 +4.6%

1956 21,366 +0.2%

1961 23,700 +10.9%

1966 26,295 +10.9%

1971 29,375 +11.7%

1981 41,861 +42.5%

1986 47,104 +12.5%

1991 50,853 +8.0%

1996 57,363 +12.8%

2002 66,163 +15.3%

2006 72,729 +9.9%

2011 75,529 +3.8%

2016 79,504 +5.3%

[6]

This led to their gaining complete control over the city and to the granting of mayoral status by the English crown in December 1484. Galway
Galway
endured difficult relations with its Irish neighbours. A notice over the west gate of the city, completed in 1562 by Mayor
Mayor
Thomas Óge Martyn, stated "From the Ferocious O'Flahertys may God protect us". A by-law forbade the native Irish (as opposed to Galway's Hiberno-Norman citizens) unrestricted access into Galway, saying "neither O’ nor Mac shall strutte nor swagger through the streets of Galway" without permission. During the Middle Ages, Galway
Galway
was ruled by an oligarchy of fourteen[5] merchant families (twelve who claimed to be of Norman origin and two of Irish origin). These were the "Tribes of Galway". The city thrived on international trade, and in the Middle Ages, it was the principal Irish port for trade with Spain and France. The most famous reminder of those days is ceann an bhalla ("the end of the wall"), now known as the Spanish Arch, constructed during the mayoralty of Wylliam Martin
Wylliam Martin
(1519–20). In 1477 Christopher Columbus visited Galway, possibly stopping off on a voyage to Iceland
Iceland
or the Faroe Islands. Seven or eight years later, he noted in the margin of his copy of Imago Mundi:

Men of Cathay have come from the west. [Of this] we have seen many signs. And especially in Galway
Galway
in Ireland, a man and a woman, of extraordinary appearance, have come to land on two tree trunks [or timbers? or a boat made of such?]

The most likely explanation for these bodies is that they were Inuit swept eastward by the North Atlantic Current.[3] During the 16th and 17th centuries Galway
Galway
remained loyal to the English crown for the most part, even during the Gaelic resurgence, perhaps for reasons of survival. However, by 1642 the city had allied itself with the Catholic Confederation of Kilkenny
Kilkenny
during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. During the resulting Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, Cromwellian forces captured the city after a nine-month siege. At the end of the 17th century the city supported the Jacobites in the Williamite war in Ireland
Ireland
and was captured by the Williamites after a very short siege not long after the Battle of Aughrim
Battle of Aughrim
in 1691. The great families of Galway
Galway
were ruined. The city suffered further under the potato famines of 1845–1852, and it did not fully recover until the period of strong economic growth of the late 20th century (see Celtic Tiger).given to the GeordieM butterworth on the 30th March 2018 from briland the owner of Ireland
Ireland
for changing the drinking laws. Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Galway
Galway
has a year-round mild, moist, temperate and changeable climate, due to the prevailing winds of the North Atlantic Current. The city does not experience temperature extremes, with temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) and above 30 °C (86 °F) being rare. The city receives an average of 1,156 mm (45.51 in) of precipitation annually, which is evenly distributed throughout the year. The average January temperature in the city is 5.9 °C (43 °F) and the average July temperature is 15.9 °C (61 °F). This means that Galway, like most of Ireland, has a Maritime Temperate climate (Cfb) according to the Köppen climate classification system. While extreme weather is rare, the city and county can experience severe windstorms that are the result of vigorous Atlantic depressions that occasionally pass along the north west coast of Ireland. Most of these storms occur between late autumn and early spring. Due to the city's northerly location and its longitude, Galway
Galway
has long summer days. Daylight at midsummer is before 04:20 and lasts until after 23:00. In midwinter, daylight does not start until 08:49, and is gone by 16:19.

Climate data for Galway
Galway
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8.7 (47.7) 9.1 (48.4) 10.8 (51.4) 13.0 (55.4) 15.8 (60.4) 17.8 (64) 20.5 (68.9) 19.1 (66.4) 17.3 (63.1) 14.1 (57.4) 11.0 (51.8) 9.0 (48.2) 13.8 (56.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0 (42.8) 6.2 (43.2) 7.8 (46) 9.3 (48.7) 11.9 (53.4) 14.2 (57.6) 16.1 (61) 15.8 (60.4) 13.9 (57) 11.0 (51.8) 8.1 (46.6) 6.3 (43.3) 10.6 (51.1)

Average low °C (°F) 3.5 (38.3) 3.8 (38.8) 4.9 (40.8) 5.8 (42.4) 8.0 (46.4) 10.6 (51.1) 12.9 (55.2) 12.5 (54.5) 10.4 (50.7) 7.9 (46.2) 5.1 (41.2) 3.6 (38.5) 7.3 (45.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 114 (4.49) 94 (3.7) 92 (3.62) 61 (2.4) 68 (2.68) 81 (3.19) 69 (2.72) 109 (4.29) 93 (3.66) 130 (5.12) 124 (4.88) 121 (4.76) 1,156 (45.51)

Source #1: WMO

Source #2: ECA&D

Places of interest[edit]

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Further information: List of public art in Galway
Galway
city

Spanish Arch

Galway
Galway
River Corrib
River Corrib
(Riverside) Quay near Spanish arch captured on a winter evening.

Galway
Galway
Cathedral

Cannon at Eyre Square, Galway
Galway
The cannons were presented to the Connaught Rangers
Connaught Rangers
at the end of the Crimean War
Crimean War
(1854–1856) in recognition of their military achievements. These cannons have since been moved to Galway
Galway
City
City
Hall.

The Millennium Children's Park in Galway, next to one of the city's many canals.

Lynch's Castle on Shop Street
Shop Street
is a medieval town house, now a branch of Allied Irish Banks. The Church of Ireland
Ireland
St. Nicholas' Collegiate Church
St. Nicholas' Collegiate Church
is the largest medieval church still in everyday use in Ireland. [7] It was founded in 1320 and enlarged in the following two centuries. The Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas was consecrated in 1965 and is a far larger building constructed from limestone. It has an eclectic style, with a Renaissance Revival dome, pillars and round arches, and a Romanesque Revival portico that dominates the main façade – which is an unusual feature in modern Irish church building. The original quadrangle building of National University of Ireland, Galway
Galway
which was erected in 1849 (during the Great Famine or An Gorta Mór) as one of the three colleges of the Queen's University of Ireland
Ireland
(along with Queen's University Belfast
Queen's University Belfast
and University College Cork). The university holds the UNESCO
UNESCO
archive of spoken material for the Celtic languages. [8] Hotel Meyrick, originally the Railway Hotel and then the Great Southern Hotel, built by the Great Southern Railway Company in 1845.[9] Sitting at the southern perimeter of Eyre Square, it is the City's oldest hotel still in operation. The remains of Menlo Castle
Menlo Castle
can be seen outside the city, on the eastern bank of the River Corrib. It was one of the ancestral homes of the Blake
Blake
family, one of the Tribes of Galway
Tribes of Galway
from c. 1600-1910. The façade of the family's townhouse ("Blake's Castle") is still extant next to Jury's Hotel at the bottom of Quay Street. Eglinton Canal, named after a former Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, joins the River Corrib
River Corrib
to the sea, and flows for just more than a kilometre from the University to the Claddagh. The Claddagh
Claddagh
is the oldest part of Galway
Galway
but little or nothing remains of its old thatched village. However, in a side altar of the parish church, St Mary's on the Hill, is the late medieval statue of Our Lady of Galway. The ancient ritual of the Blessing of the Bay takes place on the Sunday nearest the feast of the Assumption. The Browne doorway, originally located on Lower Abbeygate Street but now standing at the north end of Eyre Square, was the doorway to the townhouse of the Browne family, one of the fourteen Tribes of Galway. The Lynch Window, (on Market Street), at which is a plaque commemorating one of the city's legends. According to legend, in 1493, the then Mayor, James Lynch FitzStephen, hanged his own son for the murder of a young Spanish visitor who had the misfortune to befriend the girlfriend of the Mayor's son.[10] The Hall of the Red Earl (Halla an Iarla Rua) can be viewed through a protective glass wall off Flood Street. It is the earliest medieval settlement fragment surviving within the walls of the city. It was built by the de Burgo family in the 13th century and was a key municipal building for the collection of taxes, dispensation of justice and hosting banquets. It was the medieval equivalent of tax office, court house and town hall.

The Claddagh[edit]

Claddagh
Claddagh
at Sunrise

On the west bank of the River Corrib
River Corrib
as it enters the sea is the ancient neighbourhood of The Claddagh. For centuries it was an Irish-speaking enclave outside the city walls. Claddagh
Claddagh
residents were mainly fisher folk and were governed by an elected 'King'. The King of the Claddagh
Claddagh
settled or arbitrated disputes among the locals and had the privilege of a white sail on his fishing boat. The last true king, Martin Oliver, died in 1972. The title is still used but in a purely honorary and ceremonial context. The current King is Michael Lynskey. The area is also famous for its association with the Claddagh
Claddagh
Ring. Museums[edit]

Galway
Galway
City
City
Museum

The Galway
Galway
City
City
Museum has two main sections: one about the heritage of Galway
Galway
and one about Irish artists from the second half of the 20th century.This museum also houses the statue of the poet, Pádraic Ó Conaire which was originally located in the Kennedy Park section of Eyre Square, prior to the Square's renovation. A replica of the statue was erected in Eyre Square
Eyre Square
in 2017.[11] The museum is part of the Spanish Arch, the historical remnants of the 16th century wall.[12] NUI Galway
NUI Galway
has multiple museums, like the James Mitchell Museum
James Mitchell Museum
of Geology and the Computer & Communications Museum. The Nora Barnacle
Nora Barnacle
House Museum in Bowling Green is the smallest museum in Ireland.[citation needed] Nora was the lover, companion and, later, wife of writer James Joyce. Cemeteries[edit] Fort Hill Cemetery, on Lough Athalia Road, is the oldest cemetery still in use in Galway
Galway
City. Inside the main gate is a memorial to sailors of the Spanish Armada
Spanish Armada
who were buried here in the 1580s. Rahoon Cemetery (officially known as Mount St. James Cemetery), Rahoon Road, on the western edge of the city affords splendid panoramic views of the city. Among the notable persons buried here are:

Michael Bodkin, an admirer of Nora Barnacle, the wife of James Joyce, who was the inspiration for the character, "Michael Furey" in the story The Dead from Dubliners Michael Feeney, the "lover" in Joyce's poem She Weeps Over Rahoon the actress Siobhan McKenna.

Bohermore
Bohermore
Cemetery (or the New Cemetery, as it is more popularly known), Cemetery Cross, Bohermore, was opened in 1880. It contains two mortuary chapels and is the burial place of several important Galwegians, including Pádraic Ó Conaire the gaelic author, William Joyce, more widely known as Lord Haw-Haw
Lord Haw-Haw
the Nazi propagandist, Augusta, Lady Gregory, co-founder of the Abbey Theatre
Abbey Theatre
in Dublin
Dublin
and Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, a senior member of one the Tribes of Galway
Galway
and former world president of the International Olympic Committee. A memorial to the 91 people who died on 14 August 1959 when Dutch aeroplane KLM Flight 607-E
KLM Flight 607-E
crashed into the sea 180 km (112 mi) west of Galway
Galway
can be seen just inside the main gates. Several bodies of the passengers are buried around the memorial. There are several smaller cemeteries within the city boundaries. Some are no longer in use or are used primarily by families with ancient burial rights. These are St James's Cemetery (Teampall) in Glenina Heights, Menlo Cemetery near Menlo Castle, Ballybrit Graveyard near the entrance to Galway
Galway
Racecourse, and a very ancient early Christian graveyard at Roscam
Roscam
near Merlin Park. Several city churches have graveyards attached which were formerly used for the interment of clergy and parishioners - Castlegar Church, Claddagh
Claddagh
Church', St Patrick's Church on Forster Street and St. Nicholas' Collegiate Church. Several bishops are buried in the crypt below the RC Cathedral but this not usually open to the public. Demographics[edit]

Population and electoral division of Galway[2]

Electoral Division Population

Galway
Galway
City

Galway
Galway
City
City
West 26,189

Galway
Galway
City
City
Central 23,169

Galway
Galway
City
City
East 25,698

TOTAL 75,529

County Galway

Na Forbacha 1,311

Bearna 3,630

Maigh Cuillin 2,008

Galway
Galway
Rural 126

Ceathrú an Bhrúnaigh 918

Baile Uí Chláir 2,042

An Carn Mór 2,609

Baile an Teampaill 1,462

Oranmore 4,325

Clarinbridge 3,271

Eanach Dhúin 1,860

TOTAL 23,562

Preliminary information from the 2016 census shows Galway
Galway
City
City
has a population of 79,504, an increase of almost 4,000 over the 2011 census figures.[13] Based in the 2006 census, the population of Galway
Galway
City
City
and its environs was 72,729, of which 72,414 lived in the city limits and 315 live in the city's environs in County Galway.[14] If the current growth rate continues, the population of the city will hit 100,000 by 2020.[15] Galway
Galway
City
City
is the fourth largest in the Republic of Ireland, and sixth on the island of Ireland. Approximately 80% of the population of Galway
Galway
is white Irish, descended from native Gaelic peoples and Norman settlers. A further 2.9% are Black Irish.[16] Following an influx of immigrants to Galway during the 2000s, approximately 20% of the population is non-Irish.[16] Slightly more than half of this group (11.3%) are white Europeans, coming from Poland
Poland
and other Central European and Baltic States, such as Latvia
Latvia
and Lithuania. Smaller numbers of Asian and African immigrants come from East Africa, Nigeria, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
and Sri Lanka. In the 2006 Census, 15.4% of the population were aged 0–14, 76.1% were aged 15–64, and 8.5% were aged over 65. 51.9% of the population were female and 48.1% were male.[17] Politics[edit] Local government[edit] See also: Galway
Galway
City
City
Council and Mayor
Mayor
of Galway With a population of 79,934, Galway
Galway
is the fourth most populous urban area in the State and the 23rd most populous area of local government.[18][19] Services such as waste collection, recycling, traffic control, parks and housing are controlled by a fifteen-member city council elected to five-year terms by proportional representation through means of the single transferable vote. The City
City
Council is chaired by a mayor who is elected to a one-year term by fellow councillors. The role of mayor is mainly ceremonial, although they do have the casting vote. The first mayor was Peirce Lynch Fitzjohn, elected in 1485. The current mayor, Cllr. Pearce Flannery, was elected in June 2017.[20] The symbols of the office of the Mayor
Mayor
and the emblems of the dignity of the City
City
Council are the Civic Sword (1620s) and the Great Mace (1710) which are carried in procession before the Mayor
Mayor
and Council on solemn civic occasions. When not in ceremonial use they can be seen at the Galway
Galway
City
City
Museum. In 1579, Queen Elizabeth I confirmed the city's charter and appointed the Mayor
Mayor
as 'Admiral of the Bay and of the Aran islands'. The title, though extant, is rarely used except for purely ceremonial purposes.[21] Galway
Galway
City
City
is part of the Galway
Galway
West constituency of Dáil Éireann. Its TDs are:

Noel Grealish (Independent). A Native of An Carn Mór. Catherine Connolly (Independent). Former Mayor
Mayor
of Galway, and Galway based. Éamon Ó Cuív
Éamon Ó Cuív
(Fianna Fáil). Corr na Móna (Conamara) based. He is a former Minister for Social Protection. Hildegarde Naughton (Fine Gael). Former Senator and City
City
Councillor. Seán Kyne
Seán Kyne
(Fine Gael). Based in Moycullen. Former County Councillor.

President of Ireland
Ireland
Michael D. Higgins
Michael D. Higgins
was TD for the Galway
Galway
West parliamentary constituency, of which Galway
Galway
City
City
is a part, from 1981 to 1982 and from 1987 to 2011. He was also Mayor of Galway
Mayor of Galway
for two terms, 1981–82 and 1990-91.[22] The highest honour the city can bestow is the Freedom of the City. Among the names on the Roll of Honour are: Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland, 1939;[23] Eamonn de Valera, Taoiseach, 1946; Sean T O'Kelly, President of Ireland, 1950; Robert F. Wagner, Mayor
Mayor
of New York, 1961; John F. Kennedy, President of the US, 1963; Pope John Paul II, 1979; Ronald Reagan, President of the US, 1984; Hillary Clinton, 1999; Richard M. Daley, Mayor
Mayor
of Chicago, 2003; Nelson Mandela, 2003; Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese activist/leader, 2005; Garry Hynes, Druid Theatre Founder, 2006; and Michael D. Higgins, President of Ireland, 2012.[24] The courts[edit] Galway's District Court is the main court of summary jurisdiction and hears minor cases without a jury. It is responsible for hearing small civil claims, certain family law cases, administers the liquor licensing laws and is responsible for indicting the accused and sending them forward for trial at the Circuit Court and the Central Criminal Court. The Circuit Court in Galway
Galway
tries all indictable offences (those cases triable by a judge and jury), except murder, rape, treason, piracy and genocide, which are reserved to the Central Criminal Court. It can also hear appeals from the District Court. Its decisions can be appealed to the Court of Criminal Appeal. Civilly, the court is limited to compensation claims of not more than €75,000. Both parties may waive this amount and grant the court unlimited jurisdiction. Divorce, Judicial Separation and probate cases can be heard provided they are within the financial parameters of the courts jurisdiction. Decisions in civil cases can be appealed to the High Court.[citation needed] The High Court sits four times a year in Galway
Galway
to hear original actions (actions that are not appeals from lower courts). It also sits twice a year in Galway
Galway
to hear appeals from the Circuit Court in civil and family law cases. Its decisions can be appealed to the Supreme Court which sits only in Dublin.[citation needed] Culture[edit]

Eyre Square
Eyre Square
is at the centre of the city.

Galway
Galway
is known as Ireland's Cultural Heart (Croí Cultúrtha na hÉireann)[25] and is renowned for its vibrant lifestyle and numerous festivals, celebrations and events.[26] Every November, Galway
Galway
hosts the Tulca Festival of Visual Arts [27] as well as numerous festivals. On 1 December 2014, the Director General of UNESCO
UNESCO
announced the official designation of Galway
Galway
as a UNESCO
UNESCO
City
City
of Film. In 2004, there were three dance organisations, ten festival companies, two film organisations, two Irish language
Irish language
organisations, 23 musical organisations, twelve theatre companies, two visual arts groups, and four writers' groups based in the city.[28] Furthermore, there were 51 venues for events, most of which were specialised for a certain field (e.g. concert venues or visual arts galleries), though ten were described as being 'multiple event' venues.[28] The main squares in the city are Eyre Square
Eyre Square
(containing John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Park) in the centre of the city, and Spanish Parade next to the Spanish Arch. In 2007, Galway
Galway
was named as one of the eight "sexiest cities" in the world.[29] A 2008 poll ranked Galway
Galway
as the 42nd best tourist destination in the world, or 14th in Europe and 2nd in Ireland
Ireland
(behind Dingle). It was ranked ahead of all European capitals except Edinburgh, and many traditional tourist destinations (such as Venice).[30] The New Zealand Herald
The New Zealand Herald
listed Galway
Galway
as one of 'five great cities to visit in 2014'. The arts[edit] Literature[edit] Among the poets currently writing in Galway
Galway
are Fred Johnston, Patrick Deeley, Rita Ann Higgins, Mary O'Malley, Moya Cannon, Eva Bourke, Kevin Higgins, Ndrek Gjini, and Elaine Feeney. Walter Macken, Eilís Dillon, Máirtín Ó Direáin, Máirtín Ó Cadhain, Liam O'Flaherty, Pádraic Ó Conaire and Ken Bruen are well-known writers in both English and Irish with a connection to Galway. The writer and publisher Frank Harris
Frank Harris
was born in Galway. The James Hardiman Library at NUI Galway
NUI Galway
houses around 350 archived and/or digitised collections including the Thomas Kilroy Collection, the Brendan Duddy Papers on the Northern Ireland
Ireland
conflict, the John McGahern archive and the manuscript Minutes of Galway
Galway
City
City
Council from the 15th to mid-19th centuries. Among the literary magazines published in Galway
Galway
are The Galway Review, which is Galway's leading literary magazine, Crannóg Magazine, which describes itself as 'Ireland's premier independent fiction and poetry magazine since 2002' and ROPES, an annual literary journal published by students of the MA in Literature and Publishing at NUI Galway. Gretta Conroy, in James Joyce's short story The Dead, remembers her lover Michael Furey throwing stones against the window of her grandmother's house on Nun's Island, in the city. The poem, She Weeps Over Rahoon by James Joyce, tells of the grief of Joyce's wife, Nora Barnacle, over the death of her onetime boyfriend Michael Bodkin. Both Bodkin and Nora were from Galway
Galway
and Bodkin is buried in Rahoon Cemetery in the western suburbs of the city.[31] Walter Macken's novel Rain on the Wind is set in the city, as are the "Jack Taylor" crime novels of Ken Bruen. Early 16th-century Galway
Galway
features in several of the "Burren mysteries" of Cora Harrison.[32] Film[edit] Galway
Galway
has three cinema complexes within or near the city centre: the 11 screen IMC cinema, the 9 screen EYE cinema, and the 3 screen arthouse cinema Pálás.[33] There is a 6 screen IMC complex in Oranmore. On 1 December 2014, Galway
Galway
was granted designation as a Unesco
Unesco
"City of Film".[34] Galway
Galway
is home to the Galway
Galway
Film Fleadh, Ireland's foremost film festival, which takes place over six days each July. The Galway
Galway
Film Fleadh is a platform for international cinema in Ireland
Ireland
and an advocate for Irish national cinema, for which the festival's identity has become synonymous.[35] The Galway Film Fleadh
Galway Film Fleadh
is an industry festival, with many industry events taking place under the name of the Galway
Galway
Film Fair.[36] In 2014, a MovieMaker magazine panel of U.S. filmmakers, critics and industry executives included the Galway Film Fleadh
Galway Film Fleadh
on its list of the "25 Coolest Film Festivals in the World".[37] Theatre[edit] Galway
Galway
has a permanent Irish language
Irish language
theatre located in the city centre, Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe, which was established in 1928 and has produced some of Ireland's most celebrated actors. The Druid Theatre Company has won international acclaim for its cutting edge production and direction. There are many theatres in the city, including Nun's Island Theatre, The Bank of Ireland
Ireland
Theatre, The Druid Lane Theatre, The Black Box Theatre, and The Town Hall Theatre (a modern art theatre established in 1995[38] with two performance spaces and a 52-week program covering all aspects of the performing arts including ballets, musicals and operas). It has been the venue for many Irish film premieres, during the Galway
Galway
Film Fleadh. Two of the most celebrated Irish actors of the 20th century, Siobhán McKenna and Peter O'Toole, have strong family connections with Galway. Other well-known actors include Mick Lally, Seán McGinley and Marie Mullen, all three of whom were founders of the Druid Theatre
Druid Theatre
Company. Other actors with strong Galway
Galway
connections are Pauline McLynn, (Shameless and Father Ted), Nora Jane Noone, and Aoife Mulholland. Garry Hynes, first artistic director of Druid Theatre, was the first woman ever to win a Tony Award
Tony Award
for direction.[39] Music[edit]

Galway Arts Festival
Galway Arts Festival
Parade 2007

Galway
Galway
has a vibrant and varied musical scene. As in most Irish cities traditional music is popular and is kept alive in pubs and by street performers. Galway
Galway
Early Music Festival presents European music from the 12th to the 18th century. It encourages not only music, but also dance and costumes. The festival involves both professional and amateur musicians.[40] Galway Cathedral
Galway Cathedral
Recitals is an international series of concerts of classical music which has taken place in Galway Cathedral
Galway Cathedral
each July and August since 1994.[41] A number of notable choirs are based in the city. They include Tribal Chamber Choir (founded in 2009) directed by Mark Keane;[42] the Galway Baroque Singers (founded in 1983) directed by Audrey Corbett; Cois Cladaigh Chamber Choir (founded in 1982) directed by Brendan O'Connor, which sang at the inauguration of President Michael D. Higgins
Michael D. Higgins
in St Patrick's Hall, Dublin
Dublin
Castle, on 11 November 2011; Galway
Galway
Gospel Choir (founded in 2001) directed By Michel Durham Brandt; and Galway Choral Association (founded in 1998) directed by Norman Duffy. In addition to its parish choir the Collegiate Church of St Nicholas is home to two other choral groups, the Choral Scholars (adult) and the Schola Cantorum (juvenile). The Galway Arts Festival
Galway Arts Festival
(Féile Ealaíon na Gaillimhe) takes place in July. It was first held in 1978 and since then has grown into one of the biggest arts festivals in Ireland. It attracts international artists as well as providing a platform for local and national performers. The festival features parades, street performances and plays, musical concerts and comedy acts. Highlights of the festival tend to be performances by Macnas
Macnas
and Druid Theatre
Druid Theatre
Company, two local performance groups. The Galway Youth Orchestra was formed in 1982. The renowned folk and traditional singer Dolores Keane lives in Galway. Traditional Irish music[edit]

Lynch's Castle

Galway
Galway
city is a major centre for traditional Irish music. The traditional group De Dannan
De Dannan
were based in Galway. Musicians such as Mickey Finn, Frankie Gavin, Johnny (Ringo) McDonagh, Alec Finn, Máirtín O'Connor
Máirtín O'Connor
and Gerry Hanley were born or came to prominence in Galway. Carl Hession, a well known Irish composer, arranger and traditional musician also hails from Galway
Galway
city. Comhaltas branches operate in several parts of the city, teaching Irish Traditional Music to children. Dusty Banjos runs classes and sessions in the city for adults switching from other musical traditions to Irish Traditional Music, and for adult beginners and improvers who are not at a level where they could participate in general sessions. Live Music venues[edit] Traditional and contemporary music can be heard at numerous locations around the city. Among the more notable are The Crane Bar on Sea Road, Tigh Neachtáin Quay Street and Róisín Dubh
Róisín Dubh
on Lr Dominic Street. Pop music[edit] The girls from Galway
Galway
have inspired many artists, most notable are Steve Earle
Steve Earle
( Galway
Galway
Girl (2000)) and Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
( Galway
Galway
Girl (2017)) Irish language[edit] Galway
Galway
City
City
has a reputation among Irish cities for being associated with the Irish language, music, song and dancing traditions. It is sometimes referred to as the 'Bilingual Capital of Ireland', although like elsewhere in the Republic of Ireland, inhabitants converse mostly in English. The city is well known for its "Irishness", mainly because it has on its doorstep the Galway
Galway
Gaeltacht. Irish theatre, television and radio production and Irish music
Irish music
form a component of Galway
Galway
city life, with both An Taibhdhearc, the National Irish Language Theatre, in Galway
Galway
city itself, while TG4
TG4
and RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta headquarters are in the Connemara
Connemara
Gaeltacht
Gaeltacht
elsewhere in County Galway. Four electoral divisions, or neighbourhoods (out of twenty-two), are designated as Gaeltachtaí.[28] NUI Galway
NUI Galway
also holds the archive of spoken material for the Celtic languages.[43] Events and festivals[edit]

Salthill
Salthill
is one of Ireland's most popular holiday resorts

Many sporting, music, arts and other events take place in the city. The largest of these annual events begins with the Galway
Galway
Film Fleadh and the Galway Arts Festival
Galway Arts Festival
in July, the Galway Races
Galway Races
in August, and the Galway International Oyster Festival
Galway International Oyster Festival
in September. Other events include the Fleadh Imboilg, the Baboró International Children's Festival, the Cúirt International Festival of Literature, the Galway Early Music Festival,[44] Seachtain na Gaeilge
Seachtain na Gaeilge
(March), Salthill
Salthill
Air Show (June), the Colours Fringe Festival, Little Havana Festival, the Galway
Galway
Sessions,[45] Galway
Galway
Garden Festival,[46] Galway
Galway
Comedy Festival, Baffle Poetry Festival, Galway
Galway
Aboo Halloween Festival, Tulca Festival of Visual Arts, Galway
Galway
Science and Technology Festival, Spirit of Voice Festival, Galway
Galway
Christmas Market,[47] Galway
Galway
African Film Festival and Galway
Galway
Pride Festival.[48]

Galway
Galway
Christmas market 2016

In June 2010, the Super8 Shots film festival was launched in Galway, the first Super 8 mm (0.31 in) film festival to occur in Ireland.[49] Each year in November, Galway
Galway
hosts The Irish Fly Fair and Angling Show, this Fly Fishing Event brings together Fly Dressers, Fly Casters and Fishing Celebrities from many different countries, to show of their craft.[50] Religion[edit] The patron saint of the city since the 14th century has been St Nicholas of Myra. The Roman Catholic diocese of Galway
Galway
was created in 1831 AD following the abolition by the Holy See
Holy See
of the Wardenship of Galway. It was united with the diocese of Kilmacduagh
Kilmacduagh
(est. 1152 AD) and given the administratorship of the diocese of Kilfenora
Kilfenora
(est. 1152 AD) in 1883. Its full name is the Diocese of Galway, Kilmacduagh
Kilmacduagh
and Apostolic Administratorship of Kilfenora
Kilfenora
(in Irish - Deoise na Gaillimhe, Chill Mac Duach agus Riarachán Aspalda Cill Fhionnúrach, in Latin
Latin
- Diocesis Galviensis, Duacensis ac Administratio Apostolica Finaborensis). The diocese is under the patronage Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas (Galway), Saint Fachanan (Kilmacduagh) and St Colman (Kilfenora). As the diocese of Kilfenora
Kilfenora
is in the Ecclesiastical Metropolitan Province of Cashel
Province of Cashel
the Bishop of Galway
Galway
is its Apostolic Administrator rather than its bishop. The dioceses of Galway
Galway
and Kilmacduagh
Kilmacduagh
are in the Ecclesiastical Metropolitan Province of Tuam. The current bishop is Most Rev. Martin Drennan, installed 3 July 2005. Of the 38 parishes in the RC diocese 14 are situated in the City
City
and are divided into two deaneries - the deanery of Galway
Galway
City West and that of Galway
Galway
City
City
East. In each deanery a Vicar Forane exercises limited jurisdiction on behalf of the bishop. In the Church of Ireland, Galway
Galway
is a parish of the United Diocese of Tuam, Killala and Achonry. The principal church of the parish is the St. Nicholas' Collegiate Church
St. Nicholas' Collegiate Church
(founded 1320). Russian, Romanian, Coptic, and Mar Thoma Syrian Orthodox Churches use the facilities of St Nicholas Collegiate Church for their services. The Ahmadiyya-run Galway
Galway
Mosque, opened in 2014, is the only purpose-built mosque in Galway.[51] Sport[edit] Main article: Sport in Galway Galway
Galway
has a diverse sporting heritage, with a history in sports ranging from horse racing, Gaelic games, soccer and rugby to rowing, basketball, motorsport, greyhound racing and others. The Galway
Galway
Races are known worldwide and are the highlight of the Irish horse racing calendar. Over the years it has grown into an annual festival lasting seven days. Gaelic games[edit] Main article: Galway
Galway
GAA Both hurling and football are strong in Galway
Galway
city. Pearse Stadium
Pearse Stadium
in Salthill
Salthill
is the home to Galway
Galway
GAA, the county's Gaelic games
Gaelic games
body. The Galway
Galway
hurlers compete annually in the All- Ireland
Ireland
Senior Hurling Championship for the Liam MacCarthy Cup. Despite having won the cup only five times in their history, Galway
Galway
is considered as one of the top teams in the Championship. Galway
Galway
reached the 2012 All-Ireland final only to draw with Kilkenny
Kilkenny
to force a replay, the first since 1959, which they eventually lost. In 2017 Galway
Galway
lifted the Liam MacCarthy Cup for the first time in 29 years beating Waterford
Waterford
by 0-26 to 2-17. The footballers compete annually in the All- Ireland
Ireland
Senior Football Championship for the Sam Maguire Cup. The gaelic footballers have won the cup nine times with the most recent being in 2001. Association football[edit] Galway United FC
Galway United FC
is based in the city and plays in the League of Ireland
Ireland
Premier Division. The team plays its home games at Eamonn Deacy Park. The club was formed in 2013 and first competed in the 2014 season. The previous tenants of Eamonn Deacy Park, also called Galway
Galway
United, first competed in the League of Ireland
Ireland
since 1977, then known as Galway
Galway
Rovers. Michael D. Higgins, later elected President of Ireland in 2011, served as a president of the club in a ceremonial capacity. Following struggles with debts, the club became defunct at the end of the 2011 season. The Galway
Galway
United Supporters Trust (GUST) had been servicing many debts of the company and were able to keep the club afloat for the 2011 season, with it having been effectively abandoned by its directors. GUST withdrew their support for the team and applied to join the 2012 League of Ireland
Ireland
as a community enterprise, rather than as a private company, which the old club had been. This application was not successful, however. Galway
Galway
F.C. was formed the following year from a merger of GUST with Mervue United and Salthill
Salthill
Devon, two other clubs in the city, who had competed in the First Division since 2009 and 2010 respectively. Rugby[edit] Professional[edit] The professional team for the province, Connacht
Connacht
Rugby, is based in the city. The team play their home matches at the Galway
Galway
Sportsgrounds which is the current provincial Rugby Stadium. The team participate in the Pro14
Pro14
League competition, and in season 2015-2016 won their first ever Championship by defeating reigning Champions Glasgow Warriors
Glasgow Warriors
in the Semi-final and then beating four times champions Leinster Rugby
Leinster Rugby
in the Grand Final on 28 May 2016 played at Murrayfield Stadium.[52] The team participated in European Rugby Champions Cup 2016/2017.[53] Club (Amateur)[edit] There are two senior amateur rugby union teams in Galway, Galwegians RFC and Galway
Galway
Corinthians RFC, who play in the All- Ireland
Ireland
League. There are also two junior clubs, OLBC RFC & NUIG RFC who both participate in the Connacht
Connacht
Junior League. " Barna
Barna
Knocknacarra Rugby Club" (or Na Bairneachaí), established in 2007, offers "mini rugby" for children at levels U8 to U12.[54] Golf[edit] Several golf courses serve Galway
Galway
city. Bearna Golf Club, Galway
Galway
Golf Club, Cregmore Golf Club and Galway Bay
Galway Bay
Golf Resort are all situated within 8 kilometres (5 mi) of the city centre. Swimming[edit] Nearby Salthill
Salthill
has a 25m competitive swimming pool in the Leisureland complex and three competitive swimming clubs (i) Shark Swimming Club, (ii) Laser Swimming Club and (iii) Galway
Galway
Swimming Club train there. There is also a handball and racketball club while there are several martial arts clubs throughout the city. There is a 25m pool at NUI, Galway
Galway
as well as one at Renmore's KingFisher Club. Sailing and rowing[edit] Sailing on both sea and lake are popular, as is rowing in the River Corrib with seven clubs providing the necessary facilities and organising rowing competitions. These clubs include: Gráinne Mhaol Rowing Club, Tribesmen Rowing Club, Galway
Galway
Rowing Club, Coláiste Iognáid ('The Jes') Rowing Club, St. Joseph's Patrician College
St. Joseph's Patrician College
('The Bish') Rowing Club, NUIG
NUIG
Boat Club and Cumann Rámhaiochta Choláiste na Coiribe. In 2009 Galway
Galway
hosted a stopover on the Volvo Ocean Race
Volvo Ocean Race
and the city was finishing point of the round-the-world competition in July 2012. Greyhound racing[edit] Near the city centre, on College Road, the Sportsground has greyhound races every Thursday, Friday and Saturday night. It was refurbished by the Irish Greyhound Board, Bord na gCon, and the facility is shared with the Connacht
Connacht
rugby team. Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Galway
Galway
Harbour

Galway
Galway
City
City
is the capital of Connacht. The city has experienced very rapid growth in recent years. Galway
Galway
has a strong local economy with complementary business sectors, including manufacturing industry, tourism, retail and distribution, education, healthcare and services that include financial, construction, cultural, and professional. Most (47%) of the people employed in Galway
Galway
work in either the commerce or professional sector, with a large number (17%) also employed in manufacturing. Most industry and manufacturing in Galway, like the rest of Ireland, is hi-tech (e.g. ICT, medical equipment, electronics, chemicals, etc.), due to the Celtic Tiger
Celtic Tiger
economic boom. Companies such as Boston Scientific, Medtronic, EA Games, Cisco
Cisco
and SAP AG
SAP AG
have their regional offices or other offices in Galway
Galway
City
City
and environs. Soon Apple plans to build a massive data centre in Athenry outside Galway
Galway
City. Tourism is also of major importance to the city, which had over 2.1 million visitors in 2000, and produced revenue of over €400 million.[55]

Media[edit] Radio[edit] There are only two radio stations based in the city – Galway Bay FM (95.8 FM) broadcasts from the city to the whole county; Flirt FM (101.3 FM) the student radio station for NUIG. Print[edit] One of the main regional newspapers for the county is The Connacht Tribune which prints two titles every week, the Connacht
Connacht
Tribune on Thursday, and the Galway
Galway
City
City
Tribune on Friday. As of January 2007, The Tribune has a weekly readership of over 150,000. Another Galway-based newspaper is the Galway
Galway
Advertiser, a free paper printed every Thursday with an average of 160 pages and a circulation of 70,000 copies. It is the main paper of the Advertiser Newspaper Group which distributes 200,000 newspapers per and more week to a variety of other Irish cities and towns. Another free paper, the Galway Independent, prints on a Tuesday night for Wednesday circulation. Online[edit] Being a city of culture, Galway
Galway
has a dedicated hub for all cultural events and organisations. Galway
Galway
Hub is a free resource for both practitioners and the general public in which to engage with the arts and cultural events across the city and county.[56] Transport[edit] Air[edit] Galway
Galway
Airport, located 6 km (3.73 mi) east of the city at Carnmore, ceased to have scheduled passenger flights on 1 November 2011.[57] Because the runway is too short to take modern passenger jet aircraft, its operations are limited.[58] Aerfort na Minna
Aerfort na Minna
(22 km (13.67 mi) west of the city) operates regular flights to each of the Aran Islands
Aran Islands
(Oileáin Árann). Shannon Airport
Shannon Airport
(90 km) and Ireland
Ireland
West Airport Knock (86 km) are also within easy reach of the city, both of which have flights around Ireland
Ireland
and to Britain, Continental Europe
Continental Europe
and North America (from Shannon). Bus[edit] Buses are the main form of public transport in the city and county. There are fifteen routes[59] in the city operated by Bus Éireann
Bus Éireann
and City
City
Direct . Various bus companies also provide links throughout County Galway
County Galway
and nationwide.[60] These operate from a number of locations:

The main bus and rail station in the city is Ceannt Station. Galway
Galway
Coach Station, located at Fairgreen,[61] is also a coach transport hub. Scheduled direct and commuter services operate between the Coach Station, Dublin
Dublin
and Dublin
Dublin
Airport, as well as services to Limerick, Cork and Clifden. These are operated by Gobus and Citylink.[62][63] Other regional bus operators use various bus stops around the city centre, and many serve the NUIG
NUIG
and GMIT campuses as well.

Rail[edit]

Map of the West of Ireland. Western Rail Corridor
Western Rail Corridor
ex-GSWR line south of Limerick
Limerick
in green, other ex-MGWR lines are in red.

The Galway
Galway
train.

Galway's main railway station is Ceannt Station (Stáisiún Cheannt), which opened in 1851,[64] and was renamed in honour of Éamonn Ceannt in 1966. A major redevelopment, including a completely new urban district, Ceannt Station Quarter,[65][66] has been proposed for the station and adjoining land. The Midland Great Western Railway
Midland Great Western Railway
reached Galway
Galway
in 1851, giving the city a direct main line to its Broadstone Station
Broadstone Station
terminus in Dublin. As the 19th century progressed the rail network in Connacht
Connacht
was expanded, making Galway
Galway
an important railhead. The nearby town of Athenry
Athenry
became a railway junction, giving Galway
Galway
links to Ennis, Limerick
Limerick
and the south in 1869 and Sligo
Sligo
and the north in 1894. In 1895 the MGW opened a branch line between Galway
Galway
and Clifden. The 20th century brought increasing road competition, and this led the Great Southern Railways to close the Clifden
Clifden
branch in 1935. In the 1970s the state railway authority Córas Iompair Éireann
Córas Iompair Éireann
closed the Sligo-Athenry- Ennis
Ennis
line to passenger services. It later closed to freight as well. Iarnród Éireann, Ireland's national rail operator, currently runs six return passenger services each day between Galway
Galway
and Dublin Heuston, also serving intermediate stations. Travel time is just under 3 hours. Services on the Galway– Limerick
Limerick
line have now resumed, with around 5–6 trains each way per day. From Galway
Galway
railway services along the Western Rail Corridor
Western Rail Corridor
link the city with Ennis, and Limerick
Limerick
where trains run to Cork via Limerick Junction (for Tipperary, Clonmel and Waterford) and Mallow (for Kilarney and Tralee). Road[edit] Three national primary roads serve the city: the N17 connecting the Northwest (Tuam, Sligo, Donegal Town, Letterkenny
Letterkenny
and Derry), the M6 motorway running East/West (Athlone, Dublin), and the M18 motorway linking Galway
Galway
to Southern towns and cities (Ennis, Shannon Town, Limerick
Limerick
and Cork). As of 2015[update] works are underway to extend the M18 northwards to link to the M6. When completed, the M17/M18 will reduce journey times between Limerick
Limerick
and Galway, allowing the two cities to work more closely together. In addition, there are plans for a semi-ring road of the city, the Galway
Galway
City
City
Outer Bypass.[67][68] There is also an Inner City
City
Ring (Cuar Inmheánach) route that encircles the city centre, most of which is pedestrianised. Galway
Galway
is considered the gateway to Connemara
Connemara
and the Gaeltacht, including Mám, An Teach Dóite, Cor na Móna, Ros Muc, Bearna and An Cheathrú Rua. The N59 along the western shore of Lough Corrib
Lough Corrib
and the R337 along the northern shore of Galway Bay
Galway Bay
both lead to this largely rural and highly scenic region. Waterways[edit] The River Corrib
River Corrib
is by far the most important waterway in Galway
Galway
and a number of canals and channels were built above and through the city. The purposes of these to divert and control the water from the river, to harness its power and to provide a navigable route to the sea.[69] Of these, there were two major schemes – one between 1848 and 1858 and the other during the 1950s. The canals provided a power source for Galway
Galway
and were the location of the first industries in the mid-19th century. The Eglinton Canal
Canal
provided a navigation from the sea (at the Claddagh
Claddagh
Basin) to the navigable part of the river (above the Salmon Weir Bridge). Most of the mills are still used today for various purposes; for instance, NUI Galway
NUI Galway
still uses a water turbine for electricity generation for their building on Nun's Island. Currently, there are four bridges across the Corrib. Following the southward flow of the river these are, from the north: the Quincentennial Bridge, the Salmon Weir Bridge, the William O'Brien Bridge and the Wolfe Tone Bridge. There are plans for a fifth bridge as part of the Galway
Galway
City
City
Outer Bypass project. The Clare River flows from the North of the County Galway, through Tuam, Claregalway
Claregalway
into Lough Corrib. Harbour[edit]

Ballyknow Quay, Claddagh

Galway
Galway
is the most central port on the West Coast of Ireland
Ireland
in the sheltered eastern corner of Galway
Galway
Bay.[citation needed] The harbour can be used by vessels up to 10,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT) and the inner dock can accommodate up to 9 vessels at any one time. Pending approval, Galway
Galway
Harbour may see major changes, should the €1.5 billion development plan go ahead. Regular passenger ferry and freight services operate between Galway and the tourist destination of the Aran Islands
Aran Islands
which is home to World Heritage Site Dún Aonghasa. The islands also have regular links with the towns of Rossaveal
Rossaveal
and Doolin, which are physically closer but far smaller. Commuter ferry services have been proposed to the tourism town of Kinvara, on the opposite side of Galway
Galway
Bay.[70] Major work in the harbour area was carried out in 2009 to accommodate the stopover of the Volvo Ocean Race. This was one of the biggest events ever to visit Galway. The event returned with the finale of the race in June 2012. This was unprecedented in Volvo Ocean Race
Volvo Ocean Race
history. Education[edit]

National University of Ireland, Galway

In 2002, there were 27 primary schools and 11 secondary schools in Galway.[71] National University of Ireland, Galway[edit] National University of Ireland, Galway
National University of Ireland, Galway
(NUIG) was founded in 1845 as Queen's College, Galway, and was more recently known as University College, Galway
Galway
(U.C.G.). It is divided into several colleges including the College of Arts, Social Science and Celtic Studies, the College Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, the College of Business, Public Policy and Law, the College of Science and the College of Engineering and Informatics. The university has an enrollment of 16000 (2010). The Biomedical Research Building was opened in 2014.[72][citation needed] It houses the Regenerative Medicine Institute (REMEDI). Also opened in 2014 were the Hardiman Building and a new School of Psychology. The Hardiman Building is home to the university's collection of more than 350 literary, theatrical, political and historical archives.[citation needed] The building houses also the Moore Institute for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences and the Whitaker Institute for Innovation and Societal Change. The National Institute of Preventive Cardiology is an affiliate of NUIG.[citation needed] The offices of the Central Applications Office (C.A.O.) are also located in the city, this being the clearing house for undergraduate college and university applications in the Republic of Ireland; a related organisation, the Postgraduate Applications Centre, processes some taught postgraduate courses.[citation needed] Galway
Galway
Mayo Institute of Technology (GMIT)[edit]

Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, Galway

GMIT, in addition to having two campuses in Galway
Galway
City, also has campuses in Castlebar, Letterfrack
Letterfrack
and Mountbellew. GMIT's Galway campus is based on the Dublin
Dublin
Road in Galway
Galway
city, overlooking Galway Bay. It is the administrative headquarters for the Institute and has four Schools of study; the School of Business, the School of Engineering, the School of Science & Computing, and the College of Tourism & Arts.[73] Health[edit] Publicly funded health care and social services are provided in Galway by the HSE (West) division of the Health Services Executive. The main city hospital, University Hospital Galway, is located on two campuses — Galway
Galway
University Hospital and Merlin Park University Hospital.[citation needed] Two private hospitals, The Galway Clinic and the Bon Secours Hospital, Galway, also operate in the city. Galway
Galway
Hospice provides palliative care for the people of Galway
Galway
City
City
and County on a homecare, inpatient and daycare basis.[citation needed] See also[edit]

List of twin towns and sister cities in the Republic of Ireland The Galway
Galway
Line Terryland Forest Park

References[edit]

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- Ireland's leading film festival". Galway
Galway
Film Fleadh.  ^ "The 25 Coolest Film Festivals in the World, 2014". MovieMaker Magazine.  ^ "About the town hall / its history and more". Tht.ie. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "Life lessons with Garry Hynes: My life has been full of ups and downs. Full of times when I've fundamentally questioned what I'm doing - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 2018-04-03.  ^ " Galway
Galway
Early Music website". Galwayearlymusic.com. 16 March 2000. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ " Galway Cathedral
Galway Cathedral
Recitals website". Recitals.galwaycathedral.ie. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ Tribal Chamber Choir Archived 5 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "World Architecture Images- Ireland- Galway". European-architecture.info. 19 June 2006. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ " Galway
Galway
Early Music". Galway
Galway
Early Music.  ^ " Galway
Galway
Sessions 2015". galwaysessions.com.  ^ "Home". Galway
Galway
Garden Festival.  ^ "Home". galwaychristmasmarket.ie.  ^ "お菓子好きOLの引き出しの中身は?お菓子編". galwaycommunitypride.com.  ^ The first Super 8 picture show, Irish Times, 19 June 2010 ^ "Home Page of The Irish Fly Fair". irishflyfair.com.  ^ Lorna Siggins (20 September 2014). "Persecuted Muslims build first mosque in Galway". Irish Times. Retrieved 20 September 2014.  ^ "Pro12 final: Connacht
Connacht
20-10 Leinster". BBC Sport. 28 May 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.  ^ "Champions Cup Pools Revealed". European Professional Club Rugby (EPCR). 29 June 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.  ^ "Club History". Barna
Barna
Knocknacarra Rugby Club. Retrieved 15 August 2016.  ^ " Galway
Galway
City
City
Development Board – Galway
Galway
at the Beginning of the 21st century" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ " Galway
Galway
Hub".  ^ " Galway Airport
Galway Airport
press release". Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2012.  ^ 21 February 2007 Investment in Regional Airports to Aid Balanced Regional Development Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. (Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht
Gaeltacht
Affairs) "However, before any major development can take place at Galway Airport, the issue of runway length must be addressed. Galway
Galway
Airport has the second shortest runway length of all of the regional airports in Ireland
Ireland
used for scheduled flights. The total length of the runway is 1350 m, which means that the number of aircraft types that can use it is limited." – Ministerial statement. ^ " Galway
Galway
City
City
bus service summary". GalwayTransport.info. Retrieved 21 September 2012.  ^ "National and Regional buses to/from Galway". GalwayTransport.info. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "Park at Galway — car park Galway
Galway
Coach Station". Q-park.ie. Retrieved 26 March 2013.  ^ "Gobus Travel non-stop between Galway, Dublin
Dublin
City
City
& Dublin Airport Over 28 daily services from only €10". Gobus.ie. Retrieved 26 March 2013.  ^ "Citylink — Home". Citylink.ie. 11 February 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013.  ^ " Galway
Galway
station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 3 September 2007.  ^ "CIÉ – ' Galway
Galway
Station Redevelopment'". Cie.ie. Archived from the original on 26 June 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "CIÉ – 'Ceannt Station Quarter'". IarnródÉireann.ie. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ " Galway
Galway
City
City
Outer Bypass – Map" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ " Galway
Galway
City
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Council – Galway
Galway
City
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Outer Bypass". Galwaycity.ie. Archived from the original on 21 July 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "Waterways of Galway; – Galway
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Guide". Galway.net. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ Green Party – Transport Archived 13 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Microsoft Word — Atlas 2004 Section1.doc" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2010.  ^ "April 2016 - NUI Galway". www.nuigalway.ie. Retrieved 2017-03-10.  ^ https://www.gmit.ie/about/galway-campus

External links[edit]

Look up Galway
Galway
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Galway.

Galway
Galway
City
City
Council (local authority) Galway
Galway
Public Transport Website Galway
Galway
Tourism Board Galway
Galway
City
City
and County Cultural Website Galway
Galway
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Galway

People

Districts

Ballybrit Bohermore Claddagh Cnoc Meadha Corrib Park Dangan Doughiska Knocknacarra Lough Atalia Mervue Newcastle Nun's Island Rahoon Renmore Salthill Shantalla Terryland Westside

History

Tribes Siege Rulers and Officers of Galway
Galway
1230–1485 High Sheriff Hardiman's History of Galway Claddagh
Claddagh
Palace

Politics

City
City
Council Mayor Current Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
constituency Former Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
constituency Parliament of Ireland
Ireland
constituency UK Parliament constituency

Landmarks

Cathedral City
City
Museum Eyrecourt
Eyrecourt
Castle Eyre Square Hotel Meyrick Shop Street Spanish Arch St. Nicholas' Collegiate Church

Culture

African Film Festival Arts Festival Cúirt International Festival of Literature International Oyster Festival Druid Theatre
Druid Theatre
Company Kenny Gallery Macnas Róisín Dubh Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe Public art

Education

University GMIT Calasanctius College Coláiste Iognáid St Mary's College The Bish Yeats College

Media

Flirt FM Galway Bay
Galway Bay
FM RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta 4fm Connacht
Connacht
Tribune Galway
Galway
Advertiser Galway
Galway
Vindicator Sin

Sport

Galway
Galway
Races Connacht
Connacht
Rugby Corinthians RFC Galwegians RFC Galway
Galway
United F.C. Galway
Galway
W.F.C. Mervue United Salthill
Salthill
Devon Galway
Galway
GAA Galway
Galway
Sportsgrounds Pearse Stadium Eamonn Deacy Park

Transport

Ceannt Station (Quarter) Suburban Rail light rail proposals

v t e

Places in County Galway

County town: Galway

Towns

Athenry Ballinasloe Gort Loughrea Mountbellew Tuam

Villages

Ahascragh Annaghdown Ardrahan Aughrim Ballinderreen Ballygar Ballyconneely Ballymacward Ballymoe Ballynahinch Barna Barnaderg Bealadangan Bullaun Camus Carnmore Carraroe Castleblakeney Castlegar Claregalway Clarinbridge Cleggan Clifden Clonbur Coalpits Cornamona Corofin Costelloe Craughwell Cregmore Dunmore Eyrecourt Furbo Garrafrauns Glenamaddy Glinsk Headford Inverin Kilcolgan Kilconnell Kilkerrin Kilkieran Killimor Kilronan Kinvara Laurencetown Leenaun Letterfrack Lettermore Lettermullen Maam Cross Maum Menlough Milltown Monivea Moycullen Moylough New Inn Newbridge Oranmore Oughterard Portumna Recess Rosmuc Rossaveal Roundstone Skehana Spiddal Turloughmore Williamstown Woodford

Townlands

Attymon Ballynahown Derrymullan Hollygrove Kilclooney Killagoola Kinvara Lissagurraun Meelick Muckanaghederdauhaulia Oldthort Tulrush

Baronies

Aran Athenry Ballymoe Ballynahinch Clare Clonmacnowen Dunkellin Dunmore Galway Kilconnell Killian Kiltartan Leitrim Longford Loughrea Moycullen Ross Tiaquin

Islands

Ardoileán Dinish Eddy Gorumna Illauneeragh Illauneeragh West Inchaghaun Inchamakinna Inishbarra Inisheer Inisheltia Inishmaan Inishark Inishmore Inishbofin Inishnee Inishturk South Mason Mutton Omey Turbot White Goat

List of townlands in County Galway Category:Mountains and hills of County Galway Category:Rivers of County Galway Category:Geography of County Galway

v t e

Cities in Ireland

Republic of Ireland

Dublin Cork Limerick Galway Waterford Kilkenny 1

Northern Ireland

Belfast Derry Lisburn Newry Armagh

1 not an administrative city

v t e

Largest urban areas in the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
by population

List of urban areas in the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
by population

Dublin
Dublin
: 1,110,627 Cork : 198,582 Limerick
Limerick
: 91,454 Galway
Galway
: 76,778 Waterford
Waterford
: 51,519 Drogheda: 38,578 Dundalk: 37,816 Swords: 36,924 Bray: 31,872 Navan: 28,559 Ennis: 25,360 Kilkenny: 24,423 Tralee: 23,693 Carlow: 23,030 Newbridge: 22,742 Port Laoise: 22,050 Naas: 21,393 Athlone: 21,349 Mullingar: 20,103 Wexford: 20,072

Italics denote settlements with administrative city status

v t e

European Capitals of Culture

1985 Athens 1986 Florence 1987 Amsterdam 1988 West Berlin 1989 Paris 1990 Glasgow 1991 Dublin 1992 Madrid 1993 Antwerp 1994 Lisbon 1995 Luxembourg City 1996 Copenhagen 1997 Thessaloniki 1998 Stockholm 1999 Weimar 2000 Reykjavík Bergen Helsinki Brussels Prague Kraków Santiago de Compostela Avignon Bologna 2001 Rotterdam Porto 2002 Bruges Salamanca 2003 Graz Plovdiv 2004 Genoa Lille 2005 Cork 2006 Patras 2007 Luxembourg City
City
and Greater Region Sibiu 2008 Liverpool Stavanger 2009 Linz Vilnius 2010 Ruhr Istanbul Pécs 2011 Turku Tallinn 2012 Maribor Guimarães 2013 Košice Marseille 2014 Umeå Riga 2015 Mons Plzeň 2016 San Sebastián Wrocław 2017 Aarhus Paphos 2018 Valletta Leeuwarden 2019 Plovdiv Matera 2020 Rijeka Galway 2021 Timișoara Elefsina Novi Sad 2022 Kaunas Esch-sur-Alzette

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 144539

.