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Galungan
Galungan
is a Balinese holiday celebrating the victory of dharma over adharma.[1] It marks the time when the ancestral spirits visit the Earth. The last day of the celebration is Kuningan, when they return. The date is calculated according to the 210-day Balinese calendar. It is related to Diwali, celebrated by Hindus in other parts of the world, which also celebrates the victory of dharma over adharma.[2][3] Diwali, however, is held at the end of the year.

Contents

1 Significance 2 Dates 3 References

3.1 Notes

4 External links

Significance[edit] Galungan
Galungan
marks the beginning of the most important recurring religious ceremonies. The spirits of deceased relatives who have died and been cremated return to visit their former homes, and the current inhabitants have a responsibility to be hospitable through prayers and offerings. The most obvious sign of the celebrations are the penjor - bamboo poles with offerings suspended at the end. These are installed by the side of roads. A number of days around the Kuningan day have special names, and are marked by the organization of particular activities.[4]

Name of day Activities

3 days before Penyekeban Cooking of bananas for offerings

2 days before Penyajaan Making of jaja (fried rice cakes)

1 day before Penampahan Slaughtering of pigs or chicken for feasts

1 day after Manis Galungan Visiting family

10 days after Kuningan Prayers, offerings - spirits return to heaven

11 days after Manis Kuningan Fun

Dates[edit] Galungan
Galungan
begins on the Wednesday (Buda) of Dunggulan, the 11th week of the 210-day pawukon calendar. This means that there are often two celebrations per solar year. Dates for 2017-2020 are as follows:[5]

Year Galungan Kuningan

2017 April 5 April 15

2017 November 1 November 11

2018 May 30 June 9

2018-2019 December 26 January 5

2019 July 22 August 3

2020 February 19 February 29

2020 September 16 September 26

References[edit]

About.com Southeast Asia TravelSearch Accessed 1 November 2017 Eiseman, Fred B. Jr, Bali: Sekala and Niskala Volume I: Essays on Religion, Ritual and Art pp 182-185, Periplus Editions, 1989 ISBN 0-945971-03-6 Pancorbo, Lo balinés", en "Fiestas del Mundo. Las Máscaras de la Luna". pp. 33–41. Ediciones del Serbal, Barcelona, 1996.

Notes[edit]

^ Esimeman (1989) p353 ^ https://www.buffalotours.com/blog/diwali-festival-lights/ ^ https://www.ndtv.com/education/diwali-or-deepawali-2017-10-things-students-should-know-about-the-festival-of-lights-1764533 ^ Esimeman (1989) p183 ^ About.com

External links[edit]

Video documenting Galungan
Galungan
ceremony preparations on Bali part 1, part2 How Galungan
Galungan
is celebrated in Bali

v t e

Festivals in the Hindu calendar

Major festivals

Chhath Diwali Ganesh Chaturthi Vasant Panchami Holi Galungan
Galungan
(Bali) Kartik Purnima Kali Puja Krishna Janmashtami Maha Shivaratri Makar Sankranti Nyepi
Nyepi
(Bali) Navratri

Ayudha Puja Durga Puja Vijayadashami

Onam Pongal Rama Navami Thaipusam Vat Purnima Mesha Sankranti Bhratri Dwitiya Dhanteras Ratha-Yatra Dashahara Anant Chaturdashi

Guru Purnima Buddha Jayanti Hanuman Jayanti

Regional New Year

Bihu
Bihu
(Assamese) Cheti Chand
Cheti Chand
(Sindhi) Gudi Padwa
Gudi Padwa
(Marathi, Konkani) Nyepi
Nyepi
(Bali) Pana Sankranti
Pana Sankranti
(Oriya) Pohela Boishakh
Pohela Boishakh
(Bengali) Puthandu
Puthandu
(Tamil) Ugadi
Ugadi
(Telugu, Kannada) Vaisakhi
Vaisakhi
(North & Central India, Nepal) Vishu
Vishu
(Malayali)

Holy days

Akshaya Tritiya Amalaka Ekadashi Vaikuntha Ekadashi Kamada Ekadashi Shravana Putrada Ekadashi Shayani Ekadashi Pausha Putrada Ekadashi Varuthini Ekadashi Prabodhini Ekadashi Ekadashi Gowri Habba Karva Chauth Mahalakshmi Vrata Nirjala Ekadashi Raksha Bandhan Sankranti Nag Panchami Savitri Brata Amavasya Sharad Purnima Kartik Purnima Datta Jayanti Pradosha

Holy periods

Chaturmas Dhanurmas Pitru Paksha Uttarayana Dakshinayana

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