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The ''Galicia'' class are two landing platform dock (LPD) ships in service with the Spanish Navy. Built by Navantia in Ferrol, Spain, Ferrol, their mission is to carry out amphibious warfare by transporting the bulk of the Infantería de Marina. These ships have both a large helicopter flight deck and a well deck for large landing craft, as well as a space for up to 33 main battle tanks. was Ship commissioning, commissioned in 1998 and in 2000. ''Galicia'' and ''Castilla'' are based at the Naval Station Rota, Spain, Rota naval base in Spain. The class is the result of a joint project between Spain and the Netherlands for developing a common class of LPD that would fulfill the needs of both countries to replace older ships. This process produced the Enforcer (ship), Enforcer design, which forms the basis of the ''Galicia'' class as well as the similar .


Design and description

The project began in the Netherlands in 1990 as that country sought a solution to their LPD requirements. Spain joined the project in July 1991 and the definition stage was completed by December 1993. The ''Galicia'' class spawned from the joint Enforcer (ship design), Enforcer design with Spain's lead ship being authorised on 29 July 1994. The LPDs were designed to transport a battalion of Spanish Marine Infantry, marines and disembark them offshore and general logistic support. Vessels of the class have a Displacement (ship), full load displacement of . The vessels measure Length overall, long overall and Length between perpendiculars, between perpendiculars with a Beam (nautical), beam of and a Draft (hull), draught of . The LPDs are powered by four Bazan/Caterpillar Inc., Caterpillar 3612 diesel engines in two sets initially creating though this was later increased to , and an electric generator tied to reduction gear. Each vessel has two shafts with , five-bladed variable pitch propellers. The ships also mount one bow thruster initially capable of but was later improved to . This gives the ships a maximum speed of and a range of at . The ships have a electric plant comprising four diesel generators capable of creating and an emergency generator. The ''Galicia'' class have a flight deck capable of operating helicopters. The vessels have hangar area for four heavy or six medium helicopters. The LPDs usually sail with six AB 212 or four SH-3 Sea King, SH-3D helicopters embarked. They have a well deck and are capable of operating six Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel, landing craft vehicle and personnel (LCVP) or four Landing Craft Mechanized, landing craft mechanized (LCM) or one Landing Craft Utility, landing craft utility and one LCVP. Normally, they operate with four LCM-1E craft. Within the ship there is of parking space for up to 130 armoured personnel carriers (APCs) or 33 main battle tanks (MBTs). However, a maximum of 170 vehicles can be carried depending on size. Both ships have capacity for of ammunition and stores spread out within the of cargo space between the storerooms, flight deck and hangar. ''Galicia'' can transport 543 fully-equipped troops and 72 staff and aircrew. ''Castilla'' can transport 404 fully-equipped troops and 72 staff and aircrew. The LPDs are armed with two Oerlikon 20 mm cannon, Oerlikon Contraves cannon but can be fitted with four. They also mount six Sippican Hycor SRBOC MK36 chaff launchers. The ''Galicia'' class is equipped with KH 1007 air/surface search radar and AN/TPX-54 (V) Mk-XII (mode 4) identification friend or foe. ''Galicia'' has a complement of 115 with capacity for an additional 12 personnel. ''Castilla'' has a complement of 189.


Ships in class


Construction and career

The first ship, named ''Galicia'', was ordered in July 1994 and Keel laying, laid down by Navantia, Bazán (later Navantia) at their shipyard in Ferrol, Spain, Ferrol, Spain on 31 May 1996. The second vessel, named ''Castilla'', was ordered on 9 May 1997 and laid down on 11 December. ''Galicia'' Ship commissioning, commissioned on 30 April 1998 and ''Castilla'' on 26 June 2000. Both ships are based at Rota, Spain, Rota naval base. ''Galicia'' performed humanitarian aid operations to Central America following Hurricane Mitch from November 1998 to January 1999. ''Castilla'' participated in Operation Romeo Sierra in Perejil Island on 17 July 2002. Both vessels took part in the cleanup following the wreck of the Tanker (ship), tanker and the resulting Prestige oil spill, oil spill from December 2002 to February 2003. In 2002–2003 ''Castilla'' underwent a refit that improved the vessel's command, control and communications capabilities. In July 2003, ''Castilla'' transported the Spanish Legion to Ash Shuahyabah, United Arab Emirates as part of Operation IF, returning in September. The ship was then sent to provide humanitarian aid to Haiti as part Operation Mar Caribe from October to December 2004. From January to April 2005, ''Galicia'' was deployed to provide humanitarian aid in Iraq. ''Galicia'' took part in Operation Respuesta Solidaria in Banda Aceh after the tsunami in northwestern Sumatra. This was followed by Operation Libre Hidalgo in support of United Nations peacekeeping in Lebanon. The LPD made two deployments, one in 2010 and another in 2011, as part of Operation Atalanta fighting piracy in the Indian Ocean and off the coast of Somalia. In April 2020, ''Galicia'' was deployed to Melilla, Spain to aid the city in the fight against COVID-19.


See also

* * * * * * * * * Type 071 amphibious transport dock


Notes


Citations


References

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External links

{{commons category, Galicia class landing platform dock
Naval-technology.com
Amphibious warfare vessels of Spain, Amphibious warfare vessel classes Galicia-class landing platform docks,