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Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher
(August 18, 1935 – December 2, 2000) was an American actress who was one of the first black women to play substantive roles in American television.[1] She was best known for playing the role of secretary Peggy Fair on the television detective series Mannix from 1968 through 1975, a role for which she won two Golden Globe Awards and an Emmy Award; she was the first black woman to win either award. She also won an NAACP Image Award in 1969.[2]

Contents

1 Early years 2 Television 3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Filmography 6 Awards and honors 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Early years[edit] The youngest of five children, Fisher was born in Orange, New Jersey.[2] Her father died when she was two years old, and she was raised by her mother, Ona Fisher, who supported her family with a home-operated hair-styling business while living in the Potter's Crossing neighborhood of Edison, New Jersey. She graduated from Metuchen High School
Metuchen High School
in Metuchen, New Jersey. During her teenaged years, she was a cheerleader and entered several beauty contests, winning the titles of Miss Transit, Miss Black New Jersey, and Miss Press Photographer.[3][4] In a contest sponsored by Coca-Cola, Fisher won the opportunity to spend two years studying acting at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. As a student of acting in New York City, she worked with Lee Strasberg [5] and became a member of the Repertory Theater at Lincoln Center, where she worked with Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
and Herbert Blau.[3][4] As a young woman, she also worked as a model.[4] Television[edit] Fisher made her first television appearance in 1960 at age 25, appearing in the syndicated program Play of the Week.[1] Also during the early 1960s, she appeared in a television commercial for All laundry detergent, which she said made her "the first black female—no, make that black, period—to make a national TV commercial, on camera, with lines."[3] In 1965, Herbert Blau
Herbert Blau
cast her in a theatrical production of Danton's Death.[3] She first appeared in Mannix during the second season, when Mannix left the detective firm Intertect and set up shop as a private investigator. She became the second African American woman after Nichelle Nichols of Star Trek
Star Trek
to show prominently on weekly television. In 1968, she made guest appearances on the TV series My Three Sons, Love, American Style, and Room 222.[1] In 1970, her work on Mannix was honored when she received the Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for outstanding performance by an actress in a dramatic supporting role, becoming the first African American woman to do so. In 1971 Fisher became the first African American woman to win a Golden Globe, and won her second in 1973. After Mannix was canceled in 1975, she appeared on television at an average of once a year, guest starring on popular shows like Fantasy Island, Love Boat, Knight Rider, General Hospital, The White Shadow and more.[1] Personal life[edit] Fisher was married and divorced twice. She had two daughters, Samara and Jole, from her 1964 marriage to John Levy.[3] Her marriage to Wali Muhammad (Walter Youngblood), famed cornerman to Sugar Ray Robinson and Muhammad Ali, ended in divorce when he changed religions. Wali was also an assistant minister to Malcolm X
Malcolm X
at Nation of Islam Mosque No. 7.[6][7][8] Jet magazine reported in its July 26, 1973, issue that she was also married to Robert A. Walker, a businessman from Los Angeles.[9] Death[edit] Fisher died in Los Angeles in 2000, aged 65, reportedly from renal failure due to drug use.[3][note 1][2] Twelve hours after Gail Fisher died, her brother Clifton died from heart failure. Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1959 Play of the Week Joyce Lane Episode: "Simply Heavenly"

1960 Play of the Week N/A Episode: "Climate of Eden"

1960 The New Girl in the Office "The New Girl in the Office" Government-sponsored short film about racial integration in the workplace

1962 The Defenders The Singer Episode: "Grandma TNT"

1967 He & She Helen Episode: "One of Our Firemen is Missing"

1967 The Second Hundred Years Young Matron Episode: "Luke's First Christmas"

1968 My Three Sons Carla Episode: "Gossip, Incorporated"

1968–1975 Mannix Peggy Fair 147 episodes Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress
Actress
– Television Series Drama Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actress
Actress
– Series, Miniseries or Television Film Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Supporting Actress
Actress
in a Drama Series Nominated— Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actress
Actress
– Series, Miniseries or Television Film (1972, 1974) Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Supporting Actress
Actress
in a Drama Series (1971–1973)

1969 Love, American Style Mercy Episode: "Love and the Hustler"

1970 Insight Mrs. Carter Episode: "The Incident on Danker Street"

1971 Room 222 Diana Brown Episode: "Welcome Back, Miss Brown"

1971 Love, American Style Penny Episode: "Love and the Baby"

1972 Every Man Need One Pauline Kramer Television movie

1975 Medical Center Bonnie Horne Episode: "Street Girl"

1979 Fantasy Island Dr. Frantz Episode: "Hit Man/The Swimmer"

1982 General Hospital Judge Heller 5 episodes

1983 Knight Rider Thelma Episode: "Short Notice"

1985 Hotel Fran Willis Episode: "Hearts and Minds"

1986 He's the Mayor Lila Episode: "Take My Father Please"

1987 Mankillers Joan Hanson Television movie

1990 Donor Secretary Television movie

Awards and honors[edit]

Year Result Award Category Television series

1970 Won Emmy Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actress
Actress
in a Supporting Role in Drama Mannix

1971 Nominated Emmy Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actress
Actress
in a Supporting Role in Drama Mannix

1972 Nominated Emmy Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actress
Actress
in a Supporting Role in Drama Mannix

1973 Nominated Emmy Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actress
Actress
in a Supporting Role in Drama Mannix

1971 Won Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress
Actress
- Television Series Mannix

1972 Nominated Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress
Actress
- Television Series Mannix

1973 Won Golden Globe Award Best Actress
Actress
- Television Series Drama Mannix

1974 Nominated Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress
Actress
- Television Series Mannix

See also[edit]

Biography portal

Notes[edit]

^ The reference book African Americans in the Performing Arts says that Fisher died of lung cancer.

References[edit]

^ a b c d "Gail Fisher". African American Registry. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2009.  The article cites Jet as its source. ^ a b c Otfinoski, Steven (2014). African Americans in the Performing Arts. Infobase Publishing. pp. 68–69. ISBN 9781438107769. Retrieved 13 June 2017.  ^ a b c d e f Lawrence Van Gelder, "Gail Fisher, 65, TV Actress
Actress
Who Won Emmy for 'Mannix'", The New York Times, February 20, 2001 ^ a b c Laurie Jarmon (1995), Gail Fisher, in Notable Black American Women, Jessie Carney Smith, editor. ISBN 0-8103-9177-5. Pages 223-224. ^ Garfield, David (1980). "Appendix: Life Members of The Actors Studio as of January 1980". A Player's Place: The Story of The Actors Studio. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc. p. 278. ISBN 0-02-542650-8.  ^ "SecondsOut Boxing News - Thomas Hauser - Mike Tyson and Other Notes". Secondsout.com. 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2016-10-07.  ^ http://www.honoryou.com/programs/PDF/120121wm.pdf ^ Allah, The (2012-01-22). "The Allah Team™: Wali Mohammed (R.I.P.)". Allahteam.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2016-10-07.  ^ " Mannix Girl Orders Spouse To Stay Away From Her". Jet. July 26, 1973. p. 57. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 

External links[edit]

Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher
on IMDb

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Supporting Actress
Actress
in a Drama Series

Barbara Hale
Barbara Hale
(1959) Pamela Brown (1962) Glenda Farrell
Glenda Farrell
(1963) Ruth White (1964) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1966) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1967) Barbara Anderson (1968) Susan Saint James
Susan Saint James
(1969) Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher
(1970) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1971) Jenny Agutter (1972) Ellen Corby
Ellen Corby
(1973) Joanna Miles
Joanna Miles
(1974) Ellen Corby
Ellen Corby
(1975) Ellen Corby
Ellen Corby
(1976) Kristy McNichol
Kristy McNichol
(1977) Nancy Marchand
Nancy Marchand
(1978) Kristy McNichol
Kristy McNichol
(1979) Nancy Marchand
Nancy Marchand
(1980) Nancy Marchand
Nancy Marchand
(1981) Nancy Marchand
Nancy Marchand
(1982) Doris Roberts
Doris Roberts
(1983) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1984) Betty Thomas
Betty Thomas
(1985) Bonnie Bartlett
Bonnie Bartlett
(1986) Bonnie Bartlett
Bonnie Bartlett
(1987) Patricia Wettig
Patricia Wettig
(1988) Melanie Mayron (1989) Marg Helgenberger
Marg Helgenberger
(1990) Madge Sinclair
Madge Sinclair
(1991) Valerie Mahaffey
Valerie Mahaffey
(1992) Mary Alice
Mary Alice
(1993) Leigh Taylor-Young
Leigh Taylor-Young
(1994) Julianna Margulies
Julianna Margulies
(1995) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1996) Kim Delaney
Kim Delaney
(1997) Camryn Manheim
Camryn Manheim
(1998) Holland Taylor
Holland Taylor
(1999) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2000) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2001) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(2002) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(2003) Drea de Matteo
Drea de Matteo
(2004) Blythe Danner
Blythe Danner
(2005) Blythe Danner
Blythe Danner
(2006) Katherine Heigl
Katherine Heigl
(2007) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(2008) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(2009) Archie Panjabi
Archie Panjabi
(2010) Margo Martindale
Margo Martindale
(2011) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2012) Anna Gunn
Anna Gunn
(2013) Anna Gunn
Anna Gunn
(2014) Uzo Aduba
Uzo Aduba
(2015) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2016) Ann Dowd
Ann Dowd
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress
Actress
– Television Series Drama

Linda Cristal
Linda Cristal
(1969) Peggy Lipton
Peggy Lipton
(1970) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1971) Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher
(1972) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1973) Angie Dickinson
Angie Dickinson
(1974) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1975) Susan Blakely
Susan Blakely
(1976) Lesley Ann Warren
Lesley Ann Warren
(1977) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1978) Natalie Wood
Natalie Wood
(1979) Yoko Shimada (1980) Linda Evans/ Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1981) Joan Collins
Joan Collins
(1982) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1983) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1984) Sharon Gless
Sharon Gless
(1985) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1986) Susan Dey
Susan Dey
(1987) Jill Eikenberry
Jill Eikenberry
(1988) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1989) Sharon Gless/ Patricia Wettig
Patricia Wettig
(1990) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1991) Regina Taylor
Regina Taylor
(1992) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1993) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(1994) Jane Seymour (1995) Gillian Anderson
Gillian Anderson
(1996) Christine Lahti
Christine Lahti
(1997) Keri Russell
Keri Russell
(1998) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(1999) Sela Ward
Sela Ward
(2000) Jennifer Garner
Jennifer Garner
(2001) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2002) Frances Conroy
Frances Conroy
(2003) Mariska Hargitay
Mariska Hargitay
(2004) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
(2005) Kyra Sedgwick
Kyra Sedgwick
(2006) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2007) Anna Paquin
Anna Paquin
(2008) Julianna Margulies
Julianna Margulies
(2009) Katey Sagal
Katey Sagal
(2010) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Robin Wright
Robin Wright
(2013) Ruth Wilson
Ruth Wilson
(2014) Taraji P. Henson
Taraji P. Henson
(2015) Claire Foy (2016) Elisabeth Moss
Elisabeth Moss
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actress
Actress
– Series, Miniseries or Television Film

Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher
(1970) Sue Ane Langdon
Sue Ane Langdon
(1971) Ruth Buzzi
Ruth Buzzi
(1972) Ellen Corby
Ellen Corby
(1973) Betty Garrett
Betty Garrett
(1974) Hermione Baddeley
Hermione Baddeley
(1975) Josette Banzet (1976) Polly Holliday
Polly Holliday
(1978) Polly Holliday
Polly Holliday
(1979) Valerie Bertinelli/ Diane Ladd
Diane Ladd
(1980) Valerie Bertinelli
Valerie Bertinelli
(1981) Shelley Long
Shelley Long
(1982) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1983) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1984) Sylvia Sidney
Sylvia Sidney
(1985) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1986) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1987) Katherine Helmond
Katherine Helmond
(1988) Amy Madigan
Amy Madigan
(1989) Piper Laurie
Piper Laurie
(1990) Amanda Donohoe (1991) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1992) Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
(1993) Miranda Richardson
Miranda Richardson
(1994) Shirley Knight
Shirley Knight
(1995) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1996) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1997) Faye Dunaway/ Camryn Manheim
Camryn Manheim
(1998) Nancy Marchand
Nancy Marchand
(1999) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2000) Rachel Griffiths
Rachel Griffiths
(2001) Kim Cattrall
Kim Cattrall
(2002) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
(2003) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(2004) Sandra Oh
Sandra Oh
(2005) Emily Blunt
Emily Blunt
(2006) Samantha Morton
Samantha Morton
(2007) Laura Dern
Laura Dern
(2008) Chloë Sevigny
Chloë Sevigny
(2009) Jane Lynch
Jane Lynch
(2010) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2011) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2012) Jacqueline Bisset
Jacqueline Bisset
(2013) Joanne Froggatt
Joanne Froggatt
(2014) Maura Tierney
Maura Tierney
(2015) Olivia Colman
Olivia Colman
(2016) Laura Dern
Laura Dern
(2017)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 78409252 LCCN: no99015878 ISNI: 0000 0001 2029 0445 GND: 14107969X BNF: cb165152104 (data) SN

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