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Gaetano Giardino (24 January 1864 – 21 November 1935) was an Italian soldier that rose to the rank of Marshal of Italy
Marshal of Italy
during World War I.[1]

Contents

1 Life 2 World War I 3 Later life 4 References

Life[edit] Born in Montemagno he attended the Italian Military Academy of Modena, then was named Lieutenant
Lieutenant
of 8th Bersaglieri regiment. In the late 1880s he joined the Italian forces that were fighting in Eritrea
Eritrea
and Sudan
Sudan
and in 1894 he fought in Kassala. He was later named Captain and became a company commander of 6th Bersaglieri regiment. In the early years of the 20th century he was named chief of the staff of two different Italian divisions then at the outbreak of the Italo-Turkish War he was named “Sotto capo di Stato Maggiore” ( vice chief of the staff ) of the Italian expedition forces. World War I[edit] In the spring of 1915 when Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
he was named chief of the staff of the IV Army Corps then of the II Army Corps. He later assumed the duty of commander of the 48th Division, then he was named commander of two different Army Corps. After the Battle of Caporetto
Battle of Caporetto
and the subsequent changes in Italian highest military positions he became a close adviser of Armando Diaz
Armando Diaz
with the duty to maintain the relations with the other Triple Entente
Triple Entente
powers. April 1918 he was named commander of the 4th Army, a.k.a. the Army of Monte Grappa. In the Battle of Solstizio
Battle of Solstizio
his army was able to stop the Austrian offensive. During the Battle of Vittorio Veneto
Battle of Vittorio Veneto
the troops under Giardino's leadership were the first Italian troops to attack the Austrian front in order to force the Austrian general staff to use the reserve troops against the Italians on Monte Grappa, facilitating the attack along the Piave River that took place three days later. After the armistice of Villa Giusti Giardino’s 4th was disbanded. Later life[edit] Between 1923 and 1924 he was named governor of the free state of Fiume. In 1926 he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy. He died in Torino
Torino
in 1935 and he is buried together with his soldiers in the war cemetery of Monte Grappa. References[edit]

^ http://www.montegrappa.org/grande_guerra/giardino_gaetano.php a webpage dedicated to Marshal Giardino

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 22134977 LCCN: no2014016244 ISNI: 0000 0000 6131 2201 GND: 1048233375 BNF: cb111086889 (data) ICCU: ITICCURAVV56339

v t e

List of Italian First Marshals and Marshals of Italy

First Marshal of the Empire (Primo Maresciallo dell'Impero)

King Victor Emmanuel III Benito Mussolini

Marshals (Maresciallo d'Italia)

Regio Esercito  

Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta Pietro Badoglio Enrico Caviglia Gaetano Giardino Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi Emilio De Bono Rodolfo Graziani Ugo Cavallero Ettore Bastico Umberto, Prince of Piedmont Giovanni Messe

Grand Admiral (Grande Ammiraglio)

Regia Marina  

Paolo Thaon di Revel

Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria)

Regia Aeronautica  

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