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GADAG DISTRICT is a district in the state of Karnataka, India . The district formed in 1997, when it was split from the Dharwad District . As of 2011, the Gadag
Gadag
District had a population of 971,952 (of which 35.21 percent was urban as of 2001). The overall population increased by 13.14 percent from 1991 to 2001. The Gadag
Gadag
District borders the Bagalkot District
Bagalkot District
on the north, the Koppal District
Koppal District
on the east, the Bellary District
Bellary District
on the southeast, the Haveri District on the southwest, the Dharwad District on the west and the Belgaum District on the northwest. The district features monuments (primarily Jain
Jain
and Hindu temples) from the Western Chalukya Empire
Western Chalukya Empire
. Gadag
Gadag
District has seven tehsils : Gadag-Betgeri , Ron , Shirhatti
Shirhatti
, Nargund , Lakshmeshwar , Gajendragad and Mundargi .

CONTENTS

* 1 Historical sites * 2 Demographics * 3 Magadi Bird Sanctuary * 4 Notable People from Gadag
Gadag
District * 5 Independence movement * 6 Cooperative
Cooperative
movement * 7 Wind-power generation * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORICAL SITES

Saraswati
Saraswati
temple at Trikuteshwara temple complex, Gadag
Gadag
Someshwara temple at Lakshmeshwara Front of Kalkaleshwara temple, Gajendragad Twin-towered temple at Sudi Jain temple at Lakkundi
Lakkundi
Doddabasappa Temple at Dambal Gadag
Gadag

The town has 11th- and 12th-century monuments; the temple of Veera Narayana and the Trikuteshwara complex are sites of religious and historic importance. One of the two main Jain
Jain
temples is dedicated to Mahavira
Mahavira
.

* Trikuteshwara temple complex:

The Trikuteshwara temple was built by the early Chalukyas
Chalukyas
between the sixth and the eighth centuries, exemplifying Chalukya architecture. The temple is dedicated to Saraswati
Saraswati
.

* Veeranarayana Temple:

The temple, believed to have been built during the 11th century, attracts many devotees a year.

* Jumma Masjid:

The Muslim Jumma Masjid has a capacity of 600. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Gadag
Gadag
was ruled by Muslim kings and the Maratha
Maratha
before being incorporated by the East India Company. Lakshmeshwara

Lakshmeshwara is in Shirahatti , and is known for its Hindu and Jain temples and mosques. The Someshwara temple complex has a number of temples to Shiva
Shiva
in its fort-like compound. Sudi

Chalukya monuments include the Jodi Gopura and Mallikarjuna temples and large Ganesha and Nandi statues. Lakkundi
Lakkundi

About 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Gadag, Lakkundi
Lakkundi
was the residence of the Chalukyan kings. It is known for its 101 stepwells (known as kalyani or pushkarni) and its Hindu and Jain
Jain
temples. A sculpture gallery is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India
Archaeological Survey of India
. Dambal

Dambal is known for its 12th-century Chalukya Doddabasappa Temple . Gajendragad

Biggest city after Gadag
Gadag
city in Gadag
Gadag
District. Gajendragad is known for its hill fort and Kalakaleshwara temple. Nagavi

Famous Yellamma devi temple loacated, With hill view choultry is under construction .Just 8 km from Gadag
Gadag
Center.Political rich village . Harti

Harti has a number of Hindu temples. The Shri Basaveshwara Temple has an annual festival featuring a procession. Other temples, such as the Parvati Parameshwara temple (Uma Maheshwara Temple), have stone carvings from the Chalukya period. Kotumachagi

About 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Gadag, the agricultural village is also known for its Someswar and Durgadevi temples. Chamarasa , author of the Prabhulingaleele , was born nearby. Naregal

Home to the largest Jain
Jain
temple built by the Rastrakuta dynasty Hombal

About 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Gadag, the village is known for old temples.

BELAVANAKI (ಬೆಳವಣಿಕಿ)

Belavanaki
Belavanaki
about 33 km from Gadag,the village is known for newly carved statue of Veerabhadra which is considered to be best kind of sculpture in recent time and, earlier village was part of Belavalanaadu-300 or Belvola-300 therefore from that its name was derived.It is also Birthplace of well known social activist S. R. Hiremath . Ron

Ron's historic monuments include Anantsayee Gudi, Isvara Gudi, Isvara Temple, Kala Gudi, Lokanatha Temple, Mallikarjuna Gudi, Parsvanath Jain
Jain
temple and the Somlingesvara temple. Kurtakoti

About 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Gadag, the agricultural village is known for the Shri Ugra Narsimha, Dattatreya, Virupakhshalinga and Rama temples. Statues of Rama, Lakshmana and Sita were installed by Brahma Chaitanya . Writer and critic Kirtinath Kurtakoti hailed from the area. Nargund

Known for its role in the 1857 revolt and its 17th-century fort and1980s Peasant movement durong Gundurao as a chief minister of Karnataka. and also birthplace of senior leader of Jana Sangh Jagannathrao Joshi . Doni Tanda RayaraTemple Belavanaki
Belavanaki

About 24 kilometres (15 mi) from Gadag, and known for wind-power generation Beladhadi

About 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Gadag, and known for its Shri Rama Temple and statues of Sri Rama, Lakshmana and Sita Antur Bentur

About 23 kilometres (14 mi) from Gadag, the agricultural village is known for the Shri Jagadguru Budimahaswamigala Sanstan math Antur Bentur – Hosalli. The matha is cared for by both Muslims and Hindus.

DEMOGRAPHICS

According to the 2011 census the district has a population of 1,065,235, roughly equal to that of Cyprus
Cyprus
or the US state of Rhode Island . This ranks it 426th in India (out of a total of 640 ). The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi). Its population growth rate from 2001 to 2011 was 9.61 percent. The district has a sex ratio of 978 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 75.18 percent.

MAGADI BIRD SANCTUARY

The Magadi Bird Sanctuary , created at the Magadi reservoir, is 26 kilometres (16 mi) from Gadag
Gadag
on the Gadag-Bangalore Road, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Shirhatti
Shirhatti
and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Lakshmeshwar. It is known for migratory species such as the bar-headed goose , which feed on fish and agricultural crops.

NOTABLE PEOPLE FROM GADAG DISTRICT

* Poets Kumara Vyasa
Kumara Vyasa
(born in Koliwada ) and Chamarasa are known for their translation of the Mahabharata into Kannada
Kannada
(Karnata Bharatha Kathamanjari) and Prabhulingaleele, respectively. * Ganayogi Panchakshari Gavayi * Bhimsen Joshi
Bhimsen Joshi
Hindustani singer * Puttaraj Gawai * Rajguru Guruswami Kalikeri A noted Writer/Musician,Winner Karnataka
Karnataka
State Rajyotsva award,Santha Shishunala Sharif Award, Karnataka
Karnataka
Kalashree, etc. * Sunil Joshi
Sunil Joshi
(cricketer) * Jagannathrao Joshi * Chennaveera Kanavi * S. R. Hiremath * Aluru Venkata Rayaru

* Yousuf Ali Soudagar. A noted cricketer who played Srinos trophy.

INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT

Main article: Unification of Karnataka
Unification of Karnataka

Huilgol Narayana Rao , Shankar Rao Kampli, Marthandarao Nargundkar and their followers contributed to India's independence struggle.

COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT

The first cooperative in India was founded over 100 years ago in Kanaginahal , and K. H. Patil aided in its modernisation.

WIND-POWER GENERATION

The district generates wind power at Kappatagudda,binkatti,mulgand naka and Gajendragad .

SEE ALSO

* Tourism in North Karnataka * binkatti * Lakkundi
Lakkundi
* Sudi * Lakshmeshwara * Gajendragad * Dambal Doddabasappa Temple * Naregal, Gadag
Gadag
* Mahadeva Temple (Itagi) * Itagi Bhimambika
Itagi Bhimambika
* Belavanaki
Belavanaki
(ಬೆಳವಣಿಕಿ )

REFERENCES

* ^ " Jain
Jain
monuments in North Karnataka". Dr. A. V. Narasimha Murthy. Archived from the original on 23 August 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2008. * ^ A B C D E F "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. * ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus
Cyprus
1,120,489 July 2011 est. * ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island
Rhode Island
1,052,567 * ^ "Magadi tank, Biodiversity hotspots of Karnataka". Dr. A. V. Narasimha Murthy. Retrieved 25 November 2008. * ^ * ^ * ^ * ^ "Co-op. movement took its birth here". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 13 April 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2009. * ^ "About Gadag". Retrieved 13 April 2009.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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