GADADHAR SINGHA or SUPAATPHA (Assamese : স্বৰ্গদেউ
গদাধৰ সিংহ, reign 1681–1696 ) established the rule
of the Tungkhungia clan of the Ahom kings that ruled the Ahom kingdom
till its climactic end. He was the son of
Gobar Roja , a descendant of
Suhungmung , and who had become the king for a mere 20 days.
Previously known as Gadapani,
* 1 Reign
* 2 Years in exile
* 2.1 Political/Personal/Military * 2.2 Administrative * 2.3 Death
* 3 Brown\'s note on Gadadhar Singha\'s tomb * 4 See also * 5 References
Gadadhar Singha, known as Langi Gadapani, was the son of Gobar Gohain
who was made the king by Debera Borbarua in 1675. Gobar Raja was the
king for only 20 days and was executed after the fall of Debera
Borbarua at the hands of the forces of
Atan Burhagohain . After Laluk
Sola Borphukan had
Atan Burhagohain murdered in 1679, he installed
YEARS IN EXILE
Gadapani's stay in the Naga Hills are shrouded in mystery, for not much is known about the 2 years in exile. However, the hills are abound with various lores, folktales and legends about Godadapani. The physical attributes of Gadapani were very robust, charming and very handsome. According to one legend Gadapani, after the death of his wife Jaimoti, he was heartbroken and had, become very brooding. It was during this time that his well wishers in fact married him a Konyak girl Watlong. Sadly though, Watlong while coming down with Gadapani from Konyak territory, died at a place named Naginimora while delivering a child. During his time in exhile his Naga friends had got him married to a very beautiful girl Zinyu. Noted Historian and Litterateur Padmanath Gohain Baruah first characterised a Naga girl Dalimi, in his play Joymati. It was shown that it was this girl that Gadapani had come into contact while he was in exhile. Rup Konwar Jyoti Prasad Agarwala's First Assamese Film also showed Dalimi, as a daughter of Naga chieftain who had fallen for the charms of Gadapani.
At the time of Gadadhar Singha's accession to the throne, the Ahom kingdom was being sapped by internal dissensions, and patriotic feeling had become so weakened that many deserted to the Mughal side, who had re-occupied Gauhati, and were gradually pushing their frontier eastwards. The hill tribes too became emboldened and raided villages in the plains. Before he died he had quelled all internal disputes, revived the waning national spirit, driven the Mughals beyond Manas and, by prompt punitive measures, put a stop to the raiding and restored the prestige of the Ahoms among the turbulent tribes on the frontier.
His first act after becoming the King was to equip an army to oust
the Mughal from Gauhati. He appears to have met with very little
opposition. The forts at Bansbari and Kajali fell at the first
assault, and a great naval victory was gained near the mouth of Bar
Nadi, the whole enemy fleet falling into the hands of Ahoms. In 1682
The Nagas were often found to be raiding the Assamese villages in the
border areas. He forged matrimonial alliances with the Nagas and
assured peace and tranquility at the border areas. He married the
extremely beautiful daughter of the warlike Nokpu(Ao) warrior
Assiring, Sentishila, fondly renamed by him as Dalimi. And renamed the
ancient Asheimba- Yimuba gate as Assiringia Duar and granted a large
piece of land amounting to many thousand bighas as Assiringia Khat
(present day Naginijan Tea estate,under
He was a
Shaivite , as were his succeeding kings, and his reign saw
the beginning of the conflict between the
Sattra and the Ahom kings.
To help propagate this form of Hindu worship he built the Shiva temple
Uma Nanda Temple (Devaloi) at the Peacock island in middle of river
Brahmaputra at Guwahati.
A noteworthy measure of this monarch was the commencement of a
detailed survey of the country.
BROWN\'S NOTE ON GADADHAR SINGHA\'S TOMB
Reverend Nathan Brown of the American Baptist Mission, referring to the opening up of the tombs of Ahom kings in Charaideo, wrote: "The tomb of King Gadadhar at Soraideo, as nearly as we could calculate without instruments, was ninety feet high, and so natural in its appearance that a stranger would scarcely have suspected it to be anything more than an ordinary hill...Thirteen of these royal tombs were dug open during my residence in Assam, and I was told in the flowery language of the country, that when King Gadadhar's tomb was opened 'the backs of three elephants were broken with the weight of the treasures it contained', meaning simply that three elphants were well loaded down."
* ^ The Journal of the
* Gait E.A. A History of Assam, LBS first edition 1983 * Bhuyan, S.K., Early Britush Relations with Assam, First Edition 1928 * Bhuyan, S.K., Tungkhungia Buranji or A History of Assam, 1681-1826 A.D., First Impression 1933; Published by Department of Historical and Antiquarian Studies, Government of Assam, Narayani Handiqui Historical Institute, Guwahati, Assam.
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