G major (or the key of G) is a major scale based on G, with the
pitches G, A, B, C, D, E, and F♯. Its key signature has one sharp,
F♯. Its relative minor is E minor, and its parallel minor is G
G major scale is:
For orchestral works in G major, the timpani are typically set to G
and D, a fifth apart, rather than a fourth apart as for most other
1 Notable compositions
1.1 Baroque period
1.2 Classical era
2 In popular culture
3 See also
5 External links
See also: List of symphonies in G major
In Baroque music,
G major was regarded as the "key of benediction".
Of Domenico Scarlatti's 555 keyboard sonatas,
G major is the home key
for 69, or about 12.4%, sonatas.
In the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, "
G major is often a key of 6
8 chain rhythms", according to Alfred Einstein, although Bach also
used the key for some 4
4-based works, including his third and fourth Brandenburg Concertos.
Jeremy Denk observes that the
Goldberg Variations are 80
minutes in G major.
Twelve of Joseph Haydn's 104 Symphonies are in G major. Likewise, one
of Haydn's most famous piano trios, No. 39 (with the Gypsy Rondo), and
one of his last two complete published string quartets (Op. 77, No.
1), are in G major.
G major is the home key of Mozart's Eine kleine
Nachtmusik, serving as the tonic for three of its four movements (the
exception being the second movement, titled Romanze which is in the
subdominant key). However, almost none of his large-scale works such
as his symphonies or concertos are in this key; exceptions are the
Piano Concerto No. 17, Flute Concerto No. 1 and his String Quartet No.
14, along with some examples among his juvenilia.
In popular culture
G major is the key stipulated by Queen
Elizabeth II to be used for
"God Save the Queen" in Canada. The music to the American national
anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner", was originally written in G
major. Though it is now usually sung in A♭ or B♭
major, some people, most notably humorist and
commentator Garrison Keillor, are campaigning to return the song to
its original key; they argue that the song is already very difficult
to sing on account of its range (one and a half octaves), and the
modern standard key makes it still more difficult. The anthem "God
Defend New Zealand" ("Aotearoa") was originally composed by John
Joseph Woods in A♭ major, but after becoming New Zealand's national
anthem in 1977 was rearranged into
G major to better suit general and
Major and minor
Chord names and symbols (popular music)
^ Mellers, Wilfred (8 April 1991), "Modernism's Child", The New
Republic, 204 (14): 38–40
^ Alfred Einstein, Mozart, His Character, His Work, Chapter 10,
"Mozart's Choice Of Keys"
^ Why I hate the Goldberg Variations
^ Department of National Defence: The Honours, Flags and Heritage
Structure of the Canadian Forces; p. 7–2, point 10. Archived March
25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Sing the national anthem—and try it in the key of G" by Garrison
Keillor, A Prairie Home Companion, 2 July 2004
^ "Musical score for God Defend New Zealand". Ministry of Culture and
Heritage / Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
Media related to
G major at Wikimedia Commons
Diatonic scales and keys
The table indicates the number of sharps or flats in each scale. Minor
scales are writ