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The Info List - GHS Hazard Statement





Hazard statements form part of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS). They are intended to form a set of standardized phrases about the hazards of chemical substances and mixtures that can be translated into different languages.[1][2] As such, they serve the same purpose as the well-known R-phrases, which they are intended to replace. Hazard statements are one of the key elements for the labelling of containers under the GHS, along with:[3]

an identification of the product one or more hazard pictograms (where necessary) a signal word – either Danger or Warning – where necessary precautionary statements, indicating how the product should be handled to minimize risks to the user (as well as to other people and the general environment) the identity of the supplier (who might be a manufacturer or importer).

Each hazard statement is designated a code, starting with the letter H and followed by three digits. Statements which correspond to related hazards are grouped together by code number, so the numbering is not consecutive. The code is used for reference purposes, for example to help with translations, but it is the actual phrase which should appear on labels and safety data sheets.[4]

Contents

1 Physical hazards 2 Health hazards 3 Environmental hazards 4 Country-specific hazard statements

4.1 European Union

4.1.1 Physical properties 4.1.2 Health properties 4.1.3 Environmental properties 4.1.4 Other EU hazard statements

4.2 Australia

4.2.1 Physical hazard statements 4.2.2 Human health hazard statements 4.2.3 Additional non-GHS hazard statements

4.3 New Zealand

5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Physical hazards[edit]

Code Phrase

H200 Unstable explosive

H201 Explosive; mass explosion hazard

H202 Explosive; severe projection hazard

H203 Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard

H204 Fire or projection hazard

H205 May mass explode in fire

H206 Fire, blast or projection hazard: increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced

H207 Fire or projection hazard: increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced

H208 Fire hazard: increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reduced

H220 Extremely flammable gas

H221 Flammable gas

H222 Extremely flammable aerosol

H223 Flammable aerosol

H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour

H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

H227 Combustible liquid

H228 Flammable solid

H229 Pressurized container: may burst if heated

H230 May react explosively even in the absence of air

H231 May react explosively even in the absence of air at elevated pressure and/or temperature

H232 May ignite spontancously if exposed to air

H240 Heating may cause an explosion

H241 Heating may cause a fire or explosion

H242 Heating may cause a fire

H250 Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air

H251 Self-heating; may catch fire

H252 Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire

H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously

H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas

H270 May cause or intensify fire; oxidizer

H271 May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer

H272 May intensify fire; oxidizer

H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated

H281 Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury

H290 May be corrosive to metals

Health hazards[edit]

H300: Fatal if swallowed H301: Toxic if swallowed H302: Harmful if swallowed H303: May be harmful if swallowed H304: May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways H305: May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways H310: Fatal in contact with skin H311: Toxic in contact with skin H312: Harmful in contact with skin H313: May be harmful in contact with skin H314: Causes severe skin burns and eye damage H315: Causes skin irritation H316: Causes mild skin irritation H317: May cause an allergic skin reaction H318: Causes serious eye damage H319: Causes serious eye irritation H320: Causes eye irritation H330: Fatal if inhaled H331: Toxic if inhaled H332: Harmful if inhaled H333: May be harmful if inhaled H334: May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled H335: May cause respiratory irritation H336: May cause drowsiness or dizziness H340: May cause genetic defects H341: Suspected of causing genetic defects H350: May cause cancer H351: Suspected of causing cancer H360: May damage fertility or the unborn child H361: Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child H361d: Suspected of damaging the unborn child H361f: Suspected of damaging fertility H362: May cause harm to breast-fed children H370: Causes damage to organs H371: May cause damage to organs H372: Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure H373: May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H300+H310: Fatal if swallowed or in contact with skin H300+H330: Fatal if swallowed or if inhaled H310+H330: Fatal in contact with skin or if inhaled H300+H310+H330: Fatal if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled H301+H311: Toxic if swallowed or in contact with skin H301+H331: Toxic if swallowed or if inhaled H311+H331: Toxic in contact with skin or if inhaled H301+H311+H331: Toxic if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled H302+H312: Harmful if swallowed or in contact with skin H302+H332: Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled H312+H332: Harmful in contact with skin or if inhaled H302+H312+H332: Harmful if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled H303+H313: May be harmful if swallowed or in contact with skin H303+H333: May be harmful if swallowed or if inhaled H313+H333: May be harmful in contact with skin or if inhaled H303+H313+H333: May be harmful if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaled H315+H320: Causes skin and eye irritation

Environmental hazards[edit]

H400: Very toxic to aquatic life H401: Toxic to aquatic life H402: Harmful to aquatic life H410: Very toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects H411: Toxic to aquatic life with long-lasting effects H412: Harmful to aquatic life with long-lasting effects H413: May cause long-lasting harmful effects to aquatic life H420: Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere

Country-specific hazard statements[edit] European Union[edit] The European Union
European Union
has implemented the GHS through the CLP Regulation. Nevertheless, the older system based on the Dangerous Substances Directive was used in parallel until June 2015. Some R-phrases which do not have simple equivalents under the GHS have been retained under the CLP Regulation:[5] the numbering mirrors the number of the previous R-phrase. Physical properties[edit]

EUH001: Explosive when dry EUH006: Explosive with or without contact with air, deleted in the fourth adaptation to technical progress of CLP. EUH014: Reacts violently with water EUH018: In use may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture EUH019: May form explosive peroxides EUH044: Risk of explosion if heated under confinement

Health properties[edit]

EUH029: Contact with water liberates toxic gas EUH031: Contact with acids liberates toxic gas EUH032: Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas EUH066: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking EUH070: Toxic by eye contact EUH071: Corrosive to the respiratory tract

Environmental properties[edit]

EUH059: Hazardous to the ozone layer, superseded by GHS Class 5.1 in the second adaptation to technical progress of CLP.

Other EU hazard statements[edit] Some other hazard statements intended for use in very specific circumstances have also been retained under the CLP Regulation.[6] Note that, in this case, the numbering of the EU specific hazard statements can coincide with GHS hazard statements if the "EU" prefix is not included.

EUH201: Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children.

EUH201A: Warning! Contains lead.

EUH202: Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children. EUH203: Contains chromium(VI). May produce an allergic reaction. EUH204: Contains isocyanates. May produce an allergic reaction. EUH205: Contains epoxy constituents. May produce an allergic reaction. EUH206: Warning! Do not use together with other products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine). EUH207: Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer. Comply with the safety instructions. EUH208: Contains <name of sensitising substance>. May produce an allergic reaction. EUH209: Can become highly flammable in use.

EUH209A: Can become flammable in use.

EUH210: Safety data sheet
Safety data sheet
available on request. EUH401: To avoid risks to human health and the environment, comply with the instructions for use.

Australia[edit] The GHS was adopted in Australia
Australia
from 1 January 2012 and becomes mandatory in States and Territories that have adopted the harmonised Work Health and Safety laws (other than Victoria and Western Australia) as of 1 January 2017.[7] The National Code of Practice for the Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals [8] includes 12 Australian-specific GHS Hazard Statements, as follows: Physical hazard statements[edit]

AUH001: Explosive when dry AUH006: Explosive with or without contact with air AUH014: Reacts violently with water AUH018: In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture AUH019: May form explosive peroxides AUH044: Risk of explosion if heated under confinement

Human health hazard statements[edit]

AUH029: Contact with water liberates toxic gas AUH031: Contact with acids liberates toxic gas

Additional non-GHS hazard statements[edit]

AUH032: Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas AUH066: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking AUH070: Toxic by eye contact AUH071: Corrosive to the respiratory tract

New Zealand[edit] As of March 2009, the relevant New Zealand regulations under the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996
Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996
do not specify the exact wording required for hazard statements. However, the New Zealand classification system includes three categories of environmental hazard which are not included in the GHS Rev.2:

Ecotoxicity to soil environment Ecotoxicity to terrestrial vertebrates Ecotoxicity to terrestrial invertebrates

These are classes 9.2–9.4 respectively of the New Zealand classification scheme, and are divided into subclasses according to the degree of hazard.[9] Substances in subclass 9.2D ("Substances that are slightly harmful in the soil environment") do not require a hazard statement, while substances in the other subclasses require an indication of the general degree of hazard and general type of hazard.[10] Notes[edit]

^ The United Nations
United Nations
has published the list of GHS hazard statements in all UN official languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish): it can be found in Annex 3 of GHS Rev.2 for the corresponding language. ^ A list of translations into all the European Union
European Union
official languages can be found in Annex III to the CLP Regulation, on pages 146–91 of the official English-language version for the GHS statements and pages 192–209 for the EU-specific statements. ^ Part 1, section 1.4.10.5.2, GHS Rev.2 ^ Part 1, section 1.4.10.5.2(b)(ii), GHS Rev.2 ^ Annex III, CLP Regulation, pp. 192–200. ^ Annex III, CLP Regulation, pp. 200–9. ^ http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/whs-information/hazardous-chemicals/pages/hazardous-chemicals-other-substances ^ http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/about/Publications/Documents/642/Preparation_of_Safety_Data_Sheet_for_Hazardous_Chemicals2.pdf ^ Schedule 6, Hazardous Substances (Classification) Regulations 2001 ^ reg. 20, Hazardous Substances (Identification) Regulations 2001

References[edit]

Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (Fourth revised ed.), New York and Geneva: United Nations, 2011, ISBN 978-92-1-117042-9, ST/SG/AC.10/30/Rev.2  ("GHS Rev.4") Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (Second revised ed.), New York and Geneva: United Nations, 2007, ISBN 978-92-1-116957-7, ST/SG/AC.10/30/Rev.2  ("GHS Rev.2") Hazardous Substances (Classification) Regulations 2001 (SR 2001/113)  (New Zealand) Hazardous Substances (Identification) Regulations 2001 (SR 2001/124)  (New Zealand) "Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006", OJCE (L353): 1–1355, 2008-12-31  (the "CLP Regulation")

External links[edit]

Chemical Hazard & Precautionary Phrases in 23 European Languages

Dangerous goods port

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