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The Info List - GBU-12


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The GBU-12 Paveway
Paveway
II is an American aerial laser-guided bomb, based on the Mk 82 500-pound general-purpose bomb, but with the addition of a nose-mounted laser seeker and fins for guidance. A member of the Paveway
Paveway
series of weapons, Paveway
Paveway
II entered into service c. 1976. It is currently in service with the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Saudi Air Force, U.S. Air Force, US Navy, US Marine Corps, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Malaysian Air Force, Philippine Air Force, Colombian Air Force, Swedish Air Force, and various NATO
NATO
air forces. GBU-12 bombs (along with the balance of the Paveway
Paveway
series) are produced by defense contractors Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
and Raytheon. Raytheon began production after purchasing the product line from Texas Instruments. Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
was awarded a contract to compete with Raytheon
Raytheon
when there was a break in production caused by transferring manufacturing out of Texas. " Paveway
Paveway
II" refers specifically to the guidance kit, rather than to the weapon itself. See also GBU-16 Paveway
Paveway
II, where the same guidance unit is fitted to a Mk 83 1,000-lb bomb. The US Department of Defense has upgraded GBU-12 production versions to include GPS
GPS
guidance modes. Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
is the sole source for US Navy
US Navy
purchases of this version. Raytheon
Raytheon
sells upgraded GBU-12s to the US Government and other nations. Laser-guided bombs are often labeled "smart bombs" because they are able to follow a non-ballistic trajectory when laser designation of the intended target is undertaken. According to Raytheon's fact sheet for the Paveway
Paveway
2, 99 deliveries of guided munitions will yield a circular error probable (CEP) of only 3.6 feet (1.1 metres), versus a CEP of 310 feet (94.49 metres) for 99 unguided bombs dropped under similar conditions. Paveway
Paveway
II laser-guided bombs use what is known as "bang bang" guidance. This means the bomb's fins deflect fully, rather than proportionally when it is attempting to guide to the laser spot. For example, if it sees the laser spot and determines that it should make a change it deflects its fins until it has over-corrected and then it deflects back the opposite direction, creating a sinusoidal type of flight path. This type of guidance may be less efficient at times, however is more cost effective and allows the use of simpler electronics in the guidance system. References[edit]

^ "Munitions Acquisitions cost". 

External links[edit]

Raytheon's official Paveway
Paveway
fact page Globalsecurity.org Paveway
Paveway
fact page Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
Paveway
Paveway
fact page

v t e

Equipment of the United States Air Force

Active service & Aircraft designation

A - Attack

A/OA-10A/C Thunderbolt II AC-130H/U/J/W Spectre/Spooky II/Ghostrider/Stinger II

B - Strategic bomber

B-1B Lancer B-2A Spirit B-52H Stratofortress

C - Cargo transport

C-5A/B/C Galaxy C-5M Super Galaxy C-12C/D/F Huron C-17A Globemaster III C-20B Gulfstream III C-20H Gulfstream IV C-21A Learjet C-27J Spartan C-37A Gulfstream V C-40B/C Clipper C-130E/H/J/J-30 Hercules CV-22B Osprey

E - Electronic warfare

E-3B/C Sentry E-4B E-8C Joint STARS E-9A Widget E-11A BACN EC-130H Compass Call EC-130J Commando Solo

F - Air superiority & Multirole fighter

F-15C/D Eagle F-15E Strike Eagle F-16C/D Fighting Falcon F-22A Raptor F-35A Lightning II

H - Search and rescue

HC-130P/N King HC-130J Combat King II HH-60G/MH-60G Pave Hawk

K - Tanker

KC-10A Extender KC-135E/R/T Stratotanker

L - Cold weather

LC-130H

M - Multi-mission

CV-22 Osprey MC-130E/H/J/P Combat Talon I/Combat Talon II/Commando II/Combat Shadow MC-12W Liberty

O - Observation

OC-135B Open Skies

Q - Remotely Piloted

MQ-1 Predator MQ-9 Reaper RQ-4A Global Hawk RQ-11B Raven RQ-170 Sentinel

R - Reconnaissance

RC-26B Condor RC-135S/U/V/W COBRA BALL/Combat Sent/Rivet Joint Scan Eagle RU-2S Dragon Lady Wasp III

T - Trainer

T-1A Jayhawk T-6A Texan II (A)T-38A/B/C Talon II TG-10B/C/D TG-15A/B Diamond T-52A

U - Utility

UH-1N Iroquois UH-1H/N/V Huey UV-18A/B Twin Otter U-28A

V – VIP/staff transport

VC-9C VC-25A (Air Force One) C-32A/B (Air Force Two) C-40B/C Clipper

W – Weather reconnaissance

WC-130J Hercules WC-135W Constant Phoenix

Other/undesignated

An-26 (6th SOS) CN-235-100 (427th SOS) Mi-8 (6th SOS)

Space systems

Launch vehicle

Atlas V Delta II Delta IV

Satellite

Advanced Extremely High Frequency
Advanced Extremely High Frequency
(AEHF) Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
(DMSP) Defense Satellite Communications System
Defense Satellite Communications System
(DSCS) Defense Support Program
Defense Support Program
(DSP) Global Positioning System
Global Positioning System
(GPS) Milstar
Milstar
Satellite Communications System Space-Based Infrared System
Space-Based Infrared System
(SBIRS) Wideband Global SATCOM

Ground systems

C2

AN/USQ-163 Falconer AN/GSQ-272 Sentinel

Ground-based radar

AN/FPQ-16 Perimeter Acquisition Attack Characterization System (PARCS) AN/FPS-123 Early Warning Radar (EWR) AN/FPS-132 Upgraded Early Warning Radar (UEWR) AN/FPS-85 AN/FPS-133 Air Force Space Surveillance System
Air Force Space Surveillance System
(AFSSS) AN/FSQ-114 Ground-Based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance (GEODSS) AN/FSQ-224 Morón Optical Space Surveillance (MOSS) Rapid Attack, Identification, Detection, and Reporting System (RAIDRS)

Ground vehicle

HMMWV LSSV R-5 Refueler R-9 Refueler R-11 Refueler C300

Munitions

Bomb

Mk-82 Mk-84 GBU-8 GBU-10 Paveway
Paveway
II GBU-12 Paveway
Paveway
II GBU-15 GBU-24 Paveway
Paveway
III GBU-27 Paveway
Paveway
III GBU-28 GBU-31 JDAM GBU-32 JDAM GBU-38 JDAM GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb GBU-44/B Viper Strike GBU-53/B Small Diameter Bomb
Small Diameter Bomb
II GBU-54 Laser
Laser
JDAM CBU-87 Combined Effects Munition CBU-89 Gator CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon BLU-109/B Bomb BLU-116 Bunker Buster B61 Nuclear Bomb B83 Nuclear Bomb

Gun

GAU-8 Avenger M61 Vulcan GAU-12 GAU-13 GAU-19 M240 L/60 Bofors M102 ATK GAU-23/A M2 Browning Minigun

Missile

AIM-7M Sparrow AIM-9M/X Sidewinder LGM-30G Minuteman III AGM-65A/B/D/E/G/G2/H/K Maverick AGM-84 Harpoon AGM-84E Standoff Land Attack Missile AGM-84H/K Standoff Land Attack Missile - Expanded Response AGM-86B/C/D Air-Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) AGM-88A/B/C High-speed Anti-radiation Missile (HARM) AGM-114 Hellfire
AGM-114 Hellfire
Air-to-Surface Missile (ASM) AIM-120B/C Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) AGM-130
AGM-130
Powered Standoff Weapon AGM-154A Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) AGM-158 Joint Air-to-Surface Stand-off Missile (JASSM) AGM-176 Griffin Zuni rocket

Target

BQM-34 Firebee BQM-167 Subscale Aerial Target MQM-107 Streaker QF-4 Aerial Target

Small arms

Sidearm/PDW

M11 Pistol M9 Pistol M17 Pistol MP5 submachine gun USAF
USAF
Pilot's Survival Knife

Rifle/Carbine

GUU-5/P Carbine M4 carbine M14 Stand-off Munitions Disruptor (SMUD) M16A2 Rifle M24 Sniper Weapon System M107 Long Range Sniper Rifle Mk 14 Mod 0 Enhanced Battle Rifle

Support/CQB

M60 machine gun M2HB Browning machine gun M240B Medium Machine Gun M249 light machine gun M1014 shotgun Remington 870 MCS shotgun

Ordnance

M136 AT4
AT4
Light Anti-tank Weapon M18A1 Claymore Mine M67 Fragmentation Grenade M72 Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW) M79 grenade launcher MK-19 automatic grenade launcher

Uniforms & other equipment

Airman Battle Uniform
Airman Battle Uniform
(ABU) Airman Combat Uniform (ACU) Flight Suit Physical Training Uniform Service Dress Uniform Mess dress C

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