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GOVINDAN ARAVINDAN (21 January 1935 – 15 March 1991), popularly known as G. ARAVINDAN, was a film director, screenwriter, musician, cartoonist and painter from Kerala
Kerala
, India
India
. He was one of the pioneers of Parallel Cinema in Malayalam
Malayalam
and is considered as one of the greatest filmmakers in India. He was known for his unorthodox way of filmmaking; he changed his cinematic forms consistently and experimented in storytelling without regular narrative styles. Before venturing into the film field, he was an established cartoonist. He had also worked with documentaries and theatre. He also occasionally directed music for other filmmakers. The Government of India
India
awarded him the fourth highest civilian award of Padma Shri in 1990.

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 Awards

* 3 Filmography

* 3.1 Direction * 3.2 Other contributions

* 4 References * 5 External links

BIOGRAPHY

G. Aravindan was the son of famous comedy writer M. N. Govindan Nair. Aravindan started his professional life as a cartoonist for the journal Mathrubhumi . He established himself as a noted cartoonist in the early 1960s with his cartoon series Cheriya Manushyarum Valiya Lokavum which dealt with the adventures of the central characters Ramu and Guruji, mingled with political and social satire. The series was preceded by two more cartoon series, Ramuvinte Sahasika Yathrakal and Guruji, featuring the central characters of Cheriya Manushyarum Valiya Lokavum. He also worked for other journals as a cartoonist. At one point, Aravindan diverted his attention to theatre and music. He played a major role in establishing theatre and music clubs Navarangam and Sopanam. He became associated with eminent theatre figure Kavalam Narayana Panicker which accelerated his activities in the field of professional play. They created several plays like Kaali and Avanavan Kadamba . Aravindan was working as an officer in revenue board when he got associated with artist Devan, playwright Thikkodiyan and writer Pattathuvila Karunakaran.

The first film directed by Aravindan, Uttarayanam (1974), came out as a product from this group; the film was produced by Karunakaran and the story was written by Thikkodiyan . The early works of Aravindan were influenced by the group; for example, the spiritualism factor which can be seen in his early works can be attributed to satirist Sanjayan and mystic paintings of K. C. S. Paniker . Aravindan's second film Kanchanasita was released three years later in 1977. It was retake on the Ramayana
Ramayana
. This film is credited with formation of a new stream called independent filmmaking . While Kanchana Sita dealt with mythology, Aravindan's next film Thampu (1978) dealt with realism and told the story of suffering in a circus troupe. His 1979 films Kummatty and Esthappan also ran through different streams. His next film Pokkuveyil (1981) starred poet Balachandran Chullikkad . From this to his next film there was a gap of four years.

The 1985 film Chidambaram was produced by Aravindan under the banner Suryakanthi. In 1986 Oridathu came which handled the problems faced by the people of a hamlet with no electricity, when electric supply finally reaches them. In this period Aravindan did a number of documentaries and short films. He composed music for films like Aaro Oral , Piravi and Ore Thooval Pakshikal . Aravindan's 1989 film Unni had a starcast mainly consisting of foreigners. Aravindan's final project Vasthuhara (1991) about refugees in Bengal
Bengal
was based on C. V. Sreeraman\'s short story in the same name. The film had Mohanlal and Neena Gupta in major roles.

Aravindan died on 15 March 1991, before the release of Vasthuhara.

AWARDS

Civilian Awards

* Padma Shri

National Film Awards

* 1974: Award for the Best Feature Film on the 25th Anniversary of India's Independence – Uttarayanam * 1974: Best Feature Film in Malayalam
Malayalam
Uttarayanam * 1978: Best Direction – Kanchana Sita * 1979: Best Direction – Thampu * 1986: Best Film – Chidambaram * 1987: Best Direction – Oridathu * 1991: Best Feature Film in Malayalam
Malayalam
Vasthuhara

Kerala
Kerala
State Film Awards

* 1974: Best Film – Uttarayanam * 1974: Best Director – Uttarayanam * 1974: Best Screenplay – Uttarayanam * 1978: Second Best Film – Thampu * 1978: Best Director – Thampu * 1979: Best Film – Esthappan * 1979: Best Children\'s Film – Kummatty * 1979: Best Director – Esthappan * 1981: Best Director – Pokkuveyil * 1985: Best Film – Chidambaram * 1985: Best Director – Chidambaram * 1985: Best Documentary – The Brown Landscape * 1986: Best Film – Oridathu * 1986: Best Director – Oridathu * 1986: Best Documentary – The Catch * 1988: Best Music Director – Ore Thooval Pakshikal * 1990: Best Film – Vasthuhara * 1990: Best Director – Vasthuhara

FILMOGRAPHY

DIRECTION

YEAR TITLE ENGLISH TITLE WRITER TYPE

1974 Uttarayanam Throne of Capricorn Yes Feature film

1977 Kanchana Sita The Golden Substitute

Feature film

1978 Thampu The Circus Tent

Feature film

1979 Kummatty The Bogeyman

Feature film

1980 Esthappan Stephen Yes* Feature film

1981 Pokkuveyil Twilight Yes Feature film

1985 Viti ---

Documentary film

1985 The Seer Who Walks Alone ---

Documentary film

1985 Chidambaram --- Yes Feature film

1985 The Brown Landscape ---

Short film

1986 The Catch ---

Documentary film

1986 Oridathu At a Place Yes Feature film

1987 Contours of Linear Rhythm ---

Documentary film

1988 Marattam Interchange Yes Television film

1988 Anadi-Dhara ---

Documentary film

1988 Unni ---

Feature film

1990 Sahaja Spontaneous

Short film

1991 Vasthuhara The Dispossessed Yes* Feature film

Notes

* He also wrote the story of Esthappan and dialogues for Vasthuhara.

OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS

YEAR TITLE DIRECTOR ROLE

1978 Aaro Oral V. K. Pavithran Composer

1980 Esthappan Himself Composer, editor

1988 Piravi Shaji N. Karun Composer

1989 Ore Thooval Pakshikal K. Ravindran Composer

REFERENCES

* ^ Obituary Variety , 25 March 1991. * ^ Srikanth Srinivasan (12 October 2013). "Outtakes: G. Aravindan". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 February 2015. * ^ The Hindu: Remembering Aravindan * ^ A B C cinemaofmalayalam.net: G. Aravindan profile * ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015. * ^ A B C Weblokam profile * ^ * ^ IFFI Aravindan Retrospective * ^ "Aravindan, film-maker of poetic vision, dead" (PDF). The Times of India
India
. cscsarchive.org. 17 March 1991. Retrieved 15 March 2011. * ^ "Ore Thooval Pakshikal". British Film Institute . Retrieved 21 January 2011.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* G. Aravindan on IMDb
IMDb
*

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