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The Info List - G. A. Henty



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GEORGE ALFRED HENTY (8 December 1832 – 16 November 1902) was a prolific English novelist and war correspondent . He is best known for his historical adventure stories that were popular in the late 19th century. His works include The Dragon according to literary critic Kathryn Castle: "Henty...exemplified the ethos of the new imperialism, and glorified in its successes". Henty's ideas about politics were influenced by writers such as Sir Charles Dilke and Thomas Carlyle .

Henty once related in an interview how his storytelling skills grew out of tales told after dinner to his children. He wrote his first children's book, Out on the Pampas in 1868, naming the book's main characters after his children. The book was published by Griffith and Farran in November 1870 with a title page date of 1871. While most of the 122 books he wrote were for children, he also wrote adult novels, non-fiction such as The March to Magdala and Those Other Animals, short stories for the likes of The Boy\'s Own Paper and edited the Union Jack , a weekly boy's magazine.

His children's novels typically revolved around a boy or young man living in troubled times. These ranged from the Punic War to more recent conflicts such as the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
or the American Civil War . Henty's heroes – which occasionally included young ladies – are uniformly intelligent, courageous, honest and resourceful with plenty of 'pluck' yet are also modest. These virtues have made Henty's novels popular today among many Christians and homeschoolers .

Henty usually researched his novels by ordering several books on the subject he was writing on from libraries, and consulting them before beginning writing. Some of his books were written about events (such as the Crimean War) that he witnessed himself. Hence these books are thus written with greater detail as Henty drew upon his first-hand experiences of people, places, and events.

On 16 November 1902, Henty died aboard his yacht in Weymouth Harbour, Dorset
Dorset
, leaving unfinished his last novel, By Conduct and Courage, which was completed by his son Captain C.G. Henty.

Henty is buried in Brompton Cemetery
Brompton Cemetery
, London. Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery
Brompton Cemetery
, London

INFLUENCE

G. A. Henty's commercial popularity encouraged other writers to try writing juvenile adventure stories in his style; " Herbert Strang ", Henry Everett McNeil , Percy F. Westerman and Captain Frederick Sadleir Brereton all wrote novels in "the Henty tradition", often incorporating then-contemporary themes such as aviation and First World War combat. By the 1930s, however, interest in Henty's work was declining in Britain, and hence few children's writers there looked to his work as a model.

The Henty series was part of F. Scott Fitzgerald 's boyhood reading.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Cover of the 1902 first edition of To Herat and Cabul, A Story of the First Afghan War by G. A. Henty
G. A. Henty
and illustrations by Charles A. Sheldon , published by Blackie and Son
Blackie and Son
Ltd. , London.

Henty wrote 122 works of historical fiction and all first editions had the date printed at the foot of the title page. Several short stories published in book form are included in this total, with the stories taken from previously published full-length novels. The dates given below are those printed at the foot of the title page of the very first editions in the United Kingdom. It is a common misconception that American Henty titles were published before those of the UK. All Henty titles bar one were published in the UK before those of America. The simple explanation for this error of judgement is that Charles Scribner's Sons of New York dated their Henty first editions for the current year. The first UK editions published by Blackie were always dated for the coming year, to have them looking fresh for Christmas. The only Henty title published in book form in America before the UK book was In the Hands of the Cave-Dwellers dated 1900 and published by Harper of New York. This title was published in book form in the UK in 1903, although the story itself had already been published in England prior to the first American edition, in The Boy's Own Annual.

MISATTRIBUTION

A book published in 1884 in the "Fireside Henty Series" called Forest and Frontier or Forests and Frontiers and Adventures Among the Indians was discovered to be by Thomas M. Newson.

UK AND US AVAILABILITY

In the late 1990s, a number of American publishers, such as Polyglot Press (Philadelphia, PA), PrestonSpeed, and the Lost Classics Book Company, began reprinting Henty's books and advocating their usage for conservative homeschoolers. Reprints of all Henty's works are available from modern day British and American publishers. One such publisher and major modern advocate of Henty is the American scientist, homeschool curriculum publisher, and one-time political candidate Arthur B. Robinson , who promotes the use of Henty's books as a supplement to his self-teaching homeschool curriculum.

CONTROVERSIAL VIEWS

Even during his lifetime, Henty's work was contentious; some Victorian writers accused Henty's novels of being xenophobic towards non-British people and objected to his glorification of British imperialism in such books as True to the Old Flag (1885) which supports the Loyalist side in the American War of Independence , and In the Reign of Terror (1888) and No Surrender! A Tale of the Rising in La Vendée (1900) which are strongly hostile to the French Revolution . However, In Henty's novel In Freedom's Cause: A Story of Wallace and Bruce (1885) the hero fights against the English, and bitterly denounces the acts of England's king, Edward I.

Henty's novel With Lee in Virginia has a protagonist who fights on the side of the "aristocratic" Confederacy against the Union .

Henty's popularity amongst homeschoolers is not without controversy. Quoting from the chapter of By Sheer Pluck called "The Negro Character" ("like children ..."), American television host and political commentator Rachel Maddow called Henty's writings "spectacularly racist". Carpenter and Pritchard note that while "Henty's work is indeed full of racial (and class) stereotypes ", he sometimes created sympathetic ethnic minority characters, such as the Indian servant who marries a white woman in With Clive in India, and point out Henty admired the Turkish Empire . Some even accuse Henty of holding blacks in utter contempt, and this is expressed in novels such as By Sheer Pluck: A Tale of the Ashanti War and A Roving Commission, or, Through the Black Insurrection at Hayti. Kathryne S. McDorman states Henty disliked blacks and also, in Henty's fiction, that "... Boers and Jews
Jews
were considered equally ignoble". In By Sheer Pluck: A Tale of the Ashanti War, Mr. Goodenough, an entomologist remarks to the hero:

They are just like children ... They are always either laughing or quarrelling. They are good-natured and passionate, indolent, but will work hard for a time; clever up to a certain point, densely stupid beyond. The intelligence of an average negro is about equal to that of a European child of ten years old. ... They are fluent talkers, but their ideas are borrowed. They are absolutely without originality, absolutely without inventive power. Living among white men, their imitative faculties enable them to attain a considerable amount of civilization. Left alone to their own devices they retrograde into a state little above their native savagery

In the Preface to his novel A Roving Commission (1900) Henty claims "the condition of the negroes in Hayti has fallen to the level of that of the savage African tribes" and argues "unless some strong white power should occupy the island and enforce law and order" this situation will not change.

In the novel Facing Death: A Tale of the Coal Mines Henty comes down against strikes and has the working class hero of the novel, Jack Simpson, quell a strike among coal miners.

A review by Deirdre H. McMahon in Studies of the Novel in 2010 refers to his novels as jingoist and racist and states that during the previous decade "Numerous reviews in right-wing and conservative Christian journals and websites applaud Henty’s texts as model readings and thoughtful presents for children, especially boys. These reviews often ignore Henty’s racism by packaging his version of empire as refreshingly heroic and patriotic."

In 1888, on the bookjacket for Captain Bayley's Heir, The Times
The Times
(of London) writes that Henty's character in With Lee in Virginia, "...bravely proving his sympathy with the slaves of brutal masters..." and escapes through "...the devotion of a black servant and of a runaway slave whom he had assisted...". The reviewer recommends the book.

LIST OF TITLES

TITLE TITLE PAGE DATE

A Search for a Secret 1867

The March to Magdala 1868

All But Lost, Volumes I, II and III 1869

Out on the Pampas: The Young Settlers 1871

The Young Franc-Tireurs and Their Adventure in the Franco-Prussian War 1872

The March to Coomassie 1874

The Young Buglers, A Tale of the Peninsular War 1880

The Cornet of Horse: A Tale of Marlborough's Wars 1881

In Times of Peril: A Tale of India 1881

Facing Death, The Hero of the Vaughan Pit – A Tale of the Coal Mines 1882

Winning His Spurs: A Tale of the Crusades (aka Boy Knight) 1882

Friends Though Divided: A Tale of the Civil War 1883

Jack Archer: A Tale of the Crimea 1883

Under Drake's Flag: A Tale of the Spanish Main 1883

By Sheer Pluck: A Tale of the Ashanti War 1884

With Clive in India: The Beginnings of an Empire 1884

In Freedom's Cause: A Story of Wallace and Bruce 1885

St. George For England: A Tale of Cressy and Poitiers 1885

True to the Old Flag: A Tale of the American War of Independence 1885

The Young Colonists: A Tale of the Zulu and Boer Wars 1885

The Dragon and the Raven, or The Days of King Alfred 1886

For Name and Fame: To Cabul with Roberts 1886

The Lion of the North: A Tale of Gustavus Adolphus and the Wars of Religion 1886

Through the Fray: A Tale of the Luddite Riots 1886

Yarns on the Beach: A Bundle of Tales 1886

The Bravest of the Brave, or, With Peterborough in Spain 1887

A Final Reckoning: A Tale of Bush Life in Australia 1887

The Sovereign Reader: Scenes from the Life and Reign of Queen Victoria 1887

The Young Carthaginian, A Story of the Time of Hannibal 1887

With Wolfe in Canada: The Winning of a Continent 1887

Bonnie Prince Charlie: A Tale of Fontenoy and Culloden 1888

For the Temple: A Tale of the Fall of Jerusalem 1888

Gabriel Allen M.P. 1888

In the Reign of Terror: The Adventures of a Westminster Boy 1888

Orange and Green: A Tale of the Boyne and Limerick 1888

Sturdy and Strong: How George Andrews Made His Way 1888

Captain Bayley's Heir: A Tale of the Gold Fields of California 1889

The Cat of Bubastes : A Tale of Ancient Egypt 1889

The Curse of Carne's Hold: A Tale of Adventure, Volumes I and II 1889

The Lion of St. Mark: A Story of Venice in the Fourteenth Century 1889

The Plague Ship (1889)

Tales of Daring and Danger, Five Short Stories 1890

By Pike and Dyke: A Tale of the Rise of the Dutch Republic 1890

One of the 28th: A Tale of Waterloo 1890

With Lee in Virginia, A Story of the American Civil War
American Civil War
1890

The Boy Knight: A Tale of the Crusades (the American title for Winning His Spurs) 1891

By England's Aid: The Freeing of the Netherlands, 1585–1604 1891

By Right of Conquest: With Cortez in Mexico 1891

Chapter of Adventures: Through the Bombardment of Alexandria aka The Young Midshipman (USA) 1891

A Hidden Foe, Volumes I and II 1891

Maori and Settler: A Tale of the New Zealand War 1891

Those Other Animals (1891)

The Dash For Khartoum: A Tale of the Nile Expedition 1892

Held Fast for England: A Tale of the Siege of Gibraltar (1779–83) 1892

The Ranche in the Valley (1892)

Redskin and Cowboy: A Tale of the Western Plains 1892

Beric the Briton: A Story of the Roman Invasion 1893

Condemned as a Nihilist: A Story of Escape from Siberia 1893

In Greek Waters: A Story of the Grecian War of Independence (1821–1827) 1893

Rujub, the Juggler, Volumes I, II and III 1893

Dorothy's Double: The Story of a Great Deception, Volumes I, II and III 1894

A Jacobite Exile: Being the Adventures of a Young Englishman in the Service of Charles XII of Sweden 1894

Saint Bartholomew's Eve: A Tale of the Huguenot Wars 1894

Through the Sikh War: A Tale of the Conquest of the Punjab 1894

In the Heart of the Rockies: A Story of Adventure in Colorado 1895

When London Burned: A Story of Restoration Times and the Great Fire 1895

Woman of the Commune: A Tale of Two Sieges of Paris (aka Cuthbert Hartington, A Girl of the Commune,Two Sieges and Two Sieges of Paris 1895

Wulf The Saxon: A Story of the Norman Conquest 1895

A Knight of the White Cross: A Tale of the Siege of Rhodes 1896

Through Russian Snows: A Story of Napoleon's Retreat from Moscow 1896

The Tiger of Mysore: A Story of the War with Tippoo Saib 1896

At Agincourt: A Tale of the White Hoods of Paris 1897

On the Irrawaddy: A Story of the First Burmese War 1897

The Queen's Cup, A Novel, Volumes I, II and III 1897

With Cochrane the Dauntless: A Tale of the Exploits of Lord Cochrane 1897

Colonel Thorndyke's Secret (aka The Brahmin's Treasure (USA)) 1898

A March on London: Being a Story of Wat Tyler's Insurrection 1898

With Frederick the Great: A Tale of the Seven Years War 1898

With Moore at Corunna: A Tale of the Peninsular War 1898

Among Malay Pirates; A Tale of Adventure and Peril (1899)

On the Spanish Main: A Tale of Cuba and the Buccaneers (1899)

At Aboukir and Acre: A Story of Napoleon's Invasion of Egypt 1899

Both Sides the Border: A Tale of Hotspur and Glendower 1899

The Golden Cañon and The Stone Chest, or The Secret of Cedar Island, (The Stone Chest is a filler title, not by Henty) (2-in-1 book) 1899

The Lost Heir 1899

Under Wellington's Command: A Tale of the Peninsular War 1899

In the Hands of the Cave Dwellers 1900

No Surrender! A Tale of the Rising in La Vendée 1900

A Roving Commission, or, Through the Black Insurrection at Hayti 1900

Won by the Sword: A Story of the Thirty Years War 1900

In the Irish Brigade: A Tale of War in Flanders and Spain 1901

John Hawke's Fortune: A Story of Monmouth's Rebellion 1901

Out With Garibaldi: A Story of the Liberation of Italy 1901

Queen Victoria: Scenes from her Life and Reign 1901

With Buller in Natal: A Born Leader 1901

At the Point of the Bayonet: A Tale of the Mahratta War 1902

To Herat and Cabul, A Story of the First Afghan War 1902

With Roberts to Pretoria: A Tale of the South African War 1902

The Treasure of the Incas: A Tale of Adventure in Peru 1903

With Kitchener in the Soudan, A Story of Atbara and Omdurman 1903

With the British Legion: A Story of the Carlist Wars 1903

Through Three Campaigns: A Story of Chitral, Tirah, and Ashantee 1904

With the Allies to Pekin: A Story of the Relief of the Legations 1904

Gallant Deeds, Five Short Stories 1905

By Conduct and Courage: A Story of Nelson's Days 1905

In the Hands of the Malays 1905

Among the Bushrangers from A Final Reckoning 1906

Indian Raid, An from Redskin and Cowboy 1906

Cast Ashore from With Clive in India 1906

Charlie Marryat from With Clive in India 1906

Cornet Walter from Orange and Green 1906

A Highland Chief from In Freedom's Cause 1906

The Two Prisoners from A Soldier's Daughter 1906

The Young Captain from With Clive in India 1906

ADAPTATION

There is one known instance of a book title by Henty having been filmed, along with seven audio theater productions by Heirloom Audio in their series "The Extraordinary Adventures of G. A. Henty": Under Drake's Flag, With Lee In Virginia., In the Reign of Terror, The Cat of Bubastes, Beric the Briton, The Dragon and the Raven, and In Freedom's Cause.

FILM

A Final Reckoning (1929), American, B distributed by Universal Pictures Corporation. Scenario by Basil Dickey and George Morgan , from a novel by George Alfred Henty. Cinematography by Frank Redman.

Twelve episodes (two reels each): "A Treacherous Friend," released 15 April 1929. / Standard 35mm spherical 1.37:1 format. / Website-IMDb lists the release date of the first episode as 15 April 1928.

AUDIO THEATER PRODUCTIONS

* Under Drake's Flag (2013), Heirloom Audio Productions * In Freedom's Cause (2014), Heirloom Audio Productions * With Lee In Virginia, Heirloom Audio Productions * In the Reign of Terror, Heirloom Audio Productions * The Cat of Bubastes, Heirloom Audio Productions * Beric the Briton, Heirloom Audio Productions * The Dragon and the Raven, Heirloom Audio Productions

REFERENCES

* ^ "Henty, George Alfred". Who\'s Who 1901: An Annual Biographical Dictionary. London: Adam & Charles Black. 1901. p. 556. * ^ "George Alfred Henty". Literature. Athenæum (4182): 792–93. 21 December 1907. * ^ "Henty, George Alfred (HNTY851GA)". A Cambridge
Cambridge
Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. * ^ A B C Kathryne S. McDorman,"Henty, George Alfred" in Historical Dictionary of the British empire edited by James S. Olson and Robert Shadle. Greenwood Press, 1996 ISBN 0-313-27917-9 (pp. 152-54, Volume 1). * ^ Kathryn Castle. Britannia’s children : Reading Colonialism through children’s books and magazines. Manchester University Press, 1996, ISBN 0-7190-2853-1 (p. 55). * ^ A B C D Humphrey Carpenter and Mari Prichard,The Oxford Companion to children's literature Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 978-0-19-860228-6 (pp. 244-7). * ^ Brompton Cemetery
Brompton Cemetery
Website. * ^ Carpenter and Prichard,The Oxford Companion to children's literature, (p. 7). * ^ Thwaite, Mary Florence (1963). From Primer to Pleasure: An introduction to the history of children's books in England. Library Association. p. 181. * ^ Turnbull, Andrew, Scott Fitzgerald (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1962), p. 14. * ^ Newbolt, Peter. G.A.Henty 1832–1902 A Bibliographical Study. ISBN 978-1-85928-208-3 . * ^ "Minnesota Stories In The "Fireside Henty Series "". Minnesota History. 14: 86–87. 1933. * ^ "Henty\'s Heroes", The Economist, 9 December 1999. Retrieved 26 October 2011. * ^ Administrator. "Adventure, Character, History, and Vocabulary - Robinson Books - GA Henty Collection - Adventure Books for Boys". henty.com. * ^ "Henty was a British imperialist, and his attitude to the War of Independence is totally coloured by this doctrine. He thought that Britain was right and the American colonists were wrong". Dennis Butts, "Exploiting a Formula: The Adventure Stories of G.A. Henty (1832-1902)" in Popular Children's Literature in Britain. Edited by Julia Briggs, Dennis Butts, and Matthew Orville Grenby. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2008. ISBN 978-1-84014-242-6 (pp. 149-164). * ^ Butts, 2008. * ^ "The English devotion to the cause of a Southern aristocracy sank to rest in the quieter formulas of a G. A. Henty's boy's novel". "The English Novelists and the American Civil War", Charles E. Shain, American Quarterly. Vol. 14, No. 3 (Autumn, 1962), (p. 420). * ^ Krepel, Terry (28 October 2010). "The Question to Ask About Art Robinson\'s Love of Racist Novels". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 5 December 2010. * ^ The Rachel Maddow Show, 11 October 2010, Guests: Mark McKinnon , Gov. Ed Rendell
Ed Rendell
, Nola Foulston . * ^ "\'The Rachel Maddow Show\' for Friday, Oct. 8th, 2010". MSNBC. 12 October 2010. Retrieved 5 December 2010. * ^ A B Quotes at By Sheer Pluck (1884), p. 118, via forgotten books.com (2013, London). Retrieved 2015-03-11. * ^ Chris Bongie, Friends and enemies: the scribal politics of post/colonial literature Liverpool University Press, 2008, ISBN 1-84631-142-X (p. 140 ). * ^ Guy Arnold , Held Fast for England: G.A Henty, Imperialist Boys' Writer. Hamish Hamilton, 1980, ISBN 0-241-10373-8 (p. 21) * ^ McMahon, Deirdre H. (Spring–Summer 2010). ""Quick, Ethel, Your Rifle!": Portable Britishness and Flexible Gender Roles in G.A. Henty\'s Books for Boys". Studies of the Novel. 42 (1 & 2). Retrieved 19 April 2013. * ^ Henty, GA (1889). Captain Bayley\'s Hei