GóRA KALWARIA is a town on the
Vistula River in the Mazovian
Voivodship , Poland, about 25 kilometres (16 miles) southeast of
Major industries previously included food processing ( Hortex ), sports equipment (Polsport ), and chemical industry . However, by 2005, they had all closed.
* 1 History * 2 People * 3 See also * 4 External links
Historic town hall
The village of Góra already existed in the 13th century. Completely destroyed during a Swedish occupation known as the Deluge , in 1666, it became the property of Stefan Wierzbowski , Bishop of Poznań , who decided to found a new town on the ruins. His plan was to build a calvary — a religious center dedicated to passion plays and services, which was popular in the early modern Poland. He was encouraged by the fact that the local landscape resembled that of the Holy Land .
In 1670, the town was renamed Nowa Jerozolima, granted city rights
and construction work kicked off. The urban design was based on
medieval maps of
After Bishop Wierzbowski's death the decline of the town began. Many churches and chapels were pulled down, and in the years 1883–1919 the town was deprived of city rights.
In the early 19th century, the ban on Jewish settlement was lifted
and Jews shortly became the predominant group in the town. Góra
Kalwaria then became one of the major centers of
Hasidic Judaism and
home to the Ger dynasty. During the Holocaust , the Jewish population
of the town was first concentrated in a small ghetto . In 1942, it was
transferred to the
* Pinchas Menachem Justman , The Piltzer Rebbe * Józef Chaciński , politician and lawyer * Yitzhak-Meir Levin , member of the Sejm and signatory of the Israeli declaration of independence * Wolf Messing , a mentalist
* Rebbes of Ger (Alter family)