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Góra Kalwaria
Góra Kalwaria
[ˈgura kalˈvarʲa] is a town on the Vistula
Vistula
River in the Mazovian Voivodship, Poland, about 25 kilometres (16 miles) southeast of Warsaw. It has a population of about 11,000 (1992). The town has significance for both Catholic Christians and Hasidic
Hasidic
Jews. Originally, its name was simply Góra (literally: "Mountain"), changed in 1670 to Nowa Jerozolima ("New Jerusalem"), and in the 18th century to Góra Kalwaria
Góra Kalwaria
(" Calvary
Calvary
Mountain"). Major industries previously included food processing (Hortex), sports equipment (Polsport), and chemical industry. However, by 2005, they had all closed.[citation needed]

Contents

1 History 2 People 3 See also 4 External links

History[edit]

Historic town hall

The village of Góra already existed in the 13th century. Completely destroyed during a Swedish occupation known as the Deluge, in 1666, it became the property of Stefan Wierzbowski, Bishop of Poznań, who decided to found a new town on the ruins. His plan was to build a calvary — a religious center dedicated to passion plays and services, which was popular in the early modern Poland. He was encouraged by the fact that the local landscape resembled that of the Holy Land. In 1670, the town was renamed Nowa Jerozolima, granted city rights and construction work kicked off. The urban design was based on medieval maps of Jerusalem, and the street grid formed a Latin cross. The bishop invited Dominican, Bernardine and Piarist
Piarist
orders to settle in the town, which soon became dotted with monasteries, churches, chapels and passion paths (such as stations of the Cross). The town was supposed to be a purely Christian one and Jews were not allowed to settle there. After Bishop Wierzbowski's death the decline of the town began. Many churches and chapels were pulled down, and in the years 1883–1919 the town was deprived of city rights. In the early 19th century, the ban on Jewish settlement was lifted and Jews shortly became the predominant group in the town. Góra Kalwaria then became one of the major centers of Hasidic
Hasidic
Judaism and home to the Ger dynasty. During the Holocaust, the Jewish population of the town was first concentrated in a small ghetto. In 1942, it was transferred to the Warsaw
Warsaw
Ghetto
Ghetto
and from there to the Treblinka extermination camp. People[edit]

Pinchas Menachem Justman, The Piltzer Rebbe Józef Chaciński, politician and lawyer Yitzhak-Meir Levin, member of the Sejm and signatory of the Israeli declaration of independence Wolf Messing, a mentalist Rebbes of Ger (Alter family)

Avraham Mordechai Alter Pinchas Menachem Alter Simchah Bunim Alter Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter Yisrael Alter Yitzchak Meir Alter

Yankel Talmud
Yankel Talmud
(1885-1965), Ger court composer Gosia Kołosińska

See also[edit]

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Battle of Warsaw
Warsaw
(1920) Battle of Radzymin (1944)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Góra Kalwaria.

Miasto i gmina Góra Kalwaria Jewish Community in Góra Kalwaria
Góra Kalwaria
on Virtual Shtetl Góra Kalwaria, Poland
Poland
at JewishGen

Coordinates: 51°59′N 21°14′E / 51.983°N 21.233°E / 51.983; 21.233

v t e

Gmina
Gmina
Góra Kalwaria

Town
Town
and seat

Góra Kalwaria

Villages

Aleksandrów Baniocha Borki Brześce Brzumin Buczynów Cendrowice Coniew Czachówek Czaplin Czaplinek Czarny Las Czersk Dębówka Dobiesz Julianów Karolina Kąty Kępa Radwankowska Królewski Las Krzaki Czaplinkowskie Linin Łubna Ługówka Mikówiec Moczydłów Obręb Ostrówik Pęcław Podgóra Podłęcze Podosowa Potycz Sierzchów Sobików Solec Szymanów Tomice Wincentów Wojciechowice Wólka Dworska Wólka Załęska

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127412

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