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Gérard Debreu
Gérard Debreu
(French: [dəbʁø]; 4 July 1921 – 31 December 2004) was a French-born American economist and mathematician. Best known as a professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley, where he began work in 1962, he won the 1983 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.[1]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Academic career 3 Major publications

3.1 Books 3.2 Book chapters 3.3 Journal articles

4 References 5 External links

Biography[edit] His father was the business partner of his maternal grandfather in lace manufacturing, a traditional industry in Calais. Debreu was orphaned at an early age, as his father committed suicide and his mother died of natural causes.[2] Prior to the start of World War II, he received his baccalauréat and went to Ambert
Ambert
to begin preparing for the entrance examination of a grande école. Later on, he moved from Ambert
Ambert
to Grenoble
Grenoble
to complete his preparation, both places being in Vichy France
France
during World War II. In 1941, he was admitted to the École Normale Supérieure
École Normale Supérieure
in Paris, along with Marcel Boiteux (fr). He was influenced by Henri Cartan
Henri Cartan
and the Bourbaki writers. When he was about to take the final examinations in 1944, the Normandy landings
Normandy landings
occurred and he, instead, enlisted in the French army. He was transferred for training to Algeria and then served in the occupying French forces in Germany until July 1945. Debreu passed the Agrégation de Mathématiques exams at the end of 1945 and the beginning of 1946. By this time, he had become interested in economics, particularly in the general equilibrium theory of Léon Walras. From 1946 to 1948, he was an assistant in the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. During these two and a half years, he made the transition from mathematics to economics. In 1948, Debreu went to the United States on a Rockefeller Fellowship
Rockefeller Fellowship
which allowed him to visit several American universities, as well as those in Uppsala and Oslo in 1949–50. Debreu married Françoise Bled in 1946 and they had two daughters, Chantal and Florence, born in 1946 and 1950 respectively. Debreu died in Paris
Paris
at the age of 83 of natural causes on New Year's Eve, 2004. Academic career[edit] Debreu began working as a Research Associate and joined the Cowles Commission at the University of Chicago
University of Chicago
in the summer of 1950. He remained there for five years, returning to Paris
Paris
periodically. In 1954, he published a breakthrough paper, entitled Existence of an Equilibrium for a Competitive Economy, together with Kenneth Arrow, in which they provided a definitive mathematical proof of the existence of a general equilibrium, using topological rather than calculus-based methods. In 1955, he moved to Yale University. In 1959, he published his classical monograph, Theory of Value: An Axiomatic Analysis of Economic Equilibrium (Cowles Foundation Monographs Series), which is one of the most important works in mathematical economics.[3] He also studied several problems in the theory of cardinal utility, in particular the additive decomposition of a utility function defined on a Cartesian product
Cartesian product
of sets. In this monograph, Debreu set up an axiomatic foundation for competitive markets. He also established the existence of an equilibrium using a novel approach. The main idea of his argument is to show that there exists a price system for which the aggregate excess demand correspondence vanishes. He did so by proving a type of fixed-point theorem that is based on the Kakutani fixed-point theorem. In Chapter 7, Debreu introduced the concept of uncertainty and showed how it could be incorporated into the deterministic model. Here, he introduced the notion of a contingent commodity, which is a promise to deliver a good should a certain state of nature be realized. This concept is very frequently used in financial economics, where it is known as the "Arrow–Debreu security". In 1960–61, he worked at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford and devoted most of his time to the complex proof that appeared in 1962 of a general theorem on the existence of an economic equilibrium. In January 1962, he started working at the University of California, Berkeley, where he held the titles of University Professor and Class of 1958 Professor of Economics and Mathematics Emeritus. During his sabbaticals in the late 1960s and 1970s, he visited universities in Leiden, Cambridge, Bonn and Paris. His later studies centred mainly on the theory of differentiable economies, where he showed that, in general, aggregate excess demand functions vanish at a finite number of points – basically, he showed that economies have a finite number of price equilibria. In 1976, he received the French Legion of Honour. He was awarded the 1983 Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of general equilibrium theory. He was a member of the International Academy of Science. In 1990, he served as President of the American Economic Association.[4] Major publications[edit] Books[edit]

Debreu, Gérard (1959). The theory of value: an axiomatic analysis of economic equilibrium (pdf). New York: Wiley. OCLC 270657.  Debreu, Gérard (1986). Mathematical economics: twenty papers of Gerard Debreu. Cambridge Cambridgeshire New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521335614. 

The twenty papers: The coefficient of resource utilization · A social equilibrium existence theorem · A classical tax-subsidy problem · Existence of an equilibrium for a competitive economy (by Gérard Debreu and Kenneth J. Arrow) · Valuation equilibrium and Pareto optimum · Representation of a preference ordering by a numerical function · Market equilibrium · Economics under uncertainty · Topological methods in cardinal utility theory · New concepts and techniques for equilibrium analysis · A limit theorem on the core of an economy (by Gérard Debreu
Gérard Debreu
and Herbert Scarf) · Contuinity properties of Paretian utility · Neighboring economic agents · Economies with a finite set of equilibria · Smooth preferences · Excess demand functions · The rate of convergence of the core of an economy · Four aspects of the mathematical theory of economic equilibrium · The application to economics of differential topology and global analysis: differentiable economies · Least concave utility functions

Debreu, Gérard; Arrow, Kenneth J. (2001). Landmark papers in general equilibrium theory, social choice and welfare. Cheltenham, UK Northampton, Massachusetts, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781840645699. 

Book chapters[edit]

Debreu, Gérard (1954), "Representation of a preference ordering by a numerical function", in Thrall, Robert M.; Coombs, Clyde H.; Raiffa, Howard, Decision processes, New York: Wiley, pp. 159–167, OCLC 639321.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (1960), "Topological methods in cardinal utility theory", in Arrow, Kenneth J.; Karlin, Samuel; Suppes, Patrick, Mathematical models in the social sciences, 1959: Proceedings of the first Stanford symposium, Stanford mathematical studies in the social sciences, IV, Stanford, California: Stanford University
Stanford University
Press, pp. 16–26, ISBN 9780804700214.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard; Scarf, Herbert (1972), "A limit theorem on the core of an economy", in McGuire, C.B.; Radner, Roy, Decision and organization: a volume in honor of Jacob Marschak, Studies in Mathematical and Managerial Economics Series (volume 12), Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub. Co., pp. 283–297, ISBN 9780720433135.  Debreu, Gérard (1981), "Existence of competitive equilibrium", in Arrow, Kenneth J.; Intriligator, Michael D., Handbook of mathematical economics, Handbook of Economics Series, Amsterdam New York, New York: Elsevier
Elsevier
North-Holland, pp. 697–744, ISBN 9780444861269. 

Journal articles[edit]

Debreu, Gérard (July 1951). "The coefficient of resource utilization". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 19 (3): 273–292. doi:10.2307/1906814. JSTOR 1906814.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (April 1952). "Definite and semidefinite quadratic forms". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 20 (2): 295–300. doi:10.2307/1907852. JSTOR 1907852.  Debreu, Gérard (October 1952). "A social equilibrium existence theorem". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Sciences. 38 (10): 886–893. doi:10.1073/pnas.38.10.886. JSTOR 88720. PMC 1063675 . PMID 16589195.  Full text. Debreu, Gérard; Herstein, Israel N. (October 1953). "Nonnegative square matrices". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 21 (4): 597–607. doi:10.2307/1907925. JSTOR 1907925.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (January 1954). "A classical tax-subsidy problem". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 22 (1): 14–22. doi:10.2307/1909828. JSTOR 1909828.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (June 1954). "Numerical representations of technological change". Metroeconomica. Wiley. 6 (2): 45–54. doi:10.1111/j.1467-999X.1954.tb00485.x.  Debreu, Gérard (July 1954). "Valuation equilibrium and Pareto optimum". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Sciences via JSTOR. 40 (7): 588–592. doi:10.1073/pnas.40.7.588. JSTOR 89325.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard; Arrow, Kenneth J. (July 1954). "Existence of an equilibrium for a competitive economy". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 22 (3): 265–290. doi:10.2307/1907353. JSTOR 1907353.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (November 1956). "Market equilibrium". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Sciences
via JSTOR. 42 (11): 876–878. doi:10.1073/pnas.42.11.876. JSTOR 89463.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (July 1958). "Stochastic choice and cardinal utility". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 26 (3): 440–444. doi:10.2307/1907622. JSTOR 1907622.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (June 1959). " Cardinal utility
Cardinal utility
for even-chance mixtures of pairs of sure prospects". The Review of Economic Studies. Oxford Journals. 26 (3): 174–177. doi:10.2307/2295745. JSTOR 2295745.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (1960). "Une économique de l'incertain" [Economics under uncertainty]. Économie Appliquée. Institut des Sciences Mathématiques et Économiques Appliquées (ISMEA). 13 (1): 111–116. Archived from the original on 2016-06-02.  Debreu, Gérard (April 1960). "On 'an identity in arithmetic'". Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society. American Mathematical Society. 11 (2): 220–221. doi:10.2307/2032959. JSTOR 2032959.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (September 1962). "New concepts and techniques for equilibrium analysis". International Economic Review. Wiley. 3 (3): 257–273. doi:10.2307/2525394. JSTOR 2525394.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard; Scarf, Herbert (September 1963). "A limit theorem on the core of an economy". International Economic Review. Wiley. 4 (3): 235–246. doi:10.2307/2525306. JSTOR 2525306.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (October 1963). "On a theorem of Scarf". The Review of Economic Studies. Oxford Journals. 30 (3): 177–180. doi:10.2307/2296318. JSTOR 2296318.  Debreu, Gérard (May 1964). "Nonnegative solutions of linear inequalities". International Economic Review. Wiley. 5 (2): 178–184. doi:10.2307/2525561. JSTOR 2525561.  Debreu, Gérard (September 1964). "Contuinity properties of Paretian utility". International Economic Review. Wiley. 5 (3): 285–293. doi:10.2307/2525513. JSTOR 2525513.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (1967). "Integration of correspondences". Proceedings of Fifth Berkeley Symposium on Mathematical Statistics and Probability, part 1. University of California Press
University of California Press
via Project Euclid. 2: 351–372.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (January 1967). "Preference functions on measure spaces of economic agents". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 35 (1): 111–122. doi:10.2307/1909386. JSTOR 1909386.  Debreu, Gérard (1969). "Neighboring economic agents". La Décision. Paris, Colloques International du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS). 171: 85–90. Archived from the original on 2016-02-21.  Debreu, Gérard (May 1970). "Economies with a finite set of equilibria". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 38 (3): 387–392. doi:10.2307/1909545. JSTOR 1909545.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (July 1972). "Smooth preferences". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 40 (4): 603–615. doi:10.2307/1912956. JSTOR 1912956.  Pdf.[permanent dead link] Debreu, Gérard (1974). "Four aspects of the mathematical theory of economic equilibrium" (pdf). Proceedings of International Congress of Mathematicians. Vancouver: International Congress of Mathematicians: 65–77.  Debreu, Gérard (March 1974). "Excess demand functions". Journal of Mathematical Economics. Elsevier. 1 (1): 15–21. doi:10.1016/0304-4068(74)90032-9.  Debreu, Gérard (March 1975). "The rate of convergence of the core of an economy". Journal of Mathematical Economics. Elsevier. 2 (1): 1–7. doi:10.1016/0304-4068(75)90008-7.  Debreu, Gérard (May 1976). "The application to economics of differential topology and global analysis: regular differentiable economies". The American Economic Review, special issue: Papers and Proceedings of the 88th Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association. American Economic Association via JSTOR. 66 (2): 280–287. JSTOR 1817234.  Debreu, Gérard (July 1976). "Least concave utility functions". Journal of Mathematical Economics. Elsevier. 3 (2): 121–129. doi:10.1016/0304-4068(76)90020-3.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard; Koopmans, Tjalling C. (December 1982). "Additively decomposed quasiconvex functions". Mathematical Programming. Springer. 24 (1): 1–38. doi:10.1007/BF01585092.  Debreu, Gérard (June 1984). "Economic theory in the mathematical mode". The American Economic Review. American Economic Association via JSTOR. 74 (3): 267–278. JSTOR 1804007.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (December 1984). "Economic theory in the mathematical mode". The Scandinavian Journal of Economics. Wiley. 86 (4): 393–410. doi:10.2307/3439651. JSTOR 3439651.  Pdf. Debreu, Gérard (November 1986). "Theoretic models: mathematical form and economic content". Econometrica. The Econometric Society via JSTOR. 54 (6): 1259–1270. doi:10.2307/1914299. JSTOR 1914299.  Debreu, Gérard (March 1991). "The mathematization of economic theory". The American Economic Review. American Economic Association via JSTOR. 81 (1): 1–7. JSTOR 2006785.  (Presidential address delivered at the 103rd meeting of the American Economic Association, 29 December 1990, Washington, DC.) Full text. Debreu, Gérard (1994). "Innovation and research: an economist's viewpoint on uncertainty". Nobelists for the Future.  Debreu, Gérard; Buchanan, James M.; Klein, Lawrence R.; Friedman, Milton; Solow, Robert M. (Autumn 2001). "The most significant contributions to economics during the twentieth century: lists of the Nobel laureates". The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought. Taylor and Francis. 8 (3): 289–297. doi:10.1080/09672560110062915. 

References[edit]

^ Atlas, Riva D. (6 January 2005). "Gerard Debreu, 83, Dies; Won Nobel in Economics". The New York Times.  ^ Düppe, Till (Fall 2012). "Gerard Debreu's secrecy: his life in order and silence". History of Political Economy. Duke University Press. 44 (3): 413–449. doi:10.1215/00182702-1717239.  ^ Debreu, Gérard (1959). The theory of value: an axiomatic analysis of economic equilibrium (pdf). New York: Wiley. OCLC 270657.  ^ Debreu, Gérard (March 1991). "The mathematization of economic theory". The American Economic Review. American Economic Association via JSTOR. 81 (1): 1–7. JSTOR 2006785.  Full text.

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Gérard Debreu

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gérard Debreu.

The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1983 Obituary for Debreu Guide to the Gérard Debreu
Gérard Debreu
Papers at The Bancroft Library Lectures on Mathematical Economics from 1987 at University of Canterbury via YouTube Düppe, Till (Fall 2012). "Gerard Debreu's secrecy: his life in order and silence". History of Political Economy. Duke University Press. 44 (3): 413–449. doi:10.1215/00182702-1717239.  Gerard Debreu (1921–2004). The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. Library of Economics and Liberty (2nd ed.). Liberty Fund. 2008. 

v t e

Neoclassical economists

William Stanley Jevons Francis Ysidro Edgeworth Alfred Marshall John Bates Clark Irving Fisher

Walrasian economics

Maurice Allais Gérard Debreu Edmond Malinvaud Jacques Drèze Jean-Michel Grandmont Guy Laroque (fr) Jean-Pascal Benassy Yves Younes

New classical macroeconomics

Robert Barro Axel Leijonhufvud Robert Lucas, Jr. Bennett McCallum Patrick Minford Thomas J. Sargent Neil Wallace

Real business cycle school

Robert King Finn E. Kydland John Long Charles Plosser Edward C. Prescott Sérgio Rebelo Alan Stockman

v t e

Laureates of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences

1969–1975

1969 Ragnar Frisch
Ragnar Frisch
/ Jan Tinbergen 1970 Paul Samuelson 1971 Simon Kuznets 1972 John Hicks / Kenneth Arrow 1973 Wassily Leontief 1974 Gunnar Myrdal
Gunnar Myrdal
/ Friedrich Hayek 1975 Leonid Kantorovich
Leonid Kantorovich
/ Tjalling Koopmans

1976–2000

1976 Milton Friedman 1977 Bertil Ohlin
Bertil Ohlin
/ James Meade 1978 Herbert A. Simon 1979 Theodore Schultz
Theodore Schultz
/ Arthur Lewis 1980 Lawrence Klein 1981 James Tobin 1982 George Stigler 1983 Gérard Debreu 1984 Richard Stone 1985 Franco Modigliani 1986 James M. Buchanan 1987 Robert Solow 1988 Maurice Allais 1989 Trygve Haavelmo 1990 Harry Markowitz
Harry Markowitz
/ Merton Miller
Merton Miller
/ William F. Sharpe 1991 Ronald Coase 1992 Gary Becker 1993 Robert Fogel
Robert Fogel
/ Douglass North 1994 John Harsanyi / John Forbes Nash Jr.
John Forbes Nash Jr.
/ Reinhard Selten 1995 Robert Lucas Jr. 1996 James Mirrlees / William Vickrey 1997 Robert C. Merton
Robert C. Merton
/ Myron Scholes 1998 Amartya Sen 1999 Robert Mundell 2000 James Heckman
James Heckman
/ Daniel McFadden

2001–present

2001 George Akerlof
George Akerlof
/ Michael Spence
Michael Spence
/ Joseph E. Stiglitz 2002 Daniel Kahneman / Vernon L. Smith 2003 Robert F. Engle
Robert F. Engle
/ Clive Granger 2004 Finn E. Kydland
Finn E. Kydland
/ Edward C. Prescott 2005 Robert Aumann
Robert Aumann
/ Thomas Schelling 2006 Edmund Phelps 2007 Leonid Hurwicz
Leonid Hurwicz
/ Eric Maskin
Eric Maskin
/ Roger Myerson 2008 Paul Krugman 2009 Elinor Ostrom
Elinor Ostrom
/ Oliver E. Williamson 2010 Peter A. Diamond / Dale T. Mortensen
Dale T. Mortensen
/ Christopher A. Pissarides 2011 Thomas J. Sargent
Thomas J. Sargent
/ Christopher A. Sims 2012 Alvin E. Roth
Alvin E. Roth
/ Lloyd S. Shapley 2013 Eugene Fama
Eugene Fama
/ Lars Peter Hansen
Lars Peter Hansen
/ Robert J. Shiller 2014 Jean Tirole 2015 Angus Deaton 2016 Oliver Hart / Bengt Holmström 2017 Richard Thaler

v t e

Presidents of the Econometric Society

1931–1950

Irving Fisher
Irving Fisher
(1931–1934) François Divisia (1935) Harold Hotelling
Harold Hotelling
(1936–1937) Arthur Bowley (1938–1939) Joseph Schumpeter
Joseph Schumpeter
(1940–1941) Wesley Mitchell (1942–1943) John Maynard Keynes
John Maynard Keynes
(1944–1945) Jacob Marschak (1946) Jan Tinbergen
Jan Tinbergen
(1947) Charles Roos (1948) Ragnar Frisch
Ragnar Frisch
(1949) Tjalling Koopmans
Tjalling Koopmans
(1950)

1951–1975

R. G. D. Allen
R. G. D. Allen
(1951) Paul Samuelson
Paul Samuelson
(1952) René Roy (1953) Wassily Leontief
Wassily Leontief
(1954) Richard Stone
Richard Stone
(1955) Kenneth Arrow (1956) Trygve Haavelmo
Trygve Haavelmo
(1957) James Tobin
James Tobin
(1958) Marcel Boiteux (fr) (1959) Lawrence Klein
Lawrence Klein
(1960) Henri Theil (1961) Franco Modigliani
Franco Modigliani
(1962) Edmond Malinvaud
Edmond Malinvaud
(1963) Robert Solow
Robert Solow
(1964) Michio Morishima
Michio Morishima
(1965) Herman Wold (1966) Hendrik Houthakker (1967) Frank Hahn
Frank Hahn
(1968) Leonid Hurwicz
Leonid Hurwicz
(1969) Jacques Drèze (1970) Gérard Debreu
Gérard Debreu
(1971) W. M. Gorman (1972) Roy Radner (1973) Don Patinkin (1974) Zvi Griliches (1975)

1976–2000

Hirofumi Uzawa (1976) Lionel McKenzie (1977) János Kornai (1978) Franklin M. Fisher (1979) J. Denis Sargan (1980) Marc Nerlove (1981) James A. Mirrlees (1982) Herbert Scarf
Herbert Scarf
(1983) Amartya K. Sen (1984) Daniel McFadden (1985) Michael Bruno
Michael Bruno
(1986) Dale Jorgenson (1987) Anthony B. Atkinson (1988) Hugo Sonnenschein (1989) Jean-Michel Grandmont (de) (1990) Peter Diamond
Peter Diamond
(1991) Jean-Jacques Laffont (1992) Andreu Mas-Colell
Andreu Mas-Colell
(1993) Takashi Negishi (1994) Christopher Sims (1995) Roger Guesnerie (1996) Robert E. Lucas, Jr. (1997) Jean Tirole
Jean Tirole
(1998) Robert B. Wilson (1999) Elhanan Helpman
Elhanan Helpman
(2000)

2001–present

Avinash Dixit
Avinash Dixit
(2001) Guy Laroque (fr) (2002) Eric Maskin
Eric Maskin
(2003) Ariel Rubinstein (2004) Thomas J. Sargent
Thomas J. Sargent
(2005) Richard Blundell
Richard Blundell
(2006) Lars Peter Hansen
Lars Peter Hansen
(2007) Torsten Persson (2008) Roger B. Myerson (2009) John H. Moore (2010) Bengt Holmström
Bengt Holmström
(2011) Jean-Charles Rochet (2012) James J. Heckman (2013) Manuel Arellano (2014) Robert Porter (2015) Eddie Dekel (2016) Drew Fudenberg (2017) Tim Besley
Tim Besley
(2018)

v t e

Presidents of the American Economic Association

1886–1900

Francis A. Walker (1886) Charles F. Dunbar (1893) John B. Clark (1894) Henry C. Adams (1896) Arthur T. Hadley (1898) Richard T. Ely
Richard T. Ely
(1900)

1901–1925

Edwin R. A. Seligman (1902) Frank W. Taussig (1904) Jeremiah W. Jenks (1906) Simon N. Patten (1908) Davis R. Dewey (1909) Edmund J. James
Edmund J. James
(1910) Henry W. Farnam (1911) Frank A. Fetter (1912) David Kinley (1913) John H. Gray (1914) Walter F. Willcox (1915) Thomas N. Carver (1916) John R. Commons
John R. Commons
(1917) Irving Fisher
Irving Fisher
(1918) Henry B. Gardner (1919) Herbert J. Davenport
Herbert J. Davenport
(1920) Jacob H. Hollander (1921) Henry R. Seager (1922) Carl C. Plehn (1923) Wesley C. Mitchell (1924) Allyn A. Young (1925)

1926–1950

Edwin W. Kemmerer
Edwin W. Kemmerer
(1926) Thomas S. Adams (1927) Fred M. Taylor
Fred M. Taylor
(1928) Edwin F. Gay (1929) Matthew B. Hammond (1930) Ernest L. Bogart (1931) George E. Barnett (1932) William Z. Ripley
William Z. Ripley
(1933) Harry A. Millis
Harry A. Millis
(1934) John M. Clark (1935) Alvin S. Johnson (1936) Oliver M. W. Sprague (1937) Alvin H. Hansen (1938) Jacob Viner (1939) Frederick C. Mills (1940) Sumner H. Slichter (1941) Edwin G. Nourse (1942) Albert B. Wolfe (1943) Joseph S. Davis (1944) I. Leo Sharfman (1945) Emanuel A. Goldenweiser (1946) Paul H. Douglas (1947) Joseph A. Schumpeter (1948) Howard S. Ellis (1949) Frank H. Knight (1950)

1951–1975

John H. Williams (1951) Harold A. Innis (1952) Calvin B. Hoover
Calvin B. Hoover
(1953) Simon Kuznets
Simon Kuznets
(1954) John D. Black (1955) Edwin E. Witte (1956) Morris A. Copeland
Morris A. Copeland
(1957) George W. Stocking (1958) Arthur F. Burns
Arthur F. Burns
(1959) Theodore W. Schultz (1960) Paul A. Samuelson (1961) Edward S. Mason (1962) Gottfried Haberler (1963) George J. Stigler (1964) Joseph J. Spengler (1965) Fritz Machlup
Fritz Machlup
(1966) Milton Friedman
Milton Friedman
(1967) Kenneth E. Boulding
Kenneth E. Boulding
(1968) William J. Fellner (1969) Wassily Leontief
Wassily Leontief
(1970) James Tobin
James Tobin
(1971) John Kenneth Galbraith
John Kenneth Galbraith
(1972) Kenneth J. Arrow (1973) Walter W. Heller (1974) R. Aaron Gordon (1975)

1976–2000

Franco Modigliani
Franco Modigliani
(1976) Lawrence R. Klein (1977) Jacob Marschak (1978) Tjalling C. Koopmans (1978) Robert M. Solow (1979) Moses Abramovitz (1980) William J. Baumol (1981) Gardner Ackley
Gardner Ackley
(1982) W. Arthur Lewis
W. Arthur Lewis
(1983) Charles L. Schultze (1984) Charles P. Kindleberger (1985) Alice M. Rivlin (1986) Gary S. Becker (1987) Robert Eisner (1988) Joseph A. Pechman (1989) Gérard Debreu
Gérard Debreu
(1990) Thomas C. Schelling (1991) William Vickrey
William Vickrey
(1992) Zvi Griliches (1993) Amartya Sen
Amartya Sen
(1994) Victor R. Fuchs (1995) Anne O. Krueger (1996) Arnold C. Harberger (1997) Robert W. Fogel (1998) D. Gale Johnson (1999) Dale W. Jorgenson (2000)

2001–present

Sherwin Rosen (2001) Robert E. Lucas, Jr. (2002) Peter A. Diamond (2003) Martin Feldstein
Martin Feldstein
(2004) Daniel McFadden (2005) George A. Akerlof (2006) Thomas J. Sargent
Thomas J. Sargent
(2007) Avinash K. Dixit (2008) Angus Deaton
Angus Deaton
(2009) Robert E. Hall (2010) Orley Ashenfelter
Orley Ashenfelter
(2011) Christopher A. Sims
Christopher A. Sims
(2012) Claudia Goldin (2013) William D. Nordhaus (2014) Richard Thaler
Richard Thaler
(2015) Robert J. Shiller
Robert J. Shiller
(2016) Alvin E. Roth
Alvin E. Roth
(2017) Olivier Blanchard
Olivier Blanchard
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 14832766 LCCN: n82094550 ISNI: 0000 0001 1560 5764 GND: 11885786X SELIBR: 183571 SUDOC: 031622186 BNF: cb122801806 (data) BIBSYS: 90101907 MGP: 199977 NDL: 00437529 SNAC: w6br9

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